top of page

    NARRATION/DIRECT-INDIRECT SPEECH    

Rules

Worksheets

Beginner (1)

Elementary (2) (PECE)

Pre-intermediate (3) (JSC)

Intermediate (4) (SSC)

Upper-intermediate (5( (HSC)

Advanced (6)(University)

                   DIRECT AND INDIRECT NARRATION

 

1. Rahim says, "Anil will come". Rahim says that Anil will come.

In the first sentence, Ram's speech is quoted in the actual words used by him, but in the second sentence Ram's speech is reported in the form of a narrative.

 

When a speech is quoted in the actual words used by the speaker, it is called the Direct speech or narration. But when the speech is reported in the form of a narrative, giving the substance or meaning of the words used by speaker, without quoting his actual words, it is called the Indirect speech or narration.

The speech which is quoted in actual words ("Anil will come") is called the Reported speech and the verb (says ) that introduces the speech is called the Reporting verb.

Study the following sentences :

Reporting verb           Reported speech

He    said,                       I am ill. " - Direct speech

He    said                         that  he was ill.-Indirect speech

Rahim says,                     "I want the book."- Direct speech

     Rahim, says                   that he wants the book.-Indirect speech
General Rules

2. Assertive Sentences : (a) The conjunction that is generally used before the reported speech of the form of a statement.

(b) If the reporting verb is in the present or future tense, the tense of the verb in the reported speech is not changed at all.

Direct        Ram says, "I shall go."

Indirect     Ram says that he will go.

Direct        He has said, "I went."

Indirect     lie has said that he went.

 (c) If the reporting verb is in the past tense, change the verb in the reported speech into the corresponding past form:

Direct         He said, "I am ill."

Indirect      He said that he was ill.

Direct       He said to me, "I shall go, but you will stay.

Indirect     He told me that he would go, but I should stay.

NOW: (i) The following points on punctuation marks should be carefully noted:

  1. The actual words quoted in the direct speech are put within inverted commas(")     

  2. No inverted commas should be used in the indirect speech.

  3. The reported speech in the direct narration begins with a capital letter and it is preceded by a comma.

  4. In the indirect speech, no comma should be used after the reporting verb.

  1. To express simple futurity, we use shall in the first person and will in the second and third persons. So in the last two examples, I shall in the Direct becomes he would in the Indirect. For the same reason, in the last example, you will in the Direct becomes I should in the Indirect.

  2. Some are of opinion that when the reporting verb is in the past tense, "All the past tenses of the direct form either remain in the past tense or are changed into the past perfect tense. The past perfect tense is used chiefly when we wish to lay stress on the completion of the action." The first alternative certainly violates the rules of the sequence of tenses: Still, it cannot often be helped. For example, take the following passage:

He said to me, "I went home in January, There I met my sister after a long time. She was a widow and was very eager to see me. My mother, too, wished me to see her."

Now, if we are to change the past tenses of the Direct form into the past perfect in. the Indirect, the rendering would stand thus:

He told me that he had gone home in January. There he had met his sister after a long time. She had been a widow and had been very eager to see him.

I Its mother, too, had wished him to see her.

Now, so many past perfect tenses in a single passage is certainly bad English. If instead we retain the simple past indefinite of the original in the Indirect form from the second sentence, the rendering will be good English. Hence, the rule stated above. In the case of a short sentence, however, the past may be, and should ordinarily be, changed into the past perfect because that does not create any difficulty.

  1. If the Direct speech states a universal truth or a habitual fact, the tense of the verb in the reported speech is not changed.

Direct        He said, "Honesty is the best policy."

Indirect     He said that honesty is the best policy.

Direct        He said, "God is good."

Indirect     He said that God is good.

Direct        He said, "I take bath in the Ganges every morning.”

Indirect     He said that he takes bath in the Ganges every morning.

  1. The Indirect speech should correspond in the persons of pronouns and verbs to the persons of the individuals in the Direct speech.

Direct       I said to him, " You are wrong."

Indirect    I told him that he was wrong.

Direct      He said to me, "I shall go, but you will stay."

Indirect    He told me that he would go, but I should stay.

NOTE: (i) Boys often make a confusion in changing the persons of the reported speech. It may help them to remember that the first person (I, we, us, etc.) of the Direct speech is changed into the person of the speaker, and the second person ( you, your, etc.) of' the Direct speech is changed into the person of the man to whom the speech is addressed. Note the examples given above.

"Said to him," "said to me," etc. before "that" are not good English; write "told him," "told me," etc.

Note: When there is uncertainty as to the particular person to whom the pronoun in the Indirect speech refers, the name of the person should be placed in brackets.

Direct       He said to Ram, " You are wrong."

Indirect    He told Ram that he (Ram Ram ) was wrong.

Direct       Hari said to Jatin, " You will pass."

Indirect      Hari told Jatin that he (Jatin) would pass.

(iii) Sometimes the introductory portion is left out and the speech only is given. To turn such speeches into the Indirect form, the sentence should begin as He told Ram, or I told her, or something like this. Thus,

Direct        I cannot do it.

Indirect    He told me (or, I told him, or you told me) that he (or, I or you) could not do it.

 

 

3. Interrogative Sentences:

 In converting such sentences,

(a) change the reporting verb into ask or enquire ; (b) then add whether or if, if the question admits of one of the two answer: yes or no-, but do not add whether or if, if the question V introduced by an interrogative pronoun, or adjective, o; adverb (viz. who, which, what, why, when, where, how, etc.) (c) and change the interrogative form into a statement.

The conjunction "that" is never used in such cases.

(a      Direct         He said to me, "Are you ill?"

Indirect      He asked (or enquired of) me if (or whether) I was ill.

Direct          My father said to him, "Is not poverty a curse?”

      Indirect       My father asked (or enquired of ) him whether or if poverty is not a curse.

Direct          You said to Ram, "Will you help me?”

Indirect       You asked Ram if he would help you.

Direct          You said to me, "Do you hear me?"

Indirect       You asked me if I heard you.

(b)   Direct         He said to me, "What are you doing?"

Indirect       He asked me what I was doing.

Direct           He said to me, " When will you go home”

Indirect        He enquired of me when I would go home.

Direct           You said to me, " Why have you failed ?"

Indirect        You asked me why I had failed.

NOTE: (i) No question mark (?) is used in indirect speech.

(ii)) If the introducing verb itself is interrogative, the reported speech is followed by a question mark : Did she tell you why she went there?

4.  Imperative sentences: In converting such sentences, change the verb into the Infinitive form, and the reporting verb into some such words as 'tell', 'request', 'command', 'beg', ,entreat', as the sense of the speech may require.

Direct       He said to me, "Do not go there."

Indirect     He told or advised or ordered me not to go there,

Direct        I said to him, "Please explain the passage."

Indirect     I requested him to explain the passage.

Direct        The general said to the soldiers, "March on."

Indirect     The general ordered the soldiers to march on.

Direct        I said to him, "Excuse me, sir."

Indirect     I begged him to excuse me.

NOTE: (a Tell may often be used to express 'request, 'order', 'command', etc. It is, therefore, often safer for students to use tell in the Indirect form when they may be in doubt about the proper word to introduce the reported speech.

(b) Vocatives may be omitted, as in the last example, or may be dealt with as below:     

Direct        He said, "Ram, go there."

Indirect     He told Ram to go there.

Direct        He said, "Friends, lend me your cars."

Indirect    Addressing them as friends, he requested them to lend him their ears.

Direct        He shouted, "Stop you, villain."

Indirect    He shouted to the villain to stop. Or, He ordered the villain to stop. Or, Calling the man a villain, he ordered him to stop.

(c)) in the Indirect form, such expressions as please, sir in the Direct are left out, or they are rendered by such expressions as kindly, politely, etc.

Even when the introductory verb is in the past tense, would, should, might, could and must do not normally change.

Direct        She said, "I would help him if I could.

Indirect      She said that she would help him if she could.

Direct        He said to me, "You must leave the place."

Induct        He told me that I must leave the place."

Direct        The man said, "Could I speak to Mr. Ray?"

Indirect     The man asked if he could speak to Mr. Ray.

Direct        He said to the children, "You mustn't play with fire."

Indirect     He told the children that they mustn't play with fire.

5. (a) When Let in the Direct speech expresses a proposal or suggestion, we may use should for let, and change the reporting verb into propose or suggest.

Direct        He said to me, ".Let us go home."

Indirect     He proposed or suggested to me that we should go home.

Direct        I said to him, "Let us have some music."

Indirect    I proposed or suggested to him that we should have some music.

(b) But when Let does not express a proposal, it should be changed into might or might be allowed, or into some other form according to the sense.

Direct        He said, "Let him do whatever he likes."

Indirect   He said that he (a third person) might (or might be allowed to ) do whatever he liked.

Direct        He said," Let me come in."

Indirect     He requested that he might be allowed to come in.

  1. Optative Sentences : In Optative sentences, the reporting verb is changed into wish or pray, and the optative form is changed into a statement.

Direct          He said to me, "May you be happy."

Indirect        He wished or prayed that I might be happy.

Direct          He said to you, "May God bless you."

Indirect        He prayed that God might bless you.

  1. Exclamatory Sentences : If the direct form is an exclamation, the reporting verb is changed to some such verb as 'exclaim'. 'cry out, 'pray, `wish', and the exclamation is turned into a statement. But new words and phrases have often to be introduced to express the full meaning.

Direct          He said, "Alas! I am undone."

Indirect        He cried out in sorrow that he was undone.

Direct          "Bravo! well done!" they cried.

Indirect       They applauded him, for (or saying that) he had done well,

Direct          He said, "By Jove! What a good news!"

Indirect       He swore by Jove that it was a very good news.

N.B. It should be carefully noted that what, how, and who are sometimes used in exclamation to denote excess or absence, instead of introducing an interrogation. In such cases they should be replaced by great, greatly, very, very much or none in the indirect :‑

 Direct         He said to me, "How happy you are!"

Indirect       He told me that I was very happy.

Direct          He said, " What was my joy to see the thing!"

Indirect       He said that his joy to see the thing was very great.

Direct          I said, "Who knew that this should happen!"

Indirect       I said that none knew that that would happen.

NOTE: In indirect speech, the sentence ends with a fullstop(.) and not an exclamation mark(!).

8. Words indicating time and place: (a ) Adjectives, Adverbs and Verbs in the Direct speech, expressing nearness, are often changed into similar words expressing remoteness:

Now   becomes     then     Hither    becomes   thither

Here                        there       Thus                         (in) that way, so

This                         that           Today                  that day, the same day

Ago              before     Tomorrow           the next day, the

These               those                                   following day

Hence              thence     Yesterday            the previous day, the day before

Come               go           Last night            the previous (night )

                     Last week/month      the week before/the previous week, etc.

                     Next week/month       the week after/the following week, etc.

Direct        He said, "I know this boy."

Indirect      He said that he knew that boy.

Direct        “I said to him, "You will get it today or tomorrow",

Indirect      I told him that he would get it that day or the next day.

Direct        He said to me, "Come here."

Indirect      He told me to go there.

(b) But if now, here, this, etc. refer to things present before the speaker at the time he is reporting, no change is necessary.

Direct        She said, "I knew this boy."

Indirect      She said that she knew this boy.

Direct        I said, "We can never be happy here."

Indirect      I said that we can never be happy here (=in this world).

NOTE: Students often change "it" into "that" in the indirect. But that is wrong; "it" remains unchanged.

9. Questions and Answer: "Yes" and "No"—In changing answers into the Indirect form, sentences are to be given completely by supplying the words understood,

Direct       "What is your name?" "Ramesh."

Indirect   I asked him what his name was. He replied that his name was Ramesh.

Direct      I said to him, "How long will you stay?" Ile replied, "For five days."

Indirect   I asked him how long he would stay. lie replied that he would stay for five days.

Direct      “Yes, Sir, I shall go.”

Indirect    He promised that he would go.

  1. The combination of different kinds of reported sentences requires careful treatment. Let us take the passage:

  (a) He said to me, "Who are you? What do you want'! Go, away."

      The reported sentences, taken separately, are changed thus:

(i) He asked me who I was.

(ii) He asked me what I wanted.

(iii) He told me to go away.

                                          

                                           

                                                                 

                                                   

Rules
Beginner (1)
Elementary (2) (PECE)
Pre-intermediate (3) (JSC)

                        Narration Worksheet 1.1

                           Assertive sentence

Change the following direct speech into indirect

  1. Shila said to Nila, “He took part in the function yesterday.”

  2. She said to her mother, “I dreamt a bed dream last night.”

  3. He said to me, “I caught a big fish yesterday.”

  4. Karim said to Rahim, “I drew a nice picture.”

  5. Shakil said, “I came home, took bath and ate my meal.”

  6. I said to him, “I met Raihan on my way to school.”

  7. He said, “The train reached at nine.”

  8. Anwar said to me, “The parrot died last night.”

  9. They said, “We did our duty.”

  10. Sammi whispered to me, “I am just behind you.”

  11. Pria said to Dina, “I’ll follow you.”

  12. Sumon said, “I have a new bicycle now.”

  13. Arif said, “This is the way to solve it.”

  14. Aminul said, “I have lost my keys.”

  15. Julia said, “I get up early in the morning everyday.”

  16. They said to us, “We shall do it any cost.”

  17. Sonia said, “They make me to do so.”

  18. Ripon said to Sagor, “You let me to come.”

  19. Sipon said to me, “I dare say you so.”

  20. He said to his father, “I am preparing my lesson.”

  21. They said, God will save us.”

  22. She said to me, “I was ill”

  23. He said, “I was absent yesterday.”

  24. Imran said to me, “I was ill.”

  25. The student said, “We were reading books.”

  26. He said to me, “I was eating rice.”

  27. Zihad said to me, “I was awarded with first prize.”

  28. Alam said to Shuvo, “I was suffering from fever.”

  29. He said to me, “I was a student of Bogra zilla School.”

  30. Rasu said, “I did not do the work yesterday.”

  31. Rahim says, “I did not play as I was sick.”

  32. Hasan said, “I lived many years in Dhaka.”

  33. Rahim said, “I wrote a letter.”

  34. I said to him, “I bought a book for you.”

  35. He says, “Her father bought a big house.”

  36. He said to me, “I bought a gift for you.”

  37. The man said, “I finished the work.”

  38. He said, “I saw her yesterday.”

  39. Salma said to me, “I saw you long ago.”

  40. The students said, “Our team won the game.”

  41. They said to me, “We went to college yesterday.”

  42. He said to me, “I went to my village yesterday.”

  43. She said to me, “I went to market and bought some books.”

  44. He said to me, “I went there.”

  45. He said to me, “I meet him last night.”

 

 

 

 

 

                         Narration Worksheet 1.1 Answer

                                     Assertive sentence

              

Indirect Speech

  1. Shila told Nila that he had taken part in the function the previous day.

  2. She told her mother that she had dreamt a bad dream the previous day.

  3. He told me that he had caught a big fish the previous day.

  4. Karim told Rahim that he had drawn a nice picture.

  5. Shakil said that he came home took bath and ate his meal.

  6. I told him that I had met Raihan on my way to school.

  7. He said that the train had reached at nine.

  8. Anwar told me that the parrot had died the previous day.

  9. They said that they haddone their duty.

  10. Sammi whispered me that he was just behind me.

  11. Pria told Dina that she would follow her.

  12. Sumon said that he had a new bicycle then.

  13. Arif told that it was the way to solve it.

  14. Aminul said that he hadlost her keys.

  15. Julia said that she gets upearly in the morning everyday.

  16. They told us that they would do it at any cost.

  17. They said that they made her to do so.

  18. Ripon told Sagor that he lethim to come.

  19. Sipon told me that he daredto say me so.

  20. He told his father that he was preparing his lesson.

  21. They said that God would save them.

  22. She told me that she had been ill.

  23. He said that he had beenabsent the previous day.

  24. Imran told me that he had been ill.

  25. The students said that they had been reading books.

  26. He told me that he had been eating rice.

  27. Zihad told me that I had been awarded with first prize.

  28. Alam told Shuvo that hehad been suffering from fever.

  29. He told me that he had been a student of Bogra zilla School.

  30. Rasu said that he had nothe had not done the work the previous day.

  31. Rahim says that he did not play as I was sick.

  32. Hasan said that he had lived many years in Dhaka.

  33. Rahim said that he had written a letter.

  34. I told him that I had bought a book for him.

  35. He says that her father bought a big house.

  36. He told me that he had bought a gift for me.

  37. The man said that he had finished the work.

  38. He said that he had seen her the previous day.

  39. Salma told me that she had seen me long ago.

  40. The students said that their team had won the game.

  41. They told me that they had gone to college the previous day.

  42. He told me that he had gone to his village the previous day.

  43. She told me that she had gone to market and bought some books.

  44. He told me that he had gone there.

  45. He told me that he had met him the night before.

Intermediate (4) (SSC)

                                  Narration Worksheet 1.2 

                                    Interrogative Sentence

Direct Speech

  1. The man said to me, “Do you know where he lives?”

  2. The man said, “Do you know who I am?”

  3. Rahman said to Shamim, “Do you hear me?”

  4. He said to me, “Do you know my friend?”

  5. Arif sadi to me, “Do you want my help?”

  6. I said to them, “Do you have any problem?”

  7. “Do you want a single or double room?’ the receptionist said to the tourist.

  8. Mr Ahmed said to the students, “Do you know that gardening is a very hard work?”

  9. Mother said to me, “Do you hear me?”

  10. I said to the man, “Do you know anybody here?”

  11. He said to me, “Don’t you do your duty?”

  12. He said to me, “Do you know me?”

  13. I said to him, “Do you know me?”

  14. He said to me, “Do you know my friend?”

  15. I said to the man, “Do you know anybody here?”

  16. I said to Mahmud, “ Do you like to read poetry?”

  17. “Do you want to use that piece of land?”Mr Ahmed said to his students.

  18. A hawker said to me, “Do you want any newspaper?”

  19. He said to his friend, “Do you like to read novels?”

  20. The old man said to me, “Do you know the way to the hospital?”

  21. Rahim said to me, “Do you like it?”

  22. The teacher said to the students, “Don’t you understand what I discussed in the class?”

  23. I said to Mahmud, “ Do you like to read poetry?”

  24. We said to her, “Are you conscious?”

  25. The boy said to me, “Is not poverty a curse?”

  26. Raju said to me, “Are you my friend?”

  27. He said to me, “Are you reading my book?”

  28. He said to me, Are you eating banana?”

  29. Amin said to Hasan, “Aren’t you coming to my house today?”

  30. Mother said to me, “Are you going to school now?”

  31. He said to me, “Are you reading any book?”

  32. Father said to him, “Are you serious with your study?”

  33. My friend said to me, “Are we not going to the zoo tomorrow?”

  34. He said to me, “Are you well?”

  35. He said to me, “Are you ill?”

  36. He said to me, “Are you happy?”

  37. Bulbul said to Kazol, “Did you go there in time?”

  38. She said to me, “Did you write to me?”

  39. The Policeman said to me, “Did you see the accident?”

  40. My father said to me, “Did you go to school yesterday?”

  41. I said to him, “Did you come here yesterday?”

  42. Father said to me, “Did you do the work?”

  43. He said to me, “Did you write the paragraph?”

  44. I said to her, “Did you do the work?”

  45. Badhan said to Balam, “Did you go there in time?”

  46. He said to me, “Were you reading a book?”

  47. He said to me, “Were you ill?”

  48. I said to him, “Were you playing in the rain.”

  49. He said to you, “Were you ill?”

  50. You said to me, “Will you come to my house in the evening?”

  51. Mother said to me, “Will you go to school?”

  52. He said to us, “Will you listen to such a fool?”

  53. “Will you return the book?” He said to me.

  54. Premul said to his sister, “Will you go to school?”

  55. I said to her, “Will you not appear at the JSC examination?”

  56. Runa said to Sumi, “Will you meet me tomorrow?”

  57. I said to her, “Will you go to school tomorrow?”

  58. The man said to the man, “Will you tell me the process of opening a bank account?

  59. I said to her, “Will you not appear at the final examination?”

  60. Anwar said to his sister, “Will you go to school?”

  61. He said to me, “Will you return the book to me?”

  62. Mother said to Nasima, “Will you give me a drink?”

  63. I said to the headmaster, “Will you grant me a full free studentship?”

  64. Seuly said to her father, “Will you buy me a new dress?”

  65. Rakib said to me, “Will you lend me a book for today?”

  66. Runa said to Sumi, “Will you meet me tomorrow?”

  67. He said to me, “Will you go to school today?”

  68. “Shall we go and help her,” Anwar said to Mrs Salam.

  69. They said to us, “Will you help us?”

  70. He said to me, “Have you done your home work?”

  71. He said to me, “Have you done your duty?”

  72. The boy said to his friend, “Have you done the sum?”

  73. Rahman has said to Milton, “Have you seen this movie?”

  74. Raju said to me, “Have you taken my pen?”

  75. He said to me, “Haven’t you finished the work?”

  76. Najma said to him, “Have you taken my pen?”

  77. Ruma said to Lima, “Have you ever been to Cox’s Bazer?”

  78. He said to me, “Have you eaten rice?”

  79. He said to me, “Haven’t you finished work?”

  80. The teacher said to the students, “Have you learnt your lesson?”

  81. Mother said to her daughter, “Have you taken the book?”

  82. Father said to me, “Have you finished your home work?”

  83. You said to me, “Have you heard the news of the accident?”

  84. We said to them, “Have you seen the man going?”

  85. “Have you ever been to Dhaka,Kashem” Anwar said.

  86. The teacher said to Ratan, “Have you done your English lesson today?”

  87. The teacher said, “Have you done home work?”

  88. Jamal said to Sumon, “Have you finished reading the book?”

  89. The old man said to the maid, “Can you give me some food?”

  90. The teacher said to the students, “Can anyone give the correct answer of this question?”

  91. Mr Ant said to his wife, “Can you help Mr Grasshopper?

  92. The boy said to me, “Can you show me the way?”

 

 

WH Question

 

  1. The man said to the driver, “Why do you drive recklessly?”

  2. He said to them, “Why do you look so sad?”

  3. You said to me, “Why do you always keep bad company?”

  4. Father said to me, “Why don’t you read carefully?”

  5. The old man said to his sons, “Why do you quarrel always?”

  6. You said to me, “Why do you always keep evil company?”

  7. They said to us, “Why did you write those letters.?

  8. Mina said to Raju, “Why did you leave the place earlier?”

  9. The man said to him,”Why are you crying?”

  10. She said to him, “Why have you come here?”

  11. Mother said to her son, “Why are you late?”

  12. My sister said to me, “Why are you sitting alone in your room at this hour?”

  13. He said to the stranger, “Why have you come here?”

  14. The teacher said to the student, “Why were you absent from school yesterday?”

  15. I said to them, “Why are you here for so long?”

  16. Rima said to Ploy, “Why are you so nervous?”

  17. The oldman said to his sons, “Why are you so sad?”

  18. Father said to his son, “Why are you making so late?”

  19. You said to me, “Why have you come?”

  20. Karim said to me, “Why did you call me?”

  21. He said to me, “Why did you go there?”

  22. He said to her, “Why did you come here?”

  23. My mother said to me, “Why did you not go to school yesterday?”

  24. Father said to his son, “Why are you making late?”

  25. Father said to the son, “Why did you not go to school yesterday?”

  26. He said to me, Why have you struck him?”

  27. The teacher said to the student, “Why did you not come to school yesterday?”

  28. He said to me, “Why are you reading the book?”

  29. Mrs Salam said to Anwar, “Why have you been running?”

  30. Tareq said to Rafiq, “Why did you not go to school yesterday?”

  31. The teacher said to the boys, “Why are you making a noise?”

  32. He said to me, “Why did you come here?”

  33. He said to the woman, “ Where do you live in?”

  34. He will say, “Where are you coming from?”

  35. He said to me, “Where did you go yesterday?”

  36. I said to Muaz, “When will you come back?”

  37. He said to me, “When will the train leave?”

  38. Father said to me, “When did you do it?”

  39. The passenger said to the porter, “When will the train arrive?”

  40. Father said to me, “When did you do it?”

  41. He said to you, “ When will you start for Chittagong?”

  42. Mother said to me, “When will you return?

  43. He said to me, “When will you go home?”

  44. He said to me, “When will the next train come?”

  45. The passenger said to the porter, “When will the train arrive?”

  46. They said to us, “When will you return home?”

  47. He said to a co-passenger, “When will the next train come?”

  48. I said to her, “When will you go home?”

  49. He said to me, “How are you?”

  50. She said to her father, “How was mother last week?”

  51. Sima said to Mim, “How long have you worked here?”

  52. The lady said to the taxi driver, “How long will it take to get to the station?”

  53. He said to me, “How long are you waiting for me?”

  54. He said to me, “How have you done this?”

  55. He said to me, “How did you do it?”

  56. I said to Ria, “How were you?”

  57. Rakib said to Raju, “How are you today?”

  58. Father said to me, “How did you do the work?”

  59. The old man said to me, “How long have you been staying here?”

  60. They said to me, “How can we overcome the crisis?”

  61. She said to me, “Who are you and what do you want?”

  62. Mousumi said to the boy, “Who are you?”

  63. He said to the stranger, “Who are you and what do you want?”

  64. Sumi said to Badhan, “Who is your favourite teacher?”

  65. He said to her, “Who are you?”

  66. Father said to me, “Whom are you taking to?”

  67. My uncle said to me, “What will you do after your examination finishes?”

  68. He said to me, “What is your name?”

  69. The old man said to me, “What is your name?”

  70. He said to me, “What do you intend to play me.”

  71. Ali said to me, “What are you looking for here?”

  72. I said to her, “What shall I do for her?”

  73. Suruj Ali said to his master, “What’s the matter,Sir?”

  74. He said to me, “What colour do you like?”

  75. He said to me, “What are you doing now?”

  76. I said to the salesman, “What’s the price of of the shirt?”

  77. Mr Ahmed said to the students, “What do you know about gardening?”

  78. Anwar said to Mrs Amin, “What kinds of stories did Aesop tell?”

  79. The teacher said to me, “What is your roll number?”

  80. Rima said to me, “What are you doing?”

  81. They said to him, “What is your name?”

  82. He said to the girl, “What is your name?”

  83. The old man said to the girl, “What is your name?”

  84. I said to the salesman, “What’s the price of this shirt?”

  85. Ali said to me, “What are you looking for here?”

  86. He said to me, “What do you want?”

  87. He said to his father, “What are you doing?”

  88. Mother said to her daughter, “What will you do the next day?”

  89. I said to him, “What will you do after the examination?”

  90. He said to the boy, “What is your father’s name?”

  91. The man said to me, “What class do you read in and which book do you want?”

  92. Mr Ahmed said to the students, “What do you know about gardening?”

  93. I said to him, “What will you do after the examination?”

  94. A stranger said to him, “What is your name?”

  95. Karim said to his sister, “What are you doing there?”

  96. My father said to me, “What are you doing now?”

  97. I said to Rahim, “What will you do after your exam?”

  98. He said to me, “What do you want?”

  99. He said to me, “What is the time by your watch?”

  100. He said to me, “What’s your name?”                       

                     Narration Worksheet 1.2 Answer

                                Interrogative Sentence

 Indirect Speech

  1. The man asked me if I knew where he lived.

  2. The man asked if I knew who he was.

  3. Rahman asked Shamim if he(S) heard him.(R).

  4. He asked me if I knew his friend.

  5. Arif asked me if I wantedhis help.

  6. I asked them if they hadany problem.

  7. The receptionist asked the tourist if he wanted a single or double room.

  8. Mr Ahmed asked the students if they knew thatgardening was a very hard work.

  9. Mother asked me if I heard her.

  10. I asked the man if he knewanybody there.

  11. He asked me if I did not domy duty.

  12. He asked me if I knew him.

  13. I asked him if he knew me.

  14. He asked me if I knew his friend.

  15. I asked the man if he knewanybody there.

  16. I asked Mahmud if he (M) liked to read Poetry.

  17. Mr Ahmed asked the students if they wanted to use that piece of land.

  18. A hawker asked me if I wanted any newspaper.

  19. He asked his friend if he (F) liked to read novels.

  20. The old man asked me if I knew the way to the hospital.

  21. Rahim asked me if I likedit.

  22. The teacher asked the students if they didn’tunderstand what he discussed in class.

  23. I asked Mahmud if he (M) liked to read Poetry.

  24. We asked her if she wasconscious.

  25. The boy asked me ifpoverty was not a curse.

  26. Raju asked me if I was his friend.

  27. He asked me if I was reading his book.

  28. He asked me if I waseating banana.

  29. Amin asked Hasan if he was going to his housethat day.

  30. Mother asked me if I wasgoing to school then.

  31. He asked if I was reading any book.

  32. Father asked him if he wasserious with his studies.

  33. My friend asked me if we were not going to the zoothe next day.

  34. He asked me if  I was well.

  35. He asked me if I was ill.

  36. He asked me if I was happy.

  37. Bulbul asked Kazol if he(K) had gone there in time.

  38. She asked me if I had written to her.

  39. The Policeman asked me if I had seen the accident.

  40. My father asked me if I had gone to school the previous day.

  41. I asked him if he had come there the previous day.

  42. Father asked me if I haddone the work.

  43. He asked me if I hadwritten the paragraph.

  44. I asked her if she had done the work.

  45. Badhan asked Balam if he had gone there in time.

  46. He asked me if I had beenreading a book.

  47. He asked me if I had beenill.

  48. I asked him if he wasplaying in the rain.

  49. He asked you if you had been ill.

  50. You asked me if I would go to your house in the evening.

  51. Mother asked me if I would go to school.

  52. He asked me if I would listen to such a fool.

  53. He asked me if I wouldreturn the book to him.

  54. Premul asked his sister if she would go to school.

  55. I asked her if she wouldappear at the JSC Examination.

  56. Runa asked Sumi if she (S) would meet her (R) the next day.

  57. I asked her if she would go to school the next day.

  58. The manager asked the man if he would tell him(m) the process of opening a bank account.

  59. I asked her if she wouldnot appear at the final examination.

  60. Anwar asked his sister if she would go to school.

  61. He asked me if I would return the book to him.

  62. Mother asked Nasim if she (N) would give her (M) a drink.

  63. I asked the headmaster if he would grant me a full free studentship.

  64. Sheuly asked her father if he would buy her a new dress.

  65. Raqib asked me if I would lend him a book for that day.

  66. Runa asked Sumi if she (Sumi) would meet him (Runa) the next day.

  67. He asked me if I would go to school that day.

  68. Anwar asked Mrs Salam if they would go and help her.

  69. They asked us if we would help them.

  70. He asked me if I have done my home work.

  71. He asked me if I had done my duty.

  72. The boy asked his friend if he had done the sum.

  73. Rahman has asked Milton if he (Milton) had seen that movie.

  74. Raju asked me if I had taken his (R) pen.

  75. He asked me if I had not finished the work.

  76. Najma asked him if he had taken her pen.

  77. Ruma asked Lima if she (L) had ever been to Cox’s Bazer

  78. He asked me if I had eaten rice.

  79. He asked me if I had finished the work or not.

  80. The teacher asked the students if they had learnt their lesson

  81. Mother asked her daughter if she had taken the book.

  82. Father asked me if I had finished my home work.

  83. She asked me if I had heard the news of the accident.

  84. We asked them if they had seen the man going.

  85. Anwar asked Kashem if he had ever been to Dhaka.

  86. The teacher asked Ratan if he had done his English lesson that day.

  87. The teacher asked if I had done home work.

  88. Jamal asked Sumon if he (S) had finished reading the book.

  89. The old man asked the maid if she could give him some food.

  90. The teacher asked the students if anyone could give the correct answer of that question.

  91. Mr Ant asked his wife if she could help Mr Grasshopper.

  92. The boy asked me if I could show him the way.

 

WH Question

 

  1. The man asked the driver why he drove recklessly.

  2. He asked them why they looked so sad.

  3. You asked me why I always kept bad company.

  4. Father asked me why I didn’t read carefully.

  5. The old man asked his sons why they always quarreled.

  6. You asked me why I always kept bad company.

  7. They asked us why we had written those letters.

  8. Mina asked Raju why she had left the place earlier.

  9. The man asked him why he was crying.

  10. She asked him why he had come there.

  11. Mother asked her son why he was late.

  12. My sister asked me why I was sitting alone in my room at this hour.

  13. He asked the stranger why he had gone there.

  14. The teacher asked the student why I had been absent from school the previous day.

  15. I asked them why they were there for so long.

  16. Rima asked Poly why she was so nervous.

  17. The old man asked his sons why they were so nervous.

  18. Father asked his son why he was making so late.

  19. You asked me why I hadgone.  

  20. Karim asked me why I hadcalled him.   

  21. He asked me why I hadnot gone there.  

  22. He asked her why she had gone there.   

  23. My Mother asked me why I had not gone to school the previous day.      

  24. Father asked the son why he was making late.   

  25. Father asked the son whyhe had not gone to schoolthe previous day.       

  26. He asked me why I hadstruck him.        

  27. The teacher asked the student why he had not gone to school the previous day.    

  28. He asked me why I was reading the book.          

  29. Mrs salam asked Anwar why he had been running.        

  30. Tareq asked Rafiq why he had gone to school the previous day.  

  31. The teacher asked the boys why they were making a noise.         

  32. He asked me why I had not gone there. 

  33. He asked the woman where she lived in.

  34. He will ask where I amgoing from.

  35. He asked me where I had gone the previous day.

  36. I asked Muaz when he would go back.

  37. He asked me when the train would leave.

  38. Father asked me when I had done it.

  39. The Passenger asked the porter when the train would leave.

  40. Father asked me when I had done it.

  41. He asked you when you would start for Chittagong.

  42. Mother asked me when I would return.

  43. He asked me when I would go home.

  44. He asked me when the next letter would go.

  45. The passenger asked the porter when the train would arrive.

  46. They asked me when we would return home.

  47. He asked a co –passenger when the next train would come.

  48. I asked her when she would go home.

  49. He asked me how  I was.

  50. She asked her father how mother had been the previous week.

  51. Sima asked Mim how long he had worked there.

  52. The lady asked the taxi driver how long it would take to get the station.

  53. He asked me how long I was waiting for him.

  54. He asked me how I had done this.

  55. He asked me how he had done it.

  56. I asked Ria how she (R) had been.

  57. Rakib asked Raja how he (R) was that day.

  58. Father asked how I had done the work.

  59. The old man asked me how long I had been staying there.

  60. They asked me how they could overcome the crisis.

  61. She asked me who I was and what I wanted.

  62. Mousumi asked the boy whohe was.

  63. He asked the stranger who he was and what he wanted.

  64. Sumi asked Badhan who his favourite teacher was.

  65. He asked her who she was.

  66. Father asked me whom I was looking to.

  67. My uncle asked me what I would do after my exam finished.

  68. He asked me what my name was.

  69. The old man asked me what my name was.

  70. He asked me what he intended  to play him.

  71. Ali asked me what I was looking for there.

  72. I asked her what I should do for her.

  73. Suruj Ali asked his master respectfully what the matter was.

  74. He asked me what colour I liked.

  75. He asked me what I was doing then.

  76. I asked the salesman what the price of that shirt was.

  77. Mr Ahmed asked the students what they knew about gardening.

  78. Anwar asked Mrs Amin what kinds of stores Aseop had told.

  79. The teacher asked me what my roll numer was.

  80. Rina asked me what I wasdoing.

  81. They asked him what his name was.

  82. He asked the girl what hername was.

  83. The old man asked the girlwhat her name was.

  84. I asked the salesman what the price of that shirt was.

  85. Ali asked what I was looking for there.

  86. He asked me what I wanted.

  87. He asked his father what he (F) was doing.

  88. Mother asked her daughter what she would do the next day.

  89. I asked him what he would do after his examination.

  90. He asked the boy what his father’s name was.

  91. The man asked me what class I read in and which book I wanted.

  92. Mr Ahmed asked the students what they knew about gardening.

  93. I asked him what he would do after the examination.

  94. A stranger asked him what his name was.

  95. Karim asked his sister what she was doing there.

  96. My father asked me what I was doing then.

  97. I asked Rahim what he would do after his exam.

  98. He asked me what I wanted.

  99. He asked me what the time was by my watch.

  100. He asked me what my name was.

                           Narration Worksheet 1.3

                                Imperative Sentence

Direct Speech

  1. Father said to his son, “Go to school now.”

  2. Father said to me, “Go to school now.”

  3. Father said to me, “Do the work at once.”

  4. The piper said to the mayor, “Give me promised money.”

  5. The teacher said to the student, “Be attentive and listen to my lecture.”

  6. Father said to his son, “Learn to be holiest from your boyhood.”

  7. The man said to me, “Obey your parents.”

  8. The teacher said to the student, “Leave the room and do not return again today.”

  9. The teacher said to the students, “Pen through the sentence.”

  10. Mother said to me, “Always speak the truth.”

  11. My brother said to me, “Go to school now or you will be punished.”

  12. Mother said to me, “Respect your teacher.”

  13. The teacher said to the students, “Learn your lesson regularly.”

  14. Mother said to his daughter, “Always speak the truth.”

  15. The teacher said to the students, “Take care of your health.”

  16. I said to him,” Please tell me the way of hospital.

  17. Father said to his son, “Go to school now.”

  18. The teacher said, “Read attentively.”

  19. The passer-by said to me, “Brother, please help me.”

  20. The mother said to his son, “Call in a doctor.”

  21. Ruplal’s mother said to him, “Accept your responsibility.”

  22. The tourist said to the receptionist, “Please give me a vacant room.”

  23. The doctor said to the patient, “Don’t take tea for some days.”

  24. Dolon said to Lucky, “Stop excessive eating.”

  25. The boy said to the teacher, “Please, lend me your book.”

  26. My mother said to me, “Be polite to the elders, my child.”

  27. The officer said to the workers “Leave the room at once.”

  28. He said to his friends, “Please wait for me till I return.”

  29. Father said tome, “Obey your teachers.”

  30. Father said to me, “Go to bed at once.”

  31. Nipa said to Dipa, “Please give me your story book.”

  32. He said to me, “Learn your lesson regularly.”

  33. He said to me, “Give me a book.”

  34. He said to me, “Please excuse me.”

  35. I said to my teacher, “Please help me in doing the sum.”

  36. The teacher said to the student, “Go out of the classroom.”

  37. Father said to his son, “Follow what your teachers say.”

  38. Sharmin told Salma, “Do have a cup of tea.”

  39. Rafia said to her, “Do come tomorrow”

  40. Farzana said to Sadia, “You had better see a doctor.”

  41. The doctor, “You had better not work hard.”

  42. The girl said to her mother, “Do worry for me.”

  43. The teacher said to the students, “Do not tell a lie.”

  44. He said to the boys, “Don’t make a noise in here.”

  45. Father said to me, “Do not waste your time.”

  46. The teacher said to me,” Don’t elaborate your answer unnecessarily.”

  47. Father said to me, “Do not run in the sun.”

  48. I said to him, “Don’t be silly.”

  49. Father said to his son, “Don’t quarrel.”

  50. Father said to me, “Never tell a lie.”

  51. Teacher said to him, “Don’t waste your time.”

  52. Father said me, “Do not look down upon the poor.”

  53. Father said to me, “Never go there.”

  54. The teacher said to the students, “Don’t leave anything for tomorrow.”

  55. Silvia said to Shila, Don’t peak so loudly.”

  56. Mother said to the children “Do not go to the river.”

  57. Father said to me, “Don’t go there.”

  58. Father said to his son, “Don’t quarrel.”

  59. The old man said to the boy, “Do not waste your time.”

  60. They said to me, “Let us decide the matter ourselves”.

  61. Anwar told Kashem, “Let’s go and see.”

  62. The visitors said to us, “let’s have a walk by the river side.”

  63. Rahim said to me, “Let us go to arrange a picnic.”

  64. They said to us, “Let us discuss the matter ourselves.”

  65. The teacher said to the student, “Let us discuss about gardening.”

  66. Kamal said to his friends, “Let us inform it to our class teacher.”

  67. The teacher said to the student, “Let’s try to solve the problem.”

  68. Luna said to her friend, “Let us have a picnic on Sunday.”

  69. Tamal said to me, “Let us settle the matter now.”

  70. They said to us, “Let us go out for a walk.”

  71. The captain said, “Let us show respect to the freedom fighters.”

  72. He said to me, “Let’s finish reading the last part of this book.”

  73. The boy said to me, “Let us have a visit to Ram Sagar.”

  74. The six blind said, “Let us go and find out?”

  75. The chairman said, “Let us settle the dispute.”

  76. They said to him, “Let us play football today.”

  77. He said to me, “Let us go there.”

  78. Rimi said to Shila, “Let’s go for a walk in the open field.”

  79. Salma said to her brother, “Let us return the bag to its owner.”

  80. Dolon said to Rajon, “Let us paint the house.”

  81. The boy said to his mates, “Let us go to the theatre.”

  82. We said to them, “Let us built the dam.”

  83. My friend said to me, “Let us go to the sea shore.”

  84. He said, “Let us drop at here.”

  85. The boy said to him, “Let us be friends again.”                                                                                                    

  86. Kamal said to his friends, “Let us not miss the chance.”

  87. They said to us, “Let us decide the matter ourselves.”

  88. He said, “Let us start the work without any delay.”

  89. Tanima said to Adiba, “Let’s finish reading the last part of this book.”

  90. Reza said to his friend, “Let us make a picnic.”

  91. Nipu said to her mother, “Let us go home now.”

  92. Farhana said to Rina, “Let us sing together.”

  93. Sumyia said to Abeda, “Let us wait here till the rain stops.”

  94. Foysal said to Menaz, “Let us learn our lessons.”

  95. Tareq said to me, “Let us enjoy the play tonight.”

  96. The beggar said to me, “Let me have a meal.”

  97. The beggar said to me, “Let me have a cup of rice.”

  98. Kamal said to Mrs. Ali, “Mother, Let me have a cup of tea.”

  99. You said to me, “Let me come in.”

  100. The beggar said to me, “Let me have a meal.”

Narration Worksheet 1.3 Answer

Imperative Sentence

 

 Indirect Speech

 

  1. Father ordered his son to go to school then.

  2. Father ordered me to go to school then.

  3. Father ordered me to do work at once.

  4. The piper requested the mayor to give him promised money.

  5. The teacher advised the students to be attentive and listen to his lecture.

  6. Father advised his son to learn to be honest from his (boy) boyhood.

  7. The man advised me to obey his parents.

  8. The teacher ordered the student to leave the room and not to return againthat day.

  9. The teacher advised the students to pen through the sentence.

  10. Mother advised me toalways speak the truth.

  11. My brother told me to go to school then or I would be punished.

  12. Mother advised me torespect my teachers.

  13. The teacher advised the students to learn their lesson regularly.

  14. Mother advised her daughter to always speak the truth.

  15. The teacher advised the students to take care of their health.

  16. I requested him to tell him the way of hospital.

  17. Father ordered his son to go to school then.

  18. The teacher advised the person spoken to read attentively.

  19. The passer-by addressed me as brother and requested me to kindly help him.

  20. The mother told her son to call in a doctor.

  21. Ruplal’s mother told him to accept his responsibility.

  22. The tourist requested the receptionist to give him a vacant room.

  23. The doctor advised the patient not to take tea for some days.

  24. Dolon told Lucky to stop excessive eating.

  25. The boy requested the teacher to lend him his book.

  26. Addressing me as her child my mother advised me to be polite to the elders.

  27. The officer ordered to the worker to leave the room at once.

  28. He requested his friends to wait for him till he returned.

  29. My father advised me to obey my teachers.

  30. Father ordered me to go to bed at once.

  31. Nipa entreated Dipa to give her (Nipa) her(Dipa’s) story book.

  32. He advised me to learn my lesson regularly.

  33. He told me to give him a book.

  34. He requested me to excuse him.

  35. I requested my teacher to help me in doing the sum.

  36. The teacher told the student to go out of the classroom.

  37. Father told his son to follow what his teacher said.

  38. Sharmin requested Salma to have a cup of tea.

  39. Rafia asked her to come the next day.

  40. Farzana advised Sadia to see a doctor.

  41. The doctor advised me not to work hard.

  42. The girl told her mother not to worry for her.

  43. The teacher advised the students not to tell a lie.

  44. He ordered the boys not to make a noise there.

  45. Father advised me not to waste my time.

  46. The teacher advised me not to elaborate my answers unnecessarily.

  47. Father advised me not to run in the sun.

  48. I requested him not to be silly.

  49. Father advised his son not to quarrel.

  50. Father advised me not to tell a lie.

  51. Teacher advised him not to waste his time.

  52. Father advised me not to look down  upon the poor.

  53. Father advised me not to go there.

  54. The teacher advised the students not to leave anything for the next day.

  55. Silvia told Shila not to speak so loudly.

  56. Mother forbade the children to go the river.

  57. Father forbade me/told me not to go there.

  58. Father advised his son not to quarrel.

  59. The old man advised the boy not to waste their time.

  60. They proposed to me that we should decide the matter themselves.

  61. Anwar proposed to Kashem that they should go and see.

  62. The visitors proposed to us that we should have a walk by the riverside.

  63. Rahim proposed to me that we should go to arrange a picnic.

  64. They proposed to us that we should discuss the matter ourselves.

  65. The teacher proposed to the student that they should discuss about gardening.

  66. Kamal proposed to his friends that we should inform it to our class teacher.

  67. The teacher proposed to the student that they should try to solve the problem.

  68. Luna proposed to her friends that they should have a picnic on Sunday.

  69. Tamal proposed to me that we should settle the matter then.

  70. They proposed to us that we should go out for a walk.

  71. The captain proposed that they should show respect to the freedom fighters.

  72. He proposed to me that we should finish reading the last part of that book.

  73. The boy proposed to me that we should have a visit to Ram Sagar.

  74. The six blind men proposed that they should go and find out.

  75. The chairman proposed that they should settle the dispute.

  76. They proposed to him that they should play football that day.

  77. He proposed to me that we should go there.

  78. Rimi proposed to Shila that they should go for a walk in the open field.

  79. Salma proposed to her brother that they should return the bag to its owner.

  80. Dolon proposed to Rajonthat they should paint the house.

  81. The boy proposed to his matesthat they should go to the theatre.

  82. We proposed to them that we shouldbuilt the dam.

  83. My friend proposed to me that we should go to the sea shore.

  84. He proposed to that we shoulddrop at there.

  85. The boy proposed to himthat they should be friend again.

  86. Kamal suggested his friends that they should not miss that chance.

  87. They suggested to us that we should decide the matter ourselves.

  88. He proposed that they shouldstart the work without any delay.

  89. Tanima told Abidathat they should finish reading the last part ofthat book.

  90. Reza proposed to his friend that they should make a picnic.

  91. Nipu proposedto herthat they should go home then.

  92. Farhana proposed to Ria that they should sing together.

  93. Sumyia proposed to Abedathat they should wait here till the rains stops.

  94. Foysal proposed to Menazthat they should learn their lessons.

  95. Tareq proposed to me that we should enjoy the play that night.

  96. The beggar told that he might be allowed to have a meal.

  97. The beggar told that he might be allowed to have a cup of rice.

  98. Kamal told  his mother, Mrs. Ali that he might be allowed to come in.

  99. The beggar requested me to let him have a meal.

                     Narration Worksheet 1.4

                          Optative Sentence


 

  1. My mother said, “May God bless you.”

  2. The mother said to her son, “May you succeed in the examination.”

  3. He told me, “May you long live.”

  4. Father said to me, “May you pass the exam.”

  5. He told me, “Good morning.”

  6. She told me, “Good evening.”

  7. I said to him, "Good-bye."

  8. The teacher said to me, "May you shine in life."

  9. The man said to the old man, “May you live a longer life.”

  10. The priest said, “May the god bless you.”

  11. She said to me, “Wish you a happy life ahead.”

  12. Mother said, “May my son recover soon.”

  13. His friend said to him, “may you find success in life.”

  14. I said to my brother, “May you pass the exam.”

  15. The monk said, “May you find your path in life.”

  16. The villagers said to the volunteers, “May you be rewarded for your good works.”

  17. She said to him, “Wish you were here.”

  18. He said, “May the truth triumph against all odds.”

  19. He said to me, "May you live long !"

  20. She said, "May your enemy go to hell !"

  21. Seema said to me, "May God bless you with children !"

  22. He said to her, "Good bye, my sister !"

  23. My friend said to me, "Good morning, I am happy to see you !"

  24. The son said, "Good night, Mom !"

  25. The lady said, “Good morning, gentlemen.”

  26. The boy said, “Good bye, mother”.

  27. The children said to him, “Good evening, Sir.”

  28. John said, “Good bye, friends, I shall take leave of you now.”

  29. She said,"May you succeed in the examination!"

  30. He said," May God bless you with success!"

  31. The beggar said to him,"May you prosper in your business!"

  32. The old lady said to her," May you live long!"

  33. People said," Long live our Prime Minister!"

  34. The Priest said to the lady,"May God bless you with a lovely son!"

  35. She said to him."May you progress and prosper in life!"

  36. She said to him."May you progress and prosper in life, my son!"

  37. Mother said to me, "May you prosper in life."

  38. The old man said to me, "May God bless you."

  39. The followers said, "Long live our leader."

  40. The girl said, "Could I but get the wings of bird."

  41. I said to my friend, "May your father recover soon."

  42. The boy said, "Oh, if I could get the first prize."

  43. Nita said to teacher, "Good morning, Sir."

  44. Rahul said to me, "Would that you were with us in the picnic."

  45. He said, "O, for a cup of tea"

  46. The leader said, "Long live democracy."

  47. Teacher said to me," May you get success in life !"

  48. She said to her neighbour," May you die soon!"

  49. My friend said, " May God help you !"

  50. I said to her," You be happy in your life !"

  51. The subject said," Long live the king !"

  52. The Prime Minister said," Long live our Democracy!"

  53. People said," God save the nation!"

  54. I said," Her soul live in peace !"

                    Narration Worksheet 1.4 Answer

                          Optative Sentence

  1. My mother prayed that God might bless me.

  2. The mother wished (prayed) that her son might succeed in the examination. OR: The mother wished (prayed for) her son's success in the examination.

  3. He prayed that I might long live.

  4. Father prayed that I might pass the exam.

  5. He wished me good morning.

  6. Indirect: She bade me good evening.

  7. I bade him good-bye.

  8. The teacher wished that I might shine in life. 

  9. The man wished that the old man might live a longer live.

  10. The priest prayed that the god might bless him/her.

  11. She wished me a happy life ahead.

  12. Mother wished that her son might recover soon.

  13. His friend wished that he might find success in life.

  14. I wished that my brother might pass the exam.

  15. The monk wished that he/she might find his/her path in life.

  16. The villagers wished that the volunteers might be rewarded for their good works.

  17. She wished that he was there.

  18. He wished that the truth might triumph against all odds.

  19. He wished that I might live long.

  20. She cursed that my enemy might go to hell.

  21. Seema prayed that God might bless me with children.

  22. He bade good bye to his sister. Or He bade his sister good bye.

  23. 23. My friend wished good morning to me and said that he was happy to see me.

  24. The son bade good night to his Mom.

  25. The lady wished the gentlemen good morning.

  26. The boy bade his mother good bye.

  27. The children respectfully wished him good evening.

  28. John bade his friends good bye and told them that he would take leave of them then.

  29. She prayed that I might succeed in the examination.

  30. He prayed that God might bless me with success.

  31. The beggar prayed that he might prosper in his business.

  32. The old lady prayed that she might live long.

  33. People prayed that their Prime Minister might live long.

  34. The Priest prayed that God might bless the lady with a lovely son.

  35. She prayed that he might progress and prosper in life.

  36. She called him her son and prayed that he might prosper in his life. OR She prayed that her son might prosper in his life.

  37. Mother wished me that I might prosper in life.

  38. The old man prayed that God might bless me.

  39. The followers wished that their leader might live long.

  40. The girl wished that she could but get the wings of bird.

  41. I wished my friend that his father might recover soon.

  42. The boy wished that he could get the first prize.

  43. Nita respectfully wished/greeted her teacher good morning.

  44. Rahul wished that I had been with them in the picnic.

  45. He wished for a cup of tea.

  46. The leader wished that democracy might live long.

  47. Teacher wished that I might get success in life.

  48. She cursed her neighbour  that he/she might die soon.

  49. My friend prayed that God might help me.

  50. I wished her that she might be happy in her life.

  51. The subject prayed that the king might live long.

  52. The Prime Minister wished that their democracy might live long.

  53. People prayed that God might save the nation.

  54. I prayed that her soul might live in peace.

Proverb

Upper-intermediate (5( (HSC)

                                        Narration Worksheet 1.5

                                        Exclamatory Sentence

  1. The man said, "What a fool I am!"

  2. The boy said, "What a terrible storm it is!

  3. He said, "Alas! How worthless I am."

  4. The boy said, "Hurrah! My father has come."

  5. I said to you, "How obliged are you to me!"

  6. The teacher said to him, "How funny you are!"

  7. ‘Wow! What a handsome man he is!’ the girls said.

  8. Ram said, ‘How hot the soup is!’

  9. You told, “What a happy news.”

  10. They said to us, “How obliged are we to you?”

  11. Della said, “Alas! I am undone.”

  12. The players said, “Hurrah! We have won the game.”

  13. The old man said, ” Wire I a President.”

  14. He said, ” How fine the book is!”

  15. He said, ” What a fool I am!”

  16. The players said, “Hurray! We have owned the match.”

  17. He said, How happy I am!”

  18. He exclaimed with joy that he was very happy.

  19. They said, “Alas! Our beloved leader is no more.”

  20. The little girl said, “What a beautiful scenery it is!”

  21. The captain said to his players, “Bravo! You have played very well.”

  22. The boy said, “Alas! I am undone.”

  23. He said, “Alas! I am ruined.”

  24. He said, “How glad I am!”

  25. The children said, “Hurrah! We have got the prize.”

  26. The king said, “Alas! Our enemies are too strong.”

  27. He said to me, "What a nice flower it is!"

  28. The students said, "Hurrah! We have won the match."

  29. I said to my friend, "What a tragic accident it was."

  30. Kamal said to me, "Alas!He is no more in the world."

  31. You said to me, "How peculiar the boy is!"

  32. He said, "Wow! It is tremendous."

  33. He said to me, "What a fool he is!"

  34. "Pooh",said the teacher, "How dirty the dress is!"

  35. He said, "Hurrah! I have stood first in the exam." "Congratulations", said I.

  36. The woman said, "Help!Help!"

  37. He said, "Alas! How foolish is your acting."

  38. Looking at the Victoria Memorial, the foreigner said, "What an exquisitely beautiful creation!"

  39. The coach said to the players, "Bravo! You have played very well."

  40. The old man said to me, "Good-bye, my friends!"

  41. He said, "By God! What a good painting."

  42. Robinbabu said, "What a pity, you could not succeed in spite of great efforts!"

  43. The boys said, "How happy we are here!"

  44. Boys said, " Hurrah ! we have won the match."

  45. We said, " Hurrah ! we have won the match."

  46. The mother said," Hurrah ! My son, You have qualified the examination ."

  47. The captain said ," Hurrah! My boys, you have won the match." 

  48. The captain said, "Hurrah ! My boys have won the match. "

  49. The players said, “Hurrah! We have won the match.”

  50. The captain said, “Alas! I have lost the game.”

  51. The captain said, " Alas! My boys, we have lost the match."

  52. The captain said, " Alas! My boys have lost the match."

  53. She said, “What a lovely rose !”

  54. The teacher said to him, “What a nice fellow you are!”

  55. The crane said, “Fox, how clever you are!”

  56. She said, “What a pretty the child is !”

  57. The captain said, “Bravo! You have done well, boys.”

She said, “Pooh! What a clumsy fellow he is.”

                              Narration Worksheet 1.5 Answer

                                        Exclamatory Sentence

  1. The man exclaimed with sorrow that he was a great fool.

  2. The boy exclaimed with fear that it was a very terrible storm.

  3. He exclaimed with sorrow that he was very worthless.

  4. The boy exclaimed (cried out) with joy that his father had come.

  5. I exclaimed that you were greatly obliged to me.

  6. The teacher exclaimed with wonder that he was very funny.

  7. The girls exclaimed what a handsome man he was.

  8. Ram exclaimed that the soup was hot.

  9. You told that it was a very happy news.

  10. They exclaimed to us that they were greatly obliged to us.

  11. Della exclaimed with grief that he was undone.

  12. The players exclaimed with joy that they had won the game.

  13. The old man strongly wished that he were a king.

  14. He exclaimed with surprise that the book was very fine.

  15. He exclaimed with sorrow that he was a great fool.

  16. The players shouted with joy (or, exclaimed with joy) that they had won the match.

  17. He exclaimed with joy that he was very happy.

  18. They exclaimed in sorrow that their beloved leader was no more.

  19. The little girl exclaimed in wonder that the scenery was very beautiful.

  20. The captain encouraged the players saying that they had played very well.

  21. The boy lamented (or exclaimed in sorrow) that he was undone.

  22. He exclaimed in sorrow that he was ruined.

  23. He said that he was very glad.

  24. The children exclaimed with joy that they had got the prize.

  25. The king exclaimed in sorrow that their enemies were too strong.

  26. He said to me, "What a nice flower it is!"

  27. He exclaimed with joy that it was a very nice flower.

  28. The students exclaimed with joy that they had won the match.

  29. I exclaimed with sorrow with my friend that it was a very tragic accident.

  30. Kamal exclaimed with sorrow that he was no more in the world.

  31. You exclaimed with wonder that the boy was very peculiar.

  32. He exclaimed with wonder that it was tremendous.

  33. He exclaimed that he was a great fool.

  34. The teacher exclaimed with disgust that the dress was very dirty.

  35. He exclaimed with joy that he had stood first in the exam. I congratulated him.

  36. The woman shouted for help.

  37. He exclaimed with sorrow that his acting was very foolish.

  38. Looking at the Victoria Memorial the foreigner exclaimed in wonder that it was an exquisitely beautiful creation.

  39. The coach applauded the players that they had played very well.

  40. Addressing me friend, the old man bade good-bye to me.

  41. He swore by God that it was a very good painting.

  42. Robinbabu exclaimed with regret that he could not succeed in spite of great efforts.

  43. The boys exclaimed with joy that they were very happy there.

  44. Boys exclaimed with joy that they had won the match.

  45. We exclaimed with joy that we had won the match.

  46. The mother exclaimed with happiness to her son that he had qualified the examination.

  47. The captain exclaimed with joy to his boys that they had won the match.

  48. The captain exclaimed with joy that his boys had won the match.

  49. The players exclaimed with joy that they had won the match.

  50. The captain exclaimed with sorrow that he had lost the game.

  51. The captain exclaimed with sorrow to his boys that they had lost the match.

  52. The captain exclaimed with sorrow that his boys had lost the match.

  53. She exclaimed that it was a very lovely rose.

  54. The teacher exclaimed that he was a very nice fellow.

  55. The crane exclaimed that the fox was very clever.

  56. She exclaimed that that the child was very pretty.

  57. The captain applauded the boys saying that they had done well.

  58. She exclaimed with contempt that he was a very clumsy fellow.

        Rules of changing speech passage

                                 
1.    Rule – .By reading the passage carefully, the Speaker, Listener, Tense, Number, Gender & Person and mood of the sentence are to be identified. 
2.    Rule – If the Reporting Verb is after the Direct Speech, in Indirect Speech it is set at the beginning of the Sentence. Example- 
Direct : “Please tell me clearly what you mean to say.” said the noble man. 
Indirect : The noble man requested to tell him clearly what he meant to say.
Direct : “It will be decided after a discussion,” said the teacher. 
Indirect : The teacher said that it would be decided after a discussion. 
Direct : “Why did you not go to school yesterday?” said the mother to the girl. 
Direct : "Take this money and go to the market." "Your brother is coming today," said father. 
Indirect : Father ordered me to take that money and go to the market. He added that my brother was coming that day.
3.    Rule . If the Reporting Verb is in the middle of the Sentences, in Indirect Speech it is set beginning of the first Sentence and both sentences are joined by and. 
Direct: “Thank you,” said the teacher, “You’re really brilliant.” 
Indirect: The teacher thanked him and said that he was really brilliant.
Direct :“Where is the problem?” said the teacher, “Let us try again.” 
Indirect: The teacher asked where the problem was and proposed that they should try again. 
Direct: “I’m watching the boys swimming in the pond,” he said, “How happy they are!” 
Indirect: He said that he was watching the boys swimming in the pond and exclaimed with joy that they were very happy. 
Direct : "You look a little bit like my mother," Jerry said to the authoress, "Especially in the dark by the fire."
Indirect : Jerry told the authoress that she looked a little bit like his mother especially in the dark by the fire.
4.    Rule – In absence of ‘Subject & Listener’ in the Reporting Speech, ‘The speaker’ for Subject & ‘the person spoken to / the listener’ for object of Reporting Verb are written. 
Direct: “I shall meet you tomorrow. “
Indirect: The speaker said to the person spoken to that he would meet him the next day. 
Direct : “Are you coming to my house tomorrow?” “Yes, I will come tomorrow evening.” 
Indirect: The speaker asked the listener if he was going to his house the next day. The listener replied in the affirmative and said that he would come the next evening.
Direct: “Don’t go there.”
Indirect: The speaker told the person spoken to not to go there.


5.    Rule – If several sentences are in the Inverted commas (“ – ”) – In Assertive Sentence, reporting verb is changed into added / further added / again said / also said etc. 
Direct : “Here are the tickets. They will cost one thousand taka,” said the ticket officer. 
Indirect : The ticket officer told that there were the tickets and said that they would cost one thousand taka.
Direct : Hasan said, "I will meet him. I will explain everything to him. I hope he will help us after that."
Indirect : Hasan said that he would meet him and explain everything to him. Then he hoped that he would help them after that.

6.    Rule – If several sentences are in the Inverted commas (“ – ”) In Interrogative Sentence, reporting verb is changed into again asked / also asked / further asked etc. 
Direct: The maid said, “Why do you beg? Can’t you work?” 
Indirect : The maid asked him why he begged and also asked him if he could not work. 
Direct: He said to me, ‘ Who are you? What do you want?’
Indirect: He asked me who I was and what I wanted.

7.    Rule – If several sentences are in the Inverted commas (“ – ”) In Imperative Sentence, reporting verb is changed into again advised / also requested / further ordered according to sense of the sentence. In Indirect Speech, two same sentences are joined by and. 
Direct : Nayem said to me, “I have left my pen at home. Can you give me one?” 
Indirect: Nayem told me that he had left her pen at home and asked if I could give him one. 

8.    Rule- In Direct speech if a speaker uses interrogative and assertive sentence together, ‘and’ is used to join the sentences or then is used at the beginning of the second sentence
Direct: The teacher said to Urmi, “ Why are you talking in the class? You should behave yourself.”
Indirect: The teacher asked Urmi why she was talking in the class and said that she should behave herself.
Direct: “I do not know the way. Do you?” he asked her.
Inderect: He said that he did not know the way and asked her whether she did. 
Direct : Mother said to me, "You should maintain your routine properly," "Don't you think it is good for your study?"
Indirect : Mother said to me that I should maintain my routine properly and asked me if I didn't think it was good for my study.

9.    Rule- To change a dialogue into indirect , we should assume the indicated portion and write accordingly in indirect speech.
Direct : "What is your name?"
: Rubaba."
Indirect : I asked her what her name was. She replied that her name was Rubaba.
,Direct    : I said to him, "How long will you stay?" He replied, "for five days."
Indirect : I asked him how long he would stay. He replied that he would stay for five days.


10.    Rule – . ‘Replied in the affirmative’ are written instead of ‘Yes’. Replied that +sub+ verb can also be used.
Direct :“Did people use stamps in those days?” asked Rafiq. “Yes!” answered Mr. Jamil. 
Indirect: Rafiq asked Mr. Jamil if people had used stamps in those days. Mr. Jamil replied in the affirmative. 
Direct    : He said to me, "Are you ill ‘ . I replied, " Yes."
Indirect : He asked me if I was ill. I replied in the affirmative/that I was I was.
11.    Rule –  If any statement is after ‘Yes’, ‘replied in the affirmative and said that’ are written. 
Direct :“Have you killed the rats?” said the Mayor. “Yes, I have killed,” said the piper. 
Indirect: The Mayor asked the piper if he had killed the rats. The piper replied in the affirmative and said that he had killed. 
Direct : He said to me, “Can you tell me the way to the nearest bank?” I said, “Yes, I can tell.” 
Indirect: He asked me if I could tell him the way to the nearest bank. I replied in the affirmative and said that I could tell.
Direct : He said to me, "Do you like games and sports?" I said, "Yes, I play football and cricket."
Indirect : He asked me if I liked games and sports. I replied that I did and added that I played football and cricket.
12.    Rule – ‘Replied in the negative’ are written instead of ‘No’. Replied that +sub+ verb(negative form) can also be used.
Direct: She said to me, “Do you like music? I said, “No.” 
Indirect : She asked me if I liked music. I replied in the negative. 
Direct    : He said to me, "Do you know Rajib?" I said, "No."
Indirect : He asked me if I knew Rajib. I replied that I did not.
13.    Rule – If any statement is after ‘No’, ‘replied in the negative and said that’ are written. 
Direct : “Aren’t you wasting your time?” I said. “No, I don’t think so,” he said. 
Indirect : I asked him if he wasn’t wasting his time. He replied in the negative and said that he didn’t think so. 
Direct : He said to me, “Would you accompany me, please?” “No, I am sorry,” replied I. 
Indirect: He asked me if I would accompany him. I replied in the negative and said that I was sorry.
Direct : Zaman said to Rajib," Have you completed the homework?" Rajib said, "No, I am ill."
Indirect : Zaman asked Rajib if he (R) had completed his homework. Rajib replied that he (R) had not because he was ill.

14.    Rule- If yes/no is used to emphasize the statement, we can use promised or denied as reporting verb.
Direct: He said, "Yes, sir, I shall go."
Indirect : He promised that he would go.
Direct: She said, "No, sir, I have not seen it."
Indirect : She denied that she had seen it.
Or, She denied having seen it.
15.    Rule – Instead of ‘Sir’, respectfully/politely is written. 
Direct: The man said to the manager, “May I come in, sir?” 
Indirect: The man respectfully asked the manager if he might go in. 
Direct : The boy said, “Yes sir, I think so.” 
Indirect : The boy respectfully replied in the affirmative and said that he thought so. 
Direct : Kamal said, "Sir, I am sorry."
Indirect : Kamal respectfully said that he was sorry.
Direct : She said, "Sir, I will be attentive from now."
Indirect : She respectfully said that she would be attentive from then.
Direct : Rajib said, "Sir, are you busy now?"
Indirect : Rajib respectfully asked if he was busy then.
Direct : He said to me, "Sir, I will be late today."
Indirect : He respectfully said to me that he would be late that day.

16.    Rule- If the addressing is true, the name of the person/thing is written as object of the reporting verb. Name used in vocative case is added with Reporting verb.
Direct : The teacher said, "Rajib, why are you making a noise?"
Indirect : The teacher asked Rajib why he (R) was making a noise.
Direct : "Let him come with us, mother," I said. 
Indirect : I asked my mother to let him come with us.
Direct: Mother said, “Sumya, do not quarrel.” 
Indirect: Mother ordered Sumya not to quarrel. 

17.    Rule – 13. ‘Addressing as’ is written beginning of the sentence instead of Sir/ friend/ sister/ brother/ mum etc. if they really don’t have any relation. 
Direct : The student said, “Sir, I have a problem to solve it.” 
Indirect : Addressing as sir, the student said that he had a problem to solve it. 
Direct: “Are you hungry, my friends?” said the leader. 
Indirect : Addressing as his friends, the leader asked if they were hungry. 
Direct : Amir said, “Brethren, Listen to my word.” 
Indirect: Addressing as brethren, Amir request to listen to his word. 
Direct : “I was ill, mum,” the girl replied. 
Indirect : Addressing her mother as mum, the girl replied that she had been ill.
Direct : "Are you hungry, friends?" said the shrewd (t)v) king.
Indirect : Addressing them as friends, the shrewd king asked if they were hungry.
Direct : Rashed said to the man, "Sir, are you looking for someone?"
Indirect : Addressing the man as sir, Rashed asked him (m) if he (m) was looking for someone.

18.    If the sentence start with shall I/ we and indicates offer, the sentence is transformed into indirect using the rules of imperative sentence.
Direct : "Shall I bring you some tea?" he said to me.
Indirect : He offered to bring me some tea.
Direct : He said to me, "Shall I bat on top order?"
Indirect : He offered to bat on top order.
Direct : We said, "Shall we contribute some amount for the affected people?"
Indirect : We offered to contribute some amount for the affected people.    •
Direct : I said, "Shall I join the party?"
Indirect : I offered to join the party.
Direct : He said, "Shall I meet him tomorrow?"
Indirect : He offered to meet him the next day.
19.    Rule – In stead of ‘Thank you’, ‘Subject + thanked + Object of Reporting Verb are written. 
Direct: He said to me, “Thank you.” 
Indirect: He thanked me. 
Direct : The teacher said to me, “Thank you.” 
Indirect : The teacher thanked me. 
Direct : Mrs. Kalam said, “Thank you, Mr. Haque. 
Indirect: Mrs. Kalam thanked Mr. Haque. 
20.    Rule – 12. Instead of Good morning/ good afternoon/ good evening/ Happy new year etc. Subject + wished + object + good morning/ good afternoon/ good evening/happy new year etc. 
Direct: I said to him, “Good morning.” 
Indirect: I wished him good morning. 
Direct : The teacher said to us, “Good afternoon to all of you.” 
Indirect: The teacher wished good afternoon to all of us. 
Direct: Father said to them, “Good evening to all of you.” 
Indirect : Father wished them good evening to all of them. 
Direct : I said to you, “Good night.” 
Indirect : I wished you good night. 
Direct : She said to me, “Happy new year.” 
Indirect : She wished me happy new year.

21.    Rule –  In stead of ‘Good bye’/Good night, ‘Subject + bade + object + good bye’ /Good night are written. 
Direct: The leader said, “Good bye my, friends.” 
Indirect: The leader bade his friends good bye. 
Direct: Father said to the boy, Good night’
Indirect: Father bade the boy good night.

22.    If why is written as an reply o f a question, in indirect speech speaker+ wanted to know the reason is used.
Direct: "When will you come?"
"At 9 am. Why, mother?" said the son.
Indirect: Mother asked her son when he would come. The son replied that he would come at 9 am and wanted to know the reason (for such question).
Direct : Shetu said to Tanha, "I will not go for the study tour." "Why? We will have lots of fun." 
Indirect : Shetu said to Tanha that he (s) would not go for the study tour. Tanha wanted to know the reason and said that they would have lots of fun.
Direct : Mother said to Lifa, "Are you going with me?" "No, mother." "Why?". "I am feeling unwell."
Indirect : Mother asked Lifa if she was going with her. Addressing her as mother, Lifa replied in
the negative. Mother wanted to know the reason. Lifa replied that she was feeling unwell,

23.    Rule-well/you see/you know is left out in the indirect speech
Direct: The teacher said to him, “Well Rony, I shall reward you.”
Indirect: The teacher said to Rony that he would reward him.

24.    Rule - Oh I see/Look is replaced by expressing surprise and drawing attention to 
Direct: Shahid said to Imran, “Oh I see. He is the Director of the company.”
Indirect: Expressing surprise, Shahid told Imran that he was the Director of the company.
Direct: He said, “Look, I have bought a new red car.”
Indirect: Drawing attention, he said that he had bought a new red car.

25.    Rule -In assertive sentence/imperative sentence if yes/no/alright/ok  is used, we replace them by using agreed/disagreed/decline.
Direct: The manager said, “Finish the work as soon as possible.”
The employee said, “ Alright sir. You will get the work done within a few days.”
Indirect: The manager ordered to finish the work as soon as possible. The employee agreed and respectfully added that he would get the work done within a few days.
Direct: “ I am sent to school for playing with friends, father.” Jack said.
“No, you are sent to school to read and write.”
Indirect: Jack told his father that he was sent to school for playing with friends. Father disagreed and added that he was sent to learn to read and write. 
26.    Rule - If two parts of the imperative sentence is added with ‘or’ , second part of the sentence is replaced by and added if+ subject+ did not do so. Subject + would/could/might+ verb  is used.
Direct: “Read attentively or you will fail, “ said the teacher.
Indirect: The teacher advised to read attentively and added if he did not do so he would fail.
Direct: He said to me, “ Have patience or you will not be able to catch fish.
Indirect: He advised me to have patience and added that if I did not so I would not be able to catch fish.
27.    Rule – In stead of ‘Part of a Sentence or Phrase’, complete sentence is written according to the sense of the Speaker. 
Direct: The teacher said, “How are you?” “Well,” said the girl. 
Indirect: The teacher asked the girl how she was. The girl replied that she was well. 
Direct: Apu said to me, “What are you doing?” I said, “Eating rice.” 
Indirect: Apu asked me what I was doing. I replied that I was eating rice. 

28.    Rule – In stead of ‘By Allah/ by God/ by Lord/ by Jove/ by my life, Swearing by Allah/ by God/ by Lord/ by Jove/ by my life etc are written in the Indirect Speech. 
Direct: “By Allah,” he replied, “I will not leave this place.” 
Indirect: Swearing by Allah, he replied that he would not leave that place.
Direct : "By Allah, believe me, I did not know him," said Amrin.
Indirect : Swearing by Allah, Amrin requested to believe her and said that she had not known
him.
Direct : Imran said, "By your life, I will study regularly from now, mom."
Indirect : Swearing by her life, Imran said to his mother that he would study regularly from
then.
Direct : "By God", the boy said, "I will not let him go."
Indirect : Swearing by God the boy said that he would not let him go.
Direct : Aashiqa said, "By my life, I am ready to do every possible thing to educate them."
Indirect : Swearing by her life, .Ashiqa said that she was ready to do every possible thing to
educate them.

29.    Rule –The portion written outside of the inverted comma usually remained unchanged. But ‘Present participle phrase’ are written beginning of the Sentence in Indirect Speech. 
Direct:“Are you brothers?” asked the mistress of the house, turning to the boys. 
Indirect: Turning to the boys, the mistress of the house asked if they were brothers. 
Direct : Walking towards the door, he said to me, "Wait here for sometime."
Indirect : Walking towards the door, he ordered me to wait there for sometime.
Direct : Admitting the truth, the man said, "I was really unaware of the fact."
Indirect : Admitting the truth, the man said that he had been really unaware of the fact.
Direct : Giving a round of applause, we said, "Happy Birthday to you."
Indirect : Giving a round of applause, we wished her happy birthday.
Direct : In order to get back her lost daughter, she said, "I will give an amount of two lac taka
who will find out my daughter."
Indirect : In order to get back her lost daughter, she said that she would give an amount of two
lac taka who would find out her daughter.

30.    Rule –If question mark (?) is ending of Assertive sentence, ‘Being surprised’ are written beginning of Indirect Speech and followed the rules of ‘Interrogative sentence’. 
Direct: Luna said to me, “You have remembered how she looked all these years?” 
Indirect: Being surprised, Luna asked me if I had remembered how she had looked all those years.
Direct : My brother said to me, "You know him?"
Indirect : Being surprised, my brother asked me if I knew him.    •
Direct : Johnny said to Iddris, "Bangladesh lost the match?"
Indirect : Being surprised, Johnny asked Iddris if Bangladesh lost the match.
Direct : She said to her brother, "You failed in the exam? I frequently told you to study more
and more."
Indirect : Being surprised, she asked her brother if he failed in the exam. She again said that
she had frequently told him to study more and more.
Direct : I said to Rashed, "He is outside the country? But I saw him last night."
Indirect : Being surprised, I asked Rashed if he was outside the country and added that I had
seen him the previous night.

31.    Rule - If the second sentence of the reported speech expresses the reason of the first sentence, we can use since/as/because as linker
Direct: “ I will not attend the meeting . I am ill,” he said
Indirect: He said that  he would not attend the meeting as he was ill.
Direct : Raiyan said "I failed in the examination. I did not work hard."
Indirect : Raiyan said that he had failed in the examination since he did not work hard.
Direct : The man said, "The thief was not seen. There was dark all around."
Indirect : The man said that the thief had not seen since there had been dark all around,
Direct : The batsman said, "I played bad. The pitch is too slow to bat."
Indirect : The batsman said that he had played bad as the pitch was too slow to bat.
Direct : The workers said, We will go for a strike. We are not getting our salaries timely." Indirect : The workers said that they would go for a strike as they were not getting their salaries timely. Direct : Father said to me, "I could not withdraw the money. I have lost my ATM card." Indirect : Father said to me that he could not withdraw the money since he had lost his ATM card.

32.    Rule-You ought to /should/had better/if I were you will be left out and advised will be used instead
Direct: You had better hurry, Jony,” she said.
Indirect: She advised Jony to hurry.
Direct: “ If I were you, I would wait,” I said to him.
Indirect: I advised him to  wait.
Direct : I said to her, "You had better watch the way you talk to me in the future."
Indirect : I advised her to watch the way she talk to me in the future.
Direct : "They had better be here before we start dinner," she said.
Indirect : She advised to be there before they start dinner.
Direct : He said to me, "You ought to tell her everything."
Indirect : He advised me to tell her everything.
Direct : Rashed said to. Ibrahim, "If I were you, I would not do this."
Indirect : Rashed advised Ibrahim not to do that.
33.    Rule - Sorry/ I am sorry is replaced by apologized 
Direct: “Sorry , sir, I will not be late again,” said the student.
Indirect: The student apologized and said that he would not be late again.
Direct : The boy said, "Sorry. It was my mistake."    .
Indirect : The boy apologized and said that it had been his mistake.
Direct : The stranger said, "I am sorry. I don't know anyone here."
Indirect : The stranger apologized and said that he didn't know anyone there. Direct : He said to his father, "Sorry. I will not do it again."
Indirect : He apologized to his father and said that he would not do it again. Direct : The girl said, "I am sorry. I behaved with you wrongly."
Indirect : The girl apologized and said that she had behaved with him wrongly. 

34.    Rule : Sorry to disturb you/excuse me is replaced by seeking an excuse in indirect speech
Direct: The man said, “ Excuse me, how can I find this address?”
Indirect: Seeking an excuse, the man asked how he could find that address.
Direct: The girl said to the man, “ Sorry to disturb you, are you Mr. Max?”
Indirect: Seeking an excuse  the girl asked the man if he was Mr.Max.
Direct : "Sony to disturb, would you tell me the way to the nearest college?" said the man. 
Indirect : Seeking an excuse, the man asked if he would tell him the way to the nearest college. 
Direct : Kamal said to his teacher, "Excuse me, sir. I did not understand the math you solved now."
Indirect : Seeking an excuse, Kamal respectfully said to his teacher that he (k) had not understood the math he (t) solved then.

35.    Rule – If Pronoun is beginning and Noun is ending of the Sentence, The noun used as subject is replaced by pronoun. 
Direct : “My sons, listen to me.” “We are listening.” “I am going to die,” said the old man. 
Indirect : The old man told his sons to listen to him. His sons replied that they are listening. The old man said that he was going to die.
Direct: Imran said to her, “ How was your exam?” Lifa Said, “Very good”
Indirect: Imran asked Lifa how her exam had been. Lifa replied that her exam was very good.
Direct : Selim said to him, "I am ready to go." Mr. Anwar said, "Grab a car. We are already late."
Indirect : Selim said to Mr. Anwar that he (S) was ready to go. Mr Anwar told Selim to grab a car and added that they were already late.
Direct : The maid said to him, "Why do you beg?" The old man replied, "I am too old to work." 
Indirect : The maid asked the old man why he (OM) begged. The old man replied that he (OM) was too old to work.

36.    Rule - In case of tag question the statement part of the tag question is changed following the rules of interrogative sentence and tag portion is changed using “and assumed that “ and remaining follows the rule of assertive sentence
Sturucture: Speaker+asked+listener+if+subject+verb+……and assumed that + subject+ verb………..
Direct: Della said to Jim, “I’m me without my hair, ain’t i?
Indirect: Della asked Jim if she was her without her hair and assumed that she was.
Direct: The man said, “We love our country, don’t we?”
Indirect: The man asked if we loved our country and assumed that we did.
Direct : He said, "Everybody loves flower, don't they?"
Indirect : He asked if everybody loves flower and assumed that they do.
Direct : I said, "I did not come last night, did I?"
Indirect : I asked if I had not gone the previous night and assumed that I hadn't.
Direct : "They are very serious, aren't they?" Aashiqa said.
Irfdirect : Aashiqa asked if they were very serious and assumed that they were.

Important Note:  Some are of opinion that when the Reporting Verb is in the past tense, "All past tenses of the direct form either remain in the past tense, or are changed into the past perfect tense. The past perfect tense is used chiefly when we wish to lay stress on the completion of the action." This certainly violates the rules of the sequence of tense; still, it cannot often be helped.
For example, let us take the following passage:
Direct: He said to me, "I went home in January. There I met my sister after a long time. She was a widow and was very eager to see me. My mother to wished me to see her."
Indirect: He said to me that he had gone home in January. There he had met his sister after a long time. She had been a widow and had been very eager to see him. His mother, too had wished him to see her.
Now, so many past perfect tenses in a single passage are certainly bad English. If instead, we retain the simple past indefinite of the original in the indirect form, the rendering will be good English. Hence, the rule stated above. In the case of short sentence, however, the past may be and shall be changed into the past perfect, because that does not create any difficulty.

            Passage Narration Worksheet- 3.0

JSC Examination -2019 All Board Questions

1. Rewrite the following passage changing the form of speech. [Dhaka Board-2019]

“What were you doing? ”said he to me.  I said,“ I was doing my assignment.” You should play in the afternoon.  It will keep you fit.” “Thank you for your advice.”

 

2. Rewrite the following passage changing the form of speech. [Mymensingh Board-2019]

“Will you come to my house tomorrow?” I asked the boy. “We can discuss terms and condition then, ”I said. “ I shall be very happy to meet you at your house. Thank you so much,” he replied.

 

Change the narrative style of the following text.

The teacher said to Hasan, "Have you read the story of Shamima? “Yes, sir, I  have read it,” said Hasan. The teacher said again, “Tel me the story.” Hasan said, “I am telling it now.” “What a good student you are!” said the teacher.

 

4. Rewrite the following passage changing the form of speech. [Dinajpur Board-2019]

My friend said  to me. “Why did you not attend my birthday party?” “I was in Dhaka at that time,” said  I. “I missed you so much," said he. “Take this gift, please," said I. “How nice it is ! said he. 

 

5. Rewrite the following passage changing the form of speech. [Jashore Board-2019]

I said to my friend, “Where are you going after the examination?” “I've not yet decided,”  said my friend.  “Let's go to my village home together. What a great time we will have there!” said I. “I'll discuss it with my parents,” said my friend.

 

6. Rewrite the following passage changing the form of speech. [Cumilla Board-2019]

“Ruma, have you done your English lesson today?” asked the teacher.  “Yes, sir,  I have. But I haven't understood some grammatical points,” replied Ruma. “Where is the problem?”  said the teacher. “Let us try again.” 

 

7. Rewrite the following passage changing the form of speech. [Chattogram Board-2019]

Once I asked a little girl, “What's your mother's name?” I know my mother's name but I won't tell that. I never tell my mother's name to anybody whom I don't know.” I said, “How clever you are!”

 

8. Rewrite the following passage changing the form of speech. [Sylhet Board-2019]

“Good morning, Emon. Why did you miss the most important class on the rules of the passage narration yesterday?” said the teacher. “What a fool I am! Please help me, sir.” “Don't miss the class and let's discuss the topic, ” said the teacher.

 

9. Rewrite the following passage changing the form of speech. [Barishal Board-2019]

My friend said to me, "Where are you going?" "I am going to the tree fair," said I. "Will you take me with you?" "Yes," said I. "Let's walk together," he said. 
 

 

JSC Examination -2018 All Board Questions

 

10. Rewrite the following passage changing the form of speech. [Dhaka Board 2018]

Ratul sald to me, "Where are you going now?" "I am going to the stadium to watch a cricket match. Do you want to go with me?" said I. Ratul said, "Yes." I said, "Let's go together.
 

11. Rewrite the following passage changing the form of speech. [Rajshahi Board 2018]

Mother said to Samia, "What are you doing now?" I am watching television mother," Samia replied. "Have you prepared your lesson? "Yes, mother." "It's late at night. Go to bed," mother said.

 

12. Rewrite the following passage changing the form of speech. [Dinajpur Board 2018]

"I came here yesterday from my town," Rudra said. "Why did you come here? I asked "My mother sent me to you with this letter." "Oh, what a good news! Let me read the letter," said I.

 

13. Rewrite the following passage changing the form of speech. [Jeshore Board 2018]

The teacher said to the boy, "Why are you making a noise in the class? You are not attractive to your lessons." The boy said, "Sir. I am sorry. I was asking for a pen to my friend." The teacher said, “Be attentive and listen to me carefully.”
 

14. Rewrite the following passage changing the form of speech. [Cumilla Board-2018, Barishal Board 2014]

My friend said to me, "Why are you reading this hour? It is time for prayer. Let us go out for a walk after saying prayer. "Yes, I am agree with you," I said.

 

15. Rewrite the following passage changing the form of speech. [Chattogram Board-2018 & 2014]

The old man said, “Can you give me some food? I've been starving for two days.” The maid said, "Why do you beg? Can't you work?” "No, I am unable to work," said the old man.

 

16. Rewrite the following passage changing the form of speech. [Sylhet Board-2018]

"What do you take as lunch in school, Shafiq?" Shafin said, “I always take junk food. Don't you like It at all?”  “No," Shafin said, "Why don't you like it?" "I don't like it because it does not contain any food value," Shafin said.


 

17. Rewrite the following passage changing the form of speech. [Barishal Board-2018]

"Give me a few grains of corn. I am dying of hunger, " said the Grasshopper. "But what did you do in the summer? Didn't you store up any corn?" asked the Ant. "No, I was too busy in singing,"

 

JSC Examination -2017 All Board Questions

 

18. Rewrite the following passage changing the form of speech. [Dhaka Board-2017]

The man said to the boy, "Are you going to sit for JSC Examination this year? "Yes said the boy. The man said, "How is your preparation?" "I have a good preparation," replied the boy.

 

19. Rewrite the following passage changing the form of speech. [Rajshahi Board-2017]

Once I said to a little girl, "What is your mother's name?" "I know my mother's name. But I will no tell you that," said the girl. I said, "What a clever girl you are" 

 

 20. Rewrite the following passage changing the form of speech. [Dinajpur Board 2017]

The beggar said to me, “Will you give me some money? I have been suffering from fever for seven days.” I said, "What will you do with the money?” “I want to buy some medicine for myself. I am unable to move,” he said.

 

21. Rewrite the following passage changing the form of speech. [Jeshore Board-2017]

The teacher said to the student, “Have you prepared your lesson today?” “No, sir,” replied the student. The teacher said, "Why do you not prepare your lesson?" "I was suffering from headache yesterday. I shall do my work tomorrow," replied the student.

 

22. Rewrite the following passage changing the form of speech. [Cumilla Board-2017]

“What is a puppet show?” Sabu asked his father. Father said, "Let's go inside and you can see for yourself." Inside the tent Sabu said, "How strange, A doll is dancing and talking!" Father said, "A man behind the screen is moving the doll.&q