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Floods /A flood I have witnessed / Floods in Bangladesh(Paragraph / Composition / Essay )

Updated: Apr 9

Paragraph Writing



Bangladesh is a land of rivers. Her lands are also low lying. So floods visit this country almost every year. Flood is a natural calamity. The excessive overflow of water that carries away houses, uproots trees and plants and damages crops is called flood. There are many causes of flood. They are heavy rainfall, tidal waves, terrible storm, earthquakes, snow melt etc. Flood causes heavy damage to life and property of the people. It washes away villages and towns. The streets, roads and houses go under water during flood. People suffer much and their normal life is disturbed. The after effects of flood are very dangerous. People do not get pure drinking water. So, various kinds of diseases break out in the flood affected areas. Famine also breaks out in those areas. Flood does some good to us by bringing much silt and making land fertile. In our country flood means a terrible misfortune. The people of Bangladesh cannot forget the terrible floods that occurred in 1954, 1955, 1960, 1962, 1969, 1970, 1974, 1980, 1984, 1987, and 1988. The flood of 1998 affected almost all the districts of Bangladesh. We must find out a solution of this problem.



Model Answer-2

A flood I have witnessed

Bangladesh is a riverine country. Flood is one of the destructive natural calamities. Ours is a low country on the mouth of Bay of Bengal. Flood occurs almost every year in our country. Heavy rainfall is the main cause of floods. I have an experience about the severity of flood. Two years ago, during a rainy season, all of our family members went to our village to spend the vacation. There was excessive rainfall in the village. But the sudden increase of water in the rivers overflowed their banks and submerged the land. The flood water washed away houses, ruined crops, uprooted the trees and destroyed men and cattle. Many people were rendered homeless and many lives were lost. That flood broke all the records of the past. The whole country was inundated. All communication was cut off. So, the sufferings of the people knew no bounds. The after effects were even more dangerous. Epidemic and famine broke out in the village. People suffered from lack of drinking water. There was scarcity of foods, clothes, medicines and so on. The dead body of man and animal were here and there. In one word, the situation of the whole country was horrifying. It was really a sad episode of my life. I will never forget it for its devastation.

Model Answer-3


When the flaw of water increases then usual, vast areas of the riverbank go under water and we call it flood. Bangladesh has hundreds of rivers so flood is a very common phenomenon in our country. It occurs almost in every rainy season. The low lying areas are the main victim of flood. Last year we witnessed a horrible month long flood. It was the month of June, The northern region of the country was under water. Manikganj was the most affected area. Reports came in newspapers and satellite channels about the poor condition of the people of that region and we wanted to help them. So, I along with some of my friend of our school collected relief materials and went to Manikganj to aid the poor flood affected people. Going there we saw the devastation of flood with our own eyes. About 80 percent area of the district was under water. Crops of about 10,000 hectors of land was washed away. Many dead animals were seen floating on the water. People were in miserable condition, man and animal living together in the flood shelters or in some educational institutes. They were suffering in want of food, shelter and medicine. Water spread diseases were spreading at an alarming rate. We tried to help them as much as we could but it was really inadequate. The government relief was not enough also and it was clear that they would have to suffer more. People of all walks of life should come forward in such calamities to remove the distress of the suffering people because one day we might also fall victim to it.

Composition / Essay Writing

Floods in Bangladesh


The excessive over flow of water that carries away our houses, uproots our trees and plants and damages our crops is called flood.  It is a state of a country when a vast area of her goes under water. It causes immense damage to live and properties of people. Bangladesh is a low plain land. Many rivers flow over her. As a result, she is often visited by floods. Sometimes there are floods for some days and even for months.


There are many causes of floods. The main cause of floods is heavy rainfall. In the rainy season, it often rains cats and dogs. Pools, canals and rivers are filled up and can hold no more water. So, the rain-water overflows the banks of the canals and rivers and stands on the field. Sometimes snow melts in mountains. The water flows down the rivers and floods the houses and crops of the country. In Bangladesh floods are mainly caused due to heavy rains. So, floods visit almost every year in Bangladesh.


Flood causes a great havoc. It washes away houses, crops and uproots trees. Communication is cut off. People can not go from one place to another without boat. Innumerable cattle are swept away causing much suffering to the farmers. People die for want of proper food, drink and medicine. The after-effect of flood is not less terrible- Famine breaks out in the wake of flood and many people die without flood. After the flood epidemic diseases like cholera, dysentery, diarrhea and fever break out on the flood affected areas. Scarcity of drinking water causes great suffering of the people. On the other hand, flood has same good effects also. It makes land fertile. Crops and vegetables grow in abundance in these fertile lands. Some uncultivable lands become cultivable after the flood.


Flood is a natural calamity. Man has no power to stop it. Man can lessen its fury. He can control it. At first, the shallow river beds of should be dredged and deepened so that the overflow of water may be stopped. Embankments should be constructed on the bank of the rivers. A large number of sluices and outlets should be made across the high loads and railway tracks so that rain water can easily pass through them.


Relief measures are taken for flood affected people. Money, food, cloth, drinking water, medicine etc. should be distributed among them. A well planned irrigation system will go a long way to reduce the extent and fury of flood. Free seeds are supplied to the cultivators. These measures mitigate the sufferings of the people to some extent


In the year of 1987, 1988, 1991 and 1998 devastating floods occurred in Bangladesh. But the recent flood of 2004 was the most dangerous. The flood-water rose above the danger level for about 80 days.


In Bangladesh floods cause a huge loss, almost every year. If we cannot check the huge loss that flood causes to our country every year, our development is well nigh impossible. So we should co-operate our government in controlling flood at best and then Bangladesh may be saved from the house of flood.




                                                        Floods in Bangladesh


Floods in Bangladesh, characterized by the excessive overflow of water that engulfs homes, uproots trees and damages crops, represent a catastrophic event of significant proportions. This phenomenon, which submerges a vast area of the country, wreaks unimaginable havoc upon the lives and properties of its inhabitants. Due to the topography of the region, which is characterized by low plain lands traversed by numerous rivers, Bangladesh is vulnerable to recurring floods that last for days or even months on end.


A deluge of causes, including heavy rainfall and snowmelt from mountains, is responsible for this cataclysmic event. In the rainy season, downpours are frequent and heavy, saturating pools, canals and rivers beyond their holding capacity. Consequently, excess water spills over the banks of these water bodies, inundating the fields and causing widespread destruction. While there are a variety of factors contributing to floods, in Bangladesh, heavy rainfall is the most significant cause, leading to recurrent flooding every year.


The aftermath of a flood is devastating, with houses, crops, and trees swept away in its wake. Communication and transportation systems are disrupted, leaving people stranded and cut off from essential resources. Livestock is frequently carried away, exacerbating the difficulties faced by farmers. People suffer from a lack of food, potable water, and medical supplies, leading to disease and even death. The impact of floods extends beyond the event itself, causing famine and the spread of deadly diseases, such as cholera, dysentery, diarrhea, and fever.


Nevertheless, floods can also have beneficial effects on land. They can create fertile grounds that support the growth of crops and vegetables, and make formerly uncultivable lands arable.


As a natural calamity, floods cannot be halted, but their severity can be reduced through the implementation of effective measures. To mitigate their effects, shallow river beds should be dredged and deepened to prevent water overflow. Embankments should be constructed to line the riverbanks, and numerous sluices and outlets should be built on high loads and railway tracks to facilitate the drainage of rainwater.


To aid those affected by floods, relief measures such as monetary aid, food, clothing, medicine, and potable water must be distributed. A well-planned irrigation system would also prove instrumental in reducing the extent and severity of floods. The provision of free seeds to cultivators would further alleviate the suffering of the people.


The history of floods in Bangladesh reveals a bleak picture. Devastating floods have occurred in 1987, 1988, 1991, 1998, and most recently in 2004, when the floodwaters exceeded the danger level for 80 days.


In the face of this recurring disaster, it is imperative that measures are taken to check the losses incurred annually. Failure to do so will hinder Bangladesh's development. Therefore, a concerted effort, including the cooperation of the government and its citizens, must be undertaken to combat this recurring calamity and prevent the country from being submerged by floods.

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