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IELTS Essay-wise Ideas on TRAVEL / TOURISM


1. Many people believe that international tourism is a bad thing for their own countries. What are the reasons? What are the solutions to change negative attitudes?

Reasons some people believe international tourism is bad for their own countries:

· Cultural impact: Fear of losing or diluting local traditions and cultural identity due to foreign influences.

· Environmental concerns: Over-tourism leading to degradation of natural landscapes and increased pollution.

· Economic inequality: Tourism revenues may not benefit local communities evenly, leading to wealth disparity.

· Infrastructure strain: Overcrowding and pressure on public facilities and services.

· Rise in living costs: Inflation driven by tourist demand, making life expensive for locals.

· Loss of authenticity: Commercialization of local attractions and experiences may diminish their authenticity.

Solutions to change negative attitudes towards international tourism:

· Sustainable tourism practices: Promote eco-friendly initiatives to minimize environmental impact.

· Community involvement: Ensure locals have a say in tourism planning and share in the economic benefits.

· Cultural preservation: Implement measures to safeguard and promote local traditions and heritage.

· Education and awareness: Educate both tourists and locals about responsible tourism practices.

· Diversify tourism offerings: Encourage tourists to explore lesser-known regions and experiences.

· Infrastructure development: Invest in improving infrastructure to accommodate tourism without straining local resources.

Opinion: Balancing the benefits and drawbacks of international tourism:

· International tourism can indeed have negative effects, but it also brings significant economic benefits, cultural exchange, and global understanding.

· To address concerns, sustainable and responsible tourism practices should be promoted, focusing on preservation and equitable distribution of benefits.

· Involving local communities in decision-making can ensure their needs are considered, and tourism becomes a collaborative effort.

· By educating both tourists and locals about responsible travel, we can foster mutual respect and appreciation, mitigating negative impacts.

· Governments and tourism authorities should aim for a well-managed tourism industry that respects and enhances the country's natural and cultural assets.

2. Restricting air travel is the only way to prevent air pollution. Do you agree?

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task and write at least 250 words.

Restricting Air Travel: A Solution to Prevent Air Pollution?

For restricting air travel:

1. Environmental Impact: Air travel contributes significantly to greenhouse gas emissions and air pollution, affecting climate change and public health.

2. Resource Depletion: Airports and aviation demand vast amounts of land, water, and energy resources, leading to environmental degradation.

3. Overcrowded Airspace: Limiting air travel can reduce congestion in crowded airspace, enhancing safety and efficiency.

4. Encouraging Alternatives: Restricting air travel can promote the use of more sustainable transportation options like trains and buses.

5. Local Pollution Reduction: Airports often generate noise and local pollution, negatively impacting nearby communities' quality of life.

6. Climate Justice: The environmental burden of air travel falls disproportionately on vulnerable populations, restricting it can address social inequality.

Against restricting air travel:

1. Economic Impact: Air travel is a vital industry, providing jobs and boosting economies through tourism and trade.

2. Technological Advancements: Continued research and development can lead to more fuel-efficient aircraft and alternative aviation fuels, reducing emissions.

3. Global Connectivity: Air travel connects people and cultures globally, fostering understanding and cooperation.

4. Emergency Response: Air travel is crucial for rapid emergency response, facilitating disaster relief and medical transportation.

5. Business and Education: Limiting air travel can hinder business growth and opportunities for international education and collaboration.

6. Individual Freedom: Restricting air travel may infringe on personal freedom and travel choices.

Opinion: While restricting air travel entirely may not be feasible or desirable, a balanced approach is crucial to tackle air pollution. Implementing measures like promoting sustainable aviation technologies, improving infrastructure, and encouraging alternatives can help mitigate the environmental impact while ensuring continued global connectivity and economic growth.

3. Tourism is always a force for good which enables people of different countries to understand each other.'

To what extent do you agree with this idea?

  1. Economic Benefits: Tourism boosts local economies, creating jobs and supporting businesses, leading to improved living standards.

  2. Preservation of Culture: Tourism often incentivizes the preservation of traditional customs, arts, and heritage as they become valuable attractions.

  3. Peaceful Relations: Positive tourism experiences can contribute to peaceful international relations and reduce conflicts.

  4. Educational Value: Traveling exposes individuals to new ideas, perspectives, and histories, broadening their knowledge and awareness.


  1. Cultural Commodification: In some cases, tourism commodifies cultures, reducing them to mere spectacles for profit, leading to cultural appropriation.

  2. Environmental Impact: Mass tourism can result in environmental degradation, harming natural habitats and ecosystems.

  3. Exploitative Practices: Tourism can lead to exploitation of local communities, such as through low-wage jobs and unfair business practices.

  4. Unequal Benefits: The economic benefits of tourism may not be evenly distributed, concentrating wealth in certain regions and leaving others impoverished.

  5. Tourist Bubbles: Tourist areas may create artificial environments that don't reflect the authentic culture of a country.

  6. Over-tourism: Excessive tourism can strain infrastructure, cause overcrowding, and diminish the quality of life for local residents.

Opinion: Tourism can indeed be a powerful force for cross-cultural understanding when managed responsibly and sustainably. It has the potential to create positive interactions between people from different countries, promoting empathy and breaking down stereotypes. Additionally, tourism can stimulate economic growth and help preserve cultural heritage. However, to fully realize these benefits, it is crucial to address the negative impacts of tourism, such as over-commercialization, environmental damage, and exploitation. Governments, businesses, and tourists themselves must strive to embrace sustainable practices and respect the local culture and environment to ensure that tourism remains a force for good in promoting mutual understanding between nations.

Traveling Abroad

  • Exposure to diverse cultures and traditions.

  • Opportunity to explore new landscapes and environments.

  • Experience different cuisines and culinary delights.

  • Broadens global perspective and understanding.

  • Chance to meet people from various backgrounds.

  • Creates memorable and unique experiences.

Traveling Within Own Country

  • Promotes domestic tourism and supports local economies.

  • Appreciation of one's own culture and heritage.

  • Opportunity to explore hidden gems and lesser-known places.

  • Cost-effective and reduces travel time.

  • Enhanced sense of national pride and identity.

  • Encourages sustainable and responsible travel.

Opinion: Traveling Abroad

  • Exposure to diverse cultures enriches personal growth.

  • Discovering new places stimulates curiosity and learning.

  • Building connections with people from different backgrounds is rewarding.

  • The adventure of exploring foreign lands creates unforgettable memories.

  • Appreciating the world's vastness fosters humility and open-mindedness.

  • Traveling abroad brings excitement and a sense of exploration.

5."By investing in tourism we can earn a lot of revenue and growth in national economy. At the same time it destroys the local culture. What is your opinion?" Give your opinion in no less than 250 words.


1. Economic Growth and Revenue:

· Tourism boosts foreign exchange earnings and creates job opportunities.

· Income from tourism can be invested in infrastructure and other sectors.

2. Diversification of Economy:

· Reduces reliance on a single industry, promoting economic resilience.

· Encourages the growth of related industries like hospitality and transportation.

3. Cultural Exchange:

· Tourism facilitates cultural interactions and promotes understanding between nations.

· Local communities benefit from sharing their traditions and heritage with visitors.

4. Infrastructure Development:

· Tourism demands improved infrastructure, benefiting locals and travelers alike.

· Modern amenities and facilities enhance the overall quality of life in the region.

5. Preservation of Heritage:

· Tourism can incentivize the preservation of historical sites and cultural landmarks.

· Heritage sites gain attention and funding, preventing neglect and deterioration.

6. Social and Environmental Awareness:

· Exposure to diverse cultures and environments fosters global consciousness.

· Responsible tourism practices promote environmental conservation.


1. Cultural Erosion:

· Mass tourism can lead to the commercialization and dilution of local cultures.

· Tourist-driven activities may replace authentic traditions, eroding heritage.

2. Environmental Degradation:

· Over-tourism strains ecosystems, leading to pollution and habitat destruction.

· Sensitive natural areas may suffer irreparable damage from excessive visitors.

3. Income Disparities:

· Tourism often concentrates wealth in the hands of few, exacerbating inequality.

· Local communities may not benefit proportionally from tourism revenue.

4. Loss of Identity:

· Commercialized tourism can overshadow a region's unique identity.

· Communities may prioritize catering to tourists over preserving their way of life.

5. Seasonal Employment:

· Tourism jobs may be seasonal and low-paying, leading to job insecurity.

· Dependence on tourism can lead to economic instability during off-seasons.

6. Infrastructure Strain:

· Tourism influx can strain resources, causing issues like water scarcity.

· Overburdened infrastructure may not adequately support the local population.


My opinion is that tourism can bring substantial economic benefits and foster cultural exchange. However, it must be carefully managed to prevent negative consequences such as cultural erosion, environmental degradation, and income disparities. Emphasizing sustainable and responsible tourism practices is crucial to ensure that economic growth aligns with the preservation of local culture and the environment. A balanced approach can allow countries to harness the advantages of tourism while safeguarding their unique identities and natural heritage.

7. Today more people are travelling than ever before. Why is this the case? What are the benefits of travelling for the traveller?

Reasons for Increased Travel:

  1. Globalization and Connectivity:

    • Advancements in transportation and technology have made travel more accessible.

    • Improved connectivity allows people to reach distant destinations quickly.

  2. Economic Growth and Rising Income:

    • Growing economies have led to an increase in disposable income.

    • More people can afford travel for leisure and exploration.

  3. Online Travel Resources:

    • Online booking platforms and travel agencies make trip planning easier.

    • Access to information and reviews helps travelers make informed decisions.

  4. Cultural Exchange and Education:

    • Travel offers exposure to diverse cultures, fostering cross-cultural understanding.

    • Educational tourism allows individuals to learn about history, art, and traditions.

  5. Work and Business Opportunities:

    • Globalization has led to an increase in business travel and international assignments.

    • Work-related trips offer networking opportunities and professional growth.

  6. Social Media Influence:

    • Social media platforms inspire wanderlust and influence travel choices.

    • People share travel experiences, encouraging others to explore new destinations.

Benefits of Traveling for the Traveler:

  1. Personal Growth and Development:

    • Travel exposes individuals to new perspectives and challenges their comfort zones.

    • Adaptability and problem-solving skills improve through travel experiences.

  2. Stress Reduction and Well-being:

    • Travel provides an escape from daily routines, reducing stress and promoting relaxation.

    • Visiting natural destinations can have positive effects on mental health.

  3. Cultural Enrichment:

    • Immersion in different cultures enhances empathy and appreciation for diversity.

    • Exposure to art, music, and cuisine broadens cultural horizons.

  4. Creating Memorable Experiences:

    • Traveling allows individuals to create lasting memories with loved ones.

    • Unique experiences and adventures become cherished stories to share.

  5. Gaining Perspective:

    • Seeing the world firsthand helps travelers understand global issues better.

    • Appreciation for their own home country and culture deepens.

  6. Building Social Connections:

    • Travel offers opportunities to meet new people and form international friendships.

    • Shared experiences foster social bonds and a sense of belonging.

Overall, the increase in travel can be attributed to greater connectivity, improved economic conditions, and the desire for personal growth and exploration. Traveling benefits individuals by broadening their horizons, enriching their lives culturally, and contributing to their overall well-being and happiness.

7. Foreign visitors should pay more than local visitors for cultural and historical attractions. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this opinion?

Agree: Foreign Visitors Pay More

1. Tourism Revenue Boost:

· Foreign visitors typically have higher spending capacity, leading to increased revenue for maintaining and preserving cultural attractions.

2. Supports Local Economy:

· Charging higher fees to foreign tourists can contribute to the local economy, benefiting businesses and residents in the area.

3. Resource Management:

· Higher fees for foreign visitors can help manage tourist influx, reducing strain on delicate historical sites and ensuring sustainable tourism.

4. Fairness for Locals:

· Charging more to foreign tourists ensures that locals, who might have limited financial resources, can access their own cultural heritage at a more affordable rate.

5. Promotes Cultural Exchange:

· Foreign tourists may value the attractions more if they pay higher fees, leading to a deeper appreciation and cultural understanding.

6. Preserving Authenticity:

· Limiting access by charging higher fees can help preserve the authenticity and integrity of cultural sites, preventing overcrowding and commercialization.

Disagree: Equal Fees for All Visitors

1. Promotes Inclusivity:

· Charging equal fees promotes inclusivity and ensures that cultural heritage remains accessible to all, regardless of their nationality.

2. Cultural Diplomacy:

· Treating all visitors equally fosters goodwill and positive international relations, promoting cultural diplomacy.

3. Avoiding Discrimination:

· Differentiating fees based on nationality can lead to perceived discrimination and negatively impact a country's image.

4. Sustainable Tourism:

· Charging equal fees encourages responsible and sustainable tourism, as it does not overly rely on one group for funding.

5. Encourages Domestic Tourism:

· Equal fees can motivate locals to visit and appreciate their own heritage, fostering a stronger connection with their culture.

6. Enhances Tourism Experience:

· Cultural attractions are often best experienced when people from different backgrounds can interact and share their perspectives.


· I agree with the idea of charging higher fees for foreign visitors at cultural and historical attractions to some extent, but it should be done thoughtfully and with consideration for sustainability and fairness. Differentiating fees can help manage resources and support the local economy, but it should not create barriers to cultural exchange or lead to discrimination. A balanced approach that encourages inclusivity and responsible tourism while preserving cultural heritage is ideal.

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