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Grade 11, 12 English For Today Vocabulary-2 (Unit 3-4)

Updated: Mar 28

Unit Three: Dreams Lesson 1 What is a Dream?

  • Colour - (রং) - Meaning: Pigmentation of something; Synonyms: hue, shade, tint, tone, dye; Antonyms: monochrome, grayscale, colorless, achromatic, bland

  • Nightmare - (দুঃস্বপ্ন) - Meaning: A terrifying or deeply distressing dream; Synonyms: bad dream, night terror, hallucination, phantasm, horror; Antonyms: pleasant dream, sweet dream, pleasant experience, delightful vision, good dream

  • Imagination - (কল্পনা) - Meaning: The ability to form mental images or concepts of things not present to the senses; Synonyms: creativity, fantasy, invention, vision, creativity; Antonyms: reality, fact, truth, actuality, certainty

  • Day-dream - (দিবাচিন্তা) - Meaning: A series of pleasant thoughts that distract one's attention from the present; Synonyms: reverie, fantasy, reverie, castle in the air, wishful thinking; Antonyms: reality, actuality, fact, truth, certainty

  • Reverie - (স্বপ্নাবস্থা) - Meaning: A state of being pleasantly lost in one's thoughts; Synonyms: daydream, trance, fantasy, hallucination, reverie; Antonyms: alertness, wakefulness, awareness, reality, consciousness

  • Romantic - (রোমান্টিক) - Meaning: Conducive to or characterized by the expression of love; Synonyms: amorous, passionate, sentimental, affectionate, loving; Antonyms: unromantic, practical, realistic, unemotional, unsentimental

  • Hallucination - (ময়মোহ) - Meaning: An experience involving the apparent perception of something not present; Synonyms: delusion, illusion, fantasy, mirage, phantasmagoria; Antonyms: reality, fact, truth, actuality, certainty

  • Shadowy - (ছায়াময়) - Meaning: Indistinct or faintly perceptible; Synonyms: dim, vague, obscure, murky, nebulous; Antonyms: clear, bright, distinct, vivid, evident

  • Silvery - (রূপশীল) - Meaning: Resembling or characterized by the color or luster of silver; Synonyms: shiny, gleaming, sparkling, radiant, luminous; Antonyms: dull, matte, tarnished, lackluster, drab

  • Short lasting - (সাময়িক) - Meaning: Not enduring for a long time; Synonyms: fleeting, temporary, transient, momentary, ephemeral; Antonyms: enduring, permanent, everlasting, prolonged, perpetual

  • Dreamy - (স্বপ্নময়) - Meaning: Lost in dreams; Synonyms: fanciful, romantic, idealistic, whimsical, ethereal; Antonyms: realistic, practical, pragmatic, down-to-earth, sensible

  • Dreamer - (স্বপ্নদৃষ্টা) - Meaning: A person who dreams, especially habitually; Synonyms: visionary, idealist, romantic, fantasist, utopian; Antonyms: realist, pragmatist, skeptic, cynic, materialist

  • Reality - (বাস্তবতা) - Meaning: The state of things as they actually exist; Synonyms: actuality, fact, truth, existence, realness; Antonyms: fantasy, illusion, dream, unreality, fiction

  • Pleasant - (সুখদ) - Meaning: Giving a sense of happy satisfaction or enjoyment; Synonyms: enjoyable, agreeable, pleasing, delightful, gratifying; Antonyms: unpleasant, disagreeable, distasteful, miserable, unpleasant

  • Haunting - (প্রাণনাদ) - Meaning: Persistent in one's mind; Synonyms: eerie, spooky, ghostly, unsettling, eerie; Antonyms: comforting, reassuring, soothing, calming, peaceful

  • Fragments - (অংশ) - Meaning: Small parts broken off or separated from something; Synonyms: pieces, bits, particles, shards, splinters; Antonyms: whole, entirety, completeness, unity, aggregate

  • Signal - (সংকেত) - Meaning: A gesture, action, or sound conveying information or an instruction; Synonyms: sign, indication, cue, clue, hint; Antonyms: noise, confusion, misunderstanding, obscurity, secrecy

  • Vague - (অস্পষ্ট) - Meaning: Of uncertain, indefinite, or unclear character or meaning; Synonyms: ambiguous, unclear, hazy, indistinct, foggy; Antonyms: clear, distinct, precise, explicit, definite

  • Psychotherapy - (মনোচিকিত্সা) - Meaning: The treatment of mental disorder by psychological rather than medical means; Synonyms: counseling, therapy, analysis, treatment, intervention; Antonyms: medication, surgery, physical therapy, pharmacotherapy, medical treatment

  • Puzzling - (অবস্থান) - Meaning: Confusing or perplexing; Synonyms: perplexing, confusing, baffling, mystifying, bewildering; Antonyms: clear, understandable, straightforward, evident, comprehensible

  • Function - (কার্য) - Meaning: An activity that is natural to or the purpose of a person or thing; Synonyms: role, purpose, task, duty, responsibility; Antonyms: dysfunction, malfunction, inactivity, disuse, failure

  • Baffling - (অদৃশ্য) - Meaning: Impossible to understand; perplexing; Synonyms: confusing, bewildering, mystifying, puzzling, perplexing; Antonyms: clear, understandable, comprehensible, obvious, evident

  • Cognitive - (জ্ঞানসংক্রান্ত) - Meaning: Relating to cognition; Synonyms: intellectual, mental, thinking, cerebral, reasoning; Antonyms: emotional, instinctive, non-cognitive, irrational, non-intellectual

  • Incidentally - (দৈনন্দিন) - Meaning: In a way that is not the main subject or aim; Synonyms: by the way, as an aside, casually, accidentally, unintentionally; Antonyms: intentionally, purposely, deliberately, by design, knowingly

  • Clarity - (স্পষ্টতা) - Meaning: The quality of being coherent and intelligible; Synonyms: clearness, lucidity, transparency, intelligibility, precision; Antonyms: obscurity, ambiguity, vagueness, confusion, uncertainty

  • Enigma - (গুপ্তসূত্র) - Meaning: A person or thing that is mysterious, puzzling, or difficult to understand; Synonyms: mystery, puzzle, riddle, conundrum, puzzle; Antonyms: explanation, clarity, solution, answer, certainty

  • Intriguing - (উদ্দীপনকর) - Meaning: Arousing one's curiosity or interest; Synonyms: fascinating, captivating, interesting, stimulating, enticing; Antonyms: boring, dull, uninteresting, mundane, pedestrian

  • Phenomenon - (ঘটনা) - Meaning: A fact or situation that is observed to exist or happen; Synonyms: occurrence, event, incident, happening, circumstance; Antonyms: non-event, inactivity, stagnation, absence, non-occurrence

  • Manifestation - (প্রকাশ) - Meaning: An event, action, or object that clearly shows or embodies something abstract or theoretical; Synonyms: expression, indication, demonstration, display, representation; Antonyms: concealment, suppression, hiding, obfuscation, repression

  • Elusive - (অদৃশ্য) - Meaning: Difficult to find, catch, or achieve; Synonyms: evasive, slippery, tricky, elusive, slippery; Antonyms: accessible, attainable, catchable, obtainable, achievable

Lesson 2

Dream Poems

  1. Recesses of the mind - (মনের অদূরের অংশ) - Meaning: Innermost depths or hidden parts of the mind; Synonyms: depths of the mind, inner recesses, subconscious, innermost thoughts, hidden corners; Antonyms: surface thoughts, conscious mind, superficial, external, apparent

  2. Dusty - (ধূলিত) - Meaning: Covered with or consisting of dust; Synonyms: dirty, grimy, soiled, dusty, muddy; Antonyms: clean, clear, spotless, pristine, polished

  3. Make something come true - (কিছুকিছু সত্যিকার করা) - Meaning: To bring about the realization or fulfillment of something; Synonyms: actualize, realize, achieve, fulfill, materialize; Antonyms: negate, nullify, undo, obstruct, prevent

  4. Vanity - (অহঙ্কার) - Meaning: Excessive pride in or admiration of one's own appearance or achievements; Synonyms: conceit, egotism, narcissism, self-importance, arrogance; Antonyms: humility, modesty, selflessness, unpretentiousness, humbleness

  5. A broken-winged bird - (ভাঙ্গা পাখি) - Meaning: A metaphorical representation of someone or something that has lost the ability to achieve its potential or fulfill its purpose; Synonyms: crippled bird, impaired bird, disabled bird, hindered bird, incapacitated bird; Antonyms: soaring bird, flying bird, healthy bird, unimpaired bird, capable bird

  6. Barren field - (শুষ্ক মাঠ) - Meaning: An unproductive, infertile, or desolate area of land; Synonyms: arid field, sterile field, unproductive field, desolate field, infertile field; Antonyms: fertile field, productive field, lush field, fruitful field, fertile land

  7. Frozen - (হিমবিত্ত) - Meaning: Turned into ice or hardened by cold temperatures; Synonyms: icy, frosty, glacial, frozen, chilled; Antonyms: thawed, melted, liquid, warm, unfrozen

  8. Fast - (দৃঢ়) - Meaning: Firmly fixed or held in place; Synonyms: secure, steady, stable, immovable, steadfast; Antonyms: loose, unstable, insecure, unsteady, shaky

  9. Winged - (পঙ্খিত) - Meaning: Having wings or wing-like structures; Synonyms: flying, airborne, winged, avian, aerial; Antonyms: wingless, flightless, grounded, earthbound, terrestrial

  10. Snow - (তুষার) - Meaning: Atmospheric water vapor frozen into ice crystals and falling in light white flakes; Synonyms: snowfall, snowflakes, snowstorm, blizzard, frost; Antonyms: thaw, melt, warmth, sunshine, heat

Lesson 3

I Have A Dream

  1. Sweltering - (বাতুঘটিত) - Meaning: Uncomfortably hot; Synonyms: scorching, boiling, blistering, roasting, sultry; Antonyms: cool, chilly, cold, freezing, frigid

  2. Vicious - (ক্রূর) - Meaning: Cruel or violent; Synonyms: brutal, savage, ferocious, ruthless, malicious; Antonyms: kind, gentle, benign, compassionate, merciful

  3. Racist - (বর্ণবাদী) - Meaning: Discriminating against or believing that one race is superior to another; Synonyms: discriminatory, prejudiced, bigoted, intolerant, supremacist; Antonyms: tolerant, unbiased, accepting, inclusive, egalitarian

  4. Exalted - (উচ্চ) - Meaning: Raised or elevated in status or rank; Synonyms: elevated, high, noble, dignified, sublime; Antonyms: humble, lowly, degraded, debased, base

  5. Crooked - (ঠিকনা) - Meaning: Bent or twisted out of shape; Synonyms: bent, twisted, curved, contorted, warped; Antonyms: straight, even, aligned, level, upright

  6. Jangling - (ঝিনাঝিনি) - Meaning: Making or causing a harsh, discordant sound; Synonyms: clashing, discordant, harsh, grating, cacophonous; Antonyms: melodic, harmonious, soothing, pleasant, melodious

  7. Symphony - (সিমফোনি) - Meaning: Elaborate musical composition typically consisting of multiple movements; Synonyms: orchestration, concerto, sonata, composition, opus; Antonyms: silence, noise, cacophony, dissonance, disharmony

  8. Molehill - (মোল চুলকা) - Meaning: A small hill or mound of earth; Synonyms: hillock, knoll, mound, rise, bump; Antonyms: valley, canyon, trench, depression, gully

  9. Hamlet - (গ্রাম) - Meaning: A small village; Synonyms: village, town, settlement, community, rural area; Antonyms: city, metropolis, urban area, megalopolis, cosmopolis

  10. Gentile - (গেন্টাইল) - Meaning: Someone who is not Jewish; Synonyms: non-Jew, heathen, pagan, unbeliever, outsider; Antonyms: Jew, Hebrew, Israelite, Semite, member of the chosen people

  11. Manacles - (হাতকড়ি) - Meaning: Shackles or restraints for the hands; Synonyms: handcuffs, fetters, irons, chains, bonds; Antonyms: freedom, liberation, release, emancipation, independence

  12. Segregation - (বিভাজন) - Meaning: Separation or isolation of a race, class, or group; Synonyms: discrimination, apartheid, division, separation, exclusion; Antonyms: integration, inclusion, unity, desegregation, assimilation

  13. Exile - (নিষ্ঠুর বিদেশবাসী) - Meaning: Banishment or forced removal from one's home or country; Synonyms: expulsion, deportation, displacement, ostracism, banishment; Antonyms: return, repatriation, homecoming, citizenship, inclusion

  14. Dramatize - (নাটকীয় রূপে প্রদর্শন করা) - Meaning: To present or portray something in a dramatic or exaggerated manner; Synonyms: theatricalize, sensationalize, exaggerate, overstate, magnify; Antonyms: downplay, understate, minimize, play down, de-emphasize

  15. Rooted - (উদ্ভূত) - Meaning: Deeply established or firmly grounded; Synonyms: entrenched, established, grounded, fixed, ingrained; Antonyms: uprooted, unestablished, transient, superficial, shallow

  16. Creed - (ধর্মপ্রণালী) - Meaning: A set of beliefs or principles; Synonyms: doctrine, dogma, tenet, belief, faith; Antonyms: disbelief, skepticism, heresy, apostasy, unbelief

  17. Oasis - (উদ্দিপন কেন্দ্র) - Meaning: A place of relief, refuge, or sanctuary in the midst of difficulty; Synonyms: haven, sanctuary, refuge, retreat, shelter; Antonyms: desert, wasteland, wilderness, barrenness, desolation

  18. Judged - (মতামত প্রদান) - Meaning: Formed an opinion or evaluation about someone or something; Synonyms: assessed, evaluated, appraised, determined, adjudicated; Antonyms: pardoned, acquitted, absolved, excused, cleared

  19. Character - (চরিত্র) - Meaning: The qualities or attributes that distinguish an individual; Synonyms: personality, nature, disposition, temperament, integrity; Antonyms: dishonesty, immorality, corruption, deceitfulness, dishonor

  20. Jail - (জেল) - Meaning: A place of confinement for prisoners; Synonyms: prison, penitentiary, detention center, correctional facility, lockup; Antonyms: freedom, liberty, release, emancipation, liberation

  21. Prodigious - (বিরাট) - Meaning: Remarkably or impressively great in extent, size, or degree; Synonyms: enormous, colossal, immense, extraordinary, massive; Antonyms: small, tiny, insignificant, negligible, ordinary

  22. Alleghenies - (আলেগেনি) - Meaning: A mountain range in the eastern United States; Synonyms: Appalachian Mountains, Appalachian Range, Appalachians; Antonyms: plains, valleys, lowlands, flatlands, prairies

  23. Hamlet - (গ্রাম) - Meaning: A small village; Synonyms: village, townlet, settlement, community, rural area; Antonyms: city, metropolis, urban area, megalopolis, cosmopolis

  24. Gentiles - (গেন্টাইল) - Meaning: People who are not Jewish; Synonyms: non-Jews, heathens, pagans, unbelievers, outsiders; Antonyms: Jews, Hebrews, Israelites, Semites, chosen people

  25. Drip - (টিপটিপ করা) - Meaning: To fall in drops or trickle down slowly; Synonyms: dribble, trickle, ooze, seep, drizzle; Antonyms: pour, gush, stream, flow, flood

  26. Interposition - (সন্নিহিত) - Meaning: The act of intervening or coming between something; Synonyms: intervention, interference, mediation, intrusion, intercession; Antonyms: nonintervention, abstention, withdrawal, neutrality, noninvolvement

  27. Nullification - (বাতিলকরণ) - Meaning: The act of cancelling or rendering void;

  28. Synonyms: cancellation, annulment, invalidation, repeal, revocation; Antonyms: validation, affirmation, confirmation, enactment, ratification

  29. Despair - (নিরাশা) - Meaning: A feeling of hopelessness or pessimism; Synonyms: hopelessness, discouragement, despondency, gloom, misery; Antonyms: hope, optimism, encouragement, cheer, happiness

  30. Symphony - (সিমফোনি) - Meaning: Elaborate musical composition typically consisting of multiple movements; Synonyms: orchestration, concerto, sonata, composition, opus; Antonyms: silence, noise, cacophony, dissonance, disharmony

  31. Discords - (বিরোধ) - Meaning: Disagreement or lack of harmony; Synonyms: disagreements, conflicts, disharmonies, dissensions, discordances; Antonyms: harmony, agreement, concord, unity, accord

Unit Four: Youthful Achievers

Lesson 1

Sheikh Kamal: Life of an Achiever

  1. Eldest - (প্রবর্তমান) - Meaning: Oldest in a family or group; Synonyms: senior, firstborn, oldest, initial, primary; Antonyms: youngest, junior, youngest-born, secondary, last-born

  2. Academic - (শিক্ষাগত) - Meaning: Related to education or scholarly pursuits; Synonyms: educational, scholastic, intellectual, theoretical, studious; Antonyms: nonacademic, practical, vocational, experiential, hands-on

  3. Passion - (আগ্রহ) - Meaning: Strong and intense enthusiasm or desire; Synonyms: enthusiasm, fervor, zeal, ardor, craving; Antonyms: apathy, indifference, lethargy, disinterest, ennui

  4. Tutelage - (শিক্ষাদান) - Meaning: Instruction or guardianship provided by a tutor or mentor; Synonyms: guidance, teaching, coaching, instruction, supervision; Antonyms: neglect, abandonment, independence, self-reliance, autonomy

  5. Prominent - (গৌরবময়) - Meaning: Well-known or distinguished; Synonyms: notable, renowned, eminent, celebrated, distinguished; Antonyms: obscure, insignificant, unknown, inconspicuous, unremarkable

  6. Perseverance - (ধৈর্য) - Meaning: Persistence in doing something despite difficulty or delay in achieving success; Synonyms: persistence, determination, tenacity, endurance, resolve; Antonyms: quitting, giving up, surrender, abandonment, fickleness

  7. Commitment - (প্রতিশ্রুতি) - Meaning: Dedication or obligation to a cause or activity; Synonyms: dedication, devotion, loyalty, allegiance, fidelity; Antonyms: indifference, apathy, disloyalty, irresponsibility, negligence

  8. Genocide - (নরশহা) - Meaning: The deliberate killing of a large number of people from a particular ethnic group or nation; Synonyms: mass murder, ethnic cleansing, holocaust, slaughter, annihilation; Antonyms: peace, harmony, coexistence, reconciliation, tolerance

  9. Perpetrators - (অপরাধী) - Meaning: Those who commit or carry out a crime or wrongdoing; Synonyms: offenders, culprits, criminals, wrongdoers, perpetrators; Antonyms: victims, innocents, righteous, defenders, protectors

  10. Assassinated - (হত্যা করা) - Meaning: Killed violently, especially as a political act; Synonyms: murdered, killed, executed, slaughtered, terminated; Antonyms: spared, rescued, preserved, safeguarded, protected

  11. Dint - (শক্তি) - Meaning: Force or power, especially as the result of effort; Synonyms: effort, strength, power, influence, impact; Antonyms: weakness, feebleness, frailty, impotence, insignificance

  12. Dignity - (গরিমা) - Meaning: The quality of being worthy of honor or respect; Synonyms: respectability, honor, integrity, pride, nobility; Antonyms: dishonor, shame, humiliation, degradation, indignity

  13. Engage - (ব্যবহৃত করা) - Meaning: To occupy or involve oneself in a particular activity or cause; Synonyms: involve, participate, immerse, occupy, absorb; Antonyms: disengage, detach, withdraw, dissociate, abstain

  14. Unique - (অনন্য) - Meaning: Being the only one of its kind; Synonyms: distinct, individual, singular, exclusive, unparalleled; Antonyms: common, ordinary, typical, commonplace, standard

  15. Cowardly - (ভীতিপূর্ণ) - Meaning: Lacking courage or bravery; Synonyms: timid, fearful, spineless, craven, pusillanimous; Antonyms: brave, courageous, fearless, valiant, intrepid

  16. Tall - (লম্বা) - Meaning: Having a great height, especially when impressive or dignified; Synonyms: towering, lofty, high, imposing, grand; Antonyms: short, low, petite, diminutive, small

  17. Remarkable - (অবাককর) - Meaning: Worthy of attention or notice due to being unusual or exceptional; Synonyms: extraordinary, notable, impressive, outstanding, noteworthy; Antonyms: ordinary, mundane, average, unremarkable, commonplace

  18. Legacy - (পরম্পরা) - Meaning: Something handed down or received from an ancestor or predecessor; Synonyms: inheritance, bequest, heritage, tradition, endowment; Antonyms: novelty, innovation, departure, deviation, renunciation

  19. Cultural - (সাংস্কৃতিক) - Meaning: Relating to the customs, arts, and social institutions of a particular group or society; Synonyms: ethnic, traditional, artistic, societal, social; Antonyms: uncultured, barbaric, unsophisticated, crude, philistine

  20. Assassination - (হত্যাপ্রবণতা) - Meaning: The action of killing someone, typically a prominent figure, suddenly or secretly; Synonyms: murder, killing, execution, homicide, slaying; Antonyms: protection, preservation, safeguarding, defense, security

Lesson 2

Affectionate, Lively and Always Smiling Sheikh Kamal

  1. Tribute - (শ্রদ্ধাঞ্জলি) - Meaning: An act, statement, or gift that is intended to show gratitude, respect, or admiration; Synonyms: homage, honor, eulogy, accolade, commendation; Antonyms: disrespect, criticism, condemnation, reproach, disdain

  2. Recalls - (মনে করা) - Meaning: Remembering or bringing back to mind; Synonyms: remembers, reminisces, evokes, retrieves, reminisces; Antonyms: forgets, disregards, ignores, overlooks, neglects

  3. Exceptional - (অসাধারণ) - Meaning: Unusually good or outstanding; Synonyms: extraordinary, remarkable, outstanding, exceptional, uncommon; Antonyms: ordinary, average, common, mediocre, usual

  4. Greeted - (অভিবাদন করা) - Meaning: Welcomed or addressed someone with a gesture of recognition or friendliness; Synonyms: welcomed, saluted, acknowledged, addressed, hailed; Antonyms: ignored, neglected, disregarded, shunned, avoided

  5. Hugely - (অত্যন্ত) - Meaning: To a very great extent or degree; Synonyms: greatly, enormously, immensely, exceedingly, tremendously; Antonyms: slightly, minimally, scarcely, moderately, insignificantly

  6. Tireless - (অবিরাম) - Meaning: Showing great effort or energy that does not diminish; Synonyms: indefatigable, untiring, energetic, unflagging, relentless; Antonyms: lethargic, lazy, weary, sluggish, idle

  7. Regaled - (আনন্দিত করা) - Meaning: Entertained or amused someone with talk or stories; Synonyms: entertained, amused, delighted, pleased, gratified; Antonyms: bored, annoyed, disinterested, displeased, discouraged

  8. Spontaneously - (স্বাভাবিকভাবে) - Meaning: Occurring or done without premeditation or external stimulus; Synonyms: naturally, impulsively, instinctively, voluntarily, freely; Antonyms: intentionally, deliberately, artificially, consciously, planned

  9. Instinctively - (স্বাভাবিকভাবে) - Meaning: In a way that is natural or based on instinct; Synonyms: naturally, intuitively, inherently, innately, reflexively; Antonyms: deliberately, intentionally, consciously, artificially, unnaturally

  10. Cross-section - (ক্রসঅনুভাগ) - Meaning: A representative sample of a group or population; Synonyms: sample, subset, selection, segment, portion; Antonyms: entirety, whole, aggregate, total, entirety

  11. Augment - (বৃদ্ধি করা) - Meaning: To make something greater by adding to it; Synonyms: increase, enlarge, expand, boost, enhance; Antonyms: decrease, diminish, reduce, lower, shrink

  12. Eloquent - (সুনির্ভর) - Meaning: Fluent or persuasive in speaking or writing; Synonyms: articulate, expressive, persuasive, fluent, impressive; Antonyms: inarticulate, hesitant, faltering, tongue-tied, unconvincing

  13. Vivid - (স্পষ্ট) - Meaning: Producing very clear and detailed images in the mind; Synonyms: clear, graphic, lively, striking, vibrant; Antonyms: dull, vague, indistinct, blurry, obscure

  14. Stirred - (উত্তেজিত করা) - Meaning: Caused to feel an emotion, typically one of excitement or compassion; Synonyms: aroused, provoked, moved, stimulated, excited; Antonyms: calmed, soothed, pacified, tranquilized, placated

  15. Treasure - (ধন) - Meaning: To regard or treat as precious or valuable; Synonyms: cherish, value, prize, appreciate, adore; Antonyms: neglect, discard, abandon, despise, disregard

  16. Drift - (পৃথক্কৃত হত্তয়া) - Meaning: Move or be carried slowly by a current of air or water; Synonyms: float, glide, wander, meander, stray; Antonyms: remain, stay, settle, anchor, dock

  17. Renegade - (ধর্ম ত্যাগী) - Meaning: A person who deserts and betrays an organization, country, or set of principles; Synonyms: traitor, rebel, defector, apostate, turncoat; Antonyms: loyalist, patriot, adherent, supporter, faithful

  18. Attractive - (আকর্ষণীয়) - Meaning: Appealing or pleasing in appearance or character; Synonyms: appealing, charming, captivating, alluring, enchanting; Antonyms: unattractive, repellent, repulsive, unappealing, disagreeable

  19. Stunned - (অবাক) - Meaning: Shocked or surprised to the point of being unable to react; Synonyms: astonished, amazed, bewildered, flabbergasted, dumbfounded; Antonyms: unsurprised, indifferent, unmoved, unimpressed, unaffected

  20. Blessed - (ধন্যবাদ) - Meaning: Favored or endowed with good fortune; Synonyms: fortunate, lucky, favored, privileged, blessed; Antonyms: unlucky, unfortunate, cursed, doomed, hapless

Lesson 3

Brojen Das: On Conquering the English Channel

  1. Legendary - (ঐতিহাসিক) - Meaning: Remarkably famous or well-known; Synonyms: mythical, iconic, celebrated, renowned, fabled; Antonyms: obscure, unknown, unremarkable, ordinary, insignificant

  2. Swim across - (দক্ষিণে সাঁতার করা) - Meaning: To travel by swimming from one side to another; Synonyms: traverse, cross, navigate, pass, journey; Antonyms: avoid, circumvent, bypass, detour, evade

  3. Record-breaking - (রেকর্ড ভেঙে নেওয়া) - Meaning: Achieving a feat or performance that surpasses previous records; Synonyms: groundbreaking, unprecedented, unparalleled, exceptional, extraordinary; Antonyms: ordinary, average, typical, conventional, unremarkable

  4. Honoured - (সম্মানিত) - Meaning: Respected or recognized with an award, prize, or distinction; Synonyms: acclaimed, esteemed, revered, lauded, respected; Antonyms: dishonored, disgraced, shamed, disrespected, disregarded

  5. Posthumously - (পরম্পরাগতভাবে) - Meaning: Occurring after the death of the person to whom it is awarded; Synonyms: posthumous, after death, post-mortem; Antonyms: prehumously, during life, before death

  6. Electrified - (বিদ্যুতপূর্ণ) - Meaning: Filled with excitement, enthusiasm, or energy; Synonyms: energized, charged, thrilled, excited, stimulated; Antonyms: demotivated, disinterested, bored, unenthusiastic, indifferent

  7. Striving - (অভিযান) - Meaning: Making great efforts to achieve or obtain something; Synonyms: endeavoring, struggling, endeavoring, endeavoring, endeavoring; Antonyms: idling, procrastinating, neglecting, giving up, abandoning

  8. Goaded - (উদ্দীপিত) - Meaning: Urged or driven into action by something; Synonyms: prodded, motivated, incited, spurred, encouraged; Antonyms: discouraged, deterred, demotivated, dissuaded, hindered

  9. Treachery - (গদ্ধতা) - Meaning: Betrayal of trust or faith; Synonyms: betrayal, deceit, deception, treason, disloyalty; Antonyms: loyalty, faithfulness, honesty, fidelity, allegiance

  10. Subdue - (দমন করা) - Meaning: To overcome, quieten, or bring under control; Synonyms: conquer, suppress, control, restrain, quell; Antonyms: incite, provoke, encourage, stimulate, exacerbate

  11. Ill luck - (দুর্ভাগ্য) - Meaning: Misfortune or bad luck; Synonyms: misfortune, adversity, calamity, setback, disaster; Antonyms: fortune, luck, success, prosperity, advantage

  12. Fixated - (লাগা হওয়া) - Meaning: Obsessively focused on or preoccupied with something; Synonyms: obsessed, absorbed, engrossed, captivated, fixated; Antonyms: indifferent, apathetic, disinterested, unconcerned, uninterested

  13. Oblivious - (অজ্ঞান) - Meaning: Unaware or unconscious of what is happening around; Synonyms: unaware, unconscious, ignorant, oblivious, inattentive; Antonyms: aware, conscious, alert, attentive, mindful

  14. Saps - (ক্ষতিগ্রস্ত করা) - Meaning: Weakens or drains the strength or energy of; Synonyms: weakens, drains, depletes, exhausts, undermines; Antonyms: strengthens, invigorates, energizes, fortifies, reinforces

  15. Famished - (ক্ষুধার্ত) - Meaning: Extremely hungry; Synonyms: hungry, starving, ravenous, voracious, famished; Antonyms: full, satiated, satisfied, content, fed

  16. Momentum - (চলাচলের অবস্থা) - Meaning: The force or speed of movement; Synonyms: impetus, drive, thrust, propulsion, force; Antonyms: inertia, stagnation, stillness, sluggishness, lethargy

  17. Inch by inch - (প্রতি ইঞ্চি) - Meaning: Very slowly and gradually; Synonyms: gradually, slowly, steadily, progressively, bit by bit; Antonyms: rapidly, swiftly, quickly, abruptly, suddenly

  18. Dangling - (ঝুলন্ত) - Meaning: Hanging or swinging loosely; Synonyms: hanging, swinging, swaying, dangling, suspended; Antonyms: fixed, stationary, stable, immobile, secure

  19. Craggy - (খোরামি) - Meaning: Rugged, rough, or uneven in texture; Synonyms: rugged, rough, uneven, rocky, jagged; Antonyms: smooth, even, flat, level, uniform

  20. Shore - (তীর) - Meaning: The land along the edge of a sea, lake, or river; Synonyms: coastline, beach, coast, shore, seashore; Antonyms: inland, interior, mainland, countryside, hinterland

  1. Opposition - (প্রতিপক্ষ) - Meaning: Resistance or disagreement; Synonyms: resistance, defiance, opposition, dissent, disagreement; Antonyms: agreement, compliance, conformity, concordance, acquiescence

  2. Captivating - (আকর্ষণীয়) - Meaning: Fascinating or enchanting; Synonyms: enchanting, mesmerizing, enthralling, captivating, spellbinding; Antonyms: boring, dull, uninteresting, mundane, pedestrian

  3. Eloquence - (বাক্পটুতা) - Meaning: Fluent or persuasive speaking or writing; Synonyms: articulateness, fluency, rhetoric, oratory, expressiveness; Antonyms: inarticulateness, incoherence, stuttering, mumbling, speechlessness

  4. Top of the world - (বিশ্বের শীর্ষে) - Meaning: In a state of great happiness or triumph; Synonyms: ecstatic, elated, jubilant, euphoric, thrilled; Antonyms: dejected, disheartened, crestfallen, discouraged, despondent

  5. Prayer - (প্রার্থনা) - Meaning: A solemn request for help or expression of thanks addressed to God or a deity; Synonyms: invocation, supplication, entreaty, plea, petition; Antonyms: blasphemy, curse, imprecation, malediction, profanity

  6. Imploring - (বিনয়) - Meaning: Making an earnest or desperate appeal; Synonyms: beseeching, entreating, begging, pleading, supplicating; Antonyms: commanding, demanding, ordering, insisting, requiring

  7. Crowning - (মুকুটাধারণ) - Meaning: Concluding or completing with an ultimate achievement or honor; Synonyms: crowning, culminating, pinnacle, zenith, apex; Antonyms: beginning, initiation, start, opening, introduction

  8. Unpredictable - (অনিয়ন্ত্রিত) - Meaning: Not able to be predicted or foreseen; Synonyms: erratic, capricious, volatile, uncertain, variable; Antonyms: predictable, certain, reliable, stable, consistent

  9. Swollen - (ফুলে উঠা) - Meaning: Enlarged or distended, especially due to pressure or injury; Synonyms: inflamed, distended, puffed, bloated, swollen; Antonyms: deflated, shrunken, contracted, compressed, diminished

  10. Proverbial - (প্রবৃদ্ধিপ্রাপ্ত) - Meaning: Widely known or recognized, especially due to being frequently mentioned in proverbs; Synonyms: traditional, stereotypical, customary, proverbial, conventional; Antonyms: atypical, unusual, unconventional, non-traditional, unorthodox

Lesson 4

Scaling a Mountain Peak

  1. Icon - (প্রতিমা) - Meaning: A symbol or representation of something revered or idolized; Synonyms: symbol, emblem, representation, figure, idol; Antonyms: ordinary, common, unremarkable, unimportant, insignificant

  2. Modest - (মিতব্যয়) - Meaning: Unassuming or humble in manner or appearance; Synonyms: humble, unassuming, unpretentious, simple, plain; Antonyms: arrogant, boastful, conceited, flamboyant, extravagant

  3. Extraordinarily - (অসাধারণভাবে) - Meaning: In an exceptional or remarkable manner; Synonyms: exceptionally, remarkably, unusually, incredibly, remarkably; Antonyms: ordinarily, typically, commonly, routinely, normally

  4. Accepting - (গ্রহণযোগ্য) - Meaning: Willing to receive or consider; Synonyms: receptive, open, welcoming, accommodating, tolerant; Antonyms: rejecting, refusing, denying, repudiating, dismissing

  5. Freedom fighter - (স্বাধীনতা সংগ্রামী) - Meaning: A person who fights against oppression or for freedom, especially in a war or conflict; Synonyms: revolutionary, insurgent, guerrilla, patriot, rebel; Antonyms: oppressor, tyrant, dictator, despot, autocrat

  6. Inspiration - (অনুপ্রেরণা) - Meaning: The process of being mentally stimulated to do or feel something, especially to do something creative; Synonyms: motivation, influence, encouragement, stimulation, impulse; Antonyms: discouragement, demotivation, inhibition, repression, hindrance

  7. Obstacles - (বাধা) - Meaning: Something that obstructs or hinders progress; Synonyms: hindrance, barrier, impediment, obstruction, hurdle; Antonyms: facilitator, advantage, aid, assistance, help

  8. Pillar of support - (সহায়তা এর স্তম্ভ) - Meaning: A person or thing providing essential support or stability; Synonyms: cornerstone, mainstay, anchor, foundation, backbone; Antonyms: liability, weakness, hindrance, instability, frailty

  9. Courage - (সাহস) - Meaning: The ability to do something that frightens one; Synonyms: bravery, valor, fearlessness, audacity, fortitude; Antonyms: cowardice, timidity, fearfulness, spinelessness, pusillanimity

  10. Determination - (দৃঢ়তা) - Meaning: Firmness of purpose; resoluteness; Synonyms: resolve, perseverance, persistence, tenacity, grit; Antonyms: indecision, wavering, vacillation, irresolution, uncertainty

  11. Hardworking - (পরিশ্রমী) - Meaning: Diligent or industrious in nature; Synonyms: diligent, industrious, assiduous, conscientious, zealous; Antonyms: lazy, indolent, idle, slothful, lethargic

  12. Calamitous - (বিপর্যয়কারী) - Meaning: Involving calamity; catastrophic or disastrous; Synonyms: disastrous, catastrophic, tragic, devastating, ruinous; Antonyms: fortunate, auspicious, propitious, advantageous, favorable

  13. Inspirational - (অনুপ্রেরক) - Meaning: Providing or showing creative or spiritual inspiration; Synonyms: motivational, uplifting, encouraging, inspiring, stimulating; Antonyms: demotivating, discouraging, disheartening, uninspiring, unstimulating

  14. Mountaineer - (পাহাড় চাড়াবালা) - Meaning: A person who climbs mountains as a sport or profession; Synonyms: climber, alpinist, scaler, peak bagger, mountaineer; Antonyms: valley dweller, lowlander, flatlander, non-climber, non-mountaineer

  15. Discipline - (নিয়ম) - Meaning: Training oneself to follow a set of rules or code of behavior; Synonyms: self-control, self-discipline, restraint, obedience, control; Antonyms: indiscipline, disorder, chaos, anarchy, unruliness

  16. Perseverance - (ধৈর্য) - Meaning: Persistence in doing something despite difficulty or delay in achieving success; Synonyms: persistence, tenacity, determination, doggedness, endurance; Antonyms: quitting, giving up, surrendering, abandonment, desistance

  17. Institutional - (প্রতিষ্ঠানিক) - Meaning: Relating to or characteristic of institutions; Synonyms: organizational, official, formal, structured, systematic; Antonyms: informal, unofficial, non-institutional, unconventional, unstructured

  18. Ambassador - (দূত) - Meaning: A representative or promoter of a specified activity or campaign; Synonyms: representative, spokesperson, advocate, envoy, messenger; Antonyms: opponent, adversary, antagonist, critic, detractor

  19. Expedition - (প্রয়াত্ন) - Meaning: A journey or voyage undertaken by a group of people with a particular purpose, especially that of exploration, research, or war; Synonyms: journey, tour, excursion, trip, voyage; Antonyms: stay, halt, stop, cessation, pause

  20. Jointly - (সহযোগিতায়) - Meaning: In cooperation or collaboration with others; Synonyms: together, cooperatively, collectively, collaboratively, conjointly; Antonyms: individually, separately, autonomously, independently, singly

Lesson 5

The Unbeaten Girls

  1. Traditional society - (ঐতিহাসিক সমাজ) - Meaning: A society characterized by customs, beliefs, and practices passed down through generations; Synonyms: conservative society, conventional society, orthodox society; Antonyms: modern society, progressive society, innovative society

  2. Vigour - (শক্তি) - Meaning: Physical strength and energy; Synonyms: energy, vitality, strength, vigor, robustness; Antonyms: weakness, lethargy, feebleness, frailty, debility

  3. Naive - (সরল) - Meaning: Showing a lack of experience, wisdom, or judgment; Synonyms: innocent, unsophisticated, gullible, inexperienced, credulous; Antonyms: sophisticated, worldly, experienced, shrewd, cynical

  4. Conclusively - (চূড়ান্তভাবে) - Meaning: In a decisive and indisputable manner; Synonyms: decisively, definitively, unequivocally, irrefutably, categorically; Antonyms: inconclusively, tentatively, ambiguously, doubtfully, uncertainly

  5. Illuminate - (আলোকিত করা) - Meaning: To light up or brighten with light; Synonyms: light up, brighten, light, irradiate, illuminate; Antonyms: darken, dim, obscure, overshadow, dull

  6. Metaphorically - (রুপক) - Meaning: In a figurative or symbolic sense, not literal; Synonyms: symbolically, figuratively, allegorically, emblematically, representatively; Antonyms: literally, realistically, directly, concretely, plainly

  7. Dominated - (বাধাগ্রস্ত করা) - Meaning: Exercised a commanding influence or control over; Synonyms: controlled, governed, commanded, ruled, dictated; Antonyms: submitted, yielded, obeyed, acquiesced, surrendered

  8. Adversities - (প্রতিকূল পরিস্থিতি) - Meaning: Difficulties or misfortune; Synonyms: hardships, difficulties, troubles, adversities, challenges; Antonyms: advantages, benefits, opportunities, advantages, aids

  9. Persuaded - (প্রবর্তন করা) - Meaning: Convinced someone to do something through reasoning or argument; Synonyms: convinced, induced, influenced, urged, prompted; Antonyms: dissuaded, discouraged, deterred, prevented, inhibited

  10. Inhibition - (বাধা) - Meaning: A feeling that makes one self-conscious and unable to act in a relaxed and natural way; Synonyms: restraint, shyness, reserve, self-consciousness, hesitation; Antonyms: boldness, confidence, assurance, audacity, fearlessness

  11. Grooming - (পরিচ্ছন্নতা) - Meaning: Preparing or training someone for a particular role or function; Synonyms: training, preparing, educating, coaching, cultivating; Antonyms: neglecting, ignoring, abandoning, disregarding, overlooking

  12. Epic - (মহাকাব্য) - Meaning: A long poem, typically derived from ancient oral tradition, narrating the deeds and adventures of heroic or legendary figures; Synonyms: saga, tale, narrative, legend, chronicle; Antonyms: concise, brief, short, succinct, terse

  13. Jerseys - (জার্সি) - Meaning: Shirts or tops worn as part of a sports uniform; Synonyms: shirts, tops, uniforms, kits, sweaters; Antonyms: pants, trousers, skirts, dresses, shorts

  14. Conclusively - (চূড়ান্তভাবে) - Meaning: In a decisive and indisputable manner; Synonyms: decisively, definitively, unequivocally, irrefutably, categorically; Antonyms: inconclusively, tentatively, ambiguously, doubtfully, uncertainly

  15. Literally - (শব্দস্পষ্টভাবে) - Meaning: In a literal or exact sense; Synonyms: exactly, precisely, truly, accurately, verbatim; Antonyms: figuratively, metaphorically, symbolically, allegorically, representatively

  16. Progressive - (প্রগতিশীল) - Meaning: Characterized by continuous improvement or advancement; Synonyms: forward-thinking, innovative, modern, dynamic, liberal; Antonyms: conservative, traditional, regressive, backward, old-fashioned

  17. Orthodox - (পরম্পরাগত) - Meaning: Adhering to traditional or established beliefs, customs, or practices; Synonyms: traditional, conservative, conventional, traditionalist, reactionary; Antonyms: unorthodox, unconventional, nonconformist, avant-garde, progressive

  18. Unconvinced - (অসন্দেহে) - Meaning: Not convinced or persuaded; Synonyms: doubtful, skeptical, unsure, dubious, hesitant; Antonyms: convinced, persuaded, assured, certain, confident

  19. Unambitious - (অস্থির) - Meaning: Lacking in ambition or aspiration; Synonyms: unmotivated, unenterprising, apathetic, indifferent, aimless; Antonyms: ambitious, motivated, enterprising, aspirational, driven

  20. Energetic - (শক্তিশালী) - Meaning: Showing or involving great activity or vitality; Synonyms: dynamic, lively, vigorous, spirited, animated; Antonyms: lethargic, sluggish, inactive, inert, lazy

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