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Preposition

A preposition is a word that shows the relationship between a noun or pronoun and other words in a sentence. Prepositions are used to indicate location, direction, time, manner, and many other relationships. They help provide context and clarify the spatial or temporal relationships between objects and actions in a sentence.

Here are the main types of prepositions:


Prepositions of Place: These prepositions describe the location of objects or people in relation to other objects. Common examples include "in," "on," "under," "beside," "above," "below," "between," and "among."

  • The book is on the table.

  • The cat is under the bed.

  • They sat between John and Mary.


Prepositions of Time: These prepositions describe when an action takes place. Common examples include "in," "on," "at," "since," "for," "during," and "before."

  • We'll meet at 3:00 PM.

  • I've known her since 2005.

  • They'll arrive before dinner.


Prepositions of Direction: These prepositions indicate the direction or movement of an action. Common examples include "to," "from," "towards," "through," "across," and "along."

  • She walked to the park.

  • The river flows through the valley.

  • I ran across the street.


Prepositions of Manner: These prepositions describe how an action is performed. Common examples include "with," "by," "like," and "as."

  • She painted the picture with a brush.

  • The book was written by the author.

  • He sings like a professional.


Prepositions of Agent: These prepositions indicate the doer of an action. Common examples include "by" and "from."

  • The letter was written by her.

  • The gift was sent from my aunt.


Prepositions of Possession: These prepositions indicate ownership or possession. Common examples include "of" and "for."

  • The key of the car is on the table.

  • This gift is for you.


Prepositions of Cause or Reason: These prepositions explain the reason for an action. Common examples include "because of" and "due to."

  • The game was canceled because of the rain.

  • He was late due to traffic.


Most Common Preposition


common prepositions with example sentences:


1. about - He is talking about his vacation.

2. above - The plane is flying above the clouds.

3. across - She walked across the bridge.

4. after - They went for ice cream after dinner.

5. against - The cat is rubbing against the wall.

6. along - We strolled along the beach.

7. amid - They found peace amid chaos.

8. among - He is popular among his peers.

9. around - The kids played around the tree.

10. as - She works as a nurse.

11. at - They met at the park.

12. before - Dinner is served before 7:00 PM.

13. behind - The car is parked behind the house.

14. below - The treasure is hidden below the surface.

15. beneath - The cat is hiding beneath the bed.

16. beside - He sat beside his friend.

17. between - The book is between the two bookends.

18. beyond - The forest extends beyond the river.

19. but - She likes all fruits but bananas.

20. by - The letter was delivered by mail.

21. concerning - They had a discussion concerning the project.

22. considering - He is studying law, considering his future career.

23. despite - Despite the rain, they had a picnic.

24. down - The cat climbed down the tree.

25. during - He was silent during the meeting.

26. except - Everyone attended the party except John.

27. for - She bought a gift for her friend.

28. from - He is returning from his trip.

29. in - The keys are in the drawer.

30. inside - They went inside the museum.

31. into - The dog jumped into the pool.

32. like - She sings like an angel.

33. near - The park is near their house.

34. of - The book is the story of a detective.

35. off - Please turn the lights off.

36. on - The cat is on the roof.

37. onto - She climbed onto the stage.

38. out - The cat ran out of the house.

39. outside - The kids are playing outside.

40. over - The plane flew over the city.

41. past - The car drove past the school.

42. regarding - They had a meeting regarding the budget.

43. round - They sat round the campfire.

44. since - He has been waiting since morning.

45. through - They walked through the forest.

46. throughout - The music played throughout the night.

47. to - She sent a letter to her friend.

48. toward - They are heading toward the beach.

49. under - The cat is hiding under the table.

50. underneath - The treasure is buried underneath the ground.

51. until - They waited until the movie started.

52. unto - We prayed unto the gods.

53. up - The cat climbed up the tree.

54. upon - The book is upon the shelf.

55. with - She went shopping with her sister.

56. within - The treasure is hidden within the cave.

57. without - She can't go out without a coat.

58. according to - According to the report, it's going to rain.

59. across from - The park is across from the school.

60. along with - She brought her friends along with her.

61. as for - As for the weather, it's unpredictable.

62. because of - We had to cancel the picnic because of the rain.

63. by means of - They communicated by means of email.

64. for the sake of - He made sacrifices for the sake of his family.

65. in addition to - In addition to her job, she volunteers.

66. in front of - The car is parked in front of the house.

67. in place of - He filled in in place of his colleague.

68. in spite of - They continued in spite of the difficulties.

69. on account of - They were delayed on account of traffic.

70. on top of - The book is on top of the table.

71. out of - He ran out of patience.

72. with regard to - They discussed the matter with regard to the contract.

73. by way of - He arrived by way of the back door.

74. in lieu of - She offered her help in lieu of money.

75. on behalf of - She accepted the award on behalf of her team.

76. in case of - Keep a flashlight in case of a power outage.

77. in order to - He studied hard in order to pass the exam.

78. on the part of - The mistake was on the part of the manufacturer.

79. with respect to - He is very polite with respect to his elders.

80. as well as - He plays the guitar as well as the piano.



common prepositions in bold face

1. about - He is talking about his vacation. 2. above - The plane is flying above the clouds. 3. across - She walked across the bridge. 4. after - They went for ice cream after dinner. 5. against - The cat is rubbing against the wall. 6. along - We strolled along the beach. 7. amid - They found peace amid chaos. 8. among - He is popular among his peers. 9. around - The kids played around the tree. 10. as - She works as a nurse. 11. at - They met at the park. 12. before - Dinner is served before 7:00 PM. 13. behind - The car is parked behind the house. 14. below - The treasure is hidden below the surface. 15. beneath - The cat is hiding beneath the bed. 16. beside - He sat beside his friend. 17. between - The book is between the two bookends. 18. beyond - The forest extends beyond the river. 19. but - She likes all fruits but bananas. 20. by - The letter was delivered by mail. 21. concerning - They had a discussion concerning the project. 22. considering - He is studying law, considering his future career. 23. despite - Despite the rain, they had a picnic. 24. down - The cat climbed down the tree. 25. during - He was silent during the meeting. 26. except - Everyone attended the party except John. 27. for - She bought a gift for her friend. 28. from - He is returning from his trip. 29. in - The keys are in the drawer. 30. inside - They went inside the museum. 31. into - The dog jumped into the pool. 32. like - She sings like an angel. 33. near - The park is near their house. 34. of - The book is the story of a detective. 35. off - Please turn the lights off. 36. on - The cat is on the roof. 37. onto - She climbed onto the stage. 38. out - The cat ran out of the house. 39. outside - The kids are playing outside. 40. over - The plane flew over the city. 41. past - The car drove past the school. 42. regarding - They had a meeting regarding the budget. 43. round - They sat round the campfire. 44. since - He has been waiting since morning. 45. through - They walked through the forest. 46. throughout - The music played throughout the night. 47. to - She sent a letter to her friend. 48. toward - They are heading toward the beach. 49. under - The cat is hiding under the table. 50. underneath - The treasure is buried underneath the ground. 51. until - They waited until the movie started. 52. unto - We prayed unto the gods. 53. up - The cat climbed up the tree. 54. upon - The book is upon the shelf. 55. with - She went shopping with her sister. 56. within - The treasure is hidden within the cave. 57. without - She can't go out without a coat. 58. according to - According to the report, it's going to rain. 59. across from - The park is across from the school. 60. along with - She brought her friends along with her. 61. as for - As for the weather, it's unpredictable. 62. because of - We had to cancel the picnic because of the rain. 63. by means of - They communicated by means of email. 64. for the sake of - He made sacrifices for the sake of his family. 65. in addition to - In addition to her job, she volunteers. 66. in front of - The car is parked in front of the house. 67. in place of - He filled in in place of his colleague. 68. in spite of - They continued in spite of the difficulties. 69. on account of - They were delayed on account of traffic. 70. on top of - The book is on top of the table. 71. out of - He ran out of patience. 72. with regard to - They discussed the matter with regard to the contract. 73. by way of - He arrived by way of the back door. 74. in lieu of - She offered her help in lieu of money. 75. on behalf of - She accepted the award on behalf of her team. 76. in case of - Keep a flashlight in case of a power outage. 77. in order to - He studied hard in order to pass the exam. 78. on the part of - The mistake was on the part of the manufacturer. 79. with respect to - He is very polite with respect to his elders. 80. as well as - He plays the guitar as well as the piano.



Uses of Common Prepositions


1. About:

  • Definition:

    1. Concerning or regarding.

    2. Around or near a place.

    3. Approximately or roughly.

    4. Used to express location or position.

    5. Used to describe someone's character or attitude.


  • Examples:

    1. She told me a story about her trip to Paris.

    2. He lives about a mile from here.

    3. There were about 50 people at the party.

    4. The cat is about the room.

    5. He's always cheerful and positive; he's about as friendly as they come.


2. Above:

  • Definition:

    1. In or to a higher place or position.

    2. Superior to or more important than.

    3. Beyond something in a higher position.

    4. More than a certain age, level, or standard.

    5. On the floor above.


  • Examples:

    1. The bird is flying above the trees.

    2. Ethics are above profit.

    3. The temperature was above freezing.

    4. He's above average in intelligence.

    5. Their apartment is on the floor above ours.


3. Across:

  • Definition:

    1. From one side to the other side.

    2. In a crosswise direction.

    3. On or to the opposite side.

    4. In every part of.

    5. So as to intersect or cross.


  • Examples:

    1. They walked across the bridge.

    2. He drew a line across the paper.

    3. The store is across the street.

    4. The news spread across the globe.

    5. The two roads intersect across the river.


4. After:

  • Definition:

    1. Subsequent to in time or order.

    2. Behind in place or position.

    3. In pursuit of or behind.

    4. In the style or manner of.

    5. In accordance with.


  • Examples:

    1. We'll have dessert after dinner.

    2. She ran after the bus.

    3. He patterned his work after Picasso.

    4. She modeled her behavior after her role model.

    5. They followed the rules after the guidelines.


5. Against:

  • Definition:

    1. In opposition to; in contact with.

    2. In resistance to or protection from.

    3. In anticipation of and preparation for.

    4. To the disadvantage of.

    5. Contrary to or in contrast with.


  • Examples:

    1. The cat rubbed itself against the wall.

    2. She leaned against the cold wind.

    3. They braced themselves against the storm.

    4. The decision goes against our interests.

    5. His actions were against our values.


6. Along:

  • Definition:

    1. In a line or direction of; beside.

    2. Moving or extending in a continuous line.

    3. In company or association with.

    4. In accordance with.

    5. During the course of.


  • Examples:

    1. They strolled along the beach.

    2. The fence runs along the property line.

    3. She went along with her friends.

    4. He acted along the lines of the plan.

    5. He sang along with the music.


7. Amid:

  • Definition:

    1. Surrounded by; in the middle of.

    2. In the presence of; among.

    3. At the same time as.

    4. In the middle of a period or activity.

    5. In the face of.


  • Examples:

    1. They found peace amid the chaos.

    2. She stood amid a crowd of fans.

    3. Laughter echoed amid the tears.

    4. He rested amid the busy workday.

    5. They remained calm amid the crisis.


8. Among:

  • Definition:

    1. In or through the midst of a group of people or things.

    2. In the middle of.

    3. By many people; with common features.

    4. In the number or class of.

    5. In the opinion of.


  • Examples:

    1. He is popular among his peers.

    2. The lost city lies hidden among the mountains.

    3. The book stands among the bestsellers.

    4. She was among the top students.

    5. Among the group, he's the most experienced.


9. Around:

  • Definition:

    1. In a circular direction; on all sides of.

    2. Present or nearby.

    3. Moving from place to place.

    4. In many places.

    5. Approximately or nearly.


  • Examples:

    1. They played tag around the tree.

    2. The neighbors are around today.

    3. He travels around the world.

    4. The city has parks around every corner.

    5. She'll be back around 6:00 PM.


10. As:

  • Definition:

    1. In the role or function of; to the same degree or extent.

    2. In the capacity or character of.

    3. For example; like.

    4. While; during the time that.

    5. Considering the fact that.


  • Examples:

    1. She works as a nurse.

    2. He dressed up as a pirate for Halloween.

    3. Some pets, as dogs, need daily exercise.

    4. He worked as a lifeguard during the summer.

    5. As it was raining, they stayed indoors.

11. At:

  • Definition:

    1. In or near a particular place or location.

    2. Indicating a particular point or time.

    3. Indicating a rate or ratio.

    4. Indicating a particular state or condition.

    5. In the direction of; toward.


  • Examples:

    1. They met at the park.

    2. The concert starts at 8:00 PM.

    3. It's priced at $10 per item.

    4. She's at a loss for words.

    5. He waved at the passing car.


12. Before:

  • Definition:

    1. In advance of in time; earlier than.

    2. In front of or ahead of.

    3. In the presence or sight of.

    4. In preference to.

    5. In preparation for.


  • Examples:

    1. Dinner is served before 7:00 PM.

    2. She lined up before the gate.

    3. He proposed before their friends.

    4. Safety comes before speed.

    5. She studied before the exam.


13. Behind:

  • Definition:

    1. In or to the rear of; at the back of.

    2. In a place that someone has left.

    3. In a situation where someone is less advanced.

    4. In a state of owing money or other obligations.

    5. In support of or favorable to.


  • Examples:

    1. The car is parked behind the house.

    2. He left the book behind on the table.

    3. He is behind in his studies.

    4. She's behind on her bills.

    5. They stood behind his decision.


14. Below:

  • Definition:

    1. In or to a lower place.

    2. Lower in rank or status.

    3. Less than a specified amount.

    4. Unworthy of.

    5. Inferior or subordinate to.


  • Examples:

    1. The treasure is hidden below the surface.

    2. She was a level below her manager.

    3. The temperature dropped below freezing.

    4. Such behavior is below our standards.

    5. He was below her in the organization.


15. Beneath:

  • Definition:

    1. Under or below (something).

    2. In a lower place; below.

    3. Unworthy of; not fitting.

    4. Hidden or covered by.

    5. In the physical presence of.


  • Examples:

    1. The cat is hiding beneath the bed.

    2. The sunken city lies beneath the waves.

    3. His behavior is beneath contempt.

    4. The treasure is buried beneath the ground.

    5. They met beneath the stars.


16. Beside:

  • Definition:

    1. Next to; at the side of.

    2. In comparison with.

    3. In addition to.

    4. In a state of (calm, panic, etc.).

    5. In the interest or alongside someone or something.


  • Examples:

    1. He sat beside his friend.

    2. She's tall beside her brother.

    3. We ordered coffee beside our meals.

    4. She remained calm beside the chaos.

    5. He stood beside his family.


17. Between:

  • Definition:

    1. In or into the space that separates.

    2. In a intermediate or middle position.

    3. In the time or interval that separates.

    4. In the combined influence of.

    5. In connection or relation to.


  • Examples:

    1. The book is between the two bookends.

    2. She was seated between her two sisters.

    3. The meeting is scheduled between 2 and 3 PM.

    4. Their friendship lies between trust and respect.

    5. There's a deep connection between art and emotions.


18. Beyond:

  • Definition:

    1. Further on or greater in degree or extent.

    2. Outside the physical limits or control of.

    3. In addition to.

    4. On the other side of.

    5. Surpassing in achievement or quality.


  • Examples:

    1. The forest extends beyond the river.

    2. The challenge is beyond our abilities.

    3. It's beyond my understanding.

    4. The mountains lie beyond the horizon.

    5. His skills are beyond comparison.


19. But:

  • Definition:

    1. Except; apart from.

    2. On the contrary; however.

    3. Otherwise than; without the concomitant that.

    4. Only; merely.

    5. Outside the restrictions of; without.


  • Examples:

    1. She likes all fruits but bananas.

    2. He studied hard, but he didn't pass.

    3. He can't help but wonder.

    4. It's anything but simple.

    5. We can't do anything but wait.


20. By:

  • Definition:

    1. Next to or beside.

    2. Indicating the means or method.

    3. Indicating the agent performing an action.

    4. Indicating a time or rate.

    5. In accordance with; according to.


  • Examples:

    1. The letter was delivered by mail.

    2. The painting was done by a famous artist.

    3. The problem was caused by the storm.

    4. He wakes up by 6:00 AM.

    5. We'll go by the rules.


21. Concerning:

  • Definition:

    1. Relating to; regarding.

    2. About.

    3. In connection with.

    4. On the subject of.

    5. With regard to; pertaining to.


  • Examples:

    1. They had a discussion concerning the project.

    2. We received a letter concerning your application.

    3. Let's talk concerning your future plans.

    4. The book is concerning history.

    5. They reached an agreement concerning the terms.


22. Considering:

  • Definition:

    1. Taking into account; in view of.

    2. In consideration of.

    3. Taking something into consideration.

    4. Reflecting on a situation or circumstance.

    5. Given the circumstances.


  • Examples:

    1. He is studying law, considering his future career.

    2. Considering the cost, it's a great deal.

    3. She made the right choice considering her options.

    4. Considering the weather, we might need umbrellas.

    5. Considering what happened, it's understandable.


23. Despite:

  • Definition:

    1. In spite of; without being affected by.

    2. Regardless of.

    3. Notwithstanding.

    4. Although.


  • Examples:

    1. Despite the rain, they had a picnic.

    2. He's a great athlete despite his injury.

    3. She remained calm despite the chaos.

    4. Despite the challenges, they succeeded.


24. Down:

  • Definition:

    1. Towards or in a lower place or position.

    2. Along the course or direction of.

    3. In a lower or weaker condition.

    4. Reducing in size, intensity, or quantity.

    5. Away from a higher to a lower level.


  • Examples:

    1. The cat climbed down the tree.

    2. He walked down the street.

    3. She's feeling down today.

    4. The stock market is down.

    5. Water flows down a slope.


25. During:

  • Definition:

    1. Throughout the course or duration of.

    2. In the time of.

    3. In the process of.

    4. Within a particular period.

    5. At a point in time within a longer time frame.


  • Examples:

    1. He was silent during the meeting.

    2. They traveled to Europe during the summer.

    3. She felt tired during the hike.

    4. During the pandemic, people stayed at home.

    5. The music played during the ceremony.


26. Except:

  • Definition:

    1. Not including; other than.

    2. Unless.

    3. With the exclusion of.

    4. If it were not for the fact that.

    5. But for the presence or action of.


  • Examples:

    1. Everyone attended the party except John.

    2. Except for the rain, it was a perfect day.

    3. All fruits are delicious, except for durian.

    4. He's happy except when he's tired.

    5. Except for your help, we would have failed.


27. For:

  • Definition:

    1. In support of; intended to belong to.

    2. Used to express the purpose or reason.

    3. In favor of; on behalf of.

    4. Used to indicate duration or time.

    5. In exchange or as payment.


  • Examples:

    1. She bought a gift for her friend.

    2. They are studying for the exam.

    3. He speaks for the team.

    4. They've been dating for two years.

    5. He paid for the meal.


28. From:

  • Definition:

    1. Indicating the point in space at which a journey begins.

    2. Indicating the point in time at which something starts.

    3. Indicating separation or removal.

    4. Used to show origin or source.

    5. Used to express the cause or reason.


  • Examples:

    1. He is returning from his trip.

    2. The class runs from 9 AM to 11 AM.

    3. He borrowed a book from the library.

    4. The coffee beans are imported from Brazil.

    5. She resigned from her job.


29. In:

  • Definition:

    1. Expressing the situation of something that is or appears to be enclosed or surrounded by something else.

    2. Expressing a period of time during which an event takes place.

    3. Indicating the means or instrument used.

    4. In the state or process of.

    5. Indicating inclusion or involvement.


  • Examples:

    1. The keys are in the drawer.

    2. They arrived in the morning.

    3. She painted a picture in oil.

    4. He's always busy in the evenings.

    5. They have faith in their team.


30. Inside:

  • Definition:

    1. Within the limits or interior of.

    2. In the inner part of.

    3. Within a building or enclosed space.

    4. Privy to; having knowledge of.

    5. In the inner self or mind.


  • Examples:

    1. They went inside the museum.

    2. The treasure is hidden inside the cave.

    3. It's warm inside the house.

    4. She's inside information about the project.

    5. He's happy inside his heart.

31. Into:

  • Definition:

    1. Expressing motion or direction towards a point.

    2. Expressing a change of state or transformation.

    3. Expressing entry or inclusion.

    4. Indicating a specific period.

    5. In the direction of something or someone.


  • Examples:

    1. The dog jumped into the pool.

    2. She transformed into a successful writer.

    3. We were welcomed into their home.

    4. They'll be busy into the night.

    5. He's walking into the room.


32. Like:

  • Definition:

    1. Having the same characteristics or qualities as.

    2. In a similar manner to.

    3. Such as; for example.

    4. Likely to.

    5. In the manner of; resembling.


  • Examples:

    1. She sings like an angel.

    2. He dances like a professional.

    3. Some pets, like dogs, need daily exercise.

    4. It looks like rain.

    5. He behaves like a child.


33. Near:

  • Definition:

    1. At or to a short distance away from.

    2. Almost at; very close to.

    3. With respect to; in relation to.

    4. Close to achieving.

    5. Having a strong resemblance to.


  • Examples:

    1. The park is near their house.

    2. The store is near the train station.

    3. She's near the top of her class.

    4. The project is near completion.

    5. She looks near identical to her sister.


34. Of:

  • Definition:

    1. Expressing the relationship between a part and a whole.

    2. Expressing the relationship between a category and things that fall into it.

    3. Expressing possession or association.

    4. Expressing the relationship between an author, artist, or composer and their work.

    5. Expressing the cause or reason.


  • Examples:

    1. The book is the story of a detective.

    2. He's a member of the team.

    3. The beauty of nature.

    4. The paintings of Picasso.

    5. The result of their hard work.


35. Off:

  • Definition:

    1. Away from the surface or from the top.

    2. No longer in operation or effective.

    3. Not engaged or participating in.

    4. Removed or cleared from a surface.

    5. Indicating cessation or completion.


  • Examples:

    1. Please turn the lights off.

    2. The computer is off.

    3. He's off work today.

    4. Wipe the dirt off the table.

    5. The project is off to a great start.


36. On:

  • Definition:

    1. Physically in contact with and supported by.

    2. Indicating the location or position of something.

    3. About; concerning.

    4. In operation or in effect.

    5. Expressing the state of being planned or scheduled.


  • Examples:

    1. The cat is on the roof.

    2. The book is on the table.

    3. They had a discussion on politics.

    4. The computer is on.

    5. The meeting is on Monday.


37. Onto:

  • Definition:

    1. Expressing motion to a location on the surface of something.

    2. Moving to a higher position.

    3. Becoming aware of or perceiving something.

    4. In the direction of a particular course or outcome.

    5. In contact with or attached to.


  • Examples:

    1. She climbed onto the stage.

    2. The cat jumped onto the bed.

    3. He caught onto the idea.

    4. The project is moving onto the next phase.

    5. The sticker is stuck onto the suitcase.


38. Out:

  • Definition:

    1. Moving or appearing to move away from a particular place.

    2. In the open; not enclosed.

    3. Indicating the termination of something.

    4. No longer in fashion or popular.

    5. In the direction of the exterior or beyond.


  • Examples:

    1. The cat ran out of the house.

    2. They played out in the yard.

    3. The concert is sold out.

    4. That style is out of date.

    5. He's going out for a walk.


39. Outside:

  • Definition:

    1. Beyond the limits or confines of.

    2. In the external area or surface.

    3. In a place away from the center or indoors.

    4. Not within the scope or responsibility of.

    5. Not relating to; irrelevant to.


  • Examples:

    1. The kids are playing outside.

    2. She sat outside on the porch.

    3. It's cold outside today.

    4. That's outside my expertise.

    5. The issue is outside the project's scope.


40. Over:

  • Definition:

    1. Expressing motion above and across a place or object.

    2. Beyond or higher than.

    3. Throughout a period.

    4. By means of.

    5. Indicating division or covering.


  • Examples:

    1. The plane flew over the city.

    2. The bridge goes over the river.

    3. They talked over the weekend.

    4. She communicated over the phone.

    5. Place a blanket over the table.


41. Through:

  • Definition:

    1. Moving in one side and out of the other side of.

    2. Continuing in time, space, or extent.

    3. As a result of.

    4. By means of.

    5. In the manner of; as though.


  • Examples:

    1. The train goes through the tunnel.

    2. The road goes through the forest.

    3. They succeeded through hard work.

    4. She found the answer through research.

    5. He acted through kindness.


42. Throughout:

  • Definition:

    1. In every part of; all through.

    2. During the whole of a period.

    3. Over the whole extent.

    4. In every part or aspect.

    5. During the course of an event or situation.


  • Examples:

    1. The music played throughout the night.

    2. The tradition has continued throughout generations.

    3. The city is decorated with lights throughout December.

    4. She has been a great friend throughout our struggles.

    5. The idea resonates throughout the book.


43. To:

  • Definition:

    1. Expressing motion or direction in the direction of (a particular location).

    2. Expressing a point reached at the end of a range or extent.

    3. Indicating the place of attachment.

    4. Indicating a limit.

    5. In the direction of; towards.


  • Examples:

    1. She walked to the park.

    2. The book covers chapters 1 to 10.

    3. He attached the label to the package.

    4. It's hard to swim to the island.

    5. She pointed to the horizon.


44. Toward:

  • Definition:

    1. In the direction of.

    2. Expressing a tendency or direction.

    3. With the purpose of achieving.

    4. Indicating a favorable attitude or disposition.

    5. Near in time or relationship to.


  • Examples:

    1. They walked toward the beach.

    2. She has a positive attitude toward her goals.

    3. He's working hard toward a promotion.

    4. He is friendly toward new colleagues.

    5. The project is toward completion.


45. Under:

  • Definition:

    1. Expressing the location below or beneath something.

    2. In a lower position or state.

    3. Expressing the state of being controlled or managed by.

    4. In the category or class of.

    5. With less than.


  • Examples:

    1. The cat is hiding under the bed.

    2. The company is under new management.

    3. He falls under the category of artists.

    4. She completed the task under an hour.

    5. The team performed under expectations.


46. Up:

  • Definition:

    1. Moving or being in a higher position.

    2. In an upward direction.

    3. Indicating an increase in intensity or quantity.

    4. Completing or concluding something.

    5. Indicating a higher level of achievement or quality.


  • Examples:

    1. He climbed up the ladder.

    2. The balloon floated up to the sky.

    3. The temperature is going up.

    4. She finished tidying up the room.

    5. Her performance was a step up from last year.


47. With:

  • Definition:

    1. Accompanied by.

    2. In the company or presence of.

    3. Having or possessing.

    4. Using or employing.

    5. In relation to; concerning.


  • Examples:

    1. She went to the party with her friends.

    2. He sat with his family.

    3. He is blessed with great talent.

    4. She wrote the letter with a pen.

    5. I agree with your point of view.


48. Within:

  • Definition:

    1. Inside; in the interior of.

    2. Not exceeding the limits of.

    3. In the scope or authority of.

    4. Before the end of a particular period.

    5. In a short distance of.


  • Examples:

    1. The key is within the drawer.

    2. The solution is within our reach.

    3. They have the authority within the department.

    4. We'll complete the project within a week.

    5. The store is within walking distance.


49. Without:

  • Definition:

    1. Not having or lacking.

    2. In the absence or lack of.

    3. Beyond the limits of.

    4. Except for; unless.

    5. Free from; not influenced by.


  • Examples:

    1. He left without saying goodbye.

    2. She managed without any help.

    3. They ventured without fear.

    4. She couldn't survive without water.

    5. He made the decision without pressure.


50. Throughout:

  • Definition:

    1. In every part or aspect of; all through.

    2. During the entire time or extent of.

    3. In a continuous manner.

    4. Over the whole extent.

    5. During the course of.


  • Examples:

    1. They spread love and kindness throughout the world.

    2. The movie kept us entertained throughout.

    3. The artist's work is celebrated throughout the art community.

    4. She wore a smile throughout the day.

    5. The music played throughout the event.




Identify prepositions in the following sentences

  1. The cat is on the roof.

  2. She went for a walk in the park.

  3. The book is under the table.

  4. He arrived at the airport.

  5. They will meet in front of the restaurant.

  6. The keys are inside the drawer.

  7. The dog jumped over the fence.

  8. She is reading a book by the window.

  9. He ran through the forest.

  10. The ball rolled across the street.

  11. They are heading towards the mountains.

  12. The gift is for you.

  13. The car is parked beside the house.

  14. They walked along the beach.

  15. He studied for the exam.

  16. The bird is perched on the branch.

  17. She sang with passion.

  18. He is waiting at the bus stop.

  19. They sat between John and Mary.

  20. The train departed at noon.

Answer:

  1. The cat is on the roof.

  2. She went for a walk in the park.

  3. The book is under the table.

  4. He arrived at the airport.

  5. They will meet in front of the restaurant.

  6. The keys are inside the drawer.

  7. The dog jumped over the fence.

  8. She is reading a book by the window.

  9. He ran through the forest.

  10. The ball rolled across the street.

  11. They are heading towards the mountains.

  12. The gift is for you.

  13. The car is parked beside the house.

  14. They walked along the beach.

  15. He studied for the exam.

  16. The bird is perched on the branch.

  17. She sang with passion.

  18. He is waiting at the bus stop.

  19. They sat between John and Mary.

  20. The train departed at noon.


Identify prepositions in the following sentences

  1. The keys are on the table.

  2. She walked through the forest.

  3. They met at the park.

  4. The cat is hiding under the bed.

  5. He is studying for the test.

  6. The plane flew above the clouds.

  7. The gift is for his birthday.

  8. They are heading toward the beach.

  9. The book is between two bookends.

  10. The cat climbed up the tree.

  11. She plays the piano as well as the violin.

  12. They argued loudly and persistently.

  13. He drove past the school.

  14. She arrived on time.

  15. The children are playing outside.

  16. The dog jumped over the fence.

  17. They discussed the matter with regard to the contract.

  18. The sun sets in the west.

  19. The treasure is hidden within the cave.

  20. The cat is rubbing against the wall.

  21. He is very polite with respect to his elders.

  22. They continued in spite of the difficulties.

  23. They are meeting inside the building.

  24. The ball rolled across the field.

  25. The cat is perched on the chair.

  26. She sent a letter to her friend.

  27. The train departs at 8:00 AM.

  28. The cat climbed up the curtain.

  29. She sings like a professional.

  30. The cat is hiding beneath the sofa.

  31. He accepted the award on behalf of the team.

  32. They are discussing the budget concerning the project.

  33. He is studying law, considering his future career.

  34. They will meet in front of the theater.

  35. The book is atop the bookshelf.

  36. They walked along the riverbank.

  37. She went shopping with her sister.

  38. He ran out of patience.

  39. The dog is digging a hole in the backyard.

Answer:


  1. The keys are on the table.

  2. She walked through the forest.

  3. They met at the park.

  4. The cat is hiding under the bed.

  5. He is studying for the test.

  6. The plane flew above the clouds.

  7. The gift is for his birthday.

  8. They are heading toward the beach.

  9. The book is between two bookends.

  10. The cat climbed up the tree.

  11. She plays the piano as well as the violin.

  12. They argued loudly and persistently.

  13. He drove past the school.

  14. She arrived on time.

  15. The children are playing outside.

  16. The dog jumped over the fence.

  17. They discussed the matter with regard to the contract.

  18. The sun sets in the west.

  19. The treasure is hidden within the cave.

  20. The cat is rubbing against the wall.

  21. He is very polite with respect to his elders.

  22. They continued in spite of the difficulties.

  23. They are meeting inside the building.

  24. The ball rolled across the field.

  25. The cat is perched on the chair.

  26. She sent a letter to her friend.

  27. The train departs at 8:00 AM.

  28. The cat climbed up the curtain.

  29. She sings like a professional.

  30. The cat is hiding beneath the sofa.

  31. He accepted the award on behalf of the team.

  32. They are discussing the budget concerning the project.

  33. He is studying law, considering his future career.

  34. They will meet in front of the theater.

  35. The book is atop the bookshelf.

  36. They walked along the riverbank.

  37. She went shopping with her sister.

  38. He ran out of patience.

  39. The dog is digging a hole in the backyard.


Fill in the blanks with correct prepositions:

  1. She walked ___ the park and sat ___ a bench.

  2. The cat is hiding ___ the bed.

  3. He climbed ___ the tree to get the ball.

  4. The book is ___ the shelf.

  5. They arrived ___ the airport at 9 AM.

  6. The concert is scheduled ___ 7 PM.

  7. She is talented ___ playing the piano.

  8. They traveled ___ Europe ___ the summer.

  9. The coffee beans are imported ___ Brazil.

  10. He's a member ___ the team.

  11. The movie kept us entertained ___ the entire time.

  12. The keys are ___ the drawer.

  13. The cat jumped ___ the bed.

  14. They are studying ___ the exam.

  15. He proposed ___ their friends.

  16. The city is decorated with lights ___ December.

  17. She made the right choice ___ her options.

  18. They succeeded ___ hard work.

  19. The computer is turned ___.

  20. She wrote the letter ___ a pen.

  21. They spread love and kindness ___ the world.

  22. The project is moving ___ the next phase.

  23. They had a discussion ___ politics.

  24. The store is ___ the train station.

  25. The bridge goes ___ the river.

  26. They discussed the issue ___ the meeting.

  27. The treasure is hidden ___ the cave.

  28. She's tall ___ her brother.

  29. He acted ___ kindness.

  30. She painted a picture ___ oil.



Answer

  1. She walked to the park and sat on a bench.

  2. The cat is hiding under the bed.

  3. He climbed up the tree to get the ball.

  4. The book is on the shelf.

  5. They arrived at the airport at 9 AM.

  6. The concert is scheduled for 7 PM.

  7. She is talented at playing the piano.

  8. They traveled to Europe during the summer.

  9. The coffee beans are imported from Brazil.

  10. He's a member of the team.

  11. The movie kept us entertained throughout the entire time.

  12. The keys are in the drawer.

  13. The cat jumped onto the bed.

  14. They are studying for the exam.

  15. He proposed to their friends.

  16. The city is decorated with lights in December.

  17. She made the right choice considering her options.

  18. They succeeded through hard work.

  19. The computer is turned off.

  20. She wrote the letter with a pen.

  21. They spread love and kindness throughout the world.

  22. The project is moving into the next phase.

  23. They had a discussion about politics.

  24. The store is next to the train station.

  25. The bridge goes over the river.

  26. They discussed the issue during the meeting.

  27. The treasure is hidden beneath the cave.

  28. She's tall like her brother.

  29. He acted with kindness.

  30. She painted a picture in oil.


Fill in the blanks with correct prepositions:


  1. The cat is hiding ___ the table.

  2. She walked ___ the street and saw a rainbow.

  3. The book is ___ the top shelf.

  4. They arrived ___ the airport with excitement.

  5. The concert is scheduled ___ Friday night.

  6. He's skilled ___ playing the guitar.

  7. They traveled ___ Asia during the summer.

  8. The coffee beans are imported ___ Colombia.

  9. He's a key player ___ the team.

  10. The movie kept us entertained ___ the entire film.

  11. The keys are ___ the ignition.

  12. The cat jumped ___ the couch.

  13. They are studying ___ the library.

  14. He proposed ___ a beautiful setting.

  15. The city is decorated with lights ___ the holiday season.

  16. She made the right choice ___ her career path.

  17. They succeeded ___ their determination.

  18. The computer is turned ___ and ready to use.

  19. She wrote the letter ___ a typewriter.

  20. They spread love and kindness ___ their community.

  21. The project is moving ___ the final stages.

  22. They had a discussion ___ art and culture.

  23. The store is located ___ the city center.

  24. The bridge goes ___ the river.

  25. They discussed the issue ___ the board meeting.

  26. The treasure is hidden ___ the sand.

  27. She's shorter ___ her sister.

  28. He acted ___ a true gentleman.

  29. She painted a picture ___ watercolors.

  30. The flowers are blooming ___ the garden.

  31. The bird flew ___ the sky.

  32. He found his keys ___ the couch.

  33. The music played ___ the entire event.

  34. She has a natural talent ___ singing.

  35. They traveled ___ the mountains during the summer.

  36. The coffee is made ___ freshly ground beans.

  37. The cat leaped ___ the fence.

  38. He's known ___ his expertise in the field.

  39. She arrived ___ the meeting early.

  40. The path leads ___ the forest.


answer

  1. The cat is hiding under the table.

  2. She walked across the street and saw a rainbow.

  3. The book is on the top shelf.

  4. They arrived at the airport with excitement.

  5. The concert is scheduled for Friday night.

  6. He's skilled at playing the guitar.

  7. They traveled to Asia during the summer.

  8. The coffee beans are imported from Colombia.

  9. He's a key player on the team.

  10. The movie kept us entertained throughout the entire film.

  11. The keys are in the ignition.

  12. The cat jumped onto the couch.

  13. They are studying at the library.

  14. He proposed in a beautiful setting.

  15. The city is decorated with lights during the holiday season.

  16. She made the right choice for her career path.

  17. They succeeded through their determination.

  18. The computer is turned on and ready to use.

  19. She wrote the letter on a typewriter.

  20. They spread love and kindness within their community.

  21. The project is moving into the final stages.

  22. They had a discussion about art and culture.

  23. The store is located in the city center.

  24. The bridge goes over the river.

  25. They discussed the issue during the board meeting.

  26. The treasure is hidden beneath the sand.

  27. She's shorter than her sister.

  28. He acted like a true gentleman.

  29. She painted a picture with watercolors.

  30. The flowers are blooming in the garden.

  31. The bird flew across the sky.

  32. He found his keys under the couch.

  33. The music played throughout the entire event.

  34. She has a natural talent for singing.

  35. They traveled to the mountains during the summer.

  36. The coffee is made from freshly ground beans.

  37. The cat leaped over the fence.

  38. He's known for his expertise in the field.

  39. She arrived at the meeting early.

  40. The path leads into the forest.


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