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1. Some people say that cities are a better place for children to grow up, while others believe countryside is the right choice. Discuss both views.

Viewpoint 1: Cities are a better place for children to grow up

1. Access to quality education: Cities typically have better educational facilities, including schools, libraries, and extracurricular activities, providing children with more diverse learning opportunities.

2. Cultural diversity: Urban areas expose children to a wide range of cultures, traditions, and languages, fostering tolerance and open-mindedness from an early age.

3. Recreational activities: Cities offer various recreational options such as parks, museums, theaters, and sports facilities, enhancing children's overall development and creativity.

4. Networking opportunities: Growing up in cities allows children to interact with a larger social circle, making it easier to build friendships and develop communication skills.

5. Public services: Urban areas often have better access to healthcare facilities, emergency services, and public infrastructure, ensuring children's well-being and safety.

Viewpoint 2: Countryside is the right choice for children to grow up

1. Natural environment: The countryside provides a cleaner and quieter atmosphere with abundant green spaces, which can positively impact children's physical and mental health.

2. Strong community bonds: Rural communities tend to be more tightly-knit, fostering a sense of belonging and support for children as they grow up.

3. Less exposure to urban issues: Countryside living may shield children from certain urban problems like pollution, traffic, and crime, contributing to a less stressful upbringing.

4. Outdoor activities: The countryside offers ample opportunities for outdoor play, exploration, and connection with nature, promoting a healthier lifestyle.

5. Life skills: Living in rural areas can teach children essential life skills, such as self-sufficiency, responsibility, and an appreciation for nature and agriculture.

Opinion (Balanced view):

Both city and countryside living offer unique advantages for children's growth and development. Cities provide access to diverse opportunities, education, and a vibrant cultural environment, preparing children for a globalized world. On the other hand, the countryside offers a peaceful and nature-rich environment, fostering strong community bonds and essential life skills. The best choice depends on individual preferences, values, and the specific needs of each child. A balanced approach could involve combining the benefits of both settings, allowing children to experience the best of both worlds if feasible.

2. Nowadays children spend more time playing computer games than doing sports. Why is it happening? Does it have a positive or negative effect on their development?

Reasons for children spending more time playing computer games than doing sports:

1. Technological advancement: The increasing availability of computers, gaming consoles, and mobile devices makes video games easily accessible and attractive to children.

2. Entertainment value: Video games often provide immersive and interactive experiences, offering instant gratification and entertainment, which can be enticing to children.

3. Social interaction: Online multiplayer games allow children to connect with friends and peers from different locations, enhancing their social interactions.

4. Sedentary lifestyle: Playing computer games requires less physical exertion compared to sports, making it a convenient option for children who prefer indoor activities.

5. Busy schedules: Academic pressures, extracurricular commitments, and parental work schedules may leave children with limited time for sports, leading them to opt for more time-efficient gaming.

Effects on their development:

Positive effects:

· Cognitive skills: Some video games can improve problem-solving, strategic thinking, and decision-making abilities.

· Hand-eye coordination: Certain games require precise movements, enhancing fine motor skills and coordination.

· Social skills: Online gaming can facilitate teamwork, communication, and collaboration with other players.

Negative effects:

· Sedentary lifestyle: Excessive gaming can contribute to a lack of physical activity, leading to health issues like obesity and poor fitness.

· Academic performance: Spending too much time on games may negatively impact academic focus and performance.

· Addiction risk: Some children may develop gaming addiction, leading to neglect of other essential activities and responsibilities.

Overall, the effect of children spending more time playing computer games than doing sports depends on moderation and balance.

1. Children do not respect their parents as much as they did in the past. This behaviour is now having a negative impact on society.

Negative Impact on Society:

· Erosion of traditional values and family bonds.

· Increase in conflicts and generational gaps.

· Decline in moral and ethical standards.

· Reduced support for elderly parents.

· Weakening of the family as a fundamental social unit.

Positive Impact on Society:

· Encouragement of independent thinking and decision-making.

· Promotion of open communication and expression of opinions.

· Shift towards a more egalitarian society.

· Increased focus on individual growth and self-discovery.

· Potential for breaking oppressive cultural norms.


· Finding a balance between respect for parents and fostering individuality is crucial.

· Encouraging mutual understanding and empathy can bridge the gap.

· Society should promote respectful communication within families.

· Cultivating a sense of responsibility towards parents can strengthen social cohesion.

· Emphasizing the importance of cultural heritage while adapting to evolving values can lead to a harmonious society.

2. Some people think that a sense of competition in children should be encouraged. Others believe that children who are taught to co-operate rather than compete become more useful adults. Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.

Encouraging a Sense of Competition in Children:

  • Fosters ambition and a drive to excel.

  • Prepares children to face real-world challenges.

  • Develops resilience and the ability to handle failure.

  • Stimulates innovation and creativity.

  • Can lead to the discovery of individual talents and strengths.

Teaching Children to Cooperate Instead of Compete:

  • Builds strong teamwork and social skills.

  • Promotes a sense of empathy and consideration for others.

  • Creates a supportive and inclusive environment.

  • Reduces stress and anxiety associated with intense competition.

  • Encourages collective problem-solving and community building.


  • Both competition and cooperation are valuable skills that children should develop.

  • A healthy sense of competition can motivate children to strive for excellence.

  • However, excessive competition can lead to stress and negatively impact mental well-being.

  • Encouraging cooperation and teamwork fosters a sense of community and compassion.

  • Striking a balance between competition and cooperation is essential for holistic development.

  • Schools and parents should emphasize both aspects to prepare children for diverse real-world scenarios.

Overall, children should be taught to appreciate the value of both competition and cooperation, recognizing that different situations may require different approaches. This balanced approach can help them become well-rounded and adaptable individuals, equipped to navigate various aspects of life successfully.

3. "Children are facing more pressures nowadays from academic, social and commercial perspectives.

What are the causes of these pressures and what measures should be taken to reduce these pressures?

Causes of Increased Pressures on Children:

  • Academic competition: High expectations to excel academically can lead to stress and anxiety.

  • Social media and peer pressure: Comparison on social platforms can contribute to feelings of inadequacy.

  • Consumer culture: Materialistic values may lead to the desire for constant acquisition.

  • Parental expectations: Pressure to meet parental aspirations can be overwhelming.

  • Educational system: Rigorous testing and performance-based evaluation may add to the burden.

Measures to Reduce Pressures on Children:

  • Rethink education: Focus on holistic development rather than just academic achievements.

  • Promote emotional well-being: Introduce emotional intelligence and mental health support in schools.

  • Limit social media exposure: Encourage healthy online habits and minimize the impact of peer comparisons.

  • Cultivate individual interests: Support children in pursuing activities they enjoy, not solely driven by commercialism.

  • Parental support: Foster open communication and understanding, avoiding excessive pressure.

  • Encourage play and downtime: Allow children to relax and recharge without overwhelming schedules.

  • Limit commercial influence: Regulate advertising aimed at children to reduce materialistic pressures.

  • Education on media literacy: Teach children to critically assess advertising messages.

By implementing these measures, society can create a healthier and more balanced environment for children, easing their pressures and promoting their overall well-being.

6."Mothers play key roles in the upbringing of children. But in the recent times both parents are getting busy with professional life. Who in your opinion should take the responsibility of child care now?" Give your opinion in no less than 250 words.

Mothers' Role in Child Upbringing:

  • Nurturing and emotional support.

  • Biological bond and breastfeeding advantages.

  • Traditionally seen as the primary caregiver.

  • Psychological benefits of a strong mother-child bond.

  • Historical societal expectations.

Fathers' Role in Child Upbringing:

  • Providing a different perspective and parenting style.

  • Role modeling for gender equality and shared responsibilities.

  • Active involvement in child development.

  • Supporting children's independence and confidence.

  • Breaking traditional gender roles for progressive parenting.

Opinion: Shared Responsibility for Childcare

  • Equal involvement of both parents benefits children.

  • Balancing work and family responsibilities for a harmonious life.

  • Childcare responsibilities can strengthen the parent-child bond.

  • Encouraging open communication and collaboration between parents.

  • Flexible parenting roles based on each parent's strengths.

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