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Democracy (Paragraph / Composition / Essay )


Composition / Essay Writing

Democracy


Democracy is a type of government where all eligible citizens have an equal role in creating laws, either directly or through elected representatives. It encompasses social, economic, and cultural conditions that enable people to freely participate in political decision-making.

There are two main types of democracy: direct and indirect. In a direct democracy, citizens directly elect their government officials through voting. In contrast, in an indirect democracy, citizens elect representatives who then choose the leaders to form the government. Bangladesh practices direct democracy, while the USA practices indirect democracy.

Abraham Lincoln, the 16th President of the USA, famously defined democracy as "government of the people, by the people, for the people."

In a democratic state, every citizen should have opportunities to develop their personality, access knowledge, earn a fair wage, and enjoy both work and leisure rights. Education plays a crucial role in teaching citizens to think freely, act boldly, and express their opinions openly.

Effective organization is essential for citizens to express themselves in a democracy. Political leaders should be responsible, honest, and brave to lead effectively.

Under favorable conditions, democracy is considered the most effective form of government. It balances freedom and authority, fosters patriotism among citizens, and aims to maximize happiness for the greatest number of people in a society. Democracy also promotes personal growth and allows individuals to achieve their fullest potential.





Model Answer-2

  Comparing and Contrasting Democracy and Autocracy

Democracy and autocracy represent two fundamentally distinct forms of government, each with its own set of characteristics, advantages, and drawbacks. A democracy, as seen in many Western nations, is a system of government where power rests with the people. In this setup, citizens participate in decision-making through free and fair elections, ensuring their voices are heard. The key principles of democracy include the protection of individual rights and freedoms, the rule of law, and checks and balances to prevent the concentration of power. It emphasizes inclusivity and is often associated with civil liberties, such as freedom of speech and assembly. In contrast, an autocracy is a system where power is concentrated in the hands of a single leader or a small elite group. Autocratic regimes, such as monarchies and dictatorships, centralize authority, often limiting citizens' participation in the decision-making process. Autocracies may be efficient in making decisions quickly, but they tend to lack transparency and accountability, leading to a potential abuse of power. Individual rights and freedoms can be limited, and political opposition is often suppressed. When comparing these two systems, democracies are typically characterized by greater political stability, the protection of civil liberties, and peaceful transitions of power. In contrast, autocracies can lead to social unrest and political oppression due to the concentration of power in the hands of a few. However, it's essential to note that the comparison is not black and white. Some countries may have elements of both systems, and the effectiveness of each can vary depending on the leadership and the context. In practice, democracies can sometimes be marked by political gridlock and inefficiency, while certain autocracies may experience periods of relative stability and economic growth. The choice between democracy and autocracy often involves trade-offs between individual freedoms and effective governance, and it remains a subject of ongoing debate in the realm of political science and international affairs.

            

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