Concrete Nouns: The mountain stood majestically against the sky.
Abstract Nouns: His wisdom was evident in every decision he made.
Countable Nouns: There were three apples on the table.
Uncountable Nouns: She provided valuable advice before the interview.
Collective Nouns: The jury reached a unanimous decision.
Nouns can serve as subjects, objects, or possessive forms.
Proper nouns are capitalized.
Singular and plural forms indicate quantity.
Collective nouns may take singular or plural verbs based on context.
Abstract nouns express concepts and ideas.
Personal Pronouns: She is an excellent singer.
Possessive Pronouns: The car is mine.
Relative Pronouns: The person who called left a message.
Indefinite Pronouns: Some of the students completed their assignments.
Reflexive Pronouns: The cat groomed itself.
Pronouns replace nouns to avoid repetition.
Match the pronoun's gender and number with the noun it replaces.
Use subjective pronouns for subjects and objective pronouns for objects.
Possessive pronouns indicate ownership.
Reflexive pronouns refer back to the subject.
Action Verbs: She runs five miles every morning.
Linking Verbs: The flowers smell delightful.
Modal Verbs: You can attend the meeting.
Transitive Verbs: He bought a new car.
Intransitive Verbs: The bird sings beautifully.
Verbs express actions, states, or occurrences.
Verbs must agree with the subject in number and person.
Modal verbs indicate possibility, necessity, or ability.
Transitive verbs require a direct object.
Intransitive verbs do not require a direct object.
Descriptive Adjectives: The sunset was beautiful.
Demonstrative Adjectives: I like this book.
Quantitative Adjectives: There were several options.
Proper Adjectives: We enjoyed an Italian dinner.
Interrogative Adjectives: Which car is yours?
Adjectives modify or describe nouns or pronouns.
Adjectives can be used to compare two or more things.
They answer the questions: What kind? Which one? How many?
Proper adjectives are derived from proper nouns.
Interrogative adjectives introduce questions.
Adverbs of Manner: She spoke loudly during the presentation.
Adverbs of Frequency: He always arrives early.
Adverbs of Time: We will meet soon.
Adverbs of Degree: It was too hot outside.
Conjunctive Adverbs: However, he decided to join the team.
Adverbs modify verbs, adjectives, or other adverbs.
Adverbs often end in -ly, indicating manner.
Adverbs provide information about how, when, where, or to what extent.
Adverbs of frequency describe how often an action occurs.
Conjunctive adverbs connect clauses or sentences.
The cat is on the roof.
She walked through the forest.
The book is under the table.
We met at the coffee shop.
He is passionate about environmental issues.
Prepositions show the relationship between a noun/pronoun and other words in a sentence.
They often indicate location, time, or direction.
Prepositions are not used to end sentences with.
Some prepositions form idiomatic expressions with certain words.
The object of a preposition is the noun or pronoun that follows it.
She likes both tea and coffee.
I will go to the party if you come with me.
He didn't pass the exam because he didn't study.
Either you finish the project, or I will.
They worked hard yet didn't succeed.
Conjunctions connect words, phrases, or clauses.
Coordinating conjunctions connect similar elements.
Subordinating conjunctions introduce dependent clauses.
Correlative conjunctions come in pairs and connect similar words or groups of words.
Conjunctions are used to express relationships between ideas.
Wow, that was an amazing performance!
Oh, I see what you mean now.
Alas, the treasure was never found.
Yikes, that was a close call!
Hooray, we won the championship!
Interjections express strong emotions or reactions.
They are often followed by exclamation points or commas.
Interjections stand alone and are not grammatically connected to the rest of the sentence.
The tone of an interjection contributes to the overall mood of the sentence.
Interjections are used to convey feelings, surprise, or enthusiasm.