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  • Your Favourite Book/ A BOOK THAT IS FAVOURITE TO ME (Paragraph / Composition / Essay)

    Paragraph Writing Composition / Essay Writing A BOOK THAT IS FAVOURITE TO ME I have not read much. I cannot read every kind of book, I read only what I like very much. I like reading, for example, the poems of Nazrul and Tagore, the short stories of Tolstoy, the tales of Sherlock Holmes. And if I am asked to name one book as my favourite, I would mention Pickwick Papers by Charles Dickens. Mr. Pickwick is the central character of the story. But in this book, the story is rather unimportant. It is the detached incidents that absorb my interest. Mr. Pickwick with his three associates, Messrs Tupma, Shodgrass and Winkle forms the Pickwick Club. The story revolves around these Pickwickians. The characters are very life-like. Mr. Pickwick is genial and good natured and humane. Mr. Wardle is generous and hospitable. Sam Weller, Mr. Pickwick's devoted servant, with his peculiar articulation, is also quite agreeable. As the story comes to a close everything is concluded to the satisfaction of everybody. The conversations contained in the book are an example in themselves, they illustrate what has been called Pickwickian humour in literary language. For all this, 'Pickwick Papers' is my favourite book. I have read it many times. Every time it gives me immense pleasure and new experience. It also increases my interest to such an extent that I have got more interest to read books. Whenever I am in low spirits or out of sorts, I turn over some of the pages of this book and feel quite right and fresh. I cannot think that the book will seem to be dull even if I read it one hundred times. So this is my favourite book. And I suppose similar feelings are cherished by a thousand others who have gone through it. It must be their favourite book as well. Some other books are also favourite to me. But it tops the list of the favourite books. A BOOK THAT IS FAVOURITE TO ME Although I haven't read extensively, I do have a fondness for certain types of books that really capture my interest. I enjoy reading the poetry of Nazrul and Tagore, the short stories by Tolstoy, and the intriguing tales of Sherlock Holmes. However, if I were to pick one book as my absolute favorite, it would undoubtedly be "Pickwick Papers" by Charles Dickens. While Mr. Pickwick is the main character, the actual story in the book isn't as important to me as the various incidents and events throughout. Mr. Pickwick, along with his companions Tupman, Snodgrass, and Winkle, form the Pickwick Club, around which the story revolves. The characters are very lifelike, with Mr. Pickwick showing kindness, Mr. Wardle demonstrating generosity, and Sam Weller, Mr. Pickwick's devoted servant, adding his unique charm with his peculiar way of speaking. As the story progresses, everything is neatly resolved to everyone's satisfaction. The conversations in the book are excellent examples of what's often called Pickwickian humor in literary circles. For all these reasons, "Pickwick Papers" is a book that I hold dear. I've revisited its pages many times, always finding immense pleasure and gaining new insights. It fuels my passion for reading even further. Whenever I feel down or unsettled, I turn to the pages of this book and instantly feel better. I can't imagine ever finding it dull, no matter how many times I read it. This, to me, confirms its position as my favorite book. And I'm sure many others who have experienced its magic share similar feelings. While there are other books that I appreciate, "Pickwick Papers" undoubtedly sits at the top of my list of favorites.

  •   A  JOURNEY  BY  BUS (Paragraph / Composition / Essay )

    Paragraph Writing Composition / Essay Writing A  JOURNEY  BY  BUS Science  has  given  us  many  quick  means  of  travel .  The  bus  is  such  a  gift  of  science .  In  towns  and  cities  we  go  by  bus  from  one  place  to  another .  Here  we  go  to  short  distances  by  bus  and  so  we  do  not  feel  like  making  a  journey .  But  a  long  journey  by  bus  is  another  experience . Only  a  for  night  ago ,  I  had  an  opportunity  to  travel  by  bus  from  Dhaka  to  Comilla .  I  was  going  home  for  the  summer  vacation .  I  got  on  the  bus  at  Gulistan  Bus  Terminal  at  about  eight  in  the  morning .  The  weather  is  fine  with  a  cloudless  sky  above . The  journey  by  bus  from  Dhaka  to  Comilla  was  a  very  interesting  experience .  The  bus  started  plying  at  a  good  speed  and  soon  we  left  the  city  and  entered  the  countryside .  The  bus  was  going  along  the  road  with  green  fields  and  villages  on  both  sides .  It  was  moving  ahead  leaving  behind  the  trees ,  houses  and  small  shops  on  either  side  of  the  road .  It  was  really  very  delightful  to  see  the  green  beauties  of  nature . An  interesting  part  of  the  journey  was  crossing  the  rivers  by  ferries .  It  was  after  an  hour  or  so  that  we  reached  the  first  ferry  ghat .  The  driver  told  us  to  get  down  from  the  bus . At  the  ferry  ghat  there  were  some  hawkers  selling  fruits  and  chanachur.  some  passengers  bought  banana  and  chanachur  and  began  to  eat  them .  When  we  got  down  from  the  bus  and  got  on  the  ferry .  I  felt  a  good  relief  from  the  suffocating  atmosphere  inside  the  crowded  bus .  Crossing  the  river  by  ferry  in  the  gentle  breeze  was  very  pleasant  indeed . After  crossing  the  river  we  again  got  on  the  bus  which  began  to  run  faster  than  before .  The  road  was  clear  and  the  bus  was  running  at  top  speed .  Suddenly  we  saw  that  a  loaded  truck  was  coming  at  full  speed  from  the  opposite  direction .  As  the  bus  and  the  truck  were  getting  nearer ,  we  got  frightened  that  there  might  be  a  head – on  collision .  Some  of  us  raised  a  cry  of  alarm .  But ,  thank  God ,  we  had  a  hair – breadth  escape . The  bus  stopped  at  various  places  were  some  passengers  got  down  and  some  others  got  into  it .  I  was  sitting  beside  the  door .  The  bus  was  running  at  a  great  speed  and  I  felt  drowsy .  Suddenly  I  was  awakened  by  a  jolt .  When  the  bus  stopped ,  I  found  that  I  had  reached  my  destination .  I  was  getting  down  in  a  hurry .  When  I  put  my  hand  into  the  pocket ,  I  startled  up  to  see  that  my  pocket  had  been  picked  and  my  money  bag  had  gone .  I  reached  home  in  a  sad  mood . The  journey  by  bus  was  very  pleasant  and  I  enjoyed  it  except  for  the  last  act  of  the  pick – pocket . Advanced A  JOURNEY  BY  BUS The advancement of science has bestowed upon us an array of speedy modes of transportation, among which the bus is a remarkable gift. Although we often use buses to travel short distances within cities, taking a long journey by bus presents a unique experience. Recently, I had the opportunity to embark on such a journey, traveling from Dhaka to Comilla to visit my family during the summer vacation. I boarded the bus at Gulistan Bus Terminal at approximately eight in the morning on a day with fair weather, marked by a cloudless sky. The journey was enthralling as the bus swiftly traversed through the city and eventually entered the countryside. The verdant fields and quaint villages on either side of the road were a beautiful sight to behold, and it was delightful to witness the lush natural beauty that surrounded us. One of the most interesting aspects of the journey was crossing rivers via ferries. After an hour or so, we reached the first ferry ghat where some hawkers were selling fruits and chanachur, which some passengers eagerly purchased and began to enjoy. Getting off the bus and onto the ferry brought a sense of relief from the suffocating atmosphere within the crowded vehicle. The gentle breeze blowing as we crossed the river was immensely refreshing and enjoyable. After crossing the river, we resumed our journey on the bus, which accelerated even faster than before. However, suddenly we saw a loaded truck approaching at full speed from the opposite direction, which caused us to fear a potential head-on collision. Some passengers cried out in alarm, but thankfully, we narrowly avoided the catastrophe. The bus made several stops along the way where passengers either disembarked or embarked. Sitting by the door, I felt drowsy due to the high speed at which the bus was moving. I was suddenly awakened by a jolt, and upon stopping, I discovered that I had arrived at my destination. In my haste to disembark, I realized that my pocket had been picked, and my money bag was gone. I returned home with a heavy heart due to the unfortunate incident. Overall, the journey by bus was an enjoyable and engaging experience, marred only by the act of the pickpocket. The bus afforded us the opportunity to witness the natural beauty of the countryside, as well as the excitement of crossing rivers on ferries. While such journeys by bus may take longer than other forms of transportation, they offer a unique and memorable experience

  • A JOURNEY BY BOAT / A BOAT JOURNEY YOU HAVE ENJOYED (Paragraph / Composition / Essay )

    Paragraph Writing Model Answer-2 Model Answer-3 Composition / Essay Writing A  JOURNEY  BY  BOAT A  BOAT  JOURNEY  YOU  HAVE  ENJOYED Traveling  by  boat  is  an  everyday  concern  in  Bangladesh .  Here  waterways  are  the  highways  of  traffic  and  communications .  One  morning  Rubel ,  an  intimate  friend  of  mine ,  knocked  at  my  door  and  wanted  me  to  accompany  him  on  a  boat  trip  to  his  village .  I  readily  agreed .  Soon  we  five  friends  - Shimul ,  Rubel ,  Bahauddin, Jimi  and  I  -  were  on  the  quiet  stream  of  the  river .  As  both  the  wind  and  the  stream  were  favorable ,  our  boat  sped  swiftly .  Making  its  way  along  the  surface  of  water  with  great  ease . We  left  behind  the  din  and  bustle  of  the  town  and  heaved  a  sigh  of  relief .  The  green  banks  with  clusters  of  trees  charmed  our  eyes .  The  far  off  paddy  fields  as  well  as  jute  fields  unfolded  their  green  bosoms .  The  thatched  cottages  of  the  villagers  with  clusters  of  trees  beside  them  offered  a  very  pleasant  sight .  An  old  man  was  basking  here  in  the  sun ,  village  boys  were  playing  there  and  shy  village  women  were  drawing  water  at  another  place .  Birds  of  various  kinds  were  flying .  The  beautiful  rural  atmosphere  cast  a  spell  upon  our  minds  and  we  were  struck  dumb. In  an  hour  and  a  half  the boat  reached  a  market .  We  halted  there  and  got  down .  We  bought  rice ,  eggs ,  a  large  Hilsa  and  some  sweetmeat  of  different  kinds .  We  had  a  desire  to  enjoy  the  boat  journey  thoroughly .  With  this  end  in  view ,  we  started  making  arrangements  for  cooking  our  meals .  The  boat  men  supplied  us  with  ovens  and  we  collected  fuel  from  the  neighborhood .  The  boatmen  offered  to  cook  the  food  for  us  but  we  did  not  take  any  help  from  them .  We  began  cooking  the  food  ourselves .  We  boiled  our  rice ,  prepared  omelet’s  and  also  cooked  fish  curry .  The  healthy  river  breeze  and  the  movement  in  the  market  place  and  the  village  nearby  head  stimulated  our  appetite .  So  we  ate  our  food  with  great  relish . At  about  two  o’clock  in  the  afternoon  we  launched  our  boat  again .  The  boatmen  tried  hard  to  reach  the  destination  before  sundown  but  to  no  purpose .  The  beauty  of  the  golden  sunset  on  the  calm  water  of  the  river  made  pleasant  impression  on  our  young  minds .  The  shades  of  evening  now  began  to  spread  over  the  earth .  The  stars  made  their  appearance  in  the  sky  slowly  one  after  another .  The  dim  light  of  the  lamp  which  the  villagers  had  lighted  came  to  our  sight  through  groves  of  trees .  A  stray  jackal  sent  out  a  cry  and  he  was  immediately  joined  by  his  fellows  who  set  up  chorus  announcing  the  approach  of  the  night . The  boat  moved  on  slowly  until  it  reached  our  destination .  It  touched  at  the  ghat  of  Rubel’s  house .  By  then  it  was  dark  all  around .  We  walked  to  Rubel’s  house  which  was  at  a  stone’s  throw  from  the  riverside . Advanced A  JOURNEY  BY  BOAT Traveling by boat is a ubiquitous experience in Bangladesh, where waterways serve as the principal highways of traffic and communication. On a morning not too long ago, my intimate friend Rubel summoned me to join him on a boat excursion to his village, and I assented with eagerness. Accompanied by Shimul, Bahauddin, and Jimi, we embarked on our journey, gliding along the tranquil stream with remarkable swiftness, thanks to the favorable wind and current. As we left behind the hustle and bustle of the town, the verdant banks, adorned with clusters of trees, captivated our gaze. The distant paddy fields and jute fields, adorned in their green garb, unfolded before our eyes. The thatched cottages of the villagers, interspersed with trees, offered an enchanting view. An old man was basking in the sun, while village boys frolicked in the vicinity, and coy village women drew water from a nearby place. Various species of birds flew overhead, and the bucolic atmosphere held us spellbound. After an hour and a half, our boat arrived at a marketplace where we disembarked and purchased rice, eggs, a large Hilsa fish, and an assortment of sweetmeats. Our desire to relish the boat journey to the fullest impelled us to prepare our meals. The boatmen supplied us with ovens, and we collected fuel from the surroundings. Though the boatmen offered to cook for us, we declined, preferring to prepare the food ourselves. We boiled the rice, made omelets, and cooked fish curry. The invigorating river breeze, combined with the lively marketplace, and the nearby village stimulated our appetite, and we savored our meal with great gusto. Around two o'clock in the afternoon, we resumed our boat journey, with the boatmen attempting to reach our destination before sundown. Despite their efforts, we were treated to a breathtaking sight of the golden sunset, painting the serene water of the river with hues of amber and gold. The shades of evening slowly enveloped the earth, and the stars appeared one by one in the sky. Through the groves of trees, we caught a glimpse of the faint light from the lamps villagers had lit, while a stray jackal's cry was soon answered by a chorus of his kind, signaling the arrival of the night. Our boat crept forward until we finally arrived at our destination, touching down at the ghat of Rubel's house, shrouded in darkness. We walked to his residence, situated just a stone's throw from the riverside, marking the end of a delightful boat journey.

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  • Grammar

    Rules Basic Advanced Worksheets Beginner (1) Elementary (2) (PECE) Pre-intermediate (3) (JSC) Intermediate (4) (SSC) Upper-intermediate (5( (HSC) Advanced (6)(University) Conditional Exercise 4.1 Use (first / second / third conditionals) ​ 1. (First conditional) If we (not / work) harder, we (not pass) the exam. 2. (Third conditional) If the students (not be) late for the exam, they (pass). 3. (Third conditional) If the weather (not be) so cold, we (go) to the beach. 4. (Second conditional) If she (have) her laptop with her, she (email) me. 5. (First conditional) If she (not go) to the meeting, I (not go) either. 6. (Third conditional) If the baby (sleep) better last night, I (not be) so tired. 7. (First conditional) If the teacher (give) us lots of homework this weekend, I (not be) happy. 8. (Second conditional) If Lucy _ (have) enough time, she (travel) more. 9. (First conditional) If the children (not eat) soon, they (be) grumpy. 10. (First conditional) If I (not go) to bed soon, I (be) tired in the morning. 11. (Second conditional) If I (want) a new car, I (buy) one. 12. (Second conditional) If José (not speak) good French, he (not move) to Paris. 13. (First conditional) If John (drink) too much coffee, he (get) ill. 14. (Third conditional) If we (tidy) our flat, we (not lose) our keys. 15. (Third conditional) If Luke (not send) flowers to his mother, she (not be) happy. 16. (Second conditional) If the children (be) in bed, I (be able to) have a bath. 17. (Second conditional) If you (not be) so stubborn, we (not have) so many arguments! 18. (Third conditional) If Julie (not go) to Sweden, she (go) to Germany. 19. (First conditional) If she (go) to the library, she (study) more. 20. (Third conditional) If we (not have) an argument, we (not be) late. 21. (Second conditional) If you (arrive) early, it (be) less stressful. 22. (Third conditional) If I _ (not go) to the party, I (not meet) Amanda. 23. (Second conditional) If Julie (like) chocolate, I (give) her some. 24. (Second conditional) If Luke (live) in the UK, I (see) him more often. 25. (Third conditional) If the children (not eat) all that chocolate, they (feel) sick. 26. (First conditional) If they (not / arrive) soon, we (be) late. 27. (Third conditional) If she (study) Mandarin, she (go) to Beijing. 28. (Second conditional) If we _ (not be) so tired, we (go) out. 29. (First conditional) If you (buy) the present, I (wrap) it up. 30. (First conditional) If Lucy (not quit) her job soon, she (go) crazy.

  • IELTS Ideas Topic- Transport and Traffic

    Most Common Idioms for IELTS A Idioms A big cheese- an important or a powerful person in a group or family A bird's eye view- a view from a very high place which allows you to see a large area A bone of contention- something that people argue for a long time A cock and a bull story- a story or an explanation which is obviously not true. At the crack of the dawn- very early in morning A cuckoo in the nest- someone in a group of people but not liked by them. A litmus test- a method which clearly proves something As the crow flies- measuring distance between two places in a straight line. A dead letter- an argument or law not followed by anyone. At the drop of the hat- u do something easily and without any preparation An early bird- someone who gets early in the morning An educated guess- a guess which was likely to get corrected At the eleventh hour- be too late. A queer fish- a strange person A wakeup call- an event done to warn someone A worm's eye view- having very little knowledge about something A witch hunt- an attempt to find and punish those who have options that are believed to be dangerous At the heels of- to follow someone A dish fit for Gods- something of very high quality A game of two equal halves- a sudden change in circumstances Afraid of one's own shadow- to become easily frightened Against the clock- to be in a hurry to do something before a particular time Air one's dirty laundry- to make public something embarrassing that should be kept secret. All systems go- everything is ready. An arm and a leg- a large amount of money Appear out of now here- to appear suddenly without warning. Apple of someone's eye- someone loved very much. Ask for the moon- to ask for too much. Asleep at the switch- not to be alert on opportunity At sixes and sevens- to be lost and bewildered At someone's beck and call- to be always ready to serve At the bottom of the ladder- at the lowest level A house of cards- a poor plan At an arm's length- to keep at a distance At sixes and sevens- in disorder A boon in disguise- a benefit in loss A bull in a China shop- an awkward person A red letter day- an important day A nine days wonder- pleasure for a short time A bit under the weather- falling ill B idioms Bad blood- feelings of hate between two families Bend your ears- to talk to someone for a very long time about something boring Bite your tongue- to stop yourself from saying something because it would be better not to Black and blue- full of bruises Blue blood- belonging to high social class Be above board- to be honest and legal Be bouncing off the walls- excited and full of nervous energy Bow and scrap- try too hard to please someone in a position of authority Brass monkey weather- extremely cold weather Be tailor made- to be completely suitable for someone. Break the ice- to make more comfort or relaxed with a person whom you have not met earlier, to break the silence Be as clear as mud- to be impossible to understand Be on cloud nine- be very happy Between the devil and deep blue sea- a type of situation where u must choose between two equally unpleasant situations Be in the doldrums- not very successful or nothing new is taking place Beat the drum- to speak eagerly about something you support Be on the edge- to be nervous or worried about something Be in seventh heaven- extremely happy Be at each other's throat- two persons arguing angrily Batten down the hatches- to prepare for trouble Back the wrong horse- to support someone weak Back to square one- to reach again to the starting point Back to the salt mines- back to something that you don't want to do Ball of fire- active and energetic Beat one's head against the wall- to try to do something that is hopeless Bark up the wrong tree- to make a wrong assumption Batten down the hatches- prepare for difficult times Beat one's brain out- to work hard Begin to see the light- to begin to understand Behind closed doors- done in secret Bet on the wrong horse- to misread the future Bent on doing- to be determined to do something Bite off more than one can chew- to do more than one's ability Bite the bullet- to face a difficult situation bravely Bitter pill to swallow- an unpleasant fact that must be accepted Black sheep of the family- worst member Blessing in disguise- something that turns out to be good which earlier appeared to be wrong Blind leading the blind- someone who does not understand something but tries to explain it to other Blow one's own horn- to praise one Blow someone's mind- excite someone Bone of contention- subject matter of the fight Bring home the bacon- to earn money to live Blue in the face- exhausted and speechless Break the back of- reduce the power of something Burn a hole in one's pocket- to spend money quickly Burn the midnight oil- to study till late of night Bushman's holiday- a holiday where you spend doing same thing as you did at working days Button's one lip- to keep quite Break a leg- to wish good luck C idioms Carrot and sticks- You use both awards as well as punishments to make someone do something. Cloak and dragger- when people behave in a very secret manner Cards are stacked against- luck is against you Crack a book- to open book to study Cross a bridge before one comes to it- worry about the future in advance Carry coals to new castle- to take something to a place or a person that has a lot of that thing already Cast in the same mould- to be very similar Change horses in midstream- to change plans Cap it all- to finish Cried with eyes out- cried a lot Carry the can- If you carry the can, you take the blame for something, even though you didn't do it or are only partly at fault. Cast a long shadow- Something or someone that casts a long shadow has considerable influence on other people or events. Cat and dog life- If people lead a cat and dog life, they are always arguing. D idioms Drive a wedge between- to break relationship between the two Dances to the tune- to always do what someone tells you to do Dressed up to the nines- wearing fancy clothes Dragging its feet- delaying in decision, not showing enthusiasm Davey Jones' locker- Davey Jones' locker is the bottom of the sea or resting place of drowned sailors. ('Davy Jones' locker' is an alternative spelling.) Dancing on someone's grave- If you will dance on someone's grave, you will outlive or outlast them and will celebrate their demise Dog in the manger- If someone acts like a dog in the manger, they don't want other people to have or enjoy things that are useless to them Don't cry over spilt milk- When something bad happens and nothing can be done to help it people say, 'Don't cry over spilt milk' Don't wash your dirty laundry in public- People, especially couples, who argue in front of others or involve others in their personal problems and crises, are said to be washing their dirty laundry in public; making public things that are best left private. Donkey work- Donkey work is any hard, boring work or task. Don't throw bricks when you live in a glass house- Don't call others out on actions that you, yourself do. Don't be a hypocrite. E idioms Entering the 80th orbit- celebrating the 80th birthday Eleventh hour decision- decision that is made at the last possible minute End in smoke- to bear no result Earth shattering- not at all surprising Eat humble pie- to apologize humbly Elephant in the room- An elephant in the room is a problem that everyone knows very well but no one talks about because it is taboo, embarrassing, etc. Egg on your face- If someone has egg on their face; they are made to look foolish or embarrassed Eye for an eye- This is an expression for retributive justice, where the punishment equals the crime. Eyes are bigger than one's stomach- If someone's eyes are bigger than their stomach, they are greedy and take on more than they can consume or manage. F idioms From cradle to grave- during the whole span of your life. Face the music-to accept punishment for something you have done. Feel the pinch- to have problems with money. Fall on your own sword- to be cheated by someone you trust. Feather in one's cap- something that you achieve and proud of. Firing on all cylinders- work every possible way to succeed. French leave- absent without permission, to take French leave is to leave a gathering without saying goodbye or without permission. Fall on our feet- If you fall on your feet, you succeed in doing something where there was a risk of failure. Fall on your sword- If someone falls on their sword, they resign or accept the consequences of what they have done wrong. Fingers and thumbs- If you are all fingers and thumbs, you are being clumsy and not very skilled with your hands. Finger in the pie- If you have a finger in the pie, you have an interest in something. Flash in the pan- If something is a flash in the pan; it is very noticeable but doesn't last long, like most singers, who are very successful for a while, then forgotten. Follow your nose- When giving directions, telling someone to follow their nose means that they should go straight ahead. Fool's paradise- A fool's paradise is a false sense of happiness or success Foot in mouth- This is used to describe someone who has just said something embarrassing, inappropriate, wrong or stupid For a song- If you buy or sell something for a song, it is very cheap For donkey's years- If people have done something, usually without much if any change, for an awfully long time, they can be said to have done it for donkey's years G idioms Get off the hook- free from all obligations Give-up the ghost- to die Got the slap on the wrist- got light punishment Give someone a bird- make fun Got the wind up- to be scared Get a raw deal- not treated equally Gift of the gab- talent of speaking, if someone has the gift of the gab, they speak in a persuasive and interesting way Gives cold shoulder- to ignore Get your wires crossed- If people get their wires cross, they misunderstand each other, especially when making arrangements.('Get your lines crossed' is also used.) Give me five- If someone says this, they want to hit your open hand against theirs as a way of congratulation or greeting Give me a hand- If someone gives you a hand, they help you Give someone a piece of your mind- If you give someone a piece of your mind, you criticize them strongly and angrily. Go bananas- If you go bananas, you are wild with excitement, anxiety, or worry Go tell it to birds- This is used when someone says something that is not credible or is a lie Go under the hammer- If something goes under the hammer, it is sold in an auction Graveyard shift- If you have to work very late at night, it is the graveyard shift Grease monkey- A grease monkey is an idiomatic term for a mechanic H idioms Have ants in your pants- not be able to keep still because you are very excited or worried about something. Having a whole of a time- to enjoy very much Hold one's horse- be patient Have a big mouth- one who gossips more or tells secret Himalayan blunder- a serious mistake Have a one track mind- think only of one thing Have clean hands- be guiltless Have an egg on the face- be embarrassed Have eyes bigger than stomach- desiring more food than one can eat Heart missed a beat- very excited Heart in the right place- good natured Hit the nail on the head- done the thing correctly Hand to mouth- Someone who's living from hand to mouth, is very poor and needs the little money they have coming in to cover their expenses Have no truck with- If you have no truck with something or someone, you refuse to get involved with it or them Hit the bull's-eye- If someone hits the bull's-eye, they are exactly right about something or achieve the best result possible. Hold water- When you say that something does or does not 'hold water', it means that the point of view or argument put forward is or is not sound, strong or logical. For e.g. 'Saying we should increase our interest rates because everyone else is doing so will not hold water' Hornets' nest- A hornets' nest is a violent situation or one with a lot of dispute. (If you create the problem, you 'stir up a hornets' nest'.) I idioms In dribs and drabs- in small amounts at a time In black and white- to give in writing In the blues- low spirited In cahoots with- in a partnership usually for a dishonest reason If the shoe fits, wear it- This is used to suggest that something that has been said might apply to a person In droves- When things happen in droves, a lot happen at the same time or very quickly In the doghouse- If someone is in the doghouse, they are in disgrace and very unpopular at the moment. J idioms Jack Frost - If everything has frozen in winter, then Jack Frost has visited. Jack the Lad - A confident and not very serious young man who behaves as he wants to without thinking about other people is a Jack the Lad. Jack-of-all-trades- A jack-of-all-trades is someone that can do many different jobs. Jam on your face - If you say that someone has jam on their face, they appear to be caught, embarrassed or found guilty. Jam tomorrow - This idiom is used when people promise good things for the future that will never come. Jane Doe - Jane Doe is a name given to an unidentified female who may be party to legal proceedings, or to an unidentified person in hospital, or dead. John Doe is the male equivalent. Jekyll and Hyde - Someone who has a Jekyll and Hyde personality has a pleasant and a very unpleasant side to the character. Jersey justice - Jersey justice is very severe justice. Jet set - Very wealthy people who travel around the world to attend parties or functions are the jet set. Jet-black - To emphasise just how black something is, such as someone's hair, we can call it jet-black. Job's comforter - Someone who says they want to comfort, but actually discomforts people is a Job's comforter. Jobs for the boys - Where people give jobs, contracts, etc, to their friends and associates, these are jobs for the boys. Jockey for position - If a number of people want the same opportunity and are struggling to emerge as the most likely candidate, they are jockeying for position. Jog my memory- If you jog someone's memory, you say words that will help someone trying to remember a thought, event, word, phrase, experience, etc. John Doe- John Doe is a name given to an unidentified male who may be party to legal proceedings, or to an unidentified person in hospital, or dead. Jane Doe is the female equivalent. Joe Public - Joe Public is the typical, average person. Johnny on the spot - A person who is always available; ready, willing, and able to do what needs to be done.('Johnny-on-the-spot' is also used.) Johnny-come-lately - A Johnny-come-lately is someone who has recently joined something or arrived somewhere, especially when they want to make changes that are not welcome. Join the club - Said when someone has expressed a desire or opinion, meaning "That viewpoint is not unique to you". It can suggest that the speaker should stop complaining since many others are in the same position. Example: "If this train doesn't come, I'll be late for work!" "Join the club!" Joined at the hip - If people are joined at the hip, they are very closely connected and think the same way. Judge, jury and executioner - If someone is said to be the judge, jury, and executioner, it means they are in charge of every decision made, and they have the power to be rid of whomever they choose. Juggle frogs - If you are juggling frogs, you are trying to do something very difficult. Jump down someone's throat - If you jump down someone's throat, you criticise or chastise them severely. Jump on the bandwagon - If people jump on the bandwagon, they get involved in something that has recently become very popular. Jump ship - If you leave a company or institution for another because it is doing badly, you are jumping ship. Jump the broom - To jump the broom is to marry. (Jump over the broom, jump over the broomstick, jump the broomstick are also used.) Jump the gun - If you jump the gun, you start doing something before the appropriate time. Jump the track - Jumping the track is suddenly changing from one plan, activity, idea, etc, to another. Jump through hoops - If you are prepared to jump through hoops for someone, you are prepared to make great efforts and sacrifices for them. Jump to a conclusion - If someone jumps to a conclusion, they evaluate or judge something without a sufficient examination of the facts. Jumping Judas! - An expression of surprise or shock. Jungle out there - If someone says that it is a jungle out there, they mean that the situation is dangerous and there are no rules. Jury's out - If the jury's out on an issue, then there is no general agreement or consensus on it. Just around the corner- If something is just around the corner, then it is expected to happen very soon. Just coming up to - If the time is just coming up to nine o'clock, it means that it will be nine o'clock in a very few seconds. You'll hear them say it on the radio in the morning. Just deserts - If a bad or evil person gets their just deserts, they get the punishment or suffer the misfortune that it is felt they deserve. Just for the heck of it - When someone does something just for the heck of it, they do it without a good reason. Just for the record - If something is said to be just for the record, the person is saying it so that people know but does not necessarily agree with or support it. Just in the nick of time - If you do something in the nick of time, you just manage to do it just in time, with seconds to spare. Just off the boat - If someone is just off the boat, they are naive and inexperienced. Just what the doctor ordered - If something's just what the doctor ordered, it is precisely what is needed. Justice is blind - Justice is blind means that justice is impartial and objective. K idioms Kick up a row- to start a fight, to create disturbance Keep ones eye on the ball- be ready for something Kangaroo court- When people take the law into their own hands and form courts that are not legal, these are known as kangaroo court Keep body and soul together- If you earn enough to cover your basic expenses, but nothing more than that, you earn enough to keep body and soul together. Keep your eye on the ball- If you keep your eye on the ball, you stay alert and pay close attention to what is happening Know which way the wind blows- This means that you should know how things are developing and be prepared for the future. L idioms Loaves and fishes- done for material benefits Like a shag on a rock- completely alone. Let someone slide- neglect something Let the cat out of the bag- reveal the secret Let nature take its course- to allow someone to live or die naturally. Like a sitting duck- totally unaware Lion's share- a major share Left to your own devices- If someone is left to their own devices, they are not controlled and can do whatever they want M idioms Make castles in the air- plans or hopes that have very little chances of happening. Make a bee line for- to go directly towards something. Make ones bed and lie on it- to be responsible for what you have done and accept the results Meet ones waterloo- meet ones final end Monkey around- to waste time here and there My hands are full- I am busy Make a dry face- show disappointment Make a monkey of someone- If you make a monkey of someone, you make them look foolish Man of his word- A man of his word is a person who does what he says and keeps his Promises Many moons ago- A very long time ago N idioms Nobody's fool- one who can take care of himself not having a leg to stand for- not having proof Never-never land- ideal best place. No love lost between- dislike Needle in a haystack- If trying to find something is like looking for a needle in a haystack, it means that it is very difficult, if not impossible to find among everything around it New brush sweeps clean- 'A new brush sweeps clean' means that someone with a new perspective can make great changes. However, the full version is 'a new brush sweeps clean, but an old brush knows the corners', which warns that experience is also a valuable thing No smoke without fire- This idiom means that when people suspect something, there is normally a good reason for the suspicion, even if there is no concrete evidence. ('Where's there's smoke, there's fire' is also used.) O idioms Once in a blue moon- very rarely On the bandwagon- doing something because others are also doing it Open Pandora's box- to discover more problems Over the moon- being too happy On its last legs- in a bad condition and will not last long Old flames die hard- It's very difficult to forget old things On pins and needles- If you are on pins and needles, you are very worried about something On the carpet- When you are called to the bosses office (since supposedly, they are the only ones who have carpet) and its definitely not for a good reason, i.e., you are in trouble, something has not gone according to plan and either maybe you are responsible and/or have some explaining to do On the hook- If someone is on the hook, they are responsible for something. Only the wearer knows where the shoe pinches- This means that it's hard to know how much someone else is suffering. P idioms Pass muster- to be approved Pick someone to pieces- to criticize sharply Paper over the cracks- to try to hide something Put the cart before the horse- doing things in a wrong manner Pull up the shocks- do things in the right manner and correctly Parrot fashion- If you learn something parrots fashion; you learn it word for word Pay on the nail- If you pay on the nail, you pay promptly in cash Pen is mightier than the sword- The idiom 'the pen is mightier than the sword' means that words and communication are morepowerful than wars and fighting Pick someone's brains- If you pick someone's brains, you ask them for advice, suggestions and information about something they know about Pieces of the same cake- Pieces of the same cake are things that have the same characteristics or qualities Play fast and loose- If people play fast and loose, they behave in an irresponsible way and don't respect rules, etc. Poker face- Someone with a poker face doesn't show any emotion or reaction so that people don't know what they are feeling Q idioms Quarrel with bread and butter- Bread and butter, here, indicate the means of one's living. If a sub-ordinate in an organization is quarrelsome or if he is not patient enough to bear the reprimand he deserves, gets angry and retorts or provokes the higher-up, the top man dismisses him from the job. So, he loses the job that gave him bread and butter. Hence we say, he quarreled with bread and butter (manager or the top man) and lost his job Quiet as a cat- If somebody is as quiet as a cat they make as little noise as possible and try to be unnoticeable Quiet as a mouse- If someone's as quiet as a mouse, they make absolutely no noise Queer fish- A strange person is a queer fish R idioms Round the twist- go crazy Read between the lines- read hidden meanings Rack and ruin- If something or someone goes to rack and ruin, they are utterly destroyed or wrecked Rain on your parade- If someone rains on your parade, they ruin your pleasure or your plans Rake someone over the coals- If you rake someone over the coals, you criticize or scold them severely Recipe for disaster- A recipe for disaster is a mixture of people and events that could only possibly result in trouble Red carpet- If you give someone the red-carpet treatment, you give them a special welcome to show that you think they are important Red herring- If something is a distraction from the real issues, it is a red herring Red letter day- A red letter day is a one of good luck, when something special happens to you Reduce to ashes- If something is reduced to ashes, it is destroyed or made useless. His infidelities reduced their relationship to ashes Round the houses- If you go round the houses, you do something in an inefficient way when there is a quicker, more convenient way Rub shoulders- If you rub shoulders with people, you meet and spend time with them, especially when they are powerful or famous Run into the sand- If something runs into the sand, it fails to achieve a result S idioms Salt on the earth- fundamental good people Sands of time- tiny amounts of time Shake a leg- to go fast, hurry Spill the beans- to expose a secret Snake in the grass- a hidden army Salt on the earth- fundamental good people Sands of time- tiny amounts of time Shake a leg- to go fast, hurry Spill the beans- to expose a secret Snake in the grass- a hidden army Snake in the shoes- to be in a state of fear Stood to his guns- maintained to his opinion showing the door- asking someone to leave Song and a dance- an excuse Salad days- Your salad days are an especially happy period of your life Sail under false colors- Someone who sails under false colors is hypocritical or pretends to be something they aren't in order to deceive people T idioms Threaded his way out- walked carefully through. Take the cloth- to become a priest. Talk turkey- to discuss a problem with a real intension to solve it. Tit for tat- an action done to revenge against a person who has done some wrong to you To crow over- to triumph over someone to blow a fuse- to turn someone angry though thick and thin- under all conditions to bell the cat- to take great risks To look through colored glasses- to look the things not as they are Taking to a brick wall- taking with a no response Turned a deaf ear- disregarded Take a back seat- choose to decrease involvement Tables are turned- When the tables are turned, the situation has changed giving the advantage to the party who had previously been at a disadvantage Take someone under your wing- If you take someone under your wing, you look after them while they are learning something Take your medicine- If you take your medicine, you accept the consequences of something you have done wrong Talking to a brick wall- If you talk to someone and they do not listen to you, it is like talking to a brick wall Taste of your own medicine- If you give someone a taste of their own medicine, you do something bad to someone that they have done to you to teach them a lesson The apple does not fall far from the tree- Offspring grow up to be like their parents Through thick and thin- If someone supports you through thick and thin, they support you during good times and bad U idioms Upset the apple cart- to create difficulty Under a cloud- If someone is suspected of having done something wrong, they are under a cloud Under fire- If someone is being attacked and criticized heavily, they are under fire Under your nose- If something happens right in front of you, especially if it is surprising or audacious, it happens under your nose Up for grabs- If something is up for grabs, it is available and whoever is first or is successful will get it Up to the neck- If someone's in something up to the neck, they are very involved in it, especially when it's something wrong Up a river without a paddle- If you up a river without a paddle, you are in an unfortunate situation, unprepared and with none of the resources to remedy the matter Uncharted waters- If you're in uncharted waters, you are in a situation that is unfamiliar to you, that you have no experience of and don't know what might happen Under lock and key- If something is under lock and key, it is stored very securely V idioms Vale of tears- This vale of tears is the world and the suffering that life brings. Velvet glove - This idiom is used to describe a person who appears gentle, but is determined and inflexible underneath. ('Iron fist in a velvet glove' is the full form.) Vent your spleen - If someone vents their spleen, they release all their anger about something. Vicar of Bray - A person who changes their beliefs and principles to stay popular with people above them is a Vicar of Bray Vicious circle - A vicious circle is a sequence of events that make each other worse- someone drinks because they are unhappy at work, then loses their job... 'Vicious cycle' is also used. Vinegar tits - A mean spirited women lacking in love or compassion. Virgin territory - If something is virgin territory, it hasn't been explored before. Voice in the wilderness - Someone who expresses an opinion that no one believes or listens to is a voice in the wilderness,especially if proved right later. Volte-face - If you do a volte-face on something, you make a sudden and complete change in your stance or position over an issue. Vultures are circling - If the vultures are circling, then something is in danger and its enemies are getting ready for the kill. W idioms Weight one's word- be careful to what one says Wait for a raindrop in the drought- When someone is waiting for a raindrop in the drought, they are waiting or hoping for something that is extremely unlikely to happen Walking on broken glass- When a person is punished for something Wet behind the ears- Someone who is wet behind the ears is either very young or inexperienced Whale of a time- If you have a whale of a time, you really enjoy yourself Work your fingers to the bone- If you work your fingers to the bone, you work extremely hard on something Wrench in the works- If someone puts or throws a wrench, or monkey wrench, in the works, they ruin a plan X idioms X factor - The dangers for people in the military that civilians do not face, for which they receive payment, are known as the X factor. X marks the spot - This is used to say where something is located or hidden. X-rated - If something is x-rated, it is not suitable for children. Y idioms Yah boo sucks- Yah boo & yah boo sucks can be used to show that you have no sympathy with someone. Yank my chain - If some one says this to another person (i.e. stop yanking my chain) it means for the other person to leave the person who said it alone and to stop bothering them. Yell bloody murder - If someone yells bloody murder, they protest angrily and loudly, or scream in fear. Yellow press - The yellow press is a term for the popular and sensationalist newspapers. Yellow streak- If someone has a yellow streak, they are cowardly about something. Yellow-bellied - A yellow-bellied person is a coward. Yen - If you have a yen to do something, you have a desire to do it. Yeoman's service - To do yeoman's service is to serve in an exemplary manner. Yes-man - Someone who always agrees with people in authority is a yes-man. Yesterday's man or Yesterday's woman - Someone, especially a politician or celebrity, whose career is over or on the decline is yesterday's man or woman. You are what you eat - This is used to emphasise the importance of a good diet as a key to good health. You can catch more flies with honey than with vinegar - This means that it is easier to persuade people if you use polite arguments and flattery than if you are confrontational. You can choose your friends, but you can't choose your family - Some things you can choose, but others you cannot, so you have to try to make the best of what you have where you have no choice. You can lead a horse to water, but you can't make it drink - This idiom means you can offer something to someone, like good advice, but you cannot make them take it. You can say that again - If you want to agree strongly with what someone has said, you can say 'You can say that again' as a way of doing so. You can't fight City Hall - This phrase is used when one is so cynical that one doesn't think one can change their Representatives. The phrase must have started with frustration towards a local body of government. You can't have cake and the topping, too - This idiom means that you can't have everything the way you want it, especially if your desires are contradictory. You can't have your cake and eat it - This idiom means that you can't have things both ways. For example, you can't have very low taxes and a high standard of state care. You can't hide elephants in mouse holes - means that some issues/problems/challenges cannot be hidden/concealed but have to be faced and dealt with. You can't make a silk purse out of a sow's ear - If something isn't very good to start with, you can't do much to improve it. You can't make an omelette without breaking eggs - This idiom means that in order to achieve something or make progress, there are often losers in the process. You can't take it with you - Enjoy life, enjoy what you have and don't worry about not having a lot, especially money...because once you're dead, 'you can't take it with you.' For some, it means to use up all you have before you die because it's no use to you afterwards. You can't teach an old dog new tricks - It is difficult to make someone change the way they do something when they have been doing it the same way for a long time You can't un-ring a bell - This means that once something has been done, you have to live with the consequences as it can't be undone. You could have knocked me down with a feather - This idiom is used to mean that the person was very shocked or surprised. You do not get a dog and bark yourself - If there is someone in a lower position who can or should do a task, then you shouldn't do it. You get what you pay for - Something that is very low in price is not usually of very good quality. You reap what you sow - This means that if you do bad things to people, bad things will happen to you, or good things if you do good things. It is normally used when someone has done something bad. You said it!- Used to say you agree completely with something just said. You scratch my back and I'll scratch yours - This idiom means that if you do something for me, I'll return the favour. You what? - This is a very colloquial way of expressing surprise or disbelief at something you have heard. It can also be used to ask someone to say something again. You're toast - If someone tells you that you are toast, you are in a lot of trouble. You've got rocks in your head - Someone who has acted with a lack of intelligence has rocks in their head. You've made your bed- you'll have to lie in it - This means that someone will have to live with the consequences of their own actions. Young blood - Young people with new ideas and fresh approaches are young blood. Young Turk - A Young Turk is a young person who is rebellious and difficult to control in a company, team or organisation. Your belly button is bigger than your stomach - If your belly button is bigger than your stomach, you take on more responsibilities than you can handle. Your call - If something is your call, it is up to you to make a decision on the matter. Your name is mud - If someone's name is mud, then they have a bad reputation. Your sins will find you out - This idiom means that things you do wrong will become known. Z idioms Zero hour- The time when something important is to begin is zero hour. Zero tolerance - If the police have a zero tolerance policy, they will not overlook any crime, no matter how small or trivial. Zigged before you zagged - If you did things in the wrong order, you zigged before you zagged. Zip it - This is used to tell someone to be quiet. Zip your lip - If someone tells you to zip your lip, they want to to shut up or keep quiet about something. ('Zip it' is also used.)

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