top of page



1. Today, the expensive price of popular consumer products is because of the power of advertising and not the real needs of people. Do you agree or disagree?


  • Manipulative Advertising: Powerful advertising campaigns can create artificial demand for products that people might not necessarily need.

  • Brand Image and Status: Companies use advertising to associate their products with a certain lifestyle or social status, leading people to buy for prestige rather than necessity.

  • Consumerism Culture: Aggressive advertising fosters a consumerist culture, encouraging people to constantly seek the latest products, even if they don't require them.

  • Product Differentiation: Advertising can exaggerate small differences between products, making consumers believe they need the latest version, contributing to higher prices.

  • Waste and Overconsumption: The focus on advertising and constant product upgrades can lead to wasteful overconsumption, contributing to environmental issues.


  • Supply and Demand: Prices are primarily determined by supply and demand in the market, not just advertising. Popular products may have higher demand, driving up their prices.

  • Production Costs: Some popular products may have higher production costs due to technology, materials, or research and development, which can reflect in their prices.

  • Quality and Features: People might be willing to pay more for popular products that offer better quality, features, or performance, even if not strictly necessary.

  • R&D Investment: Advertising might be a response to the higher costs incurred in research and development, leading to the need to promote the products more aggressively.

  • Economies of Scale: Mass production of popular products can reduce unit costs, but this might not necessarily translate to lower prices if consumer demand is high.

Summary: While advertising can influence consumer behavior and create artificial demand to some extent, it is not the sole factor responsible for the expensive price of popular consumer products. Other factors, such as supply and demand, production costs, product quality, and R&D investment, also play significant roles in determining prices.

2. News editors decide what to broadcast on television and what to print in newspapers. What factors do you think influence these decisions? Have we become used to bad news? Wouldn’t it be better if more good news was reported?

Factors Influencing News Decisions:

· Relevance and Significance: News editors prioritize stories that are relevant to their audience and have significant societal, economic, or political impact.

· Timeliness: Breaking news and current events are given priority to keep the audience informed in real-time.

· Public Interest: Stories that resonate with a wide audience or affect public welfare often receive more coverage.

· Ratings and Profitability: Media outlets consider viewership, readership, and advertising revenue when selecting news content.

· Editorial Agenda: News organizations may have specific editorial stances or priorities that influence their coverage.

Perception of Bad News:

· Negativity Bias: Human psychology tends to pay more attention to negative information, making bad news more engaging.

· Sensationalism: Media might emphasize dramatic or alarming events to attract attention and increase viewership.

· 24-Hour News Cycle: Constant availability of news can lead to an overload of negative stories, contributing to a perception of overwhelming bad news.

Importance of Reporting Good News:

· Balanced Perspective: Including good news can provide a more balanced view of the world and counteract excessive negativity.

· Inspiration and Hope: Positive stories can uplift and inspire audiences, promoting a sense of optimism.

· Community Building: Reporting on positive events and initiatives fosters a sense of community and social cohesion.

· Incentive for Positive Action: Sharing good news can encourage individuals and organizations to continue making positive contributions.

Challenges in Reporting Good News:

· News Judgment: Editors must carefully select good news stories to avoid trivializing or overlooking important issues.

· Interest and Engagement: Some audiences may still gravitate towards negative news, making it challenging to maintain viewership with positive stories.

· Accessibility of Good News: Positive events and initiatives may not always be as readily accessible or visible as negative events.

Potential Solutions:

· Balanced Reporting: Media outlets can strive for a more balanced approach by including a mix of positive and negative news.

· Highlighting Solutions: Focusing on solutions and progress in challenging situations can provide constructive perspectives.

· Dedicated Good News Segments: Media can dedicate specific segments or sections to highlight positive news and inspiring stories.

· Audience Feedback: Media organizations can seek audience input to understand preferences for news content.

Conclusion: While various factors influence news decisions, a balanced approach that includes both good and bad news is essential to provide a comprehensive view of the world. Including more good news can inspire, foster hope, and promote positive actions, contributing to a healthier media landscape and a more informed and engaged audience.

3. News editors decide what to broadcast on television and what to write in newspapers. What factors influence these decisions? Do you think we become used to bad news? Should more good news be reported?

Factors influencing news editor decisions:

For Broadcasting and Newspapers:

  • Relevance: Selecting stories that are relevant to the target audience and have a significant impact on society.

  • Timeliness: Prioritizing current and breaking news to keep the audience informed in real-time.

  • Public interest: Focusing on issues that resonate with the public and affect their lives directly.

  • Sensationalism: Attracting viewers/readers through dramatic or attention-grabbing stories.

  • Political and commercial interests: Catering to stakeholders' preferences and aligning with media organizations' political or financial agendas.

  • Resource constraints: Considering the availability of reporters, equipment, and budget for coverage.

Opinions on news exposure and reporting:

Becoming used to bad news:

  • Desensitization: Repeated exposure to negative news can lead to emotional numbing and reduced sensitivity.

  • Normalization: Consistent coverage of bad news may make it seem common and expected.

  • Coping mechanism: Some individuals may adopt the "learned helplessness" approach to deal with overwhelming negativity.

Should more good news be reported?

  • Balancing coverage: Providing a mix of positive and negative news to present a comprehensive view of the world.

  • Psychological impact: Reporting good news can improve audience well-being and mental health.

  • Inspiration and hope: Sharing uplifting stories can motivate positive actions and foster a sense of community.

  • Counteracting bias: Addressing the potential bias towards negative news, creating a more balanced media landscape.

  • Highlighting solutions: Reporting on positive developments can encourage problem-solving and innovation.

  • Promoting empathy: Positive news can create empathy and compassion, connecting people from different backgrounds.

4. Nowadays there are more and more advertisements. Some people think that they have a negative influence on people, and therefore should be restricted.

Do you agree or disagree?


· Manipulative tactics: Advertisements often use psychological techniques to influence consumers' emotions and behaviors, leading to impulsive and unnecessary purchases.

· Consumerism and materialism: Excessive advertising promotes a culture of consumerism, where people prioritize material possessions over more meaningful aspects of life.

· Impact on vulnerable groups: Advertisements can exploit vulnerable populations, such as children and those with low financial literacy, leading to potential harm or exploitation.

· Intrusiveness: With the rise of online advertising and targeted ads, people's privacy is compromised, and they may feel constantly bombarded with commercial messages.

· Environmental impact: The promotion of consumption contributes to the production of goods, potentially leading to overconsumption and environmental degradation.

· Mental health concerns: Constant exposure to idealized images and lifestyles in advertisements can negatively impact self-esteem and mental well-being, fostering feelings of inadequacy and dissatisfaction.


· Economic benefits: Advertising plays a crucial role in supporting various industries and businesses, driving economic growth and job creation.

· Informed choices: Well-crafted advertisements provide information about products and services, enabling consumers to make informed decisions.

· Creativity and culture: Advertising can be a form of creative expression, contributing to cultural diversity and artistic endeavors.

· Free media and content: Advertising supports free access to media, including online platforms and television, reducing the need for direct payment by consumers.

· Healthy competition: Advertisements create competition among brands, encouraging companies to improve their products and services.

· Personalized experience: Targeted advertising can offer users relevant content and suggestions tailored to their interests and needs.

5. Many people believe that media coverage of celebrities is having a negative effect on children. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this opinion?


· Unrealistic standards: Media coverage often portrays celebrities with idealized appearances and lifestyles, creating unrealistic standards that can negatively impact children's self-esteem and body image.

· Materialistic values: Celebrity culture promotes materialism and the pursuit of fame and wealth, leading children to prioritize superficial goals over more meaningful ones.

· Inappropriate behavior: Media coverage of celebrities engaging in controversial or harmful behaviors can influence children to imitate or normalize such actions.

· Loss of privacy: Excessive media attention on celebrities' personal lives can blur the line between public and private, teaching children that invasion of privacy is acceptable.

· Distraction from education and real-world issues: Excessive focus on celebrity news can divert children's attention away from academics and important global events.


· Parental responsibility: Parents play a crucial role in guiding children's media consumption and explaining the difference between reality and fiction.

· Teaching opportunities: Media coverage of celebrities' successes and failures can be used as teaching moments to discuss values, ethics, and responsible behavior.

· Aspirational models: Some celebrities serve as positive role models, using their influence for social causes and inspiring children to make a positive impact on society.

· Cultural and artistic appreciation: Celebrity involvement in arts and culture can introduce children to various art forms, encouraging creative expression and exploration.

· Entertainment and escapism: Enjoyment of celebrity news can provide children with a form of entertainment and relaxation, as long as it is balanced with other activities.

· Career aspirations: Exposure to successful celebrities in various fields can inspire children to pursue their passions and work hard to achieve their goals.

6. "Advertisements of toys and fast foods are obstacles to children’s physical and mental development, and, at the same time, cause loss of time and money of parents." Give your opinion in no less than 250 words.

Advertisements: Obstacles to Children's Development


· Excessive consumerism: Encourages materialistic values and creates a sense of constant desire for new toys and fast food, impacting children's emotional development.

· Unhealthy habits: Promotes the consumption of fast foods, leading to poor dietary choices and potential health issues like obesity.

· Influence on behavior: Manipulates children's preferences and demands, putting pressure on parents to fulfill their desires.


· Entertainment and imagination: Some toy advertisements spark creativity and imaginative play, fostering cognitive development.

· Socialization: Advertisements may introduce children to shared interests, facilitating social bonding with peers over popular toys and fast-food items.

· Parental control: Responsible parents can guide their children's exposure to ads, using them as teachable moments to promote critical thinking.

Advertisements: Loss of Time and Money for Parents


· Pestering power: Children's incessant requests for advertised toys and fast foods can create stress for parents and lead to impulsive spending.

· Financial burden: Frequent purchases driven by advertising can strain family budgets, diverting funds from essential needs.

· Diminished family time: Constant exposure to ads may lead to increased screen time, reducing quality family interactions.


· Informed choices: Advertisements provide parents with information about new products and offerings, aiding decision-making.

· Choice of convenience: Fast-food ads may help time-constrained parents find quick meal solutions during busy days.

· Parental discretion: Ultimately, parents have the final say in what their children consume, and ads merely act as influencers.


Advertisements undoubtedly have a profound impact on children's development and family dynamics. While they can lead to excessive consumerism, unhealthy habits, and increased financial burden, they are not solely negative. Some advertisements foster creativity, socialization, and informed decision-making.

7. Many people believe that social networking sites (such as Facebook) have had a huge negative impact on both individuals and society.

To what extent do you agree?

Negative Impact of Social Networking Sites:

  1. Mental health effects:

    • Increased anxiety and stress from social comparison.

    • Addiction and dependency on constant validation.

    • Cyberbullying leading to emotional trauma.

  2. Privacy and security concerns:

    • Breach of personal data and identity theft.

    • Risks of online scams and fraud.

    • Exposure to potential predators.

  3. Reduced face-to-face interactions:

    • Diminished social skills and empathy.

    • Weakening of real-life relationships.

    • Social isolation and loneliness.

  4. Spread of misinformation:

    • Proliferation of fake news and conspiracy theories.

    • Amplification of rumors and unverified information.

    • Erosion of trust in reliable sources.

  5. Productivity and academic performance:

    • Distraction and time-wasting on social media.

    • Decline in work and study efficiency.

    • Negative impact on grades and performance.

Positive Impact of Social Networking Sites:

  1. Global connectivity and communication:

    • Facilitating instant connections worldwide.

    • Bridging gaps between cultures and countries.

    • Enabling support during crises and disasters.

  2. Empowerment and awareness:

    • Platform for social and political activism.

    • Raising awareness for important causes.

    • Amplifying marginalized voices.

  3. Educational opportunities:

    • Access to diverse learning resources.

    • Online courses and educational communities.

    • Knowledge-sharing and collaborative projects.

  4. Business and entrepreneurship:

    • Marketing and reaching target audiences.

    • Networking and business expansion opportunities.

    • Fostering innovation and start-up growth.

  5. Social support and mental health benefits:

    • Finding like-minded communities and support groups.

    • Sharing experiences and seeking advice.

    • Reducing feelings of social isolation.


While there are undeniable negative aspects of social networking sites, I believe that the positive impact cannot be ignored. However, it is crucial for individuals and society to approach these platforms with caution and awareness to mitigate the potential harms and fully harness the benefits they offer.

4 views0 comments

Recent Posts

See All

IELTS Essay-wise Ideas on WORK

WORK 1. Unemployment remains the biggest challenge to school-leavers in most countries’ How far do you agree with this assessment? What other challenges face young people today? Agree: Unemployment as

IELTS Essay-wise Ideas on TRAVEL / TOURISM

20. TRAVEL/TOURISM 1. Many people believe that international tourism is a bad thing for their own countries. What are the reasons? What are the solutions to change negative attitudes? Reasons some pe


Rated 0 out of 5 stars.
No ratings yet

Add a rating
© Copyright©©
© Copyright
bottom of page