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         Punctuation and Capitalization Rules

Period

A period, also commonly known as a full stop, is a punctuation mark (.) used in writing to indicate the end of a sentence. It is a small, circular dot that plays a crucial role in sentence structure, helping to signal the completion of a thought or idea. The period is one of the most basic and frequently used punctuation marks in the English language.

In addition to marking the end of declarative and imperative sentences, periods are also used after abbreviations, initials, and in various other contexts, as outlined in the rules and examples provided earlier. Understanding and using periods correctly contribute to clear and effective written communication.

  1. Using a Full Stop at the End of a Declarative/Assertive Sentence:

    • Description: Employ a period to conclude a statement or share information.

    • Examples:

      1. The project is due by Friday.

      2. The sun sets behind the mountains.

      3. They completed the marathon with smiles on their faces.

  2. Using a Full Stop at the End of an Imperative Sentence:

    • Description: Place a period at the end of a sentence that gives a command or makes a request.

    • Examples:

      1. Please submit your reports by noon.

      2. Turn off the computer before leaving.

      3. Ensure all doors are securely locked.

  3. Using a Full Stop after Abbreviations or Short Forms:

    • Description: Follow abbreviations or short forms with a period.

    • Examples:

      1. The meeting is scheduled for Mon., Jan. 20.

      2. Prof. Anderson is leading the research team.

      3. She is a Ph.D. candidate in psychology.

  4. Using a Full Stop after Initials:

    • Description: Use a period after each initial in a person's name.

    • Examples:

      1. J. K. Rowling authored the Harry Potter series.

      2. M. P. Johnson is our new CEO.

      3. The artist's name is A. R. Rahman.

  5. Using a Full Stop at the End of an Indirect Question:

    • Description: Conclude a sentence that reports a question indirectly with a period.

    • Examples:

      1. She asked if you could join us.

      2. I wonder where they went.

      3. He questioned if it was the right decision.

  6. Using a Full Stop in Website URLs and Email Addresses:

    • Description: In web addresses and email, use multiple full stops (periods) as separators.

    • Examples:

      1. Visit our website at www.example.com.

      2. Email us at contact@example.com for inquiries.

      3. Access the online portal: portal.example.org.

Quotation Marks

Quotation marks are punctuation marks used to set off and indicate the beginning and end of a quotation or a piece of dialogue. In English, there are two types of quotation marks: double quotation marks (" ") and single quotation marks (' '). The choice between them often depends on stylistic conventions and the context.

For example:

  • Double Quotation Marks:

    • She said, "I'll be there by 5 o'clock."

    • The article stated, "The findings are inconclusive."

  • Single Quotation Marks (used within double quotation marks for nested quotes):

    • He remarked, "She told me, 'I can't make it.'"

    • The book is titled 'The Great Gatsby'.

Quotation marks play a crucial role in distinguishing quoted or spoken words from the rest of the text, helping to maintain clarity and convey the intended meaning in written communication.

  1. Quoting Direct Speech:

    • Description: Use quotation marks to enclose the exact words spoken by a person.

    • Examples:

      1. She exclaimed, "I can't believe we won!"

      2. He asked, "Where did you find that book?"

      3. Mary whispered, "I'll meet you at the usual spot."

  2. Quoting Text from a Source:

    • Description: Indicate the exact words from a written source by enclosing them in quotation marks.

    • Examples:

      1. The article states, "The results are statistically significant."

      2. In the novel, the protagonist declares, "I am ready for whatever comes."

      3. The manual says, "Press the reset button to restart the device."

  3. Titles of Short Works:

    • Description: Use quotation marks for titles of short works, such as articles, short stories, or individual episodes of a TV series.

    • Examples:

      1. I just finished reading "The Gift of the Magi."

      2. Have you seen the episode titled "The One Where Everybody Finds Out"?

      3. Her favorite poem is "The Road Not Taken."

  4. Words as Words:

    • Description: When discussing words themselves, use quotation marks.

    • Examples:

      1. The term "algorithm" refers to a set of instructions.

      2. She asked, "Can you define 'metaphor' for me?"

      3. In linguistics, "syllable" has a specific meaning.

  5. Sarcasm or Irony:

    • Description: Indicate sarcasm or irony by placing a word or phrase in quotation marks.

    • Examples:

      1. His "helpful" advice only made things worse.

      2. The so-called "expert" couldn't answer basic questions.

      3. She called it a "vacation" despite working every day.

  6. Scare Quotes:

    • Description: Use quotation marks to express doubt or to distance oneself from a term.

    • Examples:

      1. The "rules" of the game were constantly changing.

      2. He used the term "healthy" to describe deep-fried snacks.

      3. The "celebrity" was unknown to most people.

  7. Direct Quotations within Indirect Quotations:

    • Description: When quoting someone within another quotation, use single quotation marks inside double quotation marks.

    • Examples:

      1. She said, "John told me, 'I'll be there.'"

      2. The teacher asked, "Did he say, 'I understand the concept'?"

      3. He exclaimed, "The sign read, 'No entry.'"

  8. Alternate Meanings or Neologisms:

    • Description: Use quotation marks to highlight a non-standard or new term.

    • Examples:

      1. The word "glamping" combines glamour and camping.

      2. She described the situation as "hangry," a mix of hungry and angry.

      3. The term "adulting" refers to performing adult responsibilities.

  9. Emphasizing Words:

    • Description: Occasionally used for emphasis when a word is being singled out.

    • Examples:

      1. His "punctuality" is a source of admiration.

      2. The "perfect" solution turned out to be flawed.

      3. We appreciate the "feedback" we received.

  10. Dialogue in Fiction:

    • Description: Use quotation marks to denote spoken words in fiction writing.

    • Examples:

      1. "Stop right there!" he shouted.

      2. She said, "I'll meet you at the cafe at 6 o'clock."

      3. In the novel, the character declared, "This is the end of our journey."

Question Mark

A question mark (?) is a punctuation symbol used in written language to indicate the end of a direct question. It is shaped like a dot with a curved line beneath it. The primary purpose of a question mark is to convey that the sentence is an inquiry or interrogation, prompting the reader to interpret the statement as seeking information or clarification.

  1. End of Direct Questions:

    • Description: Use a question mark to conclude a direct question.

    • Examples:

      1. Have you finished your homework?

      2. Where did you find that interesting book?

      3. Did they enjoy the movie?

  2. Indirect Questions:

    • Description: In formal writing, end a sentence with a question mark when reporting an indirect question.

    • Examples:

      1. She asked whether you had seen the new exhibit.

      2. I wonder if they will attend the meeting.

      3. He inquired about what time the event starts.

  3. Rhetorical Questions:

    • Description: Use a question mark for questions asked for effect or emphasis where no answer is expected.

    • Examples:

      1. Could that day have been any more perfect?

      2. Do you really think I would say no?

      3. Isn't it a beautiful day?

  4. In Series of Questions:

    • Description: End each question in a series with a question mark.

    • Examples:

      1. Who, what, when, where, and why?

      2. Did she complete the assignment on time? Did she understand the instructions?

      3. Are you sure about the details? Can you double-check?

  5. Question Tags:

    • Description: Use a question mark with a question tag added at the end of a statement.

    • Examples:

      1. You're coming to the party, aren't you?

      2. He finished his work, didn't he?

      3. She isn't late again, is she?

  6. In Formal Titles:

    • Description: Question marks are appropriate in the titles of works posing a question.

    • Examples:

      1. "Who Moved My Cheese?"

      2. "What Is the Meaning of Life?"

      3. "Are You There, God? It's Me, Margaret."

  7. Uncertainty or Doubt:

    • Description: Use a question mark to indicate uncertainty or doubt.

    • Examples:

      1. I'm not sure if he'll attend the meeting tomorrow?

      2. Is this the correct address?

      3. Are you absolutely certain about your decision?

Semicolon

A semicolon (;) is a punctuation mark that is used to connect two closely related independent clauses (complete sentences) in a way that is stronger than a comma but less final than a period. It is also used in certain other specific situations in written English.

  1. Connecting Independent Clauses:

    • Description: Use a semicolon to connect two independent clauses (complete sentences) without a conjunction.

    • Examples:

      1. The sun was setting; the sky turned a beautiful shade of orange.

      2. She finished her work early; therefore, she decided to go for a walk.

      3. They traveled to Paris; it was an unforgettable experience.

  2. Separating Items in a List with Internal Commas:

    • Description: Use semicolons to separate items in a list when those items already contain commas.

    • Examples:

      1. Our team includes Sarah, project manager; Mark, developer; and Alex, designer.

      2. The workshop covered time management; effective communication, both written and verbal; and problem-solving skills.

      3. The ingredients for the salad include spinach, washed and dried; cherry tomatoes, halved; and feta cheese.

  3. Connecting Independent Clauses with Transitional Phrases:

    • Description: Use a semicolon before a transitional phrase when connecting two independent clauses.

    • Examples:

      1. She had never been to London; however, she was excited to explore the city.

      2. The project deadline was approaching; as a result, everyone worked extra hours.

      3. He was late for the meeting; nevertheless, he apologized sincerely.

  4. Emphasizing a Strong Relationship between Independent Clauses:

    • Description: Use a semicolon to emphasize a strong relationship between two closely related independent clauses.

    • Examples:

      1. The storm was approaching; the villagers began to secure their homes.

      2. The company faced financial challenges; the CEO remained optimistic about the future.

      3. The research was thorough; the conclusions were well-supported.

  5. Joining Independent Clauses in a Series:

    • Description: Use semicolons to separate independent clauses in a series when those clauses are already separated by commas.

    • Examples:

      1. We visited Rome, Italy; Athens, Greece; and Barcelona, Spain.

      2. The project involved analyzing data, creating visualizations; presenting findings, and receiving feedback.

      3. He enjoyed hiking in the mountains; swimming in the lakes; and camping in the forests.

Colon

A colon (:) is a punctuation mark that is used in various ways in written language. Here are some of the primary uses of a colon:

Here are rules for using the colon with descriptions and three examples for each rule:

  1. Introducing a List:

    • Description: Use a colon to introduce a list of items, explanations, or examples.

    • Examples:

      1. The camping trip requires: a tent, sleeping bag, and cooking utensils.

      2. There are three key ingredients for the recipe: flour, sugar, and eggs.

      3. Bring the following to the meeting: your notes, laptop, and enthusiasm.

  2. Introducing an Explanation or Clarification:

    • Description: Use a colon to introduce an explanation or clarification.

    • Examples:

      1. The reason is simple: he forgot about the appointment.

      2. Here's the plan: we'll meet at the park, have a picnic, and play games.

      3. There's one thing you should know: the deadline has been extended.

  3. Separating Hours and Minutes in Time:

    • Description: Use a colon to separate hours from minutes when expressing time.

    • Examples:

      1. The flight departs at 6:45 AM.

      2. The webinar is scheduled for 2:30 PM.

      3. The movie starts at 7:15 PM.

  4. Introducing a Quotation:

    • Description: Use a colon before a quotation, especially in more formal writing.

    • Examples:

      1. The coach shared his mantra: "Practice makes perfect."

      2. The professor emphasized this point: "Research is the key to understanding."

      3. His motto was clear: "Never give up on your dreams."

  5. Separating a Title from a Subtitle:

    • Description: Use a colon to separate the main title from a subtitle in book or article titles.

    • Examples:

      1. "The Art of Cooking: Mastering Culinary Skills."

      2. "Exploring the Universe: A Guide to Astronomy."

      3. "Time Management: Strategies for Success."

  6. Separating Independent Clauses in Certain Situations:

    • Description: Use a colon to separate independent clauses when the second clause explains or elaborates on the first.

    • Examples:

      1. The challenge was daunting: complete the project in just one week.

      2. The goal was clear: improve customer satisfaction.

      3. The decision was unanimous: relocate the office to a larger space.

  7. In Ratios:

    • Description: Use a colon to represent a ratio between two numbers.

    • Examples:

      1. The ratio of red to blue marbles is 3:2.

      2. In the recipe, the ratio of flour to sugar is 2:1.

      3. The team's win-loss ratio is 4:1.

Dash (two hyphens together)

A dash is a punctuation mark that looks like a horizontal line. There are two primary types of dashes: the en dash (–) and the em dash (—).

Here are rules for using dashes, both the en dash (–) and the em dash (—), with descriptions and three examples for each rule:

En Dash (–):

  1. Indicating a Range:

    • Description: Use an en dash to represent a range between two values.

    • Examples:

      1. The meeting is scheduled for May 10–15.

      2. The store is open Monday–Friday.

      3. The temperature will be 20–25 degrees Celsius.

  2. Connecting Related Items:

    • Description: Use an en dash to connect related items, such as in a compound adjective.

    • Examples:

      1. The London–Paris flight is known for its efficiency.

      2. The New York–based company expanded globally.

      3. The Chicago–style pizza is famous for its deep-dish crust.

  3. Linking Connected Ideas:

    • Description: Use an en dash to connect ideas that are closely related or linked.

    • Examples:

      1. The project's design–implementation phase is critical.

      2. The morning–afternoon session will cover various topics.

      3. The teacher–student collaboration led to impressive results.

Em Dash (—):

  1. Setting Off a Clause for Emphasis:

    • Description: Use an em dash to set off a clause for emphasis or to draw attention to a specific part of the sentence.

    • Examples:

      1. She was determined to finish the race—no matter the obstacles.

      2. The weather—unpredictable and stormy—forced the event indoors.

      3. His reaction—disbelief mixed with excitement—was priceless.

  2. Indicating an Abrupt Change in Thought:

    • Description: Use an em dash to indicate an abrupt change or interruption in thought.

    • Examples:

      1. The plan was foolproof—but things didn't go as expected.

      2. We were on our way to the beach—wait, did I forget the sunscreen?

      3. The decision, while difficult—had to be made for the greater good.

  3. Replacing Parentheses for Clarity:

    • Description: Use an em dash to replace parentheses for a more abrupt or dramatic effect.

    • Examples:

      1. The announcement—though unexpected—was well-received.

      2. The results—surprisingly positive—were a relief to everyone.

      3. The journey—long and challenging—was worth every moment.

Comma

A comma (,) is a punctuation mark used in written language to indicate a brief pause between different elements of a sentence. Commas have several functions, including separating items in a list, setting off introductory elements, indicating a pause between independent clauses in a compound sentence, and more.

10 rules for using commas with examples for each rule:

  1. Separating Items in a List:

    • Description: Use commas to separate items in a list.

    • Examples:

      1. We need to buy apples, oranges, and bananas.

      2. The essentials for camping include a tent, sleeping bag, and flashlight.

      3. She enjoys reading, hiking, and playing the guitar.

  2. Setting Off Introductory Elements:

    • Description: Use a comma after introductory words, phrases, or clauses.

    • Examples:

      1. After finishing her homework, Emily went for a walk.

      2. In the morning, we usually have a hearty breakfast.

      3. Despite the rain, they decided to go for a picnic.

  3. Separating Independent Clauses in a Compound Sentence:

    • Description: Use a comma before the conjunction in a compound sentence.

    • Examples:

      1. The sun was setting, and the moon was rising.

      2. She wanted to visit the museum, but it was closed.

      3. I enjoy hiking, and my brother loves fishing.

  4. Setting Off Non-Essential Information:

    • Description: Use commas to set off non-essential or non-restrictive information in a sentence.

    • Examples:

      1. My friend, who is a talented artist, painted a mural.

      2. The movie, directed by Steven Spielberg, won several awards.

      3. The scientist, known for groundbreaking research, published a new paper.

  5. Separating Coordinate Adjectives:

    • Description: Use commas between coordinate adjectives (adjectives that equally modify the noun).

    • Examples:

      1. It was a warm, sunny day.

      2. She wore a beautiful, flowing gown.

      3. They live in a cozy, little cottage.

  6. Indicating Direct Address:

    • Description: Use commas to set off the name or title when directly addressing someone.

    • Examples:

      1. Sarah, could you please pass the salt?

      2. Excuse me, Professor Johnson, may I ask a question?

      3. Hi, Mom, I'll be home for dinner.

  7. Separating Elements in Dates and Addresses:

    • Description: Use commas to separate elements in dates and addresses.

    • Examples:

      1. The meeting is scheduled for July 5, 2023.

      2. She lives at 456 Elm Street, Cityville, USA.

      3. We'll arrive on Monday, October 15, at 4:30 PM.

  8. Before a Conjunction in a Series:

    • Description: Use a comma before the conjunction (and, or, nor) in a series of three or more items.

    • Examples:

      1. She bought a book, a pen, and a notebook.

      2. The team needs to improve communication, collaboration, and efficiency.

      3. They can choose between hiking, biking, or swimming.

  9. After Quotations and Dialogue Tags:

    • Description: Use a comma after quotations and before dialogue tags.

    • Examples:

      1. "I'll be there," she promised.

      2. He said, "I can't believe it."

      3. "Let's go," shouted the captain.

  10. Between Adjective and Noun:

    • Description: Use a comma between multiple adjectives when they modify the same noun.

    • Examples:

      1. She wore a long, flowing dress.

      2. He described it as a dark, mysterious forest.

      3. The old, creaky door needed repair.

Hyphen

A hyphen (-) is a punctuation mark used to join words, separate syllables, or link related items in a compound word. It is shorter than a dash and distinct from other punctuation marks. The primary uses of hyphens include:

 

  1. Joining Words in Compound Adjectives:

    • Description: Use a hyphen to connect words that work together as a single adjective before a noun.

    • Examples:

      1. a well-known author

      2. a three-year-old child

      3. a high-quality product

  2. Creating Compound Nouns:

    • Description: Use a hyphen to combine words into a single noun, especially when expressing a single concept.

    • Examples:

      1. mother-in-law

      2. runner-up

      3. editor-in-chief

  3. Linking Prefixes to Words:

    • Description: Use a hyphen when a prefix is attached to a proper noun or when it might cause confusion without it.

    • Examples:

      1. pre-existing condition

      2. anti-inflammatory medication

      3. post-war era

  4. Joining Numbers:

    • Description: Use a hyphen when writing out numbers between twenty-one and ninety-nine and in other compound numbers.

    • Examples:

      1. forty-five

      2. sixty-eight

      3. eighty-two

  5. Indicating a Range:

    • Description: Use a hyphen to indicate a range between two values.

    • Examples:

      1. pages 15-20

      2. the years 1990-2000

      3. 9:00-5:00 working hours

  6. Expressing Time:

    • Description: Use a hyphen when expressing time intervals.

    • Examples:

      1. a 20-minute break

      2. a two-hour movie

      3. a 5-day workshop

  7. Separating Syllables:

    • Description: Use a hyphen to separate syllables in words.

    • Examples:

      1. hap-py

      2. pre-vent

      3. fan-tas-tic

  8. Avoiding Confusion:

    • Description: Use a hyphen to avoid ambiguity or confusion.

    • Examples:

      1. re-create (to create again)

      2. re-sign (to quit and then sign again)

      3. co-worker (as opposed to coworker)

  9. In Compound Verbs:

    • Description: Use a hyphen in compound verbs to connect the words and clarify meaning.

    • Examples:

      1. drop-kick

      2. snowball

      3. freeze-dry

  10. In Fractions:

    • Description: Use a hyphen in spelled-out fractions.

    • Examples:

      1. two-thirds

      2. three-fifths

      3. one-half

 

 

Apostrophe

An apostrophe (') is a punctuation mark used in written language to indicate the omission of letters (contractions) or to show possession (ownership). The primary uses of apostrophes include:

Here are rules for using apostrophes with descriptions and three examples for each rule:

  1. Showing Possession (Singular):

    • Description: Use an apostrophe and an "s" ('s) to indicate possession for singular nouns.

    • Examples:

      1. The dog's collar is red.

      2. Mary's car is parked outside.

      3. The baby's blanket is soft.

  2. Showing Possession (Plural):

    • Description: Use an apostrophe after the "s" (s') to indicate possession for plural nouns.

    • Examples:

      1. The dogs' toys are scattered around the room.

      2. The students' assignments are due tomorrow.

      3. The cars' headlights are on.

  3. Contractions (Omission of Letters):

    • Description: Use an apostrophe to indicate the omission of letters in contractions.

    • Examples:

      1. I can't (cannot) believe it.

      2. He didn't (did not) receive the message.

      3. She won't (will not) be attending the meeting.

  4. Contractions in Informal Writing:

    • Description: Use apostrophes in informal writing to represent colloquial contractions.

    • Examples:

      1. I'm (I am) going to the store.

      2. You're (you are) welcome to join us.

      3. Let's (let us) have lunch together.

  5. Possession with Plural Nouns Ending in "s":

    • Description: For plural nouns ending in "s," use an apostrophe after the "s" to indicate possession.

    • Examples:

      1. The teachers' lounge is on the second floor.

      2. The Joneses' house is for sale.

      3. The students' desks are organized.

  6. Indicating Omission in Dates:

    • Description: Use an apostrophe to indicate the omission of digits in informal references to decades or years.

    • Examples:

      1. The class of '92 had a reunion.

      2. The music from the '60s is still popular.

      3. He grew up in the '80s.

Italics

Italic is a style of typeface in which the letters are slanted to the right. When text is in italics, the characters are usually slightly tilted or angled, creating a distinctive appearance. Italics are often used in written language for specific purposes, such as emphasis, titles of works, foreign words, and other instances where a distinct visual style is desired.

Here are rules for using italics with descriptions and three examples for each rule:

  1. Emphasis:

    • Description: Use italics to emphasize a word or phrase in a sentence.

    • Examples:

      1. The party was amazing.

      2. She truly appreciated the gesture.

      3. I really need your help.

  2. Titles of Works (Books, Movies, TV Shows):

    • Description: Italicize the titles of books, movies, TV shows, and other major works.

    • Examples:

      1. We watched The Godfather last night.

      2. To Kill a Mockingbird is a classic novel.

      3. The TV series Stranger Things is popular.

  3. Foreign Words or Phrases:

    • Description: Italicize foreign words or phrases that are not commonly used in English.

    • Examples:

      1. The French word for "friend" is ami.

      2. In Italian, ciao means both "hello" and "goodbye."

      3. He ordered the croissant for breakfast.

  4. Scientific Names:

    • Description: Italicize scientific names of species in biology.

    • Examples:

      1. Canis lupus is the scientific name for the gray wolf.

      2. The monarch butterfly is known as Danaus plexippus.

      3. Humans are classified as Homo sapiens.

  5. In-Text Citations (Scholarly Writing):

    • Description: Italicize titles of journals, books, or other complete works in scholarly writing.

    • Examples:

      1. According to a study in the Journal of Psychology...

      2. The book The Art of War explores strategic principles.

      3. The article "Climate Change Impact" is a key reference.

  6. Introducing New Terms or Concepts:

    • Description: Use italics when introducing a new term or concept for clarity.

    • Examples:

      1. The term cognitive dissonance refers to...

      2. In chemistry, oxidation is the loss of electrons.

      3. He discussed the concept of zeitgeist in his presentation.

  7. Names of Ships and Aircraft:

    • Description: Italicize the names of ships and aircraft.

    • Examples:

      1. The Titanic sank in 1912.

      2. The aircraft carrier USS Nimitz is part of the fleet.

      3. The HMS Endeavour explored the Pacific Ocean.

  8. Poetry and Play Titles:

    • Description: Italicize the titles of poems and plays.

    • Examples:

      1. The poem The Road Not Taken is well-known.

      2. Shakespeare's play Macbeth is a tragedy.

      3. She recited The Raven by Edgar Allan Poe.

                       Capitalization

Capitalization is the use of capital (uppercase) and lowercase letters in writing. It involves using uppercase letters for the first letter of a sentence and proper nouns while using lowercase letters for general words and the remaining letters. Capitalization serves several purposes, including indicating the beginning of a sentence, highlighting proper nouns, and adhering to grammatical conventions. Here are some key aspects of capitalization:

Here are 20 rules of CAPITALIZATION with descriptions and three examples for each rule:

  1. Sentence Start:

    • Description: Capitalize the first letter of the first word in a sentence.

    • Examples:

      1. The sun is shining brightly.

      2. Yesterday, I went to the beach.

      3. In the evening, we'll have a barbecue.

  2. Proper Nouns:

    • Description: Capitalize the first letter of proper nouns, which are specific names of people, places, and things.

    • Examples:

      1. We visited Central Park in New York.

      2. Mount Everest is the highest peak in the world.

      3. Her favorite author is J.K. Rowling.

  3. Names of People:

    • Description: Capitalize the first letter of each word in a person's name.

    • Examples:

      1. John Smith is our new neighbor.

      2. Alice Johnson is a talented musician.

      3. Professor Lisa Carter teaches biology.

  4. Names of Places:

    • Description: Capitalize the first letter of each word in the name of a specific place.

    • Examples:

      1. We traveled to Golden Gate Park in San Francisco.

      2. The Louvre Museum in Paris is famous for its art collection.

      3. The White House is located in Washington, D.C.

  5. Names of Countries:

    • Description: Capitalize the first letter of each word in the name of a country.

    • Examples:

      1. Canada is known for its beautiful landscapes.

      2. Australia is a continent and a country.

      3. We visited South Africa last summer.

  6. Titles of Books, Movies, and Works of Art:

    • Description: Capitalize the first letter of each major word in titles.

    • Examples:

      1. I enjoyed reading The Great Gatsby.

      2. Star Wars: Episode IV - A New Hope is a classic movie.

      3. Mona Lisa is a famous painting by Leonardo da Vinci.

  7. Days of the Week:

    • Description: Capitalize the names of days of the week.

    • Examples:

      1. We have a meeting on Monday.

      2. Wednesday is the middle of the workweek.

      3. We are planning a trip for Saturday.

  8. Months of the Year:

    • Description: Capitalize the names of months.

    • Examples:

      1. My birthday is in June.

      2. We'll start the project in September.

      3. December is a festive month.

  9. Holidays:

    • Description: Capitalize the names of holidays.

    • Examples:

      1. We celebrate Christmas with family.

      2. Independence Day is on July 4th.

      3. Easter is a spring holiday.

  10. Titles and Headings:

    • Description: Capitalize the major words in titles and headings.

    • Examples:

      1. The Importance of Education in Society.

      2. Effective Communication Skills for Success.

      3. A Guide to Healthy Living.

  11. Abbreviations and Acronyms:

    • Description: Capitalize all the letters in abbreviations and acronyms.

    • Examples:

      1. NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration)

      2. USA (United States of America)

      3. FBI (Federal Bureau of Investigation)

  12. Brand Names:

    • Description: Capitalize the names of specific brands.

    • Examples:

      1. Coca-Cola is a popular beverage.

      2. Nike is known for its athletic products.

      3. I love using Apple products.

  13. Historical Events:

    • Description: Capitalize the names of historical events.

    • Examples:

      1. The Renaissance had a significant impact on art.

      2. The Great Depression affected many lives.

      3. We studied The American Revolution in history class.

  14. Personifications:

    • Description: Capitalize words representing a personification or embodiment.

    • Examples:

      1. Wisdom guided Her through challenges.

      2. Mother Nature is unpredictable.

      3. We personify time as Father Time.

  15. Major Words in a Quotation:

    • Description: Capitalize major words in a quotation if it's a complete sentence.

    • Examples:

      1. He said, "Life is about Learning and Growing."

      2. The motto is, "In Unity and Strength, we find success."

      3. "To be or not to be, that is the Question."

  16. Important Words in a List:

    • Description: Capitalize important words in a list.

    • Examples:

      1. The recipe requires flour, sugar, and Eggs.

      2. The checklist includes paper, pens, and a Notebook.

      3. He bought a shirt, tie, and Shoes for the event.

  17. Religious Texts and Deities:

    • Description: Capitalize the names of religious texts, figures, and deities.

    • Examples:

      1. The Bible is a central text in Christianity.

      2. Allah is the Arabic word for God in Islam.

      3. Hinduism has many sacred scriptures.

  18. Legal Documents and Terms:

    • Description: Capitalize words in legal documents and terms.

    • Examples:

      1. The document is a Power of Attorney.

      2. The case involves issues of Negligence.

      3. We need to sign a Lease Agreement.

  19. Course Names and Subjects:

    • Description: Capitalize the names of courses and academic subjects.

    • Examples:

      1. I'm taking a course in Computer Science.

      2. The seminar covers topics in Environmental Studies.

      3. She majored in Psychology.

  20. Geographic Regions:

    • Description: Capitalize the names of geographic regions.

    • Examples:

      1. The Sahara Desert is the largest hot desert.

      2. We traveled through The Rocky Mountains.

      3. The Arctic Circle experiences extreme cold.

   

Punctuation and Capitalization Worksheets

                                       

                                              Worksheet- 1.1

identify and correct any errors in punctuation and capitalization. Each sentence may contain one or more mistakes.

  1. yesterday, i visited the museum of natural history.

  2. have you read the novel to kill a mockingbird?

  3. our next meeting is scheduled for monday, may 15th, at 2:30 pm.

  4. the eiffel tower in paris, france is a famous landmark.

  5. i can't believe it's already december!

  6. the conference will take place in room a-103 on the first floor.

  7. did you see the film, the shawshank redemption?

  8. we need to buy milk, eggs, and bread from the grocery store.

  9. the weather forecast predicts rain tomorrow, so bring an umbrella.

  10. the united nations headquarters is located in new york city.

  11. jessica, my friend, is a talented musician.

  12. our company's annual report is due on january 31st.

  13. can you please pass the salt and pepper?

  14. the dog's collar is red, and the cat's collar is blue.

  15. on saturdays, we usually go hiking in the mountains.

  16. my father, john, is an architect.

  17. the class of 2023 is organizing a charity event.

  18. he asked, "what time is the meeting tomorrow?"

  19. the experiment will be conducted on monday and tuesday.

  20. sheila and tom, our neighbors, are moving to california.

  21. have you seen the new movie, black panther?

  22. the presentation is on artificial intelligence, and it starts at 3 pm.

  23. the grand canyon is located in arizona, usa.

  24. the group will meet at the park on wednesday at 10:00 am.

  25. the book "the catcher in the rye" was written by j.d. salinger.

  26. do you remember the summer of '69?

  27. the ceo, mrs. anderson, will give a speech at the conference.

  28. our flight to london is on monday, june 20th.

  29. the great wall of china is an ancient wonder.

  30. the professor asked, "did everyone understand the assignment?"

  31. my brother and sister will join us for dinner on sunday.

  32. the american civil war took place from 1861 to 1865.

  33. i can't wait to see the exhibit at the smithsonian museum.

  34. the new restaurant, "taste of italy," opens next week.

  35. january and february are the coldest months of the year.

  36. the company's headquarters is in downtown chicago.

  37. the play "hamlet" by william shakespeare is a tragedy.

  38. we're going to celebrate new year's eve at the beach.

  39. the president of the united states lives in the white house.

  40. the three main colors of the flag are red, white, and blue.

  41. my favorite season is autumn because of the colorful leaves.

  42. the meeting is on monday, march 10th, at 9:00 am.

  43. the train to boston departs at 3:45 pm from platform 5.

  44. our team, the dolphins, won the championship last year.

  45. have you visited the louvre museum in paris, france?

  46. the company's website is www.example.com.

  47. "where are you going?" she asked.

  48. the course "introduction to psychology" starts on september 1st.

  49. the software engineer, dr. liu, specializes in artificial intelligence.

  50. we'll be attending the conference in london, england, next month.

 

Answer          

  1. Yesterday, I visited the Museum of Natural History.

  2. Have you read the novel To Kill a Mockingbird?

  3. Our next meeting is scheduled for Monday, May 15th, at 2:30 pm.

  4. The Eiffel Tower in Paris, France, is a famous landmark.

  5. I can't believe it's already December!

  6. The conference will take place in Room A-103 on the first floor.

  7. Did you see the film, The Shawshank Redemption?

  8. We need to buy milk, eggs, and bread from the grocery store.

  9. The weather forecast predicts rain tomorrow, so bring an umbrella.

  10. The United Nations Headquarters is located in New York City.

  11. Jessica, my friend, is a talented musician.

  12. Our company's annual report is due on January 31st.

  13. Can you please pass the salt and pepper?

  14. The dog's collar is red, and the cat's collar is blue.

  15. On Saturdays, we usually go hiking in the mountains.

  16. My father, John, is an architect.

  17. The class of 2023 is organizing a charity event.

  18. He asked, "What time is the meeting tomorrow?"

  19. The experiment will be conducted on Monday and Tuesday.

  20. Sheila and Tom, our neighbors, are moving to California.

  21. Have you seen the new movie, Black Panther?

  22. The presentation is on artificial intelligence, and it starts at 3 pm.

  23. The Grand Canyon is located in Arizona, USA.

  24. The group will meet at the park on Wednesday at 10:00 am.

  25. The book "The Catcher in the Rye" was written by J.D. Salinger.

  26. Do you remember the summer of '69?

  27. The CEO, Mrs. Anderson, will give a speech at the conference.

  28. Our flight to London is on Monday, June 20th.

  29. The Great Wall of China is an ancient wonder.

  30. The professor asked, "Did everyone understand the assignment?"

  31. My brother and sister will join us for dinner on Sunday.

  32. The American Civil War took place from 1861 to 1865.

  33. I can't wait to see the exhibit at the Smithsonian Museum.

  34. The new restaurant, "Taste of Italy," opens next week.

  35. January and February are the coldest months of the year.

  36. The company's headquarters is in downtown Chicago.

  37. The play "Hamlet" by William Shakespeare is a tragedy.

  38. We're going to celebrate New Year's Eve at the beach.

  39. The President of the United States lives in the White House.

  40. The three main colors of the flag are red, white, and blue.

  41. My favorite season is autumn because of the colorful leaves.

  42. The meeting is on Monday, March 10th, at 9:00 am.

  43. The train to Boston departs at 3:45 pm from Platform 5.

  44. Our team, the Dolphins, won the championship last year.

  45. Have you visited the Louvre Museum in Paris, France?

  46. The company's website is www.example.com.

  47. "Where are you going?" she asked.

  48. The course "Introduction to Psychology" starts on September 1st.

  49. The software engineer, Dr. Liu, specializes in artificial intelligence.

  50. We'll be attending the conference in London, England, next month.

                                      Worksheet- 1.2

Identify and correct any errors in punctuation and capitalization. Each sentence may contain one or more mistakes.

  1. the first question is, what is your favorite hobby.

  2. in my opinion, climate change is a significant global issue.

  3. i visited the museum of modern art in london, it was amazing.

  4. many people believe that technology has both positive and negative impacts.

  5. the capital city of canada is ottawa.

  6. she asked, "how do you feel about online education?"

  7. my dream vacation is to explore the ancient ruins of machu picchu.

  8. the interview is scheduled for tuesday, june 5th at 2 pm.

  9. we need to discuss the upcoming project during the meeting.

  10. in conclusion, i believe that renewable energy is crucial for the future.

  11. my sister, jenny, is studying economics at harvard university.

  12. the traffic in big cities can be very challenging during rush hours.

  13. i read an interesting article about artificial intelligence yesterday.

  14. it's essential to have a balanced diet and regular exercise.

  15. the population of china is over 1.4 billion people.

  16. the advantages of studying abroad outweigh the disadvantages.

  17. the festival will take place in the park on saturday, july 15th.

  18. the global economy has been affected by the recent pandemic.

  19. have you ever traveled to a country with a different culture?

  20. the government should invest more in public transportation.

  21. the essay should be submitted by friday, may 31st, at the latest.

  22. he explained, "learning a second language is beneficial for cognitive development."

  23. the amazon rainforest is home to a diverse range of plant and animal species.

  24. the impact of social media on society is a widely debated topic.

  25. my parents, who are both doctors, work at the local hospital.

  26. the cost of living in urban areas is generally higher than in rural areas.

  27. "what are the main challenges of urbanization?" the professor asked.

  28. my favorite genre of music is classical, particularly mozart and beethoven.

  29. the unemployment rate has risen due to the economic downturn.

  30. she is planning to pursue a master's degree in environmental science.

  31. in my experience, studying abroad enhances cultural awareness.

  32. the benefits of exercise extend beyond physical health to mental well-being.

  33. the technology industry plays a crucial role in shaping the future.

  34. "where do you see yourself in five years?" the interviewer inquired.

  35. she enjoys hiking, camping, and bird watching in her free time.

  36. the government needs to address issues related to air pollution urgently.

  37. my favorite childhood memory is going on road trips with my family.

  38. the cultural diversity in large cities is a unique aspect of urban life.

  39. the teacher emphasized the importance of effective communication skills.

  40. the results of the experiment will be presented at the conference next month.

  41. the company's goal is to promote sustainability in all its operations.

  42. i believe that education should be accessible to everyone, regardless of their socio-economic background.

  43. the impact of social media on interpersonal relationships is a topic of ongoing research.

  44. "why do you want to study in the uk?" the admissions officer asked.

  45. the invention of the internet has revolutionized the way we communicate.

  46. my favorite novel is "pride and prejudice" by jane austen.

  47. the government should implement stricter regulations to address environmental pollution.

  48. the concept of artificial intelligence has been explored in various science fiction movies.

  49. the diversity of wildlife in the amazon rainforest is under threat due to deforestation.

  50. the importance of soft skills, such as teamwork and communication, cannot be overstated in the workplace.

Answer

  1. The first question is, "What is your favorite hobby?"

  2. In my opinion, climate change is a significant global issue.

  3. I visited the Museum of Modern Art in London; it was amazing.

  4. Many people believe that technology has both positive and negative impacts.

  5. The capital city of Canada is Ottawa.

  6. She asked, "How do you feel about online education?"

  7. My dream vacation is to explore the ancient ruins of Machu Picchu.

  8. The interview is scheduled for Tuesday, June 5th, at 2 pm.

  9. We need to discuss the upcoming project during the meeting.

  10. In conclusion, I believe that renewable energy is crucial for the future.

  11. My sister, Jenny, is studying economics at Harvard University.

  12. The traffic in big cities can be very challenging during rush hours.

  13. I read an interesting article about artificial intelligence yesterday.

  14. It's essential to have a balanced diet and regular exercise.

  15. The population of China is over 1.4 billion people.

  16. The advantages of studying abroad outweigh the disadvantages.

  17. The festival will take place in the park on Saturday, July 15th.

  18. The global economy has been affected by the recent pandemic.

  19. Have you ever traveled to a country with a different culture?

  20. The government should invest more in public transportation.

  21. The essay should be submitted by Friday, May 31st, at the latest.

  22. He explained, "Learning a second language is beneficial for cognitive development."

  23. The Amazon Rainforest is home to a diverse range of plant and animal species.

  24. The impact of social media on society is a widely debated topic.

  25. My parents, who are both doctors, work at the local hospital.

  26. The cost of living in urban areas is generally higher than in rural areas.

  27. "What are the main challenges of urbanization?" the professor asked.

  28. My favorite genre of music is classical, particularly Mozart and Beethoven.

  29. The unemployment rate has risen due to the economic downturn.

  30. She is planning to pursue a master's degree in environmental science.

  31. In my experience, studying abroad enhances cultural awareness.

  32. The benefits of exercise extend beyond physical health to mental well-being.

  33. The technology industry plays a crucial role in shaping the future.

  34. "Where do you see yourself in five years?" the interviewer inquired.

  35. She enjoys hiking, camping, and bird-watching in her free time.

  36. The government needs to address issues related to air pollution urgently.

  37. My favorite childhood memory is going on road trips with my family.

  38. The cultural diversity in large cities is a unique aspect of urban life.

  39. The teacher emphasized the importance of effective communication skills.

  40. The results of the experiment will be presented at the conference next month.

  41. The company's goal is to promote sustainability in all its operations.

  42. I believe that education should be accessible to everyone, regardless of their socio-economic background.

  43. The impact of social media on interpersonal relationships is a topic of ongoing research.

  44. "Why do you want to study in the UK?" the admissions officer asked.

  45. The invention of the internet has revolutionized the way we communicate.

  46. My favorite novel is "Pride and Prejudice" by Jane Austen.

  47. The government should implement stricter regulations to address environmental pollution.

  48. The concept of artificial intelligence has been explored in various science fiction movies.

  49. The diversity of wildlife in the Amazon Rainforest is under threat due to deforestation.

  50. The importance of soft skills, such as teamwork and communication, cannot be overstated in the workplace.

Punctuation and Capitalization Worksheet-2.1

Question: Rewrite using capital letters and punctuation marks. 


1. fill in the form please
2. bangladesh was liberated on december 16 1971
3. in the evening my mother watches tv
4. how can I help ms sufia
5. yes i think youre right
6. hallow how are you
7. did you play in the rain sabera
8. mita cut the rope with the scissors please
9. its so beautiful im so happy
10. she works standing all the time and serves the customers 
11. she often gets tired after work but she does not mind 
12. she meets new people everyday 
13. she finds her job interesting
14. aladin said bring us some food
15. the children say eidmubarak to each other
16. nahid sir says if you want to learn English you should speak english
17. be careful razu dont drop the picture
18. adnan reached home and shouted mother mother come out with a light
19. meanwhile the bell rings
20. after i give you the testpaper look at it carefully 
21. don’t look at anyone elses paper
22. so jamila doesn’t have to wait at the same time everyday
23. whats your complaint sabera
24. she teaches us English
25. yes I mailed it ms huq
26. did you send the letter 
27. be careful raju
28. my grandfather is sixty five
29. after some time the man woke up
30. yes teacher the cuckoo 
31. can you name a seasonal bird bina
32. hands on clocks and gloves and shoes
33. the cap-seller could not believe his eyes
34. what did the doctor say
35. yes of course lets go
36. in the afternoon she generally goes there by rickshaw or baby taxi
37. she doesnt like to wait at the midday heat
38. is anything serious doctor
39. not really she has a cold and a fever
40. would you give me shahids phone number please

41. look the sky is cloudy.
42. oh yes but shamim hasn’t come yet
43. but its already late its 8 oclock now
44. a lion has mane but a lioness hasn’t
45. when do we use a hyphen teacher
46. what would you like to have lima on your birthday
47. its main crops are rice jute sugarcane and tea
48.the annual sports of our school is on saturday january 10
49. i will take my scholarship examination on december 15 2009
50. helal was born on january 21 1979 in jessore
51. well i think its going to rain today
52. so aladin said please sir pull me up first
53. esha started crying for her father oh I want to see my father
54. ms shiny did you send the letter to the doctor
55. thank you shormy for your help
56. please akash hold this picture for me
57. our classteachers name is mr harun
58. ms fatema babu has prepared many things for eid
59. well its fun when it rains
60. but we have to stay indoor

61. come lets think of something we can do
62. you see ive invented a new game
63. words like yes no or well are called introductory words when they begin a sentence
64. when we say an introductory word we usually pause slightly
65. in writing this slight pause is shown with a comma
66. the royal bengal tiger lives in the sundarbans
67. the sundarbans rangamati and cox’s bazar are very attractive
68. the main rivers are the padma the meghna the jamuna and the karnaphuli
69. she called lima by name
70. its a dash teacher
71. so one day mr hafizuddin takes him to dhanmondi
72. rima do you know this bird in the picture
73. were fine thank you
74. how are you teacher
75. anyway i miss you all very much
76. im sorry dear you shouldnt eat anything today
77. im going to new market 
78. hello im fine thank you
79. is anything serious doctor
80. not really she has a cold and fever
81. on other days she works in the second shift
82. she could understand her students curiosity
83. right very good
84. now we will talk about some common birds of bangladesh
85. which of them do you think is the most common tashik
86. think its the crow
87. whats this short line called
88. i love homemade cake
89. kazal was writing a story about a handsome person
90. i think i would like to have a bird that talks
91. she called her mimi
92. she liked to be near lima
93. no he isnt he is bangladeshi
94. shihabs sister nafisa has fasted for 20 days
95. shihab and nafisas favourite dish is firni
96. shihabs father mr sajjad hossain is going to eidgah too
97. so he tried to forget the idea of an imaginary ghost
98. she said dear what happened to you
99. today is eid day 
100. today is friday

 

               

                        Punctuation and Capitalization Worksheet-3.1


Use capitals and punctuation marks where necessary in the following text.


1.    father goes to office at 7 a m everyday he gets up one hour earlier he spends this one hour for preparation father remains at the office for the whole day


2.    the quran is our holy book every muslim should know how to read the quran this book is our guide and teacher if we follow this book we must shine in life

 

3.    mother starts cooking in the morning and finishes it by 9 a m i go to school at 10 a m mother wants to be sure so that i never become late in school i am happy that i never become late in school


4.    brother bought a new car last month i like to travel by a car it is only the rich who can buy a car the price of a car is going up day by day

 

5.    he reads in class 8 his school stands by the side of a river the headmaster of his school is a very kind person he never punishes students


6.    man is mortal death must come at the right time we cannot avoid death death is the end of life

7.    the rich are not always happy on the other hand the poor are not always unhappy we should not hate the poor a poor man may be an honest man but a rich man may be a dishonest man

8.    the park is beautiful but dirty everybody likes to go there it is a new park we should keep it clean


9.    the chairman of our union parishad is an honest man he leads a very simple life everyday he hoes out to meet the people become people become happy when they het him among them


10.    he will come after sometime he always comes here to play with us he is fond of playing cricket whenever he gets time, he watches cricket on television

11.    when do you go to school when does your class start when do you come back from school when do you do your homework

12.    i get up early in the morning then i walk for an hour walking is my regular exercise exercise is very useful to everybody


13.    the sun rises in the east and sets in the west we get light from the sun the sun is many times larger than the earth it looks round in shape


14.    an honest man always speaks the truth people respect him for his honesty a dishonest man always tells a lie we should try to be honest.

 

15.    mother told me a story the story was interesting i listened to the story attentively but i forgot everything now i am trying to remember the story


16.    he never goes to school he is an idiot he never passes any examination teachers do not like him

 

17.    he goes to the riverside every evening he walks there for half an hour he takes much interest in walking by the riverside an evening walk by the riverside is useful for health


18.    he said that he would come again he always does whatever he tells he never breaks his promise a gentleman always does so

19.    he was not present in the class yesterday he often does so but it was not the case before once upon a time he was very irregular in going to the class we should tell him to stop this bad practice


20.    mr khan is a learned person he comes of a gentle family he joined our school two months ago he is very popular with the students and also teaches well


21.    all children should go to school parents should advise them to go to school children are the future of our country we should be proud of our children


22.    one day i went to market with my father father bought a lot of items i became very happy as i did not go to market before i remember the day till now

 

23.     the color of the mangoes is red these mangoes are very sweet and juicy we have many mango trees around our house the mango is a seasonal fruit but it is not our national fruit


24.    he glass is full of water no animal can live without water water has no color or taste as we cannot live without water we should keep it safe for drinking

 

25.     it does not rain much during the winter season so the winter season appears to be a dry season people suffer from different cold-related diseases in this season i like this season more than any other season
 

Punctuation and Capitalization Worksheet-3.2

 Re-write using capital letters and punctuation marks.


1.    there is a grocery on the first floor bookshops are on the second and third floors there are banks on the fourth fifth and sixth floors there are libraries on the seventh eights and ninth floors

2.    my mothers name is mrs ayesha khanam she is 55 years old she is an ssc she teaches in a primary school in barisal after school hours she works at home

3.    oneday mr hafizuddin came home early from the office he said to shihab today ill take you to see the mohakhali flyover on his way to mohakhali shihab was thinking what a flyover could be

4.    ashif come to our house after prayer all of us will have food together says mrs fatema banu thank you ill come and eat with you after that we will go to the eid fair says ashif

5.    nobody could tell the time because the long and the small hands are not at the same place mrs. asma haque smiles and says dont worry students look at the following clocks and tell the time


6.    the cap seller was surprised he looked for the caps then he heard some sound above his head he looked up he could not believe his eyes the monkeys were wearing the caps

7.    jamila always goes to work by bus in the morning the bus stops just
outside the store in the afternoon she generally goes there by rickshaw or baby taxi she doesn’t like to wait at the bus stop in the midday heat.

 

          Punctuation and Capitalization Worksheet-4.0

SSC Examination-2020 all board Question
1.    Use capitals and punctuation marks where necessary in the following text.[Rajshahi Board-2020]
arent you going to have any said i no i never eat asparagus i know there are people who dont like them the fact is that you ruin your palate by all the meat you eat she said.


2.    Use capitals and punctuation marks where necessary in the following text. [Sylhet Board-2020]
the teacher said to the girl do you think that honesty is the best policy yes sir i think so said the girl then learn to be honest from your childhood thank you sir said the girl may allah to bless you said the teacher


3.    Use capitals and punctuation marks where necessary in the following text. [Barishal Board-2020]
do not worry about a few mistakes said the teacher you can learn a lot through your mistakes do we learn from our mistakes asked the boy.


4.    Use capitals and punctuation marks where necessary in the following text. [Chattogram Board-2020]
how is your father bilkis said mr rahman he is very well thank you bilkis replied i am glad to hear that he is in good health said mr rahman


5.    Use capitals and punctuation marks where necessary in the following text. [Dinajpur Board-2020]
hello old lady what are you doing said the princess i am spinning a yarn around the spindle replied the old woman


6.    Use capitals and punctuation marks where necessary in the following text. [Mymensingh Board-2020]
would you please tell me one reason of air pollution yes the smoke from our household activities vehicles factories etc is mainly causing air pollution


SSC Examination-2019 all board Question
7.    Use capitals and punctuation marks where necessary in the following text: [Dhaka Board-2019]
have you heard the name of alexander asked mr ahmed no sir razu replied how strange it is said he will you tell me about alexander please well he was the great king of macedonia


8.    Use capitals and punctuation marks where necessary in the following text: [Rajshahi Board-2019]
go to bed now mother said you can complete your assignment in the morning no mom ill finish it now


9.    Use capitals and punctuation marks where necessary in the following text: [Cumilla Board-2019]
why ard you late always try to attend the class regularly yes sir the student said to the teacher


10.    Use capitals and punctuation marks where necessary in the following text: [Jashore Board-2019]
zaman can you tell me what i am teaching the teacher asked im sorry sir i can't follow replied zaman you can't because you are not attentive the teacher said


11.    Use capitals and punctuation marks where necessary in the following text: [Barishal Board-2019]
don't you have any relative here to stay with no sir so i need a transfer certificate to be admitted there


12.    Use capitals and punctuation marks where necessary: [Chattogram Board-2019]
do you know me yes i know you from my childhood whats your name my name is sumon thank you a lot said mr jamal


13.    Use capitals and punctuation marks where necessary in the following text: [Dinajpur Board-2019]
stop you are eating all our bread shouted the two rats I M not doing My best but I have told you. that its difficult said the monkey give us that little Piece said the rats this is My Piece havent I laboured a lot for you replied the Monkey how foolish we are believing you said the two rats


SSC Examination-2018 all board Question

14.    Use capitals and punctuation marks where necessary in the following text. [SSC Exam-2018] 
whats your programme after the examination asked ratul nabil said i havent yet decided can you suggest any lets go on a picnic said ratul what an excellent idea

 


SSC Examination-2017 all board Question

15.    Use capitals and punctuation marks where necessary in the following text: [Dhaka Board-2017]
in a certain school a student, once found a one hundred taka note in the play ground he took it to his teacher what shall i do with it asked the teacher

 


16.    Use capitals and punctuation marks where necessary in the following text: [Rajshahi Board-2017]
the teacher said to me dont you like to practise english its an important subject and you should be more careful about it

 


17.    Use capitals and punctuation marks where necessary in the following text.[Cumilla Board-2017]
how daring you are to wake me up the lion roared i shall kill you for that please let me go the mouse cried i did not mean to wake you up

 


18.    Use capitals and punctuation marks where necessary in the following text. [Jashore Board-2017]
my sons listen to me said rahman an old farmer a great treasure lies hidden in the land there i am going to leave it for you the sons asked how shall we find it

 

19.    Use capitals and punctuation marks where necessary in the following text. [Sylhet Board-2017]
why don't you attend classes regularly the teacher said to the boy you cannot expect good résult unless you attend classes be regular in class.

 


20.    Use capitals and punctuation marks where necessary in the following text: [Barisal Board-2017]
oh my lord please dont kill the child said the first woman to the king solomon let her have it king solomon said to them now everything is clear to me pointing the first woman he said to the servant give her the child she is the mother of the baby. 

 


21.    Use capitals and punctuation marks where necessary in the following text: [Chattogram Board-2017]
thomas alva edison a great scientist was born in 1847 in ohio america as a little boy he was very inquisitive he always wanted to know how things were done very early in life he showed that he was full of curiosity a quality which is so important to inventors.

 


22.    Use capitals and punctuation marks where necessary in the following text: [Dinajpur Board-2017]
why are you putting up the food in your pocket why don't you eat asked the noble man i am doing the right thing replied sheikh saadi


SSC Examination-2016 all board Question

23.    Use capitals and punctuation marks where necessary in the following text: [Dhaka Board-2016]
the lion roared how dare you wake me up ill kill you the mouse cried please let me go i didn't mean to wake you up


24.    Use capitals and punctuation marks where necessary in the following text: [Rajshahi Board-2016; Sylhet Board-2019]
who are jolly those who have. sound health are jolly sound mind lies in sound body minds become jolly when our life is filled with pleasure. 


25.    Use capitals and punctuation marks where necessary in the text below: [Cumilla Board-2016; Jashore Board-2020]
my dear mother your letter is just to hand it seems to me that you are anxious for me why you need not think about me


26.    Use capitals and punctuation marks where necessary in the following text: [Jashore Board-2016]
give me a few grains of corns i am dying of hunger said the grasshopper but what did you do in the summer didn't you store any grain the ant remarked to i was too busy in singing.

27.    Use capitals and punctuation marks where necessary in the following text: [Sylhet Board-2016]
are you ill he said coldly no i said then why are you sitting when all others are working go out at once and give them a hand


28.    Use capitals and punctuation marks where necessary in the following text: [Barishal Board-2016]
i was born in a village near tangail a small river flows beside the village the villagers bathe in the river and catch fish how happy they are what they want is peace


29.    Use capitals and punctuation marks where necessary in the following text: [Chattogram Board-2016]
did people use stamps in those days asked rafiq yes answered mr jamal the first stamps were used in 1840 are they easy to get now asked rafiq they are very difficult to get his uncle replied


30.    Use capitals and punctuation marks where necessary in the following text: [Dinajpur Board-2016]
after supper when I began to set out lucy trembled in fear and said alfred dear are you quite sure that the letter really came from your chief I laughed told her not to be afraid and hurried out of the room and walked down the street.

 

SSC Examination-2015 all board Question


31.    Use capitals and punctuation marks where necessary in the following text.[Dhaka Board-2015]
the man said to me where are you going i am going to school said i did you go to school yesterday no i replied why didn't you go i was very busy said i


32.    Use capitals and punctuation marks where necessary in the following text:[Rajshahi Board-2015]
the teacher said to the boy where are you going now i am going to school said the boy did you go to school yesterday no the boy replied why did you not go i was suffering from fever said the boy


33.    Use capitals and punctuation marks where necessary in the following text: [Cumilla Board-2015]
robert bruce the king of scotland was defeated at a war and failed to regain his country's freedom several times naturally he was in a very dejected mood sitting in his hide out he lost himself in deep thought.


34.    Use capitals and punctuation marks where necessary in the following text:[Jashore Board-2015]
the king said what harm did I do then that you should seek to take my life with your own hand you killed my father and my two brothers the young man replied.


35.    Use capitals and punctuation marks where necessary in the following text: [Sylhet Board-2015; Dhaka Board-2020]
why are you going to barisal said father i want to buy some important books said saad do you need money yes father don't go alone as time is not going well.


36.    Use capitals and punctuation marks where necessary in the following text: [Barisal Board-2015]
once my mother said to me who came to you my friend Rafiq mom she asked what did he want i said his mother is ill he needs some money i have given him five hundred taka my mother said wonderful.


37.    Use capitals and punctuation marks where necessary in the following text: [Chattogram Board-2015]
bangladesh is a small country with a population of about sixteen crores she can hardly make headway so we should work hard to keep pace with the rest of the world


38.    Use capitals and punctuation marks where necessary in the following text:[Dinajpur Board-2015; Cumilla Board-2020]
is there anybody here who has ever crossed a river by a boat i have teacher i clearly remember what happened in that journey said Jamal.

 

         Punctuation and Capitalization Worksheet-4.1


Rewrite the following passage using capitalization and punctuation


1. my friend said to me why are you sitting alone in your room at this hour dont you see that the sky has cleared let us go for a walk in the open field


2.    what are you whispering about said the eldest of the sisters mistress said the porter rising to his feet my friends desire to know the history of the two black bitches and why you whipped them and kissed them


3.    kamal dont be so silly he will come soon told anis we need not wait for him he failed his words replied kamal


4.    why dont you attend classes regularly the teacher said to the boy you can not expect good results unless you attend classes as i tell you


5.    arent you going to attend your english class neville shahmima asked no im going to the library to borrow books oh then youre going to borrow during class hours she said


6.    he said to me i am very sorry to trouble you but i shall be much obliged if you will kindly lend me your dictionary I am very glad to be of service to you and you are welcome to any of my books that you think of use to you


7.    the headmaster said to the boy why are you late today you should attend school in time remember punctuality is essential in every walk of life I think you will not be late on any other day go to your class i wish your success may god bless you


8.    zaman can you tell me what i am teaching the teacher asked im sorry sir i cant follow replied zaman you cant because you are not attentive the teacher said


9.    1 have just one word to say to you said the dealer either make your purchase or walk out of my shop thank you said the customer i am leaving your shop


10.    kamal said to rana where did you go yesterday i went to your house but did not find you anyway how are you I am keeping fine said rana what about you why did you come was there any urgent piece of business
11.    the old man said can you give me some food ive been starving for two days the maid said why do you beg cant you work


12.    i came to dhaka this morning I sent you a telegram before starting from home he said did you receive it in time he asked no I replied


13.    i have one word to say to you said the dealer either make your purchase or walk out of my shop thank you said the customer i am leaving your shop


14.    are you hungry friends said the shrewd king ill be your leader and take you to the granaries where the selfish rich store the golden grains
 

Punctuation and Capitalization Worksheet-5.0
 

HSC Examination-2019 all board question questions

1.    Use capitals and punctuation marks where necessary in the following texts. [Dhaka Board-2019]
Student: Excuse me sir I want to discuss with you some grammatical problems.
Teacher: What class are you in
Student: Sir I am in class XI, I am a newly admitted student here.
Teacher: Okay tell me your problems
Student: I want to understand the difference between a phrase and a clause.
Teacher: Don’t worry. Ill help you understand the difference.

2.    Use capitals and punctuation marks where necessary in the following texts.[Rajshahi Board-2019]
You’ve cut off your hair, asked Jim, laboriously as if he had not arrived at that patent fact yet even after the hardest mental labour. Cut it off and sold it, said Della. Don’t you like me just as well, anyhow Im me without my hair ain’t I Jim looked about the room curiously. You say your hair is gone he said with an air almost of idiocy.

3.    Use capitals and punctuation marks where necessary in the following texts.[Cumilla Board-2019]
Sajid: Hurrah weve won the match.
Sifat: What match Sajid
Sajid: The football match between your school. team and our school team.
Sifat: Oh my Almighty! How did it happen?
Sajid: We won by 3 goals to one (1);
Sifat: I thought our team was better than yours.
Sajid: The result shows who is better.
Sifat: Anyway, well do better next year.
Sajid: Best of luck sifat.

4.    Use capitals and punctuation marks where necessary in the following texts.[Jashore Board-2019]
Jerry: I can chop some wood today.
Writer: But Ive a boy coming from the orphanage.
Jerry: Im the boy 
Writer: You But youre very small in size.
Jerry: Size doesn’t matter chopping wood. Some of the big boys don’t chop well. Ive been chopping wood for a long time
Writer: Very well theres the axe. Go ahead see what you can do


5.    Use capitals and punctuation marks where necessary in the following texts.[Sylhet Board-2019]
The traveller said to the peasant “Can you tell me the way to the nearest inn” The peasant said “Yes I can Do you want one in which you can spend the night” The traveller said, “I don’t wish to stay there I only want a meal” Follow me and I will take you to a nice one.

6.    Use capitals and punctuation marks where necessary in the following texts. [Chattogram Board-2019]
Student: Excuse me sir. May i come in?
Teacher: yes come in.
Student: Thank you sir.
Teacher: What can i do for you.
Student: Would you kindly make me clear about the use, of this punctuation mark.
Teacher: Didnt you attend my class yesterday?
Student: No sir. i did not come.


7.    Use capitals and punctuation marks where necessary in the following texts. [Barishal Board-2019]
Mosharrof Hossain Khan Chowdhury University College, Brahmanpara, Cumilla-2017 While I was going to market yesterday I met a boy begging in the street. On being asked to tell the reason for begging the boy with a sad mind and tearful eyes said oh sir I have a sad tale to tell you would you please hear my story. Yes, I would love to I said to him. Instead of telling the story, the boy simply began to cry. 

 

8.    Use capitals and punctuation marks where necessary in the following texts.[Dinajpur Board-2019]
Hasan: Can you tell me a little about Dhaka
Hasib: Sure what would you like to know
Hasan: Well whats a good time to visit there?  Hasib: I think you can visit in winter.
Hasan: Good and what should I see there
Hasib: Well you can visit Sonargaon Folk Art Museum and you can see the handicrafts. But you must not leave Dhaka without visiting the Lalbagh Fort.
Hasan: Anything else.
Hasib: Oh yes if you have time you may visit Ahsan Manjil. You could have an excellent experience of Mughal and British architecture.

HSC Examination-2018 all board question questions

9.    Use capitals and punctuation marks where necessary in the following texts. [Combined Board Exam Kh Set-18]
One day while going to college I met an old man who had nothing of his own having seen me he began to cry but could not as he was too weak to cry feeling a great pity for him I wanted to know about him what led him to this miserable condition so I started asking him questions.
 
10.     Use capitals and punctuation marks where necessary in the following texts. [Combined Board Exam Kha Set-18]
Bindu: do you read a newspaper regularly Hema.
Hema: Yes I do. What about you.
Bindu: To tell you frankly I do not read a newspaper regularly.
Hema: Why you get enough time.
Bindu: I do but I do not like it. Moreover I think it is a wastage of time.
Hema: Strange why do you think so.

HSC Examination-2017 all board question questions

11.    Use capitals and punctuation marks where necessary in the following texts. [Dhaka Board-2017]
Abid: We are about to finish our H.S.C examination Are you thinking about your future  Hasib: Yes, what about you 
Abid: I want to pursue higher education what are your plans
Hasib: I rather follow some vocational courses to make my career
Abid: Really have you thought of any particular vocation
Hasib: Yes, I would like to join the Fashion Design course This career has a prospect these days
Abia: Is it suitable for boys
Hasib: Why not Boys are as good as girls in many professions now- days Whats your future plan 
Abid: I would like to go for teaching
Hasib: It’s a good profession for a studious boy like you 


12.     Use capitals and punctuation marks where necessary in the following texts. [Rajshahi Board-2017]
“I’m not in the least hungry,” my guest sighed “but if you insist I don’t mind having some asparagus.” I ordered them. “Aren’t you going to have any” “No I never eat asparagus.” “I know there are people who don’t like them. The fact is you ruin your palate by all the meat you eat.” “Coffee” I said “Yes, just an ice cream and coffee” she answered.


13.     Use capitals and punctuation marks where necessary in the following texts.[Cumilla Board-2017; Dinajpur Board-2016]
how is your father rana said mr karim he is very well thank you replied rana i am glad to hear that he is in good health said mr karim.


14.    Use capitals and punctuation marks where necessary in the following texts.[Jashore Board-2017; Sylhet Board-2016]
Tourist: How old is the edifice guide
Guide: Madame its a 15th century edifice
Tourist: What a wonderful edifice it is Guide. It was built by Akbar the then emperor of India.
Tourist: Oh! I see
Guide: Madame we should move now. The sun is about to set. It would be dark soon.
Tourist: Isnt the place safe?
Guide: It is. But the security does not allow anybody after sunset. 


15.    Use capitals and punctuation marks where necessary in the following texts. [Chattogram Board-2017]
Son: Did you keep a diary during the liberation war
Father: Yes I did.
Son: Can I have a look at it?
Father: I’m afraid, Ive lost it.
Son: Can you remember anything about it
Father: Yes, I remember one event there were lots of sounds and bangs outside one night. You wanted to look out but we didn’t let you.
Son: Why
Father: Because it was very dangerous. You were only four years old then
Son: I can’t remember anything.
Father: Its natural. No one can remember all from early childhood.


16.    Use capitals and punctuation marks where necessary in the following texts.[Sylhet Board-2017]
Entering the study my elder brother looked around and burst out in disgust. How dirty you have made the room! Why do you use it if you cant keep it tidy I said, i am extremely sorry I have been a nuisance in future youll never see the room in such a bad condition I promise.


17.    Use capitals and punctuation marks where necessary in the following texts.[Barishal Board-2017]
Myself: Good morning Rana. How are you?
Rana: I am so so and you
Myself: I am. well. But why aren’t you completely well.
Rana: In every examination I’m cutting a sorry figure.
Myself: Whats the reason? Dont you utilize your time properly?
Rana: I spend most of the time in watching TV.
Myself: Recreation is necessary. But spending too much time on this has no good side.
Rana: I don’t feel bored in watching TV.
Myself: But as a student, you should study more and more.
Rana: Thank you for your good advice.
Myself: Welcome.  

18.     Use capitals and punctuation marks where necessary in the following texts.[Dinajpur Board-2017]
Aryan: Do you read a newspaper regularly Farhan
Farhan: Yes I do. What’s about you
Aryan: To tell you frankly I do not read a newspaper regularly.
Farhan: Why you get enough time during the break in the college.
Aryan: Yes I do get but I do not like. Moreover I think it is a wastage of time.
Farhan: Remember newspaper is called the ‘storehouse’ of knowledge. The more you will read a newspaper the more you will learn.
Aryan: Then, from today, I will start reading a newspaper
Farhan: Yes, that’s like a good friend.


HSC Examination-2016 all board question questions

19.    Use capitals and punctuation marks where necessary in the following texts. [Dhaka Board-2016]
A: Whats solar energy?
B: Its one of the renewable energy sources.
A: Why is it called green energy?
B: Well its green energy because it helps us keep the earth green I mean it doesn’t emit any pollutant in the atmosphere when we produce and use it.
A: I see then it must be a clean source of energy.
B: Exactly. And that’s why its also called clean energy.


20.    Use capitals and punctuation marks where necessary in the following texts.[Rajshahi Board-2016]
Husband: Cant you cook food properly
Wife: I cook food properly the problem is with you.
Husband: Really these foods are crap they taste pathetic.
Wife: I spend time in the kitchen from morning till afternoon. I work hard. I take care of two children at home. What do you do?
Husband: I work hard and earn money that you spend lavishly.  Wife: How dare you say that.
Husband: Well that is the truth


21.    Use capitals and punctuation marks where necessary in the following texts.[Cumilla Board-2016]
Arif: Hello How are you Zakia?
Zakia: Fine. What about you de motor
Arif: Well I was a bit sick.
Zakia: Really What happened stomach
Arif: Stomach upset. I had outside food. It troubles my stomach.
Zakia: That’s why I always try to avoid outside food they are unhygienic.
Arif: I’m not going to have it anymore.
Zakia: Anyway, you take care bye. 
Arif: Bye.


22.    Use capitals and punctuation marks where necessary in the following texts.[Jashore Board-2016]
Nazmul: Excuse me where is the nearest hospital
Arafat: Its about 2 kilometres from here. You will have to hire a taxi You can also go by bus
Nazmul: I see Is there a bus station near here
Arafat: Yes there is a bus stop at the corner.
Nazmul: Thank you.
Arafat: Dont mention it 


23.    Use capitals and punctuation marks where necessary in the following texts. [Chattogram Board-2016]
“Good Morning where are you going” said the merchant. I was just coming to see you said the youth. “What do you want” “Please help me to earn my bread by the labour of my hands. “Do you really want work!” said the merchant. yes if you have any.” “Then follow me and carry the box from the shop to my house.” “By Allah I’m really grateful to you.” said the youth.

24.    Use capitals and punctuation marks where necessary in the following texts. [Barishal Board-2016]
Student: May I come in Sir?
Principal: Yes come in
Student: Good morning Sir
Principal: Good morning how can I help you
Student: Sir we would like to arrange a study tour
Principal: It’s a great idea Ill appreciate it Submit an application to me so that I can take a step in favour of you.
Student: Ok Sir. We will write an application on behalf of the students
Principal: Ok, see you
Student: Thank you very much, Sir
Principal: You are most welcome

 

                                      Punctuation Worksheet-5.1


1.     Use capitals and punctuation marks where necessary in the following texts.
Student     : May I come in sir?
Principal    : Yes come in. What is your problem?
Student     : I want to change my 4th subject sir.
Principal    : Why?
Student     : Sir mathematics is now my 4th subject but it seems to me very difficult. So I want to take biology instead of mathematics.
Principal    : Do you think biology is an easy subject?
Student     : Not easy, sir but easier than mathematics.
Principal    : Ok write an application. Remember your application must be endorsed by your father/ guardian otherwise it will not be accepted.


2.     Use capitals and punctuation marks where necessary in the following texts.
Student     : May I come in, sir.
Teacher      : Yes, Whats your problem my boy?
Student     : Thank you sir, I would like to develop my command over English. Please give me some instructions.
Teacher      : Ok Now listen English is a skill based subject. You should develop the four skills of listening reading writing and speaking.
Student     : How can I develop the four skills sir?
Teacher      : You should talk to your friends in English, Moreover you should read English books and newspapers. Besides, you should watch English movie and news on TV and radio and above all, you should write your thoughts in English.
Student     : Thank you, sir.


3.    Use capitals and punctuation marks where necessary in the following texts.
I never eat anything for luncheon she said Oh don't say that I answered generously. "I never eat more than one thing I think people eat far too much nowadays A little fish perhaps. I wonder if they have any salmon."

4.    Use capitals and punctuation marks where necessary in the following texts.
Lady Guest  : You see you've filled your stomach with a lot of meat. Therefore you can't eat any more?
Writer           : I took a Mutton chop.
Lady Gues   : Follow my example!
Writer           : Ill do better than that don't be tensed?
Lady Guest: Humorist you're quite a humorist.


5.    Use capitals and punctuation marks where necessary in the following texts.
"Mina, have you done your English lesson today?" asked the teacher. "Yes sir" she replied. "But I havent understood one grammatical point." "Come to my room 111 help you," said the teacher. Thank you sir she smilingly said.

6.    Use capitals and punctuation marks where necessary in the following texts.
Abid          : have you heard the latest news
Hasan        : No whats happened
Abid          : Well it seems Tamal and Topu have broken off their friendship.
Hasan        : Really its not at all surprising.
Abid          : Why do you think so?
Hasan        : Tamal was very selfish. They were bound to break off today or tomorrow!
Abid          : Yes the sooner the better.
Hasan        : But Topu is a good boy. Hes a pretty tough character.
7.    Use capitals and punctuation marks where necessary in the following texts.
Aryan        : Do you read newspaper regularly Farhan
Farhan       : Yes I do. What's about you
Aryan        : To tell you frankly I do not read newspaper regularly.
Farhan       : Why you get enough time during the break in the college,
Aryan        : Yes I do get but I do not like. Moreover I think it is a wastage of time.
Farhan       : Remember newspaper is called the 'storehouse' of knowledge. The more you will read newspaper the more you will learn
Aryan        : Then, from today, I will start reading newspaper
Farhan       : Yes, that's like a good friend.
 
8.    Use capitals and punctuation marks where necessary in the following texts.
A   : Whats solar energy?
B   : Its one of the renewable energy sources.
A   : Why is it called green energy?
B   : Well its green energy because it helps us keep the earth green I mean it doesn't emit any pollutant in the atmosphere when we produce and use it.
A   : I see then it must be a clean source of energy.
B   : Exactly. And that's why its also called clean energy.


9.    Use capitals and punctuation marks where necessary in the following texts.
Husband    : Cant you cook food properly
Wife          : I cook food properly the problem is with you.
Husband    : Really these foods are crap they taste pathetic.
Wife          : I spend time in the kitchen from morning till afternoon. I work hard. I take care of two children at home. What do you do?
Husband    : I work hard and earn money that you spend lavishly.
Wife          : How dare you say that.
Husband    : Well that is the truth


10.    Use capitals and punctuation marks where necessary in the following texts.
Nazmul      : Excuse me where is the nearest hospital
Arafat        : Its about 2 kilometers from here. You will have to hire a taxi You can also go by bus
Nazmul      : I see Is there a bus station near here
Arafat        : Yes there is a bus stop at the corner
Nazmul      : Thank you.
Arafat        : Dont mention it


11.    Use capitals and punctuation marks where necessary in the following texts.
Arif           : Hello How are you Zakia?
Zakia         : Fine. What about you
Arif           : Well I was a bit sick.
Zakia         : Really What happened
Arif           : Stomach upset. I had outside food. It troubles my stomach.
Zakia         : That’s why I always try to avoid outside food they are unhygienic
Arif           : I'm not going to have it anymore.
Zakia         : Anyway, you take care bye.


12.    Use capitals and punctuation marks where necessary in the following texts.
"Good Morning where are you going" said the merchant. I was just coming to see you said the youth. "What do you want" "Please help me to earn my bread by the labour of my hands. "Do you really want work!" said the merchant. yes if you have any." 'Then follow me and carry the box from the shop to my house." "By Allah I’m really grateful to you." said the youth.

13.    Use capitals and punctuation marks where necessary in the following texts.
Student     : May I come in Sir?
Principal   : Yes come in
Student     : Good morning Sir
Principal   : Good morning how can I help you
Student     : Sir we would like to arrange a study
Principal  : It’s a great idea III appreciate it Submit an application to me so that I can take step in favour of you.
Student     : Ok Sir. We will write an application on behalf of the students
Principal   : Ok, see you
Student     : Thank you very much. Sir
Principal   : You are most welcome


14.    Use capitals and punctuation marks where necessary in the following texts.
"Whats your dream? Do you have any dream" asked Zayed Robi said tenderly "Yes I have a dream. My dream is a full plate of rice. "Come with me" said Zayed holding his hand "I’m going to materialize your dream."
Ans: "What’s your dream? Do you have any dream? asked Zayed. Robi said tenderly, "Yes, I have a dream. My dream is a full plate of rice." "Come with me" said Zayed holding his hand "I’m going to materialize your dream."


15.    Use capitals and punctuation marks where necessary in the following texts.
Marie         : You're really fit Paul. Do you exercise very much?
Paul           : Well I almost always get up early and I lift weight for an hour.
Marie         : You're kidding
Paul           : No. And then go swimming.
Marie         : Wow How often do you exercise like that?
Paul           : About five times a week. What about you?
Marie         : Oh I hardly ever exercise. I usually just watch TV in my free time. Often my mom says marie darling, dont be a couch potato.


16.    Use capitals and punctuation marks where necessary in the following texts.
Student     : What is meant by deforestation sir?
Teacher     : Being a student of class XII you do not know this
Student     : No sir my conception is not clear
Teacher     : OK, what is your conception?
Student     : If we go on cutting down our trees a day will come when there will be no trees left this is called deforestation.
Teacher      : Well done, you are correct. Your conception is absolutely clear I see.


17.    Use capitals and punctuation marks where necessary in the following texts.
Mom         : Have you taken your breakfast
Rafi           : No mom.
Mom          : Oh You’re really annoying. Why don’t you just take it?
Rafi           : I don’t want to eat Roti with vegetables mom. I want fried chicken with oyster sauce and chicken sausage.
Mom         : Having junk food is not good for your health. Have you seen yourself in the mirror? Youre being a couch potato.
Rafi           : Really I think I have to stop eating fast foods. Well I’ve just decided to stop eating them but from tomorrow onwards now can I have them, please.


18.    Use capitals and punctuation marks where necessary in the following texts.
The old sailor said I am save because I have shown true love for all living things sometimes I feel 1 must teach the lesson that 1 learnt” what is the lesson" the guest The old sailor said He Prayeth best who loveth best all things both great and small


19.    Use capitals and punctuation marks where necessary in the following texts.
Teacher      : Why didnt you come to school yesterday.
Student     : I was ill sir
Teacher      : What happened to you
Student     : Its flu sir Now Im Ok
Teacher      : See a doctor. Stay well
Teacher      : Bye, sir
Student     : Bye.


20.    Use capitals and punctuation marks where necessary in the following texts.
Della          : Jim darling Don’t look at me that way.
Jim : You've cut off your hair
Della          : Cut it off and sold it
Jim : I can't believe it
Della          : Don't you like me just as well, anyhow I'm me without my hair, aren't I?
Jim : You say your hair is gone
Della          : You needn't look for it, it's sold, I tell you sold and gone, too.
Jim : Are you Sane
Della          : Jim, be good to me, for it went for you. May be the hairs of my head were numbered, but nobody could ever count my love for you.
Jim : I know it darling
Della          : My hair grows so fast, Jim

                                                 Punctuation Worksheet-5.2


1.    Use capitals and punctuation marks where necessary in the following texts.
Student     : Sir, what is common Noun
Tutor         : A noun denoting a class of objects is called common Noun. Examples of the common noun are man, cow, car, book, tea etc.
Student     : Oh it's a very easy thing. Now I understand thank you sir.
Tutor         : No problem by the way have you done your Bangla home work
Student     : Yes sir here it is.


2.    Use capitals and punctuation marks where necessary in the following texts.
Jerry          : I can chop some wood today.
Writer        : But I have a boy coming from the orphanage.
Jerry          : Im the boy.
Writer        : You But youre small.
Jerry          : Size doesnt matter chopping wood . Some of the big boys don't chop good. Ive been chopping wood at the orphanage a long time.
3.    Use capitals and punctuation marks where necessary in the following texts.
Meem        : your HSC result
Poma         : GPA 5.
Meem        : WoW That's wonderful. You really deserve it, friend.
Poma         : Thanks. What about you.
Meem        : GPA 4.75, I got poor grades in English and Mathematics.
Poma         : Never mind. Do well next time.
Meem        : Anyway are you trying your luck at Dhaka University?
Poma         : Yes and you
Meem        : will my poor GPA allow me to sit for the Dhaka University admission test I  don't think so


4.    Use capitals and punctuation marks where necessary in the following texts.
Where are you from? said the teacher I am from Nepal said the student how did you find Dhaka when you first arrived," said the teacher, "Well I like it. I think the city is very beautiful." said the student.
5.    Use capitals and punctuation marks where necessary in the following texts.
He said I can chop some wood today. I said but I have a boy coming from the orphanage I am the boy But you are small size doesn't matter chopping wood he said some of the big-boys do notchop wood well I've been chopping wood at the orphanage for a long time.
 
6.    Use capitals and punctuation marks where necessary in the following texts.
Writer       : Would you like to have some coffee
Lady guest: Yes just an ice-cream and coffee. You
Writer       : Ill have coffee.
Lady guest: You know there is one thing I thoroughly believe in. I say one always get up from a meal feeling one could eat a little more.
      Writer        : Are you still hungry
      Lady guest : Oh, no I’m not hungry, you see. I don’t eat luncheon. I have a cup of coffee in the morning and dinner, but I never eat more than one thing for luncheon. I was speaking for you.
      Writer           : Oh I see.


7.    Use capitals and punctuation marks where necessary in the following texts.
Kamal        : Ive lost my watch. Have you seen it anywhere.
Nirob         : No, but if I find it I'll tell you.
Kamal        : It's a gift from my father. It's been so important for me!
Nirob         : When did you lose it.
Kamal        : Most probably during the off-period.
Nirob         : Does it have a leather strap?
Kamal        : Oh, yes, Have you seen it.
Nirob         : I haven't seen it. But I heard karim saying something about a watch with a leather strap.
Kamal        : Whats his room number?
Nirob         : Most probably 203. Go to the first floor of the main hostel. It’s on the right side of the stairs.
Kamal        : Thank you so much, dear.
Nirob         : Youre welcome
Kanfal       : Best of luck.
8.    Use capitals and punctuation marks where necessary in the following texts.
Student     : How are you madam?
Teacher      : I am fine. And you.
Student     : I am fine too. Where are you going now?
Teacher      : To my relatives house at New Market adjacent to TT College.
Student     : May I help you. Madam in any way?
Teacher      : No thanks well where are you going?
Student     : I am also going around that area to Elephant Road.
Teacher      : Then no problem get into my car I will drop you.
Student     : Thank you madam.
Teacher      : No mention.


9.    Use capitals and punctuation marks where necessary in the following texts.
Sima          : Good evening Boby
Boby         : Hi Sima Good evening.
Sima          : Tomorrows my birthday. We have a small party at home, please join us.
Boby         :  What is the time of your party
Sima          : Six in the evening. Im inviting only a few friends. So please come.
Boby         :  Of course Ill will come. Thank you for inviting me.
Sima          : Thank you.


10.    Use capitals and punctuation marks where necessary in the following texts.
Rana          : sir may I come in.
Teacher      : do have you learnt lesson
Rana          : no sir
Teacher      : Wha ts your problem
Rana          : i was sick last night.
Teacher      : have you taken medicine rana
Rana          : yes sir
Teacher      : Take your seat my boy?


11.    Use capitals and punctuation marks where necessary in the following texts.
Rats           : Stop Stop!
Monkey     : Why? Why should I stop?
Rats           : Stop! Youre eating all our bread.
Monkey     : Well Im trying my level best to divide the bread equally.
Rats           : No you are not. Youre just eating it!
Monkey     : It's difficult. I’ve told youat the beginning haven't I?
Rats           : Yes you have.
Monkey     : I've also told you that it'll cost you a lot.
Rats           : We should not have believed you. How foolish we are!


12.    Use capitals and punctuation marks where necessary in the following texts.
Father        : You're really strong my son. Could you break this bundle of sticks.
Son            : Well it s a very simple job I'll do it within a second!
Father        : Have a try
Son            : Sure Oh I'm quite wrong. Its stronger than I expected.
Father        : Okay now try this single stick. See what you can do.
Son            : Pass it to me and just hear the sound!
Father        : I know it'll be easy for you. Have you learnt anything from these sticks.
Son            : Learning from sticks.
Father        : Yes the bundle of sticks is stronger than the single stick. It teaches us the wise saying, United we stand divided we fall.


13.    Use capitals and punctuation marks where necessary in the following texts.
Stranger     : May I come in, sir.
Mayor        : Yes of course.
Stranger     : Id like to help you get rid of these rats.
Mayor        : Really.
Stranger     : Within an hour but itll cost you one thousand gold coins.
Mayor        : Id love to spend more than that only if you could free us from the rats.
Stranger     : I dont need more than that.
Mayor        : Its a deal. Start your work.
Stranger     : Make arrangement for my payment.
Mayor        : Well be ready before you finish.
Stranger     : Oh, that's great.


14.    Use capitals and punctuation marks where necessary in the following texts.
The writer said to the lady guest are you still hungry oh no Im not hungry replied the lady guest I don’t eat more than one thing for luncheon I have a cup of coffee in the morning and then dinner but I never eat more than one thing for luncheon I was speaking for you.


15.    Use capitals and punctuation marks where necessary in the following texts.
One day while going to college I met an old man who had nothing of his own having seen me he began to cry but could not as he was too weak to cry feeling a great pity for him I wanted to know about him what led him to this miserable condition so I started asking him questions.

16.    Use capitals and punctuation marks where necessary in the following texts.
Bindu        : do you read newspaper regularly Hema
Hema         : Yes I do. What about you
Bindu        : To tell you frankly I do not read newspaper regularly.
Hema         : Why? You get enough time.
Bindu        : 1 do but I do not like. Moreover I think it is a wastage of time.
Hema         : Strange why do you think so.


17.    Use capitals and punctuation marks where necessary in the following texts.
Abid          : We are about to finish our H.S.C examination Are you thinking about
your future.
Hasib         : Yes, what about you
Abid          : I want to pursue higher education what are your plans
Hasib         : I rather follow some vocational courses to make my career
Abid          : Really have you thought of any particular vocation
Hasib         : Yes, I would like to join the Fashion Design course This career has a prospect these days
Abid          : Is it suitable for boys
Hasib         : Why not Boys are as good as girls in many professions now-a-days Whats your future plan
Abid          : I would like to go for teaching
Hasib         : It's a good profession for a studious boy like you


18.    Use capitals and punctuation marks where necessary in the following texts.
"I'm not in the least hungry," my guest sighed "but if you insist I don't mind having some asparagus."
I ordered them.
"Aren't you going to have any"
"No I never eat asparagus."
"I know there are people who don't like them. The fact is you ruin your palate by all
the meat you eat.”
"Coffee" I said
"Yes, just an ice-cream and coffee" she answered.


19.    Use capitals and punctuation marks where necessary in the following texts.
Tourist       : How old is the edifice guide
Guide        : Madame its a 15th century edifice
Tourist       : What a wonderful edifice it is
Guide        : It was built by Akbar the then emperor of India.
Tourist       : Oh! 1 see
Guide        : Madame we should move now. The sun is about to set. It would be dark
soon.
Tourist       : Isnt the place safe?
Guide        : It is. But the security does not allow anybody after sunset.
20.    Use capitals and punctuation marks where necessary in the following texts.
how is your father rana said mr karim he is very well thank you replied rana i am glad to hear that he is in good health said mr karim


21.    Use capitals and punctuation marks where necessary in the following texts.
Son            : Did you keep a diary during the liberation war
Father        : Yes I did.
Son            : Can I have a look at it?
Father        : I'm afraid, Ive lost it.
Son            : Can you remember anything about it
Father        : Yes, I remember one event there were lots of sounds and bangs outside one night. You wanted to look out but we didn't let you.
Son            : Why
Father        : Because it was very dangerous. You were only four years old then
Son            : I can't remember anything.
Father        : Its natural. No one can remember all from early childhood


22.    Use capitals and punctuation marks where necessary in the following texts.
Entering the study my elder brother looked around and burst out in disgust. How dirty you have made the room! Why do you use it if you cant keep it tidy I said, i am extremely sorry I have been a nuisance in future youll never see the room in such a bad condition I promise

 


23.    Use capitals and punctuation marks where necessary in the following texts.
Myself       : Good morning Rana. How are you?
Rana          : I am so so and you
Myself       : I am well. But why aren’t you completely well.
Rana          : In every examination I'm cutting a sorry figure.
Myself       : Whats the reason? Dont you utilize your time properly?
Rana          : I spend most of the time in watching TV.
Myself       : Recreation is necessary. But spending too much time on this has no good side.
Rana          : I don't feel bored in watching TV.
Myself       : But as a student, you should study more and more.
  Rana          : Thank you for your good advice.
  Myself       : Welcome.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

                                          Punctuation Worksheet-6.0                      

                                      Colon, Semi-colon, Dash, Parentheses, Pair of Commas

 

Insert Colon, Semi-colon, Dash, Parentheses, Pair of Commas in the following sentences where necessary.

  1. A raw new development begins on the other side of my mother's meadow which she has not been able to mow this fall since her injuries prevent her from getting up on the tractor.

  2. As far as travel through the United States I've visited Seattle Washington Portland Oregon and San Francisco California.

  3. Barry wanted to know why I didn't respond to his text I hadn't received it.

  4. Besides the bookcase in the living room which was always called 'the library' there were the encyclopedia tables and dictionary stand under windows in our dining room.

  5. Betty who is still on the ferry will arrive before 4 o'clock.

  6. Bianca was excited about getting a new caruntil she suddenly realized how much it was going to cost her.

  7. Claire helped Jamie see his fate "You're never going to win the Battle of Culloden."

  8. Cynthiathe neighbor you met at the Fourth of July party last yearis going to babysit for us next weekend.

  9. Dad is going bald his hair is getting thinner and thinner.

  10. Dash Examples

  11. Diana Gabaldon says this prayer before writing "Help me see what I need to see."

  12. Did you leave your bag red black handles in the classroom?

  13. Eugene Meyer who was thirty-two years old had been in business for himself for only a few years but had already made several million dollars.

  14. Every journalist has a novel in him which is an excellent place for it. Historian Russell Lynes

  15. Fiona said “I was going to take the train to come see you but”“Nonsense” David replied. “We’ll come get you.”

  16. Florida Georgia South Carolina and Tennessee these are all the states we’ll be driving through on our vacation.

  17. Flour sugar baking powder baking soda we need to buy all of these ingredients if we’re going to make cookies today.

  18. For a balloon to float it must be filled with helium which is lighter than the air around it.

  19. He cares for no one he is the epitome of selfish.

  20. He wanted to see three cities in Italy Rome Florence and Venice

  21. Here are three states that begin with M Michigan Mississippi and Maine.

  22. Humans are the only animals that have children on purpose with the exception of guppies who like to eat theirs.

  23. I always try to pack light for vacation however I always seem to need an extra bag for all of my shoes and books.

  24. I bought a lot of meat at the store bacon turkey chicken and tuna.

  25. I had a huge meal however I am already hungry again.

  26. I have finished the main course now I have to make dessert.

  27. I have lived in Atlanta GA Charleston SC and Tallahassee FL.

  28. I have several favorite genres of movies drama science fiction and mystery.

  29. I just want you to remember two can play at that game.

  30. I know you don't like broccoli nevertheless it is very good for you.

  31. I like bacon eggs and cheese but not all together on a sandwich.

  32. I love Outlander "Both Sides Now" is my favorite episode.

  33. I was going to pick up dinner on the way home unless you’d rather wait to eat.

  34. I went to London with John Baker who lives next door.

  35. I will be there as soon as I finish working that is a promise I will definitely keep.

  36. If you bring your sunglasses sunscreen and a towel we can go to the beach.

  37. Irene the woman wearing the blue dress and brimmed hat is my great-aunt.

  38. It was raining the game was cancelled.

  39. Let's go to the library there are 15 different books I'd like to take out.

  40. Let's go to Woof Gang Bakery they sell the yummiest dog treats.

  41. Machu Picchuan ancient city known for its famous ruins high altitude and mountainous terrainis located in Peru.

  42. Maria although she comes from Spain hates paella.

  43. Marie 8 years-old is a little girl who goes to school with my brother.

  44. Marie made a 100 on the quiz Lois made a 95.

  45. Michelle drives a Jaguar Sonya drives a Porsche.

  46. Mom wants the chores completed moreover she wants them done properly.

  47. Mrs. Morris preaches this concept "Second place is first loser."

  48. Ms. Newmar who lives next door claims to be a Martian.

  49. My family is getting a new dog from the shelter we are going to name him Barney.

  50. Never forget this point think before you speak.

  51. Of all the chili sauces I’ve tried and I’ve tried a lot this is my favorite.

  52. Please pack my anthologies on short stories poetry and Shakespearean plays my biographies on Jackie Kennedy Charles Stuart and Queen Elizabeth and my historical romance novels by Nora Roberts Jude Devereux and Diana Gabaldon.

  53. Sam whispered to his friend “I don’t think we’re supposed to be in this building after” “Be quiet” Miles interrupted. “I hear someone coming.”

  54. Shadow puppetry an art form in which the audience views the shadows of puppets through a translucent screen is popular in parts of Asia.

  55. She calls it the bathroom I call it the loo.

  56. She didn't see the other car coming now her car has a huge dent.

  57. She had a pretty gift for quotation which is a serviceable substitute for wit.

  58. She had self-defense training consequently she warded off the assailant.

  59. She moved to Ireland she preferred the tranquil setting over America.

  60. She went to great lengths to emphasize this "Kindness never fades."

  61. Some people who I won’t name wouldn’t like this.

  62. Star Trek was my favorite television show during the 1960s in fact it is my favorite television show of all time.

  63. The address for the letter is PO Box 37 Martin NY 30065.

  64. The biggest issue as you will see is where we will store all the extra components.

  65. The dog trainer gave us this instruction "Love your dog and she will love you."

  66. The groups of siblings who will be coming to camp include John and Anne Jeff Lisa and Tommy and Mark and Jonas.

  67. The holidays in Spain of which there are many are mostly religious.

  68. The main character in the movie said "Play hard. Work harder."

  69. The town reminded me of my childhood vacations both were on the beach.

  70. The United States which presents itself as a global beacon of opportunity and prosperity is quickly becoming a low-wage nation .

  71. The University of Georgia UGA is where my mom went to school.

  72. The world is a stage play your role well.

  73. There are two choices at this time run away or fight.

  74. There is mounting evidence of global warming of course some people will never believe it.

  75. This house has everything I need two bedrooms a backyard and a garage.

  76. This is a Remington typewriter all the keys are intact.

  77. This is in my opinion the most important issue.

  78. This was first said by Shakespeare "To thine own self be true."

  79. We had a little accident puddle mud on the way here and had to change our clothes.

  80. We had too many fumbles we lost the game.

  81. We knew who would win the game the Eagles

  82. You can come pick me up now I am feeling much better.

  83. You can order a sandwich with bacon egg and cheese ham egg tomato and cheese or tomato lettuce and avocado.

  84. You can talk about anything if you go about it the right way which is never malicious.

  85. You need new brakes otherwise you may not be able to stop in time.

  86. You should stop eating so much food you will have to go on a diet.

                              Punctuation Worksheet-6.1

 

Punctuate the following sentences

  1. I did three things at the store I ate a sample of fruit I had an encounter with an old friend finally I ran into my boss

  2. If I ever go to bed after midnight I usually wake up with a headache the next morning but I didnt this morning

  3. She said that she was only looking for one thing at her new job money!

  4. Most likely it will rain in the evening and we will have to cancel our plans for the trip the next day

  5. I think however the day may turn out to be nice because the weatherman said it will be sunny all weekend

  6. If I told you that I was a policeman would you respect me differently?

  7. i bought some milk tea a big container of flour and some bread

  8. although he really does not know his job they will keep him on board until the summer is over

  9. The professor quoted several things in his lecture first the Civil War was an economic one second he indicated that the migration forced the South to take a different approach to its economics and most importantly the outcome was a higher expanse of trade in the North

  10. Now I know you are a little leery of meeting new people but I want you to try and open up because we love you

  11. If I were a woman I think I would be just like me

  12. I dont want any candy and he doesnt want any either

  13. I cant have any coffee nor can I have tea after dinner

  14. He went to his mothers house then he went to the house

  15. He is to put it lightly a very rude person

  16. The man was according to the police a loner who had had a fight with the stores owner before closing time

  17. The girl the sister the mother and the boyfriend all were injured in the plane accident but thank God no one was killed

  18. Because he was my friend I did not say anything however I will say something next time because that behavior is totally unacceptable

  19. Since I was the fastest of the group the coach made me run more study harder material and clean his car every week

  20. I left early but if I want to get there in time I will have to hurry even more

  21. I talked with the man then I turned to the professor but Ill never carry on at least try not to two conversations at once again

  22. I came early so I could get a good seat

  23. When I was a kid i use to fly a kite weekly

  24. I wouldve found the keys but I got a call and you know how my mother talks

  25. To win the game they cheated every chance they got

  26. Today I talked with Robbie ate lunch at the restaurant and went to a movie but believe me Im tired

  27. I went to class and studied afterward then I went over to Toms restaurant and I met some of my classmates

  28. Slipping on the ice is never fun but unfortunately its a hazard of living in a cold part of the world then again Id rather live here than africa

  29. Call me crazy but i think that you should go the man and apologize after all you were in the wrong just as much as him

  30. do you think that youll ever have your own apartment i cant live like this anymore you know that youre not the easiest person to get along with

  31. i certainly understand when a man loses his desire to go to work but on the other hand i could never buy into the idea of quitting life completely

  32. If i were you I would try to fix my car before the cold weather sets in

  33. She strolled along the riverbank and eyed the horizon but nevertheless she was still lonely in that she had lost the one and only person she had ever trusted

  34. stand straight now raise your left arm

  35. If you my one and only friend were in trouble I would do all I could if possible to fix everything but only with you

  36. The chief of the department who is also my friend told me three things the day was long today is good and he was tired

  37. Bluntly put I couldnt have said it better myself because I am a believer in justice unlike you however you should never talk badly at least around those of us who do believe

  38. he said and i quote this is the best team ive ever seen

  39. according to the doctor she could live but digest said and this is a quote there is a 90 percent success rate in women 30 to 40 years of age

  40. Once i was a young man but i aged as all before me have done

  41. If this world were mine i would feed the hungry shelter the homeless and find a way to better life at least i would certainly try

  42. To find a good bank takes tenacity skill and a lot of luck one can quit but hell never get what he wants so ask what you need to know

  43. Therefore he was stranded moreover he had no money and no friends and he was a long way from home

  44. I received many things such as socks pants shirts but I liked to be honest the socks the black ones

  45. I saw a good sport namely kickboxing but when i saw a guy get killed i stopped patronizing it altogether

  46. My friend plays rugby the other plays nothing and the other sleeps all day

  47. Walking along the road he thought of life liberty and his happiness until he was flattened by a gust of wind then he only thought about according to him catching his breath

  48. Running the track can be good however it is exhausting especially on days when one is already tired but I digress

  49. You know john ive always wanted to be the president of the us but now im too old

  50. She did three things she ate out she studied then she retired

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