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1. There are many different types of music today. Is the traditional music of a country more important than the International music that is heard everywhere nowadays?

Ideas in favor of traditional music:

  • Cultural identity: Traditional music reflects a country's heritage and identity.

  • Preserving history: Traditional music carries historical narratives and customs.

  • Community cohesion: Traditional music unites people and fosters a sense of belonging.

  • Unique charm: It offers distinctive sounds and instruments specific to a culture.

  • Artistic expression: Traditional music conveys emotions and stories in a culturally authentic way.

Ideas in favor of international music:

  • Global connections: International music promotes cross-cultural understanding and unity.

  • Diversity and exploration: It exposes people to different styles and genres.

  • Creative fusion: International music blends influences, leading to innovative compositions.

  • Commercial success: Global music has a broader market and economic impact.

  • Universal appeal: International music can resonate with a wider audience.

Opinion: The importance of traditional music should not be underestimated, as it preserves cultural heritage and sustains cultural identity. However, international music serves as a bridge, fostering global connections and enriching cultural diversity. A balanced appreciation of both forms of music is vital for promoting cultural understanding and embracing the beauty of musical variety in today's interconnected world.

2. Creative artists should always have the freedom to express their ideas (in paintings, books, films and songs) in any way they wish. The government should not restrict what they do. To what extent do you agree with this opinion?

Ideas supporting freedom of artistic expression:

  • Freedom of speech: Artists' creative expression is a form of free speech, essential for democracy.

  • Artistic innovation: Unrestricted expression fosters creative exploration and boundary-pushing.

  • Cultural diversity: Allowing diverse artistic ideas enriches cultural understanding.

  • Addressing societal issues: Art can be a powerful medium to challenge norms and raise awareness.

  • Individual rights: Artists should have the autonomy to convey their perspectives.

Ideas supporting limited restrictions on artistic expression:

  • Harmful content: Some artistic expressions may incite violence, hate, or harm to society.

  • Protecting public interest: Certain restrictions may safeguard public morality and well-being.

  • Age-appropriate content: Limiting access to certain works for children's protection.

  • Copyright and plagiarism: Ensuring artists' rights and preventing intellectual property theft.

Opinion: I agree to a large extent. Creative artists should have the freedom to express their ideas without fear of government censorship. However, certain reasonable limitations, such as avoiding harm to society or protecting vulnerable audiences, may be necessary. Striking a balance between artistic freedom and responsible expression can preserve both creativity and public welfare.

3. Government investment in the arts, such as music and theatre, is a waste of money. Governments must invest this money in public services instead.

To what extent do you agree with this statement?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own experience or knowledge.

Opinion: I disagree with the statement. Government investment in the arts is not a waste of money; it plays a vital role in enriching society, fostering creativity, and contributing to the overall well-being of citizens.


  1. Cultural Enrichment: Arts, including music and theater, form an essential part of a nation's cultural heritage. Supporting the arts preserves traditions and allows citizens to connect with their roots.

  2. Expression and Communication: The arts serve as a medium for self-expression and communication. They can address social issues, evoke emotions, and encourage dialogue, fostering a more inclusive and engaged society.

  3. Economic Impact: The arts industry generates economic activity, providing employment opportunities for artists, writers, performers, and related professionals.

  4. Tourism and Image: Cultural attractions, such as theaters and museums, draw tourists, bolstering the tourism sector and enhancing the country's international image.

  5. Educational Value: Exposure to arts enhances cognitive development, critical thinking, and creativity among children and adults alike. It complements formal education and contributes to a well-rounded education.

  6. Health and Well-being: Engaging with arts has therapeutic effects, promoting mental well-being and reducing stress.

  7. Innovation and Inspiration: Artists often drive innovation, inspiring other fields like technology, design, and advertising.


  1. Broadway, New York: The government's support for Broadway has made New York a global hub for theater, attracting visitors from around the world and contributing significantly to the city's economy.

  2. National Endowment for the Arts (NEA), USA: The NEA provides funding to various arts projects, encouraging artistic development and cultural diversity throughout the United States.

  3. South Korea's Cultural Investments: South Korea's focus on supporting its arts and cultural sectors has helped the country gain global recognition for its music, drama, and film industries, leading to the "Korean Wave" or "Hallyu."

In conclusion, government investment in the arts goes beyond monetary value. It promotes cultural preservation, social cohesion, education, and economic growth, making it a worthy allocation of public funds alongside investments in essential public services.

4. Art is considered an essential part of all cultures throughout the world. However, these days fewer and fewer people appreciate art and turn their focus to science, technology and business.

Why do you think that is?

What could be done to encourage more people to take interest in the arts?

Reasons for declining interest in art and shift to science, technology, and business:

· Practicality and job prospects: STEM fields often offer more direct career opportunities and financial stability.

· Education focus: Schools and institutions prioritize STEM subjects, leading to less exposure to arts education.

· Technological advancements: Modern technology and digital media dominate daily life, shifting attention away from traditional art forms.

· Perception of art: Some view art as a luxury or hobby rather than a practical pursuit.

Ways to encourage more interest in the arts:

· Education reform: Integrate arts education into school curricula to expose students to various art forms early on.

· Cultural promotion: Support and fund art events, exhibitions, and performances to make art more accessible and visible.

· Public awareness campaigns: Raise awareness about the importance of art in society and its impact on culture and creativity.

· Collaboration between STEM and the arts: Highlight how art and innovation can complement each other to foster interdisciplinary thinking.

· Art scholarships and grants: Provide financial support to aspiring artists, making art education and careers more attainable.

· Digital art platforms: Embrace technology to promote art through online platforms, reaching wider audiences.

· Community engagement: Organize art workshops, open studios, and community art projects to involve the public in artistic endeavors.

By implementing these strategies, society can encourage a renewed appreciation for the arts and strike a balance between creativity and technological advancement.

5. "Nowadays it is noticed that cultural mixing is reflected within local cultural practices. Do you think it is good for our society?"

Opinion: Yes, cultural mixing can be beneficial for our society. Embracing cultural diversity and promoting cultural mixing can lead to several positive outcomes:

1. Enriched Cultural Experience:

  • Experiencing diverse cultures enriches our lives, broadens our perspectives, and fosters tolerance and understanding.

  • People can learn from each other's traditions, values, and customs, promoting a sense of unity and appreciation for different backgrounds.

2. Cultural Evolution and Innovation:

  • Cultural mixing can lead to the fusion of ideas, arts, and practices, sparking creativity and innovation in various fields.

  • It encourages the development of new art forms, music styles, cuisines, and languages, reflecting the dynamic nature of culture.

3. Economic and Social Benefits:

  • Cultural exchange attracts tourists, contributing to the economy through cultural tourism.

  • Social cohesion is strengthened as people from different backgrounds interact, reducing prejudice and promoting inclusivity.

4. Global Connectivity:

  • Cultural mixing facilitates cross-border communication, fostering global connectivity and cooperation.

  • It can lead to international collaborations in various domains, including art, science, and technology.

5. Preserving Traditions:

  • In the face of globalization, cultural mixing can help preserve endangered traditions by revitalizing interest and appreciation.

6. Promoting Peace and Harmony:

  • Understanding and celebrating cultural diversity can contribute to peaceful coexistence among different communities.

  • It can reduce conflicts arising from cultural misunderstandings and promote a sense of global citizenship.

However, while cultural mixing brings numerous benefits, it is essential to strike a balance and ensure that cultural practices are respected and preserved, avoiding the risk of cultural appropriation or the erosion of unique cultural identities. Embracing cultural mixing with sensitivity and open-mindedness can foster a more harmonious and inclusive society.

1. Some people believe that visitors to other countries should follow local customs and behaviour. Others disagree and think that the host country should welcome cultural differences. Discuss both views and give your own opinion.

Arguments for Visitors Following Local Customs:

  • Respect for the host culture: Adopting local customs shows respect and appreciation for the traditions and values of the host country.

  • Cultural sensitivity: Following local behavior prevents unintentional cultural misunderstandings or offense to the local population.

  • Cultural immersion: Embracing local customs allows visitors to fully experience the culture and enrich their travel experience.

  • Avoiding conflict: Adherence to local customs reduces the likelihood of conflicts arising from cultural clashes.

Arguments for Embracing Cultural Differences:

  • Diversity enrichment: Welcoming cultural differences promotes diversity and intercultural understanding.

  • Globalization and tolerance: Embracing diverse customs reflects a more open-minded and tolerant society in an increasingly globalized world.

  • Mutual learning: Host countries can learn from visitors' customs, creating a two-way cultural exchange that benefits both parties.

  • Tourism promotion: An inclusive approach attracts more tourists from various backgrounds, boosting the host country's tourism industry.

Opinion (Balanced):

  • Encourage mutual respect: Visitors should be encouraged to respect and adopt certain local customs, especially those rooted in cultural sensitivity.

  • Embrace diversity: Simultaneously, host countries should celebrate and embrace cultural differences, promoting an inclusive and tolerant environment.

  • Cultural education: Engage in cultural education programs for visitors to understand local customs and the reasons behind them.

  • Open dialogue: Encourage open discussions between visitors and locals to bridge cultural gaps and promote understanding.

2. Some believe the primary purpose of museums is to entertain people, while others believe their purpose is to educate. Discuss both views and give your own opinion.

View: Museums as Entertainment:

  • Attracting visitors: Emphasizing entertainment can draw more people to museums, increasing their popularity and financial sustainability.

  • Engaging experiences: Interactive exhibits and entertaining presentations can captivate visitors, making learning enjoyable.

  • Appeal to diverse audiences: Entertainment-focused museums may attract a broader range of visitors, including families and younger audiences.

  • Positive word-of-mouth: Entertaining experiences can lead to positive reviews and recommendations, benefiting the museum's reputation.

View: Museums as Education:

  • Preserving history and culture: The primary goal of museums is to preserve and present knowledge, history, and culture for educational purposes.

  • Informative exhibits: Education-focused museums prioritize the dissemination of knowledge through well-curated exhibits and accurate information.

  • Promoting critical thinking: Educational museums encourage visitors to question, analyze, and learn, fostering critical thinking skills.

  • Contributing to society: Museums play a vital role in educating the public, promoting a more informed and culturally aware society.

Opinion (Balanced):

  • A blend of both: Museums should strive to strike a balance between entertainment and education.

  • Engaging presentations: Entertaining elements can enhance educational experiences, making the information more accessible and enjoyable.

  • Focus on accuracy: While aiming to entertain, museums must prioritize the accuracy and integrity of the information they present.

  • Diverse strategies: Different museums can adopt varying approaches based on their focus and target audience, combining entertainment and education accordingly.

  • Measure of success: The success of a museum should be evaluated by its ability to engage visitors effectively while fulfilling its educational purpose.

3. "Countries become more developed due to mix of different people and their culture. Do you agree or disagree?"

Opinion: Agree

  • Cultural diversity fosters innovation: When people from various cultural backgrounds come together, they bring unique perspectives and ideas, leading to innovative solutions and advancements in various fields.

  • Economic growth and trade: A mix of cultures facilitates international trade and business collaborations, contributing to economic growth and development.

  • Cultural exchange and learning: Interactions between diverse groups promote cultural exchange, mutual understanding, and appreciation, enriching societies and promoting harmony.

  • Attracting talent: Culturally diverse countries often attract skilled professionals and talents from around the world, enhancing their workforce and intellectual capital.

  • Tourism and soft power: Countries with rich cultural diversity tend to attract more tourists and have stronger soft power on the global stage, increasing their influence and reputation.

  • Social cohesion and tolerance: Encountering different cultures encourages societies to embrace diversity, fostering social cohesion and tolerance.

Counter-argument: Disagree

  • Challenges of integration: Managing cultural diversity can be complex, leading to social tensions and difficulties in integrating different communities.

  • Cultural clashes: Different cultural norms and practices may clash, leading to misunderstandings and conflicts within society.

  • Loss of cultural identity: In some cases, the influx of foreign cultures might overshadow and dilute the native culture, leading to concerns about the loss of identity.

  • Uneven distribution of benefits: Not all segments of society may equally benefit from cultural diversity, leading to disparities and marginalization.

  • National security concerns: A significant mix of cultures may raise security concerns, especially if there are conflicting ideologies or political interests.


While challenges exist, the benefits of cultural diversity in driving development, fostering innovation, and promoting social cohesion outweigh the drawbacks. Embracing and effectively managing cultural diversity can lead to more prosperous, vibrant, and resilient societies, making me agree that countries become more developed due to the mix of different people and their culture.

4. There are many different types of music in the world today. Why do we need music? Is the traditional music of a country more important than the international music that is heard everywhere nowadays?

Importance of Music:

· Emotional expression: Music serves as a powerful medium for expressing emotions, feelings, and experiences that may be difficult to convey through words alone.

· Cultural identity: Music is an integral part of cultural identity, reflecting the traditions, values, and history of a community or country.

· Social cohesion: Music has the ability to bring people together, fostering a sense of unity and belonging within societies.

· Stress relief and well-being: Listening to music can have therapeutic effects, reducing stress, anxiety, and promoting overall well-being.

· Entertainment and enjoyment: Music provides entertainment and pleasure, enhancing the quality of life for individuals.

Traditional Music vs. International Music:

· Preserving cultural heritage: Traditional music is crucial for preserving a country's cultural heritage and passing down its customs and values to future generations.

· Local identity: Traditional music reinforces a country's unique identity, distinguishing it from other cultures and maintaining its distinctiveness.

· Cultural exchange and enrichment: International music allows for cultural exchange, broadening horizons and enriching people's understanding of the world.

· Global connectivity: International music promotes global connectivity, transcending language barriers and creating shared experiences among diverse audiences.

· Evolving tastes: As societies change and develop, there is room for both traditional and international music to coexist, catering to various tastes and preferences.


Music plays a vital role in human life, serving as a means of emotional expression, cultural identity, and social cohesion. While traditional music holds significant importance in preserving cultural heritage and local identity, international music contributes to cultural exchange and global connectivity. Both forms of music are valuable and can coexist harmoniously, offering diverse experiences and enriching the cultural landscape. Embracing both traditional and international music allows for a more comprehensive and inclusive appreciation of the world's musical heritage.

5. Art is considered an important part of a society as well as an expression of its culture. Do you think it is important for children to be taught art? Do you think children should be encouraged to focus on art rather than other subjects?

Importance of Teaching Art to Children:

  • Creativity and self-expression: Art nurtures creativity and allows children to express themselves in unique and imaginative ways, fostering individuality and confidence.

  • Emotional development: Through art, children can explore and understand their emotions, promoting emotional intelligence and well-being.

  • Cognitive skills: Engaging in artistic activities enhances cognitive abilities such as problem-solving, critical thinking, and spatial awareness.

  • Fine motor skills: Artistic pursuits improve fine motor skills and hand-eye coordination, which can benefit children in various aspects of their lives.

  • Cultural appreciation: Learning about art exposes children to different cultures and art forms, fostering appreciation and respect for diversity.

Balanced Approach to Education:

  • Importance of a well-rounded education: While art is essential, a balanced approach to education is crucial to developing children's overall abilities and preparing them for diverse challenges.

  • Integrating art into other subjects: Art can be integrated into various subjects, such as science, history, and literature, enhancing learning experiences and making education more enjoyable.

  • Identifying children's interests and talents: Encouraging children to explore their interests and talents, whether in art or other subjects, can lead to a more fulfilling and successful educational journey.

  • Multiple pathways to success: Nurturing diverse skills allows children to pursue various career paths, contributing to a more dynamic and adaptable workforce.


Teaching art to children is undeniably important as it contributes to their creativity, emotional development, and cognitive skills. However, a balanced approach to education is key, offering a mix of subjects to cater to different interests and talents. Art should be integrated into the curriculum, allowing children to benefit from its enriching effects while also exploring other areas of knowledge. By doing so, we can ensure that children receive a comprehensive education that prepares them to thrive in both artistic pursuits and various other fields.

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