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ELTS Essay-wise Ideas on GOVERNMENT


1. Some People think that the government is wasting money on the arts and that this money could be better spent elsewhere. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Agree - Government wasting money on the arts:

  1. Funding priorities: Funds could be redirected to urgent social welfare programs and infrastructure development.

  2. Private sponsorship: Encourage private sector involvement to support the arts, relieving the burden on public funds.

  3. Economic impact: Arts funding may not yield direct economic returns compared to investments in other sectors.

  4. Limited audience: Arts may cater to a niche audience, while other areas benefit the broader population.

  5. Opportunity cost: Money spent on the arts means potential sacrifices in essential services.

  6. Budget deficit: Diverting funds to the arts might exacerbate existing budgetary imbalances.

Disagree - Importance of arts funding:

  1. Cultural enrichment: Arts contribute to a nation's cultural identity and preservation of traditions.

  2. Creative industries: Arts investments can foster thriving creative sectors and boost employment opportunities.

  3. Tourism attraction: Cultural events and artistic expressions attract tourists, stimulating the economy.

  4. Education and expression: Arts promote critical thinking, creativity, and emotional expression in society.

  5. Social cohesion: Artistic endeavors encourage unity and understanding among diverse communities.

  6. Soft power and international relations: Supporting the arts enhances a country's global influence and reputation.

Opinion: I partially agree with the argument that the government could allocate funds more efficiently; however, I firmly believe that arts funding is crucial for cultural preservation, economic growth, and social development. Striking a balance between supporting the arts and addressing other societal needs is essential for a holistic approach to governance.

2. Some people think governments should take measures to improve the health of its citizens. Others think it must be managed by individuals. Discuss both sides and give your opinion.

Government-led health measures:

  1. Public health initiatives: Governments can implement widespread programs such as vaccination drives, disease prevention campaigns, and health education to improve overall well-being.

  2. Healthcare infrastructure: Investing in healthcare facilities, hospitals, and medical research can enhance the nation's health system.

  3. Regulations and policies: Governments can enforce regulations on food safety, environmental standards, and healthcare access to protect citizens' health.

  4. Equitable healthcare: State intervention ensures that healthcare is accessible and affordable for all citizens, reducing disparities in health outcomes.

  5. Crisis management: Governments play a crucial role in handling pandemics and emergencies, coordinating responses and allocating resources.

Individual responsibility for health:

  1. Personal choices: Individuals should adopt healthier lifestyles, including balanced diets, exercise, and avoiding harmful habits like smoking and excessive drinking.

  2. Self-care and prevention: Taking preventive measures like regular health check-ups and early intervention can lead to better health outcomes.

  3. Health literacy: Promoting health education empowers individuals to make informed decisions about their well-being.

  4. Reduced burden on healthcare system: Individuals taking responsibility for their health can lessen the strain on public healthcare resources.

  5. Autonomy and freedom: Some argue that individuals should have the freedom to make their health choices without excessive government intervention.

Opinion: Both perspectives hold merit, and a balanced approach is necessary. Governments should indeed take measures to improve the health of citizens by providing essential healthcare infrastructure, promoting public health initiatives, and enforcing regulations. However, individual responsibility is equally vital. Encouraging health literacy, promoting healthy lifestyles, and fostering a sense of ownership over personal well-being empower citizens to take charge of their health. A collaborative effort between individuals and the government can create a healthier society, with shared responsibilities towards public well-being.

3. Few people devote time to hobbies nowadays. Why you think this is the case and what effect this has on the individual and society in general.

Reasons for declining time devoted to hobbies:

  1. Busy lifestyles: Modern life is often hectic, with demanding work schedules and personal commitments, leaving little time for leisure activities.

  2. Digital distractions: The prevalence of smartphones, social media, and online entertainment can consume leisure time, reducing engagement in hobbies.

  3. Work-life balance: Struggling to balance work and personal life can result in limited free time for pursuing hobbies.

  4. Changing priorities: People may prioritize other activities like socializing, travel, or career advancement over hobbies.

  5. Financial constraints: Some hobbies can be expensive, making them inaccessible to individuals facing financial challenges.

Effects on individuals:

  1. Stress and burnout: Without hobbies, individuals may experience higher stress levels and burnout from continuous work and responsibilities.

  2. Reduced creativity and fulfillment: Hobbies often provide outlets for creative expression and personal fulfillment, which may be lacking in other aspects of life.

  3. Mental health impact: Engaging in hobbies can have positive effects on mental well-being, and their absence may contribute to feelings of emptiness or dissatisfaction.

  4. Social isolation: Hobbies often involve social interactions, and without them, individuals may become more socially isolated.

  5. Unhealthy coping mechanisms: In the absence of productive hobbies, individuals might turn to unhealthy coping mechanisms to deal with stress and boredom.

Effects on society:

  1. Decreased social cohesion: Hobbies bring people together with shared interests, and a decline in such activities could weaken community bonds.

  2. Impact on creativity and innovation: Fewer hobbies may stifle creativity and innovation in society, as hobbies often inspire new ideas and skills.

  3. Healthcare implications: With fewer people engaging in physically active hobbies, there could be potential implications for public health and well-being.

  4. Economic impact: Hobbies can drive various industries, and reduced participation may affect related businesses and employment.

  5. Cultural preservation: Hobbies related to traditional arts and crafts play a role in preserving cultural heritage, which could be at risk if they decline.


The decline in the time devoted to hobbies can have detrimental effects on both individuals and society at large. It is essential to recognize the value of leisure activities and create a balanced lifestyle that allows for the pursuit of hobbies. Encouraging the importance of hobbies and providing support for individuals to engage in them can lead to a healthier, more fulfilled, and socially connected society.

4.Differences between countries are becoming less. Nowadays people all over the world are adopting similar fashion and trends. Do you think disadvantages outweigh the advantages?

Advantages of Global Fashion and Trends:

  • Cultural exchange and diversity appreciation.

  • Increased global connectivity and understanding.

  • Boost to international trade and economy.

  • Access to a wide variety of choices for consumers.

  • Fosters a sense of global community and unity.

  • Promotes creativity and innovation in the fashion industry.

Disadvantages of Global Fashion and Trends:

  • Loss of cultural identity and traditional practices.

  • Environmental impact from fast fashion and excessive consumption.

  • Homogenization of fashion, leading to lack of uniqueness.

  • Exploitation of labor in developing countries.

  • Negative body image and pressure to conform.

  • Risk of cultural appropriation and misrepresentation.

Opinion: In my opinion, while there are evident benefits to the global adoption of fashion and trends, the disadvantages do outweigh the advantages. The negative impact on cultural diversity, environment, and social well-being should be addressed through sustainable practices and respect for individual cultures.

4. Differences between countries are becoming less. Nowadays people all over the world are adopting similar fashion and trends. Do you think disadvantages outweigh the advantages?

Advantages of Reduced Differences and Global Fashion:

  • Enhanced cultural exchange and understanding.

  • Promotes a sense of unity and global community.

  • Facilitates easier communication and collaboration.

  • Simplifies international travel and relocation.

  • Boosts international trade and economic cooperation.

  • Fosters peace and reduces ethnocentrism.

Disadvantages of Reduced Differences and Global Fashion:

  • Loss of cultural uniqueness and identity.

  • Erosion of traditional values and practices.

  • Threat to indigenous industries and crafts.

  • Environmental impact from mass production and consumption.

  • Homogenization of cultures and loss of diversity.

  • Potential spread of harmful trends or ideologies.

Opinion: In my opinion, the disadvantages of reduced cultural differences and global fashion do outweigh the advantages. While global connectivity is valuable, preserving cultural diversity and addressing the negative consequences of mass consumption should be prioritized. Striking a balance between embracing global influences and safeguarding individual cultures is crucial for a more sustainable and culturally rich world.

6. "Should Government be responsible for providing pure drinking water to all or should the people obtain their own water?"

Government Responsibility for Pure Drinking Water:

  • Ensures equitable access to clean water for all citizens.

  • Reduces health risks and waterborne diseases.

  • Provides a basic human right and improves public health.

  • Allows for centralized water quality monitoring and regulation.

  • Helps vulnerable communities with limited resources.

Individual Responsibility for Obtaining Water:

  • Encourages water conservation and responsible usage.

  • Promotes self-sufficiency and personal accountability.

  • Relieves burden on government resources and budget.

  • Allows for diverse water sources to meet specific needs.

  • Provides an opportunity for innovation in water collection and purification.

Opinion: In my opinion, the government should take the primary responsibility for providing pure drinking water to all citizens. Access to clean water is a fundamental human right, and ensuring it is essential for public health and well-being. While individuals can play a role in water conservation and responsible usage, it is the government's duty to establish and maintain adequate infrastructure to meet the water needs of the entire population. Collaboration between the government, private sector, and individuals can lead to more efficient and sustainable water management systems.

7. Some people think that governments should give financial support to creative artists such as painters and musicians. Others believe that creative artists should be funded by alternative sources. Discuss both views and give your own opinion.

Financial Support by Governments:

· Cultural preservation: Governments have a responsibility to preserve and promote cultural heritage through funding artists.

· Artistic freedom: State support allows artists to pursue creative endeavors without commercial pressures.

· National identity: Government funding can nurture art that reflects and celebrates the nation's identity.

· Access to art: Financial aid ensures art remains accessible to the public, fostering appreciation.

· Economic impact: Art industries contribute to the economy; government support can boost this sector.

· Social enrichment: Government funding of art encourages a more vibrant and enriched society.

Funding by Alternative Sources:

· Private patronage: Encouraging private individuals and corporations to support artists.

· Art grants and scholarships: Establishing programs to assist artists without direct government intervention.

· Crowdfunding: Emphasizing the role of the public in supporting artists they appreciate.

· Art collaborations: Encouraging partnerships between artists and businesses for mutual benefit.

· Art sales and exhibitions: Promoting self-sustainability by generating income through sales and shows.

· Art foundations: Creating non-profit organizations to fund various artistic projects.

Opinion (Supporting Government Financial Support):

· Cultural preservation: Governments play a crucial role in safeguarding cultural heritage.

· Equal opportunity: Public funding ensures access and support for artists from diverse backgrounds.

· Long-term commitment: Government support offers stability and consistency for artists.

· National representation: State-backed art can represent the nation's unique perspectives.

· Economic significance: Art contributes to the economy, justifying government investment.

· Social impact: Publicly funded art enriches society, inspiring creativity and emotional expression.

8. In many cities the use of video cameras in public places is being increased in order to reduce crime, but some people believe that these measures restrict our individual freedom. Do the benefits of increased security outweigh the drawbacks?

Benefits of Increased Security:

· Crime prevention: Video cameras act as deterrents and reduce criminal activities in public areas.

· Evidence collection: Cameras provide valuable evidence for law enforcement to solve crimes.

· Public safety: Increased security fosters a sense of security and reassurance among the public.

· Efficient law enforcement: Cameras help law enforcement respond quickly to incidents.

· Crowd management: Video surveillance aids in managing large gatherings and events.

· Reduced costs: Preventing crime can save money spent on investigations and damage control.

Drawbacks of Increased Security:

· Privacy concerns: Surveillance infringes on individuals' right to privacy in public spaces.

· Misuse of data: There's potential for misuse or unauthorized access to surveillance data.

· Psychological impact: Constant monitoring can create a feeling of being constantly watched.

· False sense of security: Relying solely on cameras might neglect other crime prevention strategies.

· Technical limitations: Cameras may not always capture incidents clearly or prevent all crimes.

· Over-policing: Surveillance can lead to increased scrutiny of certain communities.

Opinion (Balancing Benefits and Drawbacks):

· Enhanced security: Increased surveillance can lead to a safer environment for citizens.

· Responsibly managed: Effective policies can protect privacy and prevent data misuse.

· Complementary measures: Cameras should complement other crime prevention strategies.

· Transparency: Public should be informed about surveillance usage and its effectiveness.

· Regular reviews: Periodic evaluations can assess the impact and necessity of surveillance.

· Striking a balance: Balancing security and individual freedom is essential for a just society.

Note: In your essay, remember to elaborate on each point and support your opinion with reasoned arguments and examples.

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