Elementary (2) (PECE)
Pre-intermediate (3) (JSC)
Intermediate (4) (SSC)
Upper-intermediate (5( (HSC)
Use of some preposition
Use of ‘At’:
1. before the small or short place: Example: I go to playground at 5:30. He lives at Tongi or at Azimpur.
2. before the fixed time: Example: He was born at 5:30.
3. Used for position and goal Example: He works at the market and at rest. Swung at the ball.
4. Used for expression of Purpose-:
(a) Let’s go and have coffee at Marcel’s.
5. Used for Target (look, wave, frown, point)-:
(a) Why are you looking at her like that?
(b) Because she smiled at me.
6. For attacks or aggressive behaviour (shoot, laugh, through and shout) -:
(a). It’s a strange to have somebody shoot at you.
(b). If you can’t laugh at yourself.
(c). Who can you laugh at?
(d). Stop throwing stones at the cat, darling.
(e). You don’t need to shout at me.
7. Arrive in generally followed by at.
(a). We should arrive at Pat’s in time for lunch.
8. At is used to talk about position point.-:
(a) It’s very hot at the centre of the earth.
(b) Turn night at the next corner.
9. At is used sometimes before a big place if it considers as a point.
(a) Let’s meet at the club. (a meeting point.)
(b) The plane stops for an hour at Frankfurt.
10. We very use at before the name of a building, when we are thinking not of the building itself but of the activity that happens there.
(a) There is a good film at the cinema.
(b) Eat at the steak house- best food in town.
11. At is particularly common with proper names used for buildings or organizations.
(a) I first met your father at Harrods.
(b) She works at legal and General Insurance.
12. At is used to say where people study.
(a) He’s at the London School of Economics.
13. At is used before the name of a city to refer to that city’s university.
(a) He is a student at Oxford.
14. At is also used before the names of group activities.
(a) At a party, (b) at a meeting, (c) at a concert, (d) at a lecture, (e) at the match.
15. We generally use at to talk address.
(a) Are you still at the same address?
(b) She lives at 73 Albert Street.
16. At can be used with, possessive to mean ‘at somebody’s house or shop.
(a) Where is Jane? She is round at Pat’s.
(b) You’re always at the hairdresser’s.
17. Especial expressions;
(a) at church, (b) at home/work, (c) at school/college, (d) Open at page 15.
18. before clock time.
(a) I usually get up at six O’clock.
(b) I meet you at 4.30.
(c) Phone me at lunchtime.
NB. At is usually left out before what time in an informal style. (What does your train leave?)
19. We use at to talk about the whole of the holidays at Christmas, New Year, Easter and Thanksgiving (US).
(a) We are having the roof repaired at Easter.
(b) What did you do at the weekend?
20. At all with negatives, we often use at all to emphasize a negative idea, questions.
(a) I did not understand at all.
(b) She was hardly frightened at all.
(c) Do you play poker at all?
(d) He‘ll come before supper if he comes at all?
21. At first- beginning.
(a) At first they were very happy.
22. before night.
(a) I often work at night.
23. before prize: He earns at 200Tk.per day.
24. before age: She is at sixteen now.
25. before day or night or fixed place: He cones at night and goes at daylight. They reached at our meeting place.
26. Motion: The car is running at 200 km/hr.
Use of ‘In’:
1. before big place and time for position.
As: He lives in Dhaka.
He goes in the evening.
My father lives in Canada.
2. To express stability inside anything.
As: He is in the room.
3. before month and year.
As: He was born in April 1972.
4. To express future period of time.
As: He will come in week.
5. To express end of the future period of time.
As: He will come in a month.
6. To express inside of the area.
As: Noakhali is in the south of Bangladesh.
7. We generally use in to talk about the positions of things, where they are.
(a) A moment later the ball was in the goal.
(b) She was walking in the garden.
8. If we mention the purpose of a movement before we mention the destination, we usually use in before the place.
(a) I went to see my father in Canada.
9. Arrived is generally followed by in.
Example: When did you arrive in New Zealand?
10. Before somebody’s home , big organization.
Example: (a) She lives in Frankfurt.
(b) She works in a big insurance company.
11. To mean living position of an institution. Example: (a) He lives in Cambridge.
12. In uses for position, inside a large areas, and in three-dimensional space (when something
is surrounded on all sides).
Example: (a) she grew up in Switzerland.
(b) I don’t think he is in his office.
(c). He lived in the desert for three years.
(d) Let’s go for a walk in the woods.
(e) I last saw her in the car park.
(f) She was swimming in the lake.
13. In is used to talk about the position of things which actually form part of the line.
Example: (a) There is a misprint in line 6 on page 22.
(b) Who’s the good –looking boy in the sixth row?
14. We use in to talk about private planes and boats.
Example: (a) Jump in and I’ll drive you to the station.
15. We use in (US on) if we just give the name of the street.
Example: (a) She lives in Albert Street.
16. Special expressions.
Example: In church, in school/college (American), in a picture, in the sky, in the rain, in a tent, in a hat, in bed.
17. Before parts of the day.
Example: (a) I work best in the morning.
(b) Three o’clock in the afternoon.
(c) We usually go out in the evening.
18. During one particular night.
Example: (a) I had to get up in the night.
19. Before longer periods: in
Example: (a) It happened in the weak after Christmas.
(b) I was born in March.
(c) Our house was built in the 15th Century.
(d) He died in 1987.
(e) Kent is beautiful in spring.
20. In can also be used to say how soon something will happen and to say how long something takes to happen.
Example: (a). Ask me again in three or four days.
(b) I can run 200 metres in about 30 seconds.
21. The expression is ----‘s time is used to say how soon something will happen not how ling something takes.
Example: (a) I’ll see you again in a month’s time.
(b) It’ll be ready in three weeks’ time.
(c) He wrote the book in a month.
22. In American English in can be used like for, to talk about periods up to the present (British only for).
Example: (a) I haven’t seen her in years.
23. Used to indicate physical surroundings –
Example: (a) I swim in the lake.
Use of ‘On’:
1. To talk about the position.
(a) The ball was on the goal.
(b) The cat’s on the roof again.
2. To talk about on a line (for example a road or a river)
(a) His house is on the way to Aberdeen to Dundee.
(b) Stratford is on the river Avon.
(c) Dhaka stands on the bank of Buriganga.
3. On is used for position on a surface.
(a) Hurry up –supper’s on the table.
(b) There is a big spider on the ceiling.
4. Attached to.
(a) Why do you wear that ring on your first finger?
(b) There aren’t many apples on the tree this year.
5. for position by a lake or sea, over and in contact
(a) Bowness is on Lake Windermere.
(b) Southend –on-sea.
(c) He jumped on his horse.
6. We use on (and off) to talk about travel using buses, plane, trains as well as motorcycles and horses. Example: (a) He’s arriving on the 3:15 train.
(b) We are booked on flight 604.
(c) There is no room on the bus.
(d) It took five days to cross the Atlantic on the Queen Elizabeth.
7. We use on for the number of the floor.
Example: (a) She lives in a flat on the third floor.
8. Especial expression.
Example: (a) On a firm,
(b). working on the railway.
9. before particular days, or during or at the time of.
Example: (a) I’ll ring you on Tuesday. My birthday’s on March 21st.
(b) They’re having a party on Christmas Day.
(c) They’re having a party on Easter Monday.
(d) I came on Monday.
(e) Every hour on the hour.
10. Before Plural day.
Example: (a) We usually go and see movie on Sundays.
(b) They usually go and see movie on Mondays.
11. before day or date.
Example: (a) He was born on Wednesday.
12. To express above the area.
Example: (a) The Garo Hills is on the north of Bangladesh.
13. Touching the surface
Example: (a) They sat on the wall.
(b) But Mita sat on the table.
(c) Shadows on the wall attracts the lover.
(d) There is a book on the table.
14. At, to – On the right were the mountains.
15. In, abroad – She went on the train
16. through the agency: - was cut on tin cane.
17. In state or process of: - on fire, on the wane.
18. Connected with as a number or participant - on a committee, on tour.
19. in or to position over and in contact with – jumped on his horse.
20. During or at the time of – came on Monday, every hour on the hour.
21. Used to indicate a basis, source, or standard of computation – has it on good authority,
10 cents on the dollar.
22. with regard to – a monopoly on wheat.
23. at or toward as an object – crept up on her.
24. About, concerning – a book on mineral.
Use of ‘By’:
1. before the certain time. As: Try to come by 4 o’clock.
2. To be done any deed, especially with a passive:
Example: (a). The snake was killed by Karim.
(b) I was attacked by a dog.
(c) She was killed by herself.
(d) Rice was being eaten by her.
3. Using or doing a particular thing.
Example: (a) You can reserve the tickets by phone.
(b) Send it by airmail.
(c) I know her by sight.
NB: By train, plain, car, etc.
4. Passing throw or along a particular place.
Example: (a) They came in by the back door.
(b) It’s quicker to go by the country route.
5. Beside or near something:
Example: (a) She stood by the window looking out over the fields.
(b) Jane went and sat by Patrick.
6. If you move or travel by someone or something, you go past them without stopping.
Example: (a) He walked by without notice me.
(b) I go by the Vicarage every day on my way to work.
7. Used to show the name of someone who wrote a book, produced a film, wrote a piece of music etc.
Example: (a) The new world sympathy by Dvorak.
8. Not later than a particular time, date etc,
Example: (a) the documents need to be ready by next Friday.
(b) I reckon the film should be over by 9:30.
9. According to a particular rule, method or way of doing things.
Example: (a) you got a play by the rules.
(b) Profits were Tk.1000 million, but by their standards this in low.
10. Used to show the amount or degree of smoking.
Example: (a) The price of oil fell by a further $2 a barrel.
(b) I was over charged by $3.
(c) Goddard’s first film was better by far.
11. Used to show the part of a price of equipment or of someone’s body that someone takes or holds.
Example: (a) He took her by the arm and led her across the road.
(b) She grabbed the hammer by the handle.
12. Used when expressing strong feelings or making serious promises.
Example: (a) By God, I’ll kill that boy when I see him!
13. Used between two numbers that you are multiplying or dividing.
Example: What are 48 divided by 4?
14. Used when giving the measurements of a room, container etc.
Example: (a) the room is 15 metres by 23 metres.
15. Used to show a rate or quality:
Example: (a) We’re paid by the hour.
16. Day by day / bit by bit etc. used to show the way in which something happens.
Example: (a) Day by day he grew weaker.
17. Used to show the situation or period of time during which you do something or something happens.
Example: (a) You could ruin your eyes reading by torchlight.
18. Used to show the connection between one fact or thing and another.
Example: (a) Colette’s French by birth.
(b) Its fine by me if you want to go.
19. As a result of an action or situation: - By accident,
Example: (a) I saw Maureen quite accident by the supermarket the other day. – By mistake,
(b) I manage to delete an afternoon’s work on the computer by mistake.
20. If a woman has children by a particular man, that man is the children’s father:
Example: (a) Ann’s got two children by the previous husband.
21. (All) by yourself completely alone:
Example: (a) Dave spent Christmas all by himself.
22. Through or through the medium of – left by the door.
23. Past - drove by the house.
24. During, at - studied by night.
25. No later than – get here by 3 pm.
26. through the means or direct agency of – by force.
27. In conformity with, also: according to – did it by the book.
28. with respect to – a vet by profession.
29. To the amount or extent of – won by a nose.
30. Used to express relationship in multiplication, in division and in measurements- divided a by b, multiply by six, 15 feet by 20 feet.
31. Way means – the work was done by him.
32. to mean time – 10pm by my watch.
33. Oath – swore by God or Allah
1. It is used for a. belonging to or possesses by somebody or own by somebody or associated with. As: He is a friend of mine. That house of theirs is fine. The front of the house, - a time of life, one of you, - the best of its kind, - the sun of a doctor.
b. (Followed by a noun) is belonging to something, being part of something. As: The handle of the umbrella, leg of a table, lid of the box.
c. Used to show a feature or quality that something has. As: the colour of her dress, the width of the road, the size of john’s overdraft.
d. having as component parts or material, contents or members- a pack of fools.
2. Used to talk about a group or collection of particular people or things. As: a herd of elephants, the Monalisa is one of his finest works.
3. Relating to somebody’s role, status or position, the role of the teacher, the rights of man, responsibilities of a nurse, and the privileges of the elite.
4. Originating from a specific background or living in a place. As: A woman of Pakistani descent, man of humble origin, the miners of Wales, the habitant of the area.
5. Used to talk about a particular amount or measurement of something. As: Two Kilos of Sugar, lots of money, a drop of water, a cup of coffee.
6. (Especially referring to somebody’s works as a whole) created by somebody: the works of Milton, the paintings of Monet, the songs of Britney Spears.
7. -- Used in dates: the 28th July.
-- American English used in giving the time to mean before; a quarter of seven (= 6:45)
8. – Used after nouns describing actions, to show who the action is done to: as: the killing of innocent children.
-- Used after describing actions, to show who does the action; the barking of the dogs.
9. Used to say what subject, person, thing etc another person or thing is connected with: the queen of England disease of the liver, the result of the meeting, the advantages of using a computer.
10. Used to say what something is made from: a dress of pure silk. / These bowls are made of plastic./ Shirts made of cotton./ a house of stone.
11. – the day / year etc of the day, year etc that something happened: the day of the accident/ the week of the festival:
-- of the day/ year the best or most important persons or thing or a particular day or year: She has been voted ’Woman of the year.’
-- Of an evening/ of a weekend used to say that you often do something in the evenings, at weekend etc: we always like to walk by the river of an evening.
12. Used to show that something is the result of something else: she left of her own free will. / He died of cancer./ The effects of radiation.
– used to say who writes a play, who paints a painting etc. the plays of Shakespeare. / The building is the work of a great artist.
-- used to show what a picture, story etc. is about or who is in it: a photo of Elizabeth. / A map of Bangladesh. / A story of love and loss.
14. about something /somebody: He’s never heard of John Keats./ Rumors of his infidelity filled the newspapers./ He told us of his travels.
15. Used to show where something is or how far something is from something else: east of Suez / I live within a mile of here.
16. Used to describe a particular person or thing: a woman of tremendous spirit. / A matter of no importance.
17. Especially literary used to say where someone comes from: Jesus of Nazareth. / The people of China.
18. it is kind of / it was wrong of etc. used to say that something that someone has done shows that they are kind , wrong etc. it was silly of him to think he could cheat.
19. Used after some /many/ a few etc. and between a numeral or superlative adjective and a pronoun or debt. As: some of his friends. / A few of my CD’s. / Not much of the food. / Six of them/ five of the team. / The last of the girls. / The brightest of all the students.
20. Dated frequently happening at a specified time: they used to visit me a Sunday (i.e. on Sundays).
21. In relation to something, concerning: the topic of conversation/ a dictionary of English/ the professor of Mathematics. / A director of the company.
22. from – a man of west.
23. Having as significant background or character element – a man of noble birth, a woman of ability.
24. Owing to – died of flue.
25. Written by – the plays of Shakespeare.
26. about – tales of the west.
27. Connected with – the queen of England.
28. that is signified – the city of Rome.
29. used to indicate apposition of the words it joins- that fool of a husband.
30. as concerns: for – love of nature.
31. before – quarter of ten.
1. To is used for movement or direction.
Example: (a) I go to Canada to see him whenever I can.
(b) He gets to the market by bike.
2. To is used as an expression of purpose.
Example: (a) Let’s go to Marcel’s for coffee.
(b) I went to Canada to see my father.
3. Throw to and shout to be used when there is no idea of attack.
Example: (a) Please do not throw food to the animals.
(b) Could you shout to Phil and tell him its breakfast time?
4. Never is followed by to.
Example: (a) Never go to the cinema.
5. To is used to indicate in a direction from and towards a particular person or thing.
(a) I am sitting to the left of the president. Drove to town.
6. To is used in order to be in a particular place or area.
(a) We are hoping to go to Istanbul for our holidays this year.
(b) I usually go to bed at 11 p.m.
(c) Where’s Emily? She is gone to the loom.
7. To is used in order to be in a particular situation, or in a particular physical or mental state.
(a) After two difficult years the company is now on the road to recovery.
(b) She sang the baby to sleep. (c) Wait until the light changes to green.
8. To is used for reaching as far as a particular thing. (a) The water came right up to our knees. Going to school.
9. In a position in which two things are touching: (a). The paper stuck firmly to the wall. (b) They danced check to check.
10. Facing something or in front of it. (a) I sat with my back to the engine. (b) We stood face to face. (c) The two houses were back to back.
11. until and including as: (a) She can already count from one to twenty. (b) They stayed from Friday night to Sunday morning. (c) Its ten kilometres from here to Angers. (d) She read the novel from beginning to the end.
12. Used to show person or thing to which actions or words are directed or to whom things belong: as: (a) this is a letter to Milton from George. (b) Have you told all your news to john? (c) You have no right to this land. (d) Will they give you an office to yourself?
13. Used to show the person or thing that is affected by an action. As: (a). It is dangerous to your health. (b) She is very kind to animals. (c) What have you done to the radio? (d) There’s always an element of risk to starting up a new business. Whispered to her. gave it to me.
14. Working for someone or, being a part of something that is necessary to make it work: (a) Have you seen the key to the back door? (b) Rona’s secretary is to the Managing Director.
15. Used when comparing two things, numbers etc. as: (a) I know he is successful but he is nothing to what he could have been. (b) England beat Scotland by two goals to one.
16. Used especially after verbs such as seem, feel, sound’ to show how things affect, concern, or influence someone. As; (a) the whole thing sounds very suspicious to me.
17. According to a particular feeling or attitude. As: (a) The doctor is not really to our liking. (b) You could use this information to your advantage. (c) Brookner has not to my knowledge written any books since this one.
18. to your surprise/annoyance/delight in a way that makes you feel a particular emotion: (a) Much to her surprise she passed the exam with distinction.
19. Especially spoken forming something or being one of the separate parts that makes something up: (a) we’re only getting eight francs to the pound at the moment. (b) There are sixteen ounces to every pound.
20. To is used when adding one number to another or, when thinking about two facts at the same time. As; (a) Add fifty to seventy five.
21. To be used to show that there is a certain amount of time before an event or before a particular time. As: (a) only two weeks to Christians. (b) How long it is to dinner?
22. ‘To’ is used between two numbers when you try to guess an exact number.
As: (a) There must have been between eighty to twenty thousand people at the concert.
23. To Express out of area.
As: The Himalayas is to the north of Bangladesh.
24. To express towards any gaining place.
As: He goes to school.
25. in the direction of and reaching - drove to town.
- in the direction of : toward – going to school.
- On, against – apply salve to a burn.
- as far as – can pay up to a dollar.
- so as to become or bring about - beaten to death, broken to pieces.
26. Before - its five minutes to six.
- Until – from May to December.
- Fitting or being a part of : for – Key to the lock.
- With the accompaniment of – sing to the music.
- In relation or comparison with- similar to that one, - won ten to six.
- In accordance with – add salt to taste.
- Within the range of – to my knowledge.
- Contained, occurring, or included in – two pints to a quart.
- As regards – agreeable to everyone.
27. Affecting as the receiver or beneficiary – whispered to her, - gave it to me.
28. for no one except – a room to myself.
- Into the action of – we got to talking.
29. used for marking the following verbs as an infinitive – wants to go, and often used by itself at the end of a clause in place of an infinitive suggested by the preceding context – goes to town whenever he wants to, can leave if you’d like to.
30. From one to another – a letter to Rahim.
- Long run – sent to the jail.
1. Intended to be given or belong to a particular person.(I) I’ve got a present for you. (ii) Save some for Aurther.
2. Intended to be used in a particular situation. As: (a) We’ve bought some new chairs for the office. (b) This is a nameplate for the door.
3. Used to show the purpose of an object, action etc. as; (a) it is a knife for cutting bread. (b) What did you do that for? (c) For sale / hire / rout.
4. If you do something for someone, you do it instead of him or her in order to help them. (I) I look after the kids for her. (ii) Let me lift that for you. (iii) I am living Azimpur for my wife.
5. If something is done for someone or if they are given something for a problem, they are helped or their situation is improved: (I) The doctor knew that there was nothing he could do for her. (a) I’ve found it for you. (b) I’ll do what I can for you. (c) What can I do for you?
6. If something is arranged for particular time, it is planned that it should happen then. (a) I’ve invited them for 9 O’clock. (b) I’ve made an appointment for 18th October. (c) It’s time for supper.
7. If you buy someone /something or arrange an event for their birthday etc. you do it to celebrate that occasion. (a) What did you get for your birthday? (b) I bought a gift for your marriage day.
8. Used to express a length of time. (a) Bake the cake for 40 minutes. (b) They had been walking for a good half an hour. (c) I’ve been meaning to ask you for ages. (d) He’s been off work for a long time. (e). For a while: I’m borrowing it for a while.
9. For now/for the moment used to say that you are suggesting something as a temporary solution, but it may be changed later. (I) I think for now we’re just going to have to keep the cats in the house. (ii) You can put your bags in my house for the moment.
10. Used to express distance. (I) We walked for miles. (ii) Factories and warehouses stretched for quite a distance along the canal.
11. Used to state where a person, vehicle etc is going. (I) I get off for work. (ii) That was the night before leaving for New York. (ii) The train left for Manchester. (iii) I’m for bed/home.
12. Used to show a price or amount. (a) This is a cheque for a hundred Tk. (ii) The diamond is insured for two thousand dollars.
13. In order to have does get or obtain something. (I) She decided to look for a job. (ii) Mother was ill to get up for dinner. (iii) The qualifications are necessary for entry to university. (iv) Run for your life.
14. Now for spoken used to say what you’re going to have or do now: (i.) Now for some fun he is staying here.
15. Because of or as a result of something: (i.) if for any reason, you cannot attend in the meeting you should inform the authority. (ii) He got a reward for bravery. (iii) We could hardly see for depreciation. For doing something: He got a ticket for driving through a red light. - cry for joy.
16. As to or concerning something, (I) I felt sorry for him. (ii) He has a talent for upsetting people.(iii) I’m sure she’s the ideal person for the job.(iv) We had pasta for lunch. (v) Fortunately for him, he can swim. (vi) The success rates for each task are given in Table. (vii) This is too hard for me to do. (viii) He’s a great one for (= he always wants or is concerned with) (ix) He’s a great one for details. (x) Are you all right for money? (ix.) She is not for me.
17. If you work for a company, play for a team etc., this is one in which you work, play etc. (I) Surveyors working for property services. (ii) He writes for a weekly paper. (iii) She plays for a team.
18. In favour of supporting or in agreement with something discussing the case for and against nuclear energy. (I) How many people voted for the proposal? (ii) Three cheers for the captain. (iii) All for: I’m all for people enjoying themselves.
19. Representing meaning or as a sign of something: (a) What’s the word for happy in French? (b) Red is for danger.
20. Used after a comparative form to mean after as a result of or because of (a) You’ll feel better for a break.
21. Used to say that a particular feature of someone or something is surprising when you consider what they are: (a) It’s cold for the time of year. (b) She looks young for her age.
22. For somebody/ something to do something. Used to introduce a phrase that is used instead of a clause. (a) It is really unusual for Michael to get cross. (b) I cannot bear for somebody or something to.
-- Nothing worse / easier than for something/ somebody to (a) there is nothing worse than for a present to ill treat a child.
-- Used when you are describing what someone should do, might do or has done: (a) the plan is for us to leave in the morning.
-- A need/desire/chance for something/somebody to: (a) There is an urgent need for someone to tackle this problem. (b). There will be an opportunity for them to do again.
-- Used when you are explaining a reason for something. (a) He must have had some bad news for to be so quit. (as/ since/ he is so quiet.) (b) I have sent off my coat for it to be cleaned. (c) In order that it may be cleaned.
-- Used when you are saying what someone or something is able to do: (a) It’s easy for a computer to keep a record of this information. (b) It’s impossible for me to get money out of Dorothy.
-- Large / difficult near enough for somebody/ something to. (a) The dolphin was near enough for me to reach out and touch it.
-- Too large/ difficult/ near for somebody/ something. (a) It’s too difficult for me to explain.
23. for each / every used to say that each of one kind of thing has or will have something of another kind: (a) For each mistakes you’ll lose half a portion. (b) for every three people who agree you’ll find five who don’t.
24. for all
-- in spite of (a) for all his efforts, he still came last (b) She still loves him for all that.
-- Considering how little (a) for all the success you have had, you might just as well have not bothered!
25. For all I know /care: spoken used to say that you don’t really know or case: (a) For all I know he could be dead. (b). He can jump into the river for all I care!
26. I would not do it for anything in formal used to emphasize that you definitely would not do it: (a) I would not go through that again for anything.
27. I for, one believes think that—Spoken this is my opinion, even if no ones else agrees: (a) I for one believe that she’s making a big mistake.
28. For one thing – (and for another) used when you are giving reasons for a statement you have made. (a) No I’m not going to buy it; for one thing I don’t far too expensive.
29. If it were for/ if it had not been for -- If a particular thing had not happened, if someone had not done something, or if a situation was different: (a) If it had not been for you, I would not be alive now.
30. (Well) that’s / there’s --- for you spoken – Used to say that it is typical that something has been as disappointment: You cannot expect any thing better of that type of thing: (a) That’s foreign hotel for you!
31. Be (in) for it to be likely to be blamed or punished; (a) You’ll be for it if she finds out what you have done!
32. As a preparation toward – dress for dinner.
33. Toward the purpose or goal of - need time for study, - money for a trip.
34. So as to reach or attain – run for cover.
35. as being – took him for a fool.
36. used to indicate recipient – a letter for you.
37. in support of – fought for his country.
38. derected as: affected – a cure for what ails you.
39. used with a noun or pronoun following by an infinitive to form the equivalent of a noun clause – for you to go would be silly.
40. in exchange as equal to: so as to return the value of – a lot of trouble for nothing.
41. pay – tk.100 for a cap.
42. concerning - a sticker for detail.
43. through the period of – served for three years.
44. in honor of - a party was arranged for VIP.
1. against – a fight with his brother.
2. From - parting with friends.
3. In mutual relation to – talk with a friend.
4. In the company of – went there with her.
5. As regards, toward – is patient with children.
6. Compared to – on equal terms with another.
7. In support of – I’m with you all the way.
8. In the presence of: containing – tea with sugar.
9. in the opinion of: as judged by- their arguments had
10. Because of, through – pale with anger, also by means of – hit him with a club.
11. in a manner indicating – work with a will
12. Given, granted - with your permission I‘ll leave.
13. Having – came with good news, - stood these with mouth open.
14. at the time of - right after: with that left.
15. Despite –with all her cleverness, she failed.
16. In the direction of – swim with the tide.
17. Before tools - I cut the mango with the knife.
1. to, toward, or at a higher point of – up a ladder.
2. to or toward the source of - up the river.
3. to, or toward the northern part of – up the coast.
4. To or toward the interior of – traveling up the country.
5. Along – walk up the street.
6. at a particular place: Do you fancy going up the town?
1. Towards the ground or lower point or in a lower position - The bathroom is down those stairs.
2. Along – The wind raced down the alley.
3. In the direction of the rivers current – We sailed down the river.
4. Down the shops/hospital /park/ market etc. --- Biltu is just gone down the pub.
5. Down in, on, along or through, toward the bottom of.
6. Down the road pike/ line etc. you will understand better a few years down the line.
1. It is used to show starting point of any action.
Example: A letter to me from home informing my mother’s illness.
2. It is used to show removal or separation:
Example: Subtract the number 7 from 29 then write the result.
3. It is used to show a material source or, cause:
Example: We were suffering from a cold for a month.
1. It is used to express past period of time.
Example: He returned home after a week.
The doctor died after the patient had come.
Since or from/ for: ‘For’ is used before period of time and since or from is used before
point of time and form of verb is past perfect tense.
As: He has been absent for four days since Monday last.
Use of ‘ Into’:
To express entering inside. i.e. dynamically and to change.
As: He enters into the Room. He ran into the house.
2. To the state , condition or form of – He got into trouble.
3. Time- at or until a certain time. Anu and I talked well into the night.
4. Against- The fox ran into a wall.
5. Direction: Make sure your speaking directly into the microphone.
6. Inside container, place , area: She got back into bed and pull quit over head. I have get to go into town.
7. Involved in something: I went into the printing trade at the age of 16.
8. Different, appearance, situation – You’ll have to eat your vegetables if you want to grow into a big strong boy.
9. hit, touch, meet – I ran into Brad at the blue bard last night.
10. Be into something – I have really got into English films.
Use of ‘onto:’
1. To a position or point on: He jumped onto the horse back.
2. Expressing movement meaning in or one particular place: the man manage to jump onto the train while it was moving.
3. On to somebody: The police are onto him.
4. Be/get onto somebody: Get onto the hospital and see if they can spare nurses.
5. Be onto a good thing / a winner (very good situation) – She is onto a real winner with that job.
6. A room looks or gives onto another room on where that room leads - the main sitting area looked out onto a beautiful view of the hills.
Use of ‘up to’:
1. As far a designated: part or place on :
2. To or fulfillment of :
3. To the limit of as many or as much as.
4. To the time of : until.
Use of ‘out of’:
1. out from with in or behind – walk out of the room, lookout of the window.
2.. from a state of – wake up out of a deep sleep.
3. beyond the limits of – out of sight
4. Because of : came out of curiosity.
5. from ,with – built it out of scrap.
6. in or into a state of loss or not having – cheated him out of TK5000. We are out of matches.
7. From among – One out of four.
8. Out of it. – source , old fashion.
Use of within:
1. Before exceed of future period of time.
As: He will come within a month.
2. Inside the limits or influence of – with in call.
3. In or to the inner part of - with in the room.
4. Place – with in the school area.
5. Time – with in two months.
Use of upon
1.on – an honour bestowed upon the association, - We are completely dependent upon your help.
Use of ‘About’:
1. Reasonably close to: also: on the verge of – Hasan was about join the army.
2. On all sides – I wrapped a piece of cloth about my finger.
3. Nearby – He is about to Dhaka.
4. Approximately - His knife was about six inches long.
5. Occasion on – They went there about that matter.
6. Position - He likes to write about him.
7. About your person – He had concealed the weapon somewhere about his person.
8. Do something about to do something to solve a problem or stop a bad situation – What can be done about the rising levels of pollution.
9. Basic purpose – Basically the job’s all about helping people.
10. Be quick about it. – Get me a drink and be quick about it.
11. On or dealing with a particular subject – a book about physics.
12. In many difference directions with a particular place – We spent the whole afternoon walking about town.
13. In the nature or character of a person or thing – There is something odd about Liza.
14. Use to ask for news or information – What about Mina?
15. Used to make a suggestion –How about a salad for lunch?
16. Used to introduce a subject that you want to talk about - about that car of yours. It’s about Tommy.
Use of ‘Across’:
1. On or towards the opposite side of something – my, best friend lives across the road.
2. In every part of the country, organization etc. Teachers are expected to teach a range of subjects.
3. On so as to cross or pass at an angle- a long across the road.
4. To or on the opposite side of – ran across the street.
5. Going looking etc. from one side of a space, area, or line to the other side: we gazed across the valley.
6. Reaching or spreading from one side of an area to the other: slowly a smile spread across her face. Do you think the shirt is too tight across the shoulders?
Use of ‘beneath’
1. in or to a lower position than something or directly under something – the dolphins disappeared beneath the waves.
2. In a lower or less important rank or job than someone else – She would not speak to peoples she consider beneath her.
3. Not suitable for someone because of not being good enough. – Seema considered it beneath her even to reply to the insult.
4. A feeling or attitude that is beneath another feeling or attitude is covered or hidden by it. – Dave sensed that something more sinister lay beneath the woman’s cheerful exterior.
5. Below, under –> Samira stood beneath a tree.
6. Concealed by – He put the book beneath the cloth.
Use of ‘Along’:
1. In a line with the direction of – sail along the coast.
2. At a point on or during – stopped along the way.
Use of Among:
1. To express more than two.
As: The teacher gave mangoes among the boys and girls.
Use of ‘Before’:
1. before certain time.
As: Try to come before 5 o’clock.
2. in a double incidental sentence, after using past perfect tense.
As: The patient had died before the doctor came.
3. Earlier than – go there before them.
4. In a more important category than – put quality before quantity
5. Ahead of some one or something else – I think you were before me in the queue.
6. In front of – stood before him.
7. Report or evidence – the proposal was put before the planning committee.
8. One quality or person comes before another – I put my wife and kids before any one else.
9. Formal in front of – The priest stood before the alter.
10. One place before another place (distance) - The pub is 100mbefore the chance on the night.
11. Job situation before – The task of employing the house day before us.
12. A period of time is before your start – we had a glorious summer afternoon before us to do as we pleased.
13. To show a particular reaction before someone or something you react – She trembled before the prospect of meaning him again.
Use of ‘Behind’:
1. in or to place or situation in back or to the rear of – look behind you. – the staff stayed behind the troops.
2. Inferior to – as a rank: below.
- Three games behind the first place team.
3. In support of: supporting – we’re behind you all the way.
4. Quickly or attitude behind an appearance- she suspected that a certain criticism lay behind his cheerful exterior.
5. see – simple
6. at or towards the back of something – The dog ran out from behind a house.
7. Not as successful or advanced as someone or something else: we are three points behind from other team. What’s behind something being the secret or hidden change of plan.
8. Supporting a person, idea etc. – The workers are very much behind the proposals.
9. Responsible for a plan or idea etc.- The Rotary club is behind the fund raising for the new hospital.
10. For unpleasant experience or situation – Hasan’s got five years of experience as a school teacher behind him.
Use of Beside:
1. Near or very close to – Sit beside me in my danger.
2. Use to compare two people or things – this year sales figure don’t look very good beside last years result.
3. Not relevant to –
4. Beside the point – How old is she? That’s beside the point the question is, can she do the job?
Use of Besides: [bisaiz]
1. ‘Besides’ use to mean too or although. - Besides this pen I need another one.
2. other than – Besides this pen he has another pencil.
3. Together with -
Use of Between:
1. Relation with the two persons.
As: He divided the mangoes between Ali and Omar.
Use of Without:
1. out side –old use
2. Lacking –without hope, we had to survive without light or heating for a whole time.
3. Not accompanied by or showing – Spoke without thinking.
4. Not doing or having something, or not showing a particular feeling – he had gone without his partners permission.
5. Happen easily – I manage to get through the exam without too much trouble.
6. Without wishing to – use before criticism.
Abide by (obey): Students should abide by the rules of the school.
Abide in (live): His uncle abides in London
Abstain from (refrem): We should abstain from smoking.
Accused of (convicted): The man was accused of theft.
Abound with (full of): Our rivers abound with fishes.
Abound in (exist plentifully): Fishes abound in our river.
Admit to (take in / enroll): He was admitted to Motijeel Govt. Boys' High school.
Agree with, on (consent): I agree with you on this point.
Agree to (consent): He did not agree to this proposal.
Aim at (shoot at): He aimed at the bird.
Appear before (present publicly): The man appeared before the court.
Appear in (set for an exam): We shall appear in the S. S. C Exam.
Apply to, for (ask for): I applied to the Headmaster for leave.
Appear to (seem): It appears to me that he is innocent.
Attend to (give care and attention): You should attend to your lesson.
Attend on/upon (look after): The nurse is attending on/-upon the patient.
Absent from. (not present): lie was absent from school.
Addicted to (habituated to evil things): Don't be addicted to smoking.
Accompanied by (with): He went to Dhaka accompanied by his father.
Afraid of (frightened): Everybody is afraid of snakes.
Attentive to (mindful): You should be attentive to studies.
Affectionate to (fond of): Teachers are affectionate to students.
Access to (entrance): We have access to the office.
Adjacent to (near): My office is adjacent to my residence.
Appetite for (hunger): Physical exercise increases appetite for food.
Ambition for (strong desire): Almost everybody has ambition for Dame.
Aware of (conscious): We should be aware of our duties.
Angry with/at: He is angry with you.
Anxious about (worried): Father is anxious about my result.
Ashamed of (feeling shame): I am ashamed of your conduct.
Adequate to (sufficient): Water supply is not adequate to our needs.
According to (in harmony with): He worked according to my advice.
Beware of (having caution): Beware of pickpockets.
Bask in (enjoy warmth and light): They were basking in the sun.
Believe in (to have faith): We believe in Allah.
Blind of (having no power to see): He is blind of one eye.
Blind to (indifferent): The man is blind tohis son's fault.
Boast of (feel proud): He boasts of his riches.
Born of (come of): He is born of a middle class family.
Bound for (ready to start): The train is bound for Sylhet.
Burst into (suddenly begin to cry): Hearing the news, she burst into tears.
Burst out (suddenly begin to laugh): The whole class burst out laughing.
Beneficial to (good for): Walking is beneficial to health.
Care for: I do not care for anybody.
Close to (near): My house is very close to our school.
Compare with (to make comparison with a similar thing): Rabindranath is compared with Shelly.
Compare to (to make comparison with a dissimilar thing): Anger is often compared to fire.
Commit to memory (memorize): Can you commit this long poem to memory?
Charge against (complaint): What is the charge against him'?
Complain against (bring charge): They complained against the teacher.
Complain to (bring charge to somebody): They complained to the Headmaster.
Comply with (keep): Please comply with my request.
Competent for (fit for): You are competent for the post.
Conisist of (contain): Our family consists of five members.
Conist in (lie in): Happiness consists in contentment.
Compensate for (make up the loss): Who will compensate for the loss?
Congratulate on (express pleasure for one's success): I congratulate you on your ant success.
Condemn to (sentence to): The murderer was condemned to death.
Conducive to (good for): Early rising is conducive to health.
Congenial to (conducive): Polluted air is not congenial to health.
Convict of (declare guilty): He was convicted of theft.
Cure of (get rid of a disease): He was cured of malaria. disease):
Cure for (remedy): There is no cure for AIDS.
Credit to (deposit): Credit the amount to my account.
Dead in (do business): His uncle deals in rice.
Deal with (behave): He deals well with all.
Deficient in (weak): He is deficient in English
Deliver to (hand over): The postman delivered the letter to me.
Deprived of (not allowed to enjoy rights): The poor are deprived of their rights.
Die of (die of a disease): The man died of malaria.
Die from (die because of harmful effect): The boy died from over-eating.
Die for (sacrifice): Soldiers die for their country.
Die by (die by own hand): The man died by suicide hanging.
Devoid of (empty of): He is devoid of commonsense.
Cause of (reason): What is the cause of your failure?
Cause for (reason for a future event): There is no cause for anxiety.
Depend on (rely): We should not depend on foreign aids.
Different from (not the same): This book is different from yours.
Differ with (disagree): I differ with you on this point.
Dull at (not bright): He is dull at Mathematics.
Difference between (the state of being not the same) Do you know the difference between a poet and a scientist?
Disqualified for (not qualified): Only a B.A. is disqualified for the post of Headmaster.
Fond of (favorite): The cat is fond of milk.
Faith in (belief): We have faith in Allah.
Faithful to (loyal): The dog is faithful to its master.
Famous for (reputed): Rajshahi is famous for mangoes.
Feed on (live on): The cow feeds on grass.
Expert in (skilled) He is an expert in English.
Expect from (hope): We expect-a good result from you.
Fit for (suitable): He is fit for this post.
Fine for (penalise): He was fined for misconduct.
Fire at (shoot at): The hunter fired at the bird.
Free from (exempt/ without): We are not free from diseases.
Free of (without cost): We had the books free of cost.
Full of (filled with): Every fruit is not full of juice.
Fondness for (love,): fie has fondness for games.
Good at (efficient): He is good at driving.
Grateful to/for (thankful): We are grateful to you for your help.
Guilty of (having guilt): He is guilty of theft.
Hanker after (have a strong desire): Don't hanker after evil money.
Hopeful of (having hope): I am hopeful of your success.
inform of (give information): Who informed you of the matter?
Interested in (having an interest): He is interested in painting.
Introduce to (acquaint with): He introduced me to the class.
Laugh at (ridicule): Don't laugh at the poor.
Jealous of (having ill feeling): He is jealous of my prosperity.
Key to (mainly helpful.): Industry is the key to success.
Lame of (having lameness): He is lame of one leg.
Marry to (to be in marriage): Mamtaz was marled to Shahjahan.
Mindful of (attentive to): Good students are mindful of their studies.
Open to (allowing all): A school is open to all for education.
Noted for (fal`110LIS): Molisin was noted for charity.
Play at (cards/with fire):): lie was playing at cards. Don't play with fire.
Popular with (loved by people): He is popular with his work mates.
Preside over (be the head of): He presided over the meeting.
Prepare for (bet ready): He is preparing for the exam.
Qualified for (fit 110r): He is qualified for the post of Principal.
Play on (perform on a musical instrument): The boy was playing on a violin.
Prevent from (forbid): Father prevented me from going to the cinema.
Prohibit from (forbid): Father prohibited me from going to the cinema.
Recover from (come round): lie has recovered from illness.
Regard for (honour): We must have regard for our elders.
Smile at (laugh at): Don't smile at the poor.
Smile on (favour): Fortune smiles on the brave.
Sure of (having confidence): I am sure of my success.
Trust in (believe in): We should trust in God.
Taste for (Interest): lie has taste Ivor music.
Thirst for (strong desire): He had thirst for knowledge.
Worthy of (deserving): Your action is worthy of praise.
Wait upon (attend on): A nurse waits upon the patient.
ACCUSED of: He was accused of theft.
ACCUSTOMED to: I am accustomed (used) to such a life.
ACQUAINTED with: I am acquainted with him.
ACQUIT (one) of: I acquit you of the charge.
ADAPTED to (one's ability), for (a purpose), from (the original): This work is not adapted to (fit for) my abilities. This story is adapted for school boys from a story of Rabindranath.
ADD to: Add this to that.
ADDICTED to: He is addicted to wine.
ADEPT in: He is adept (proficient) in music.
ADEQUATE to: This amount is adequate to (sufficient) our wants.
ADHERE to: I still adhere (stick) to my plan.
ADJACENT to: His house is adjacent (close) to mine.
ADJOURNED to, for: The meeting was adjourned (put off) to Sunday next.
ADMIT of (excuse): Your conduct admits of no excuse.
NOTE: ADMIT is followed by of only when it has an impersonal subject it or an abstract noun). But when the subject is personal, admit is not followed by ,of: I admit of being in the wrong.
ADMIT (one) to, into (a place, class, ctc.): He was admitted into the room. He was admitted to class VIII.
(To take) ADVANTAGE of, (to gain) ADVANTAGE over: He took advantage of my absence to steal my book. He gained advantage over me if the business.
ADVANTAGEOUS to: The new rule is advantageous to us.
ADVERSE to: Your plan is adverse to our interests.
AFFECTION for, towards, AFFECTIONATE to, towards: He has affection or towards me. He is affectionate to or towards me.
AFFIX to, on: Affix this stamp to or on the letter (attach.)
AFFLICTED with (a disease), at: He is afflicted with (suffering from) gout. She is afflicted at the death of her son.
AFRAID of: I am afraid of him. He is afraid of doing this.
AFRAID with (a person), on (a point), to (a proposal): I agree with you on this point. I agree with what you say. I agree to your proposal.
AGREEABLE to: The climate of this place is agreeable to me.
AIM at: He aimed at the flying bird.
AKIN to: My feeling for him is akin to pity.
ALARMED at, by, for: We are alarmed at (or, by) the news. He is alarmed for my safety.
ALIEN (to) ALIANATED from: Such rudeness is alien to his nature. He has been alienated (separated) from his friend.
ALIVE to, with: I am alive to (conscious of) my danger. The river is alive with boats.
ALLIANCE or ALLIED with, to: England has formed an alliance with France. It is allied with, (united with) France. The thing is allied to (of the same nature as) that.
ALLOT to: Fifty shares were allotted to me.
ALLUDE to: He alluded (referred) to the story in the speech.
ALOOF from: Keep aloof (away) from such friends.
ALTERNATE with; ALTERNATIVE to: Light alternates with darkness. This question is alternative to that.
AMAZE at: I am amazed (overwhelmed with wonder) at your conduct.
AMBITION for; AMBITIOUS of: I have no ambition for fame. I am not ambitious of fame.
AMENABLE to: He is not amenable to reason.
AMOUNT to: Her answer amounted to a complete refusal.
AMUSE at, by, with: I am amused at or by or with your story.
ANGRY with (a person) for (having done something), at, about (a thing): He is angry with me for my having done this. He is angry at or about my failure.
ANNEX to: Annex this slip to the letter (add).
ANNOYED (displeased) with (a person), for (doing something), at (a thing): He was annoyed with me for my going there. He was annoyed at my conduct.
ANSWER to, for (one's conduct) : Answer to (reply or respond to) the roll-call. This place answers to (agrees with) the description given in the book. You must answer for (explain) your conduct.
ANTIPATHY to, against: I have an antipathy (strong dislike) to smoking, but not against or to him.
ANXIOUS about, for: I am anxious (uneasy) about the result. I am anxious for (earnestly desirous of) the prize.
APOLOGISE to (a person) for (something): You must apologise to him for your conduct.
APPEAL to (a person) for (redress) against (a decision): I appealed to him for help. I shall appeal against your decision.
APPETITE for: I have no appetite (hunger) for food.
APPLY to (a person) for (a post): I applied to him for the post.
APPOINTED to (a post):He was appointed to the post.
APPOSITION to , with : This clause is in apposition to (or with) that clause.
APPREHENSIVE of- I am apprehensive (fearful) of failure.
APRISE of-We were duly apprised (informed) of the event.
APPROPRIATE to: Your remark is not appropriate to (fitting) the occasion. APT in, at: He is apt (clever) in mathematics, or at (quick figures).
APTITUDE for: I have no aptitude (talent) for music.
ASHAMED of: I am ashamed of your conduct.
ASK (a thing) of (a person): He asked a loan of me.
ASK (a person) for (a thing): He asked me for a loan.
ASK about, after: He asked about or after you.
ASPIRE after, to:.I do not aspire after or to a high post (desire something high).
ASPIRATION after: I have no aspiration for (or after) riches.
ASSENT to: I assented (consented) to the proposal.
ASSIGN to-He assigned (allotted) the task to me.
ASSOCIATED with (a person) in (a business): He was associated with you in the plot.
ASSURED (one) of: He assured me of his help.
ASTONISHED at: I was astonished at your courage.
ATONE for: You must atone for (make amends) your sin.
ATTACH to: Attach this slip to the letter.
ATTACKED by (a person), with (fever): He was attacked by robbers on the way. He has been attacked with fever.
ATTAIN to: He attained to (reached) greatness by dint of perseverance.
ATTEND to, upon, at: Attend (listen) to your teacher. I attended upon (served, or looked after) the patient. We attended at the station for him (also without 'at').
ATTENDED by (a person), with (a thing): He was attended by his servants. The task is attended with difficulty.
ATTRIBUTE to (a person): He attributed the loss to me (held me responsible for it).
AUTHORITY for, on, of, with, over, to: What is your authority for such a statement'? He is an authority (expert) on Education Policy. I say this on the authority of the Oxford Eng Dictionary. He has no authority (personal influence) with or over his brother. He has no authority (influence) over me. Only the Secretary has authority to make payments.
AVENGE on: He will avenge himself on you.
AWARE of: He is aware of the fact.
BAR to: There is no bar (obstacle) to his trying for the post.
BARE of: The field is bare of (without) grass.
BASED on: What he says is based on truth.
BEG (a thing) of (a person): He begged the favour of me. I beg of you to keep quiet. BEG (a person) for (a thing): He begged me for the favour.
BEG for (a thing) from (a person): He begged for help from me.
BEHAVE towards: Behave kindly towards the poor.
BELIEVE in: Do not believe (have faith) in his excuses.
BELONG to: This book belongs to me.
BENEFICIAL to: Exercise is beneficial to health.
BENT on: He is bent on going (determined to go).
BEQUEATH to: He bequeathed (left by will) his all to me.
BEREFT (deprived) of: Bereft of children, he lives a lonely life.
BESET with: He is beset (surrounded) with dangers.
BESTOW on: God bestows (give) His blessings on you.
BEWARE of: Beware (take heed) of the enemy.
BIAS against, towards: I have no bias (prejudice) against him (or towards anything particular).
BLESSED with, in: He is blessed with (possesses) good health. He is blessed (happy) in his children.
BLIND of. in (an eye), to (consequences): He is blind of (or in) both the eyes. He is blind to his son's faults.
BLUSH with (shame) at, for, another: He blushed with shame at his own mistake. I shall never give you cause to blush for me.
BOAST of: Do not boast of your wealth.
BORDER on: Your conduct borders on cruelty.
BORN of, in: He was born of poor parents. He was born in poverty. BORROW of or from: I borrowed the amount of or from him.
BOUND for (home), by (contract), in (honour): He. is bound for (on the way to) England. I was bound by contract to pay the money. I am bound to help you.
BROOD on or over: Do not brood (think sorrowfully) so much on or over your misfortune.
BURDENED with: He is burdened with a big family.
BURST into (tears), out (laughing)-He burst into tears at the sad news. He burst out laughing at my story.
BUSY at, in, with, about: He is busy at his desk. He is busy in doing his work (also, without in). He is busy with his lessons. He is always busy about nothing.
Buy (a thing) of (a person), but from (a' shop): I bought this thing of him (but bought this from his shop).
CAPABLE of: He is not capable of hard work.
CARE for, about, (take) care of: He does not care (verb) for me .or for wealth, or, about the result (has no interest in it). He has no care for me. Take care of your health.
CAREFUL, CARELESS, of or about: He is careful (or careless) of or about his health.
CAUSE of (a preceding event), for (ground or justification for): What is the cause of your failure? There is no cause for anxiety.
CAUTIOUS of: CAUTION against: He is cautious of giving (careful that he may not give) offence. Take proper caution against malaria. He cautioned rime against thieves.
CERTAIN of: CERTAINTY of, about: I am certain of it. There is no certainty of or about it.
CERTIFICATE of: I want a certificate of character.
CERTIFY to (one's character): I certify to his honesty.
CHARGE (noun) against (a person), of (a thing): What is the charge against him? He took charge of the whole affair.
CHARGE (verb) (a person) with (a fault), on (a person): He was charged with theft. Theft was charged on him.
CHARGE (a payment) to (a person): Give him one kilogram oil and sugar and charge the price to me.
CHEAT of, out of: He was cheated of or out of his dues.
CLAIM upon or against (a person), to, for (a thing): I have no claim upon or against him. I have no claim to this money. His claim for damage was accepted.
CLEAR of (blame): Keep clear of (free from) wicked friends.
CLING (stick) to: He clung to me through my troubles.
CLOSE to (adj.): His house is close to mine (near).
CLOSE with (verb): He closed with (accepted) the-offer.
CLOTHED with (shame), in (dress): Clothed with shame, she left the place. She was clothed in white.
CLUE to: Find out the clue to the mystery.
COINCIDE with: Your story coincides (agrees) with his.
COMMENT upon: Comment upon this passage.
COMMENCE on, with: The examination commences on the 5th instant. He commenced his speech with a short prayer.
COMMIT to: Commit the passage to memory.
COMMON to: This angle is common to both the triangles.
COMMUNICATE (a thing) to (a person), with (a person), on (a thing): Communicate (give) the information to him. I shall communicate (write letters) with him on this matter.
COMPARE with (like things), to (unlike things): Compare Akbar with Aurangzeb. Anger is compared (likened) to fire.
COMPENSATE (a person) for (his loss), with (a substitute): I compensated him for (to make good) his loss. (But we compensate a loss.) I compensated. the loss with ,i similar thing.
COMPETENT for: You are not competent for the post.
COMPETE with, for: He competed with me for the post.
COMPLAIN to (a person), against (another), of a (thing): He complained to me against you, or of your conduct. He complained of headache.
COMPLY with: He complied with (agreed to) my request.
COMPOSED of: What is water composed (made) of?
CONCEAL from: I concealed (secret) this from him.
CONCEIVE of: I cannot conceive (think of) of such cruelty.
CONCERNED in (a plot), at, about (feel anxiety), for (for a person's welfare): Five men were concerned (mixed up) in the plot. I am concerned at your failure. I am much concerned about the result. I am much concerned for you.
CONCUR with (a person) in (his decision) or on (a point): I concur with you in your decision (or on this point).
CONDEMN to, for: He was condemned (sentenced) to death for murder.
CONDOLE with (a person) on (his loss): We condoled (sympathized) with him on his loss.
CONDUCIVE to: Early rising is conducive to health (helpful).
CONFER on, with (a person) about (a matter): I shall confer (give) a prize on the boy. I shall confer with (consult) him about your prayer.
CONFESS to (a sin), CONFESSION of (weakness): I confess to this weakness. It is a confession of weakness.
CONFIDE in: Confide (tell in confidence) your secret to me.
CONFIDENT of: He is confident (hopeful) of success.
CONFINED in(a room), to (bed): He is confined in jail. He is confined to bed by gout.
CONFORM with (a person), on (views), to (a rule) (In) CONFORMITY with: I conform (agree) with you on this point. Conform to (follow) (or Act in conformity with) our rules.
CONFUSE with: Don't confuse (mix up) liberty with licence. 'Confuse' is also used as a transitive verb, when to is not required.
CONGENIAL to: This climate is congenial to my health (favourable).
CONGRATULATE (one) on (one's success): I Congratulate you on your success.
CONNECTED, or CONNECTION with; CONNECTION between (two): I am
connected with that paper. He has no connection with me. There is no connection between the two.
CONSCIOUS of: I am conscious of (aware) my weakness.
CONSIDERATION for. (In) CONSIDERATION of: Show some consideration for his youth. In consideration of his youth, he is let off this time.
CONSIST of, in: My family consists of (contains) six members. True happiness consists in contentment.
CONSISTENT with (agreeing to): Your action is not consistent with your principles.
CONSPICUOUS for, by: He was conspicuous (remarkable) for his memory. He is conspicuous by absence (to attract notice).
CONSULT with (a person) on or about (a thing): I consulted with him (also, consult him) on or about that matter.
CONTACT with: I have no contact with him.
CONTEMPORARY of (noun), with (adj.) (of the same time): Keats was a contemporary of, or was contemporary with, Shelley.
CONTENTED with-He is contented with a little.
CONTIGUOUS to-His house is contiguous (close) to mine.
CONTRAST (noun) to, between; (In) CONTRAST with: Your action is a contrast to (or is in contrast with) your profession. There is great contrast between the two.
CONTRAST with (verb): Contrast (compare) Maradona with Pele.
CONTRARY to: You acted contrary to orders (opposite to).
CONTRIBUTE to: Contribute (pay) something to this fund.
CONTROL of, over: He has no control of or over himself.
CONVERSANT with: I am conversant (well-acquainted) with the history of the case.
CONVERSE with (a person), on, about (a subject): I shall converse with him on or about the matter.
CONVERTED to, into: He was converted to Christianity. My joy was converted into sorrow (changed).
CONVICT of: The poor boy was convicted of theft (punished).
CONVINCED of: I am convinced (satisfied) of your products.
COPE with: I cannot cope with (manage) so much work.
CORRESPOND with (a person) about (a thing), to, with: I shall correspond with (write to) him about the matter. 'The wings of a bird' correspond to the 'arms of a man.' Your report corresponds/(agrees) with his.
COUNT for, upon: Our advice counts for nothing (i.e., is of no effect) with him. I count (depend on) upon your help.
COVETOUS of: He is covetous (greedy) of wealth.
CRAVE for : He craves (desires eagerly) for wealth.
CREDIT to, with: Please, credit the amount to my account. Credit my account with the amount. I credit him with good sense.
CURE (v.) (one) of (disease); a CURE (n.) for (disease)-He is cured of his disease. Have you any cure for this disease?
DAWN on: The truth at last dawned on (became clear to) me.
DEAF of an, in one, ear, to (not listen to): He is deaf of an (or in one) ear. He is deaf to entreaty.
DEAL in (trade in) goods, with a person (behave), with a subject (write or talk about it), by or with a person (treat in a specified way): He deals in rice, but does not deal honestly with his customers. He deals with the subject in his new book. He dealt cruelly by or with me.
DEAL out: He dealt out equal justice to all.
DEBAR from: He was debarred from (prevented) voting.
DECIDE upon or against: I have not decided upon my plan of action. The case was decided against him.
DEDICATE to: He dedicated the book to his mother.
DEDUCE from: I deduced, (inferred) the truth from his remarks.
DEFEND from, against: I shall defend you from your enemy. I shall defend you against all attacks.
DEFICIENT in: He is deficient in learning (weak).
DEFER to: The discussion was deferred (put off) to the next meeting.
DELIBERATE upon (discuss): We deliberated long upon (considered) the matter.
DELIGHTED at, with: He finds delight in books. He is delighted at or with the result. The child is delighted with his toys.
DELIVER to, from: Deliver the letter to him. He delivered (saved) me from the trouble.
DEMAND (a thing) from/of (a person); for (noun): He demanded the amount from or of me. There is no demand for this book.
DEPEND upon: You can depend upon my word.
DEPENDENT on: He is dependent on me.
DEPRIVED of: He was deprived of all power.
DERIVED from: What is derived (got) from this lengthy text?
DEROGATE from DEROGATORY to: This will derogate from (or This is derogatory to) his honour.
DESCENT from, DESCENDANT of: The Raj claim to be a descended from (or descendants of) Sri Ramchandra.
DESERVING of: His conduct was deserving of praise.
DESIST for, of; DESIRE of: He has no desire for (or of) wealth. He is not desirous of wealth.
DESPAIR of: He despairs (in hopeless) of success.
DESTINED for, to: He is destined for (or to) do the hard job.
DESTITUTE of: I am destitute (without) of any friend here.
DESTRUCTIVE of, to: Drinking is destructive of or to health.
DETACH from: He became detached (separated) from his friends.
DETER from: He was deterred (prevented)from going there.
DETERMINED on: He is determined on going home.
DETRACT from: This defect detracts (takes away) from his fame.
DETRIMENTAL to: Drinking is detrimental (injurious) to health.
DEVIATE from: I cannot deviate (go aside) from truth.
DEVOID of: Your story is devoid of (without) truth.
DEVOLVE upon, to: The charge of the family devolved (fell) upon me on my father's death. The property devolved upon or to him.
DEVOTE to: Devote some time to say your prayer every day.
DIE of (a disease), by (violence or weapon), from (a cause), for (some thing): He died of cholera; or by poison ; or, from overwork or for his country.
DIFFER from, in, with, on, about: This thing differs from (is unlike) that in colour. I differ with (have a different opinion from) you on this point. Men differ in opinion about his conduct.
DIFFERENCE between; DIFFERENT from: What is the difference between the two? This thing is different from that one.
DIFFIDENT of : I am diffident of success (doubtful).
Disappointed at, of, in, with: He was disappointed at your failure. He was disappointed of the prize (i.e. did not get it at all). He was disappointed in the prize but it did not satisfy him). I am disappointed with him.
DISAGREE on : (a point): I disagreed with him on that point.
E156R_-kCE to: He is a disgrace to his family.
DISGUSTED with. at, by: I am disgusted with, or by, or at his conduct.
Dislike to. for. of: I have a dislike to (or for) the boy. I cannot shake off my dislike of him.
DESPENSF with: I dispensed with (do without) his services,
DISPLEASED i a person) at or by (his conduct); I am displeased with him at or by his
DISPOSE of (finish): Let us dispose of our work.
DISPUTE with (a person) about/on (a matter): I had a dispute with him about that matter.
QUALIFIED for (a post), from (competing): He is over-aged, and is qualified for (or from appearing at) the examination.
DISSENT from: I dissent from your views (differ).
DISSIMILAR to: This thing is dissimilar to that.
ISTINCT from: These families are distinct from one another.
DISTINGUISH between, from, by: Distinguish between the two. I could distinguish you from him by your dress.
DIS I RUST of: There is reason for your distrust of him.
DIVERT from, to: The noise diverted (drew away) my attention from the book to the crowd.
DIVEST of: He was divested of all power (all power was taken away from him).
DIVIDED into parts, between, or among-It was divided into several parts. Divide the money between the two (or among the four) men present.
DOUBTFUL about/of: There is no doubt about or of him. I am doubtful of his honesty.
DUE to: No money is due to me (payable) from him.
DULL of (hearing), at (work): He is dull of hearing. He is dull (slow) at Physics.
DWELL in (a place), upon (a subject): He dwells in this house. He dwelt long upon (discuss) the subject.
EAGER for, after, about: He is eager for (or after) fame, or about the result.
EASY of: He is easy of access.
ELICIT from: I elicited (drew out) the information from him.
ELIGIBLE for: He is eligible for the post (qualified).
EMERGE from, into: Malaysia has emerged from a poor nation to a rich one. It will emerge into the group of the most economically disciplined countries.
END in: Vice must end (result) in misery.
ENDOWED with-, She is endowed with (possesses) poetic talents.
ENGAGED with (a person) on or in (some work); to: I was engaged in conversation with him. He is engaged on books (or, in work). My daughter is engaged in (betrothed to) to his son.
ENRAGED with- at: He is enraged with you for speaking against him. The bear is enraged at his keeper.
ENTER into (a room), upon (a career), for (an examination): He entered into the room (also without into). He has entered upon his new role in personnel management. I have entered for the examination.
ENTERTAINED by (a person) with (music) at (a party): We were entertained by him with music at the party.
ENTITLED to: He is entitled to a reward for his honesty.
ENTRUST with, to: I entrusted the thing to him. I entrusted him with the thing.
ENVY of (person); of, at (advantages); ENVY of: I have no envy (jealousy) of him. I have no envy at or of his success. I am not envious of his success.
EQUAL in (rank) with (a person) to (a task); Equally with: I am equal in rank with-you. I am not equal to (able to do) the task. He is to. blame equally with his brother.
ESCAPE from: There is no escape from death.
ESSENTIAL to: Health is essential to a success in life.
EXACT from: He exacted (drew out) promise from me.
EXCEL in: He excels in painting
EXCEPTION to; (with the) EXCEPTION of: I take exception (object) to your remark. There is no exception to the rule. All w, !-e present with the exception of Robin.
EXCHANGE for, with: I often exchange ideas with him. What will you give me in exchange for this?
EXCLUDE from; EXCLUSIVE of: Minors are excluded (kept out of) from the list of voters. The price of the thing is Tk 1000, which is exclusive of delivery costs.
EXCUSE from, for: I excuse you from attendance. What is your excuse for failure?
EXEMPT from: He was exempt from the flue.
EXPECT from, of: I did not expect this from or of him..
EXPERT at, in: He is expert at the flute. He is expert in drawing.
EXPOSE to: Don't expose it (keep open) to the sun.
EXULT over (a person) at, in (his misfortune): He exulted over (rejoice exceedingly) me at or in my misfortune.
FAITH in, with: Have faith in God. He broke faith with me.
FAITH to: The dog has faith to its master.
FALSE to: I cannot be false (unfaithful) to my friend.
FAMILIAR with, to: I am familiar (intimate) with him. His face is familiar (well known) to me.
FATAL to (destructive): This mistake is fatal to his prospects.
(In) Favour of: lie spoke in favour of my selection.
FAVOURABLE to, for: His report is favourable to me. This time is favourable for attack.
(The) FAVOUR of; (a) FAVOURITE with or of: He is the favourite of (or a favourite with or of) his master.
FEAR (In.) of; (v.) for: He is in fear of (or, fears for) his life.
FEARFUL, FEARLESS, of: He is fearful, or fearless of danger.
FEED on; with: Cows feed on grass. Feed the cow with grass.
FEEL for (a person) in (his trouble): I feel for you in your trouble.
FIGHT for (the poor) with or against (the rich): He always fought for the poor with or against the rich.
FIRE at, into, upon: He fired at the bird. The police fired into or upon the mob.
FIT for, out, up: You are not fit for the post. The ship was fitted out (equipped) for the voyage. He is fitting up his house for the guests.
FIX in, on, to: The idea became fixed in his mind. He fixed his eyes on me. Fix this stamp to the envelope. The date of the meeting has been fixed up.
FOND of; FONDNESS for: He is fond of sweets. He has a great fondness for sweets.
FOREIGN to: Rudeness is foreign to his nature.
FORGETFUL of: He was forgetful of everything just before the competition.
FREE (adj.) from (danger) of (tax), of (money); (verb) from, of: He is now free from (danger). The goods arrived free of tax. He is free of his money (lavish). This medicine freed me from or of pain.
FROWN on, at (a person) (to express displeasure): He frowned on or at the boys who created the trouble.
FRUITFUL in: His brain is fruitful in clever tricks.
FRUITLESS of: Your labour is fruitless of any gain.
FULL of; FILLED with: The cup is full of (filled with) milk.
GLAD of (help), at (success): I am glad of (i.e., for receiving) your help. I am glad at your success.
GLANCE at (an object), over (a subject): He just glanced (looked for an instant) at me and then went on with his work. Please glance over this letter.
GLORY in: I glory (take pride) in your success.
GOOD for, at (subject)-He is good for nothing. He is good at cricket.
GRATEFUL to, for: I am grateful to his help.
GREED of, after (riches); GREED for (riches): He is not greedy of (or after) greed He has no greed for riches.
GRIEVE at, for. about, over: I am grieved at (or for or about) the loss. I grieve for him; he has lost his son. He grieved over his dead friend.
GRUMBLE at, over, about: He grumbles at or about his lot (complains). There is no use of grumbling over the past.
GUARD from, against, over-He guarded me from (or against) their attack. You must guard against such mistake in your composition.
He stood guard over the prisoner.
GUESS at: He guessed at the truth. (Also without at).
GUILTY of: He is guilty of theft.
HANG to, on, from: Hang it to or on or from a hook, or from the ceiling, or to or on the wall.
HANKER after: I do not hanker after wealth.
HALTED of, for (a person), of (a thing): I have no hatred of or for him, or of that thing.
HEAR of or about, from: I heard of or about you from him.
(Pay) Heed to: Pay heed (listen) to what I say,
HEEDLESS of: I shall go, heedless (without caring) of effect.
HEIR of (a person), to (a property): He is the heir of his uncle. He is the heir to his uncle's property.
HESITATE at: He hesitates at nothing.
HIDE (a thing) from (a person): I hide nothing from you.
HINDER from; HINDRANCE to: He was hindered from going. There is no hindrance to his going.
HINGE upon: The whole case hinge's (depends) upon this point.
HINT at: I hinted at the coming trouble.
HOPE of, for; HOPEFUL or HOPELESS, of: I have no hope (n.) of or for success.
I hope (v.) for success. I am hopeful (or, hopeless) of success.
HOSTILE to: He is hostile (opposed) to my plan.
HUNT after, for; out: Don't hunt after or for pleasure. They hunted out the tiger.
HURTFUL (injurious) to: Smoking is hurtful to health.
IDENTICAL with: Your opinion is identical with (the same as) mine.
IGNORANT of: Children are ignorant of the reality of life.
ILL with, of (fever), (go ill) with-He is 111 with (or of) fever.
It will go ill with you if you oppose me.
IMMATERIAL to: This point is immaterial to our case.
IMMERSED in (plunged): He is immersed in debt.
IMMUNE from, against, to: He is immune (secure) from (or against, or to) infection.
IMPART to: Impart (give) the knowledge of the thing to him.
IMPATIENT of, at, for: He is impatient (intolerant) of delay.
I am impatient for payment (eager to get).
IMPLICATED in: He is implicated (involved) in the plot.
IMPORT into (a, country) from (another): Watches are imported into India from Switzerland.
IMPOSE on: The task was imposed on him (put).
He tried to impose upon me (deceive).
IMPRESS (a thing) upon (one's mind), (a person or thing) with (a mark):
I impressed the lesson upon him. I impressed him with the idea.
IMPUTE to: Do not impute (ascribe) motives to him.
INCENTIVE to: This reward will be an incentive to (serve to bring forth); greater exertion.
INCLINATION to, for: He has no inclination to (or for study).
INCLUDE in; INCLUSIVE of: My name is included in the list.
The price of food was Tk 400, inclusive of service charges.
INCULCATE (an idea) upon, in (one): He inculcated the idea upon or in my mind.
INDEBTED to, for: I am indebted to you for my success.
INDEPENDENT of: He is independent of my help.
INDIFFERENT to: He is indifferent to my interests.
INDIGNANT with (a person) at (his conduct): He is indignant (angry) with me at my conduct.
INDISPENSABLE to: Your help is indispensable to me (absolutely necessary).
INDULGE in, with (a thing given), INDULGENT to: Do not indulge in wine. You indulge him with your support. He is indulgent to his son.
INFECTED with: This house is infected with small pox.
INFER from: What do you infer from his reply (deduce)?
INFESTED with: This room is infested with rats.
INFLICT (impose) on: A heavy fine was inflicted on me.
INFLUENCE with, over (a person), upon (his decision): I have no influence with or over him. His speech had a great influence upon my mind.
INFLUENCED by: His decision was influenced by my advice.
INFORM against (a person), of (a thing): He informed (complained to) the police against me. I informed him of it.
INFUSE into: He infused (put) a new spirit into us.
INHERENT in: This right is inherent in us.
INITIATED into (taken in as member of a secret group): He was initiated into our party.
INNOCENT of: I am innocent of the charge.
INQUIRE of (a person) about, into (a matter): I inquired of,(asked) him about the matter. He shall inquire into the matter.
INQUIRE for or after (a thing sought): He inquired for or after me.
INSENSIBLE to: He is insensible to all sense of shame.
INSIST upon: He insists upon my doing this.
INSPIRE (person) with (feeling),- (feeling) into, in (a person): His words inspired us with courage. His words inspired courage into or in us.
INSTIL into (infuse gradually): He instilled that idea into my mind.
INTENT on: He is intent (determined) on going there.
INTEREST or INRERESTED in: I take interest (or, am interested) in this matter.
INTERFERE with (a person or thing), in (matter): Do not interfere with me, or
in my business. Pleasure must not be allowed to interfere with (be an obstacle to) business.
INTIMATE with (adj.), to (verb): I am intimate with him. Intimate to (inform) me the time of his arrival.
INTRODUCE to (a person), into (a room): I introduced him to my brother, or into the family.
INTRUDE upon (a person, or his leisure), into (a place): Why did you intrude upon him, or into the room?
INVEST with, in: He was invested with (given) full powers. He invested (deposited with) his all in the bank.
INVITE to (a party): I invited him to a dinner.
INVOLVED in: I am involved in debt.
IRRITATED at, by, with: He is irritated at this disappointment. He was irritated by being kept waiting so long. He was irritated with me for my silence.
ISSUE from: A bear issued from the forest (came out).
JEALOUS of: He is jealous of my fame.
JEER at: Do not jeer at (taunt) him.
JEST at: Do not jest at (make fun of) sacred thing.
JOIN (a thing) to (another); (one) with or to (another); with (one) in (a thing or game): Join this angle to that. The two families were joined with or to each other by marriage. England joined with France to fight against Germany. I join with you in your opposition to the bill. I shall join in your game (also without in).
JUDGE by: Do not judge a thing by its appearance.
JUMP at (an offer), to (a conclusion), with (joy): He jumped at (readily accepted) the offer. Do not jump to (form hastily) a conclusion. He jumped with joy to see me.
JUSTIFICATION of, for: What is the justification of (or for) this conduct?
KEY to: What is the key to the mystery?
LABOUR at (a work) under (a difficulty), for (a cause): He laboured at his work under great difficulties. He laboured hard for public good.
LACK of; LACKING in (a thing): I have no lack of friends. He is not lacking in politeness.
LAME of, in (one leg): He is lame of or in one leg.
LAMENT for or over: There is no use of lamenting for or over the past (Also without for or over).
LAUGH at: Do not laugh at the dwarf.
LAVISH (adj.) of (money), in (expenditure); LAVISH (v.) (favour) upon: He is lavish of money, or in his expenditure. He lavished favours upon me.
LEAN against, on, upon, to: He leaned against the wall for support. He leaned on his stick. I lean upon (depend) you for help. He leaned to my opinion.
LEVEL (verb) (a gun) at, against (an object) (POD), (a house) with or to (the ground): The hunter levelled the gun at or against the tiger. The storm levelled the house with (or to) the ground.
LEVEL (adj.) with: This surface is level with that.
LIABLE to (harm), for (an action): He is liable to (likely to get) punishment for neglecting his duties.
LIBEL on: The play is a libel on human nature.
LIKENESS to: I knew him by his likeness to his father.
LIKING for: He has a liking for me.
LIMITED to: Invitation was limited to members only.
LIVE in, at (a place), on. (a food), by (means), for (an ideal), within beyond (one's means)-He lives in Dhaka, or at Rampura. He lives on milk only. Everyone should live by honest means, and for a high ideal. He lives within (or beyond) his means.
LONG for, after: Everybody longs (desires eagerly) for, (or after) happiness.
LOST in (thought), to (sense of shame): He is lost (deeply absorbed) in thought. He is lost to (has nothing of) all sense of shame.
LOYAL to: He is loyal to his master.
MAD with, on or about or for or after: He is mad with anger. He is almost mad on or about or for or after the thing.
MARTYR to: He died a martyr to liberty.
MARRY (one person) to (another): Imran Khan was married to Jemima.
MATCH (noun) for; (verb) with: He is no match for me. This colour matches with (agrees with) that.
MEDDLE with, in: Do not meddle with this machine, or (interfere) in my affairs.
MEDITATE upon: He meditated upon (thought deeply over) the folly of his action.
MEET with (an accident): He has met with an accident.
MINDFUL of: Be mindful of your duties.
Mix in (society), with (a person), up, in: I shall not mix with you. He mixes in high life. He is mixed up (involved) in or with that plot.
MOURN for (the dead): We all mourn for him.
MOVED by (entreaty), to (tears), at (a sight), with (pity): He was moved by my entreaty. He was moved to tears (or with pity) at the sight of my misery.
MURMUR at, against: They murmur (complain in low tones) at their low wages. People are murmuring against the new tax.
MUSE on: He mused (thought deeply) long on life's changes.
NATURAL to: Such kindness is natural to him.
NECESSITY for, of, to: What is the necessity for this book? The general felt the necessity of surrender (or surrendering). This is a necessity to me.
NECESSARY for, to: Industry is necessary for or to success.
(In) NEED of (any or no) NEED for: I am in need of money. Have you any (or no) need for money now?
NEGLECT of, in; NEGLECTFUL of, NEGLIGENT of, in: He was fined for neglecting of duty. OPPORTUNITY for (action), of (doing): He had no opportunity of going there.
OPPOSE to: I opposed to the proposal.
OPPOSITE to: His house is opposite to mine.
OPPOSITION to: He offered strong opposition to the bill.
ORIGINATE with or from (a person) in or from (a thing ): The idea originated with or from him. The fire originated in or from the kitchen.
OVERWHELM with, at: He is overwhelmed with grief at his brother's death.
OWE to: I owe (be indebted for) my all possessions to him.
PARALLEL to: This straight line is parallel to that.
PARODY on or of (a poem): This is a parody on (or of) a poem of Milton (a
composition in imitation of another to make others laugh at him).
PART from, with (say good-bye to), with (give up): It is painful for a mother to part from (or with) her son. I cannot part with this book.
PARTAKE of: Let us partake of some food (take a share).
PARTIAL to; PARTIALITY for: He is partial to his friend. He has no partiality for his friend.
PARTICULAR about: He is very particular about his health.
PASSION for (strong enthusiasm): He has a passion for music.
PATIENT under (difficulties), of (suffering); PATIENCE with: He is patient of his sufferings. Be patient under difficulties. He lost all patience with me.
(At) PEACE with: I want to live at peace with you.
PECULIAR to: That style of play is peculiar to him.
PENETRATE through, into, to: The enemy penetrated through our lines into or to the village.
PENITENT for: He is penitent for his faults.
PERMIT of: Your conduct permits of no excuse.
PERSEVERE in: He persevered in hip. attempts.
PERSIST in: He persisted in disturbing me.
PITY for: Have pity for the poor.
PLAY at (a game), on (an instrument), with: They are playing at cricket. He is playing on a harp. I shall not 'play with you. He played with (treated insincerely) my feelings.
PLEAD with (a person) for or against (something): He pleaded with me for justice (or, against the wrong done to him).
PLEASED with (a man), about (one's conduct), at (before a gerund): I am pleased with him or about his conduct. I am pleased at finding him here.
PLUNGED in (thought), into (water): I found him plunged (engrossed) in thought. He plunged (dived) into the river.
POINT out, at, to-Point out the mistakes here. He pointed his gun at. His speech pointed to some of our defects.
POLITE in, to: He is polite in his manners (or to strangers).
PONDER on, over: Ponder well on, or over, my advice.
POOR in (spirit): Don't be poor in spirit.
POPULAR with, for: He is popular with all for his goodness.
POSSESS by or with (the devil, an idea) of (wealth): He is possessed with or by tile idea and cannot give it up. He behaved as if he were possessed by or with the devil. He returned possessed of vast wealth. -
PRECAUTION against: Take precaution against cold.
PREFER (one) to another; PREFERABLE to: I prefer (like better) health to wealth. Health is preferable to wealth.
PREFERENCE to, over, for (a thing): I give him preference to or over his brother. I have no preference for any of the candidates.
PREJUDICE against, PREJUDICIAL to: I have no prejudice (bias) against inter-caste marriage. Smoking is prejudicial (harmful) to health.
PREPARE, for, against (danger); PREPARATORY to: He is preparing for the against
Prepare against the coming danger. He is packing preparatory to departure.
PRESENT (a thing) to (a person), (a person) with (a thing): I presented the book to my sister. I presented my sister with the book.
PRESIDE at, over: He presided at the table (or, over the meeting).
PRETEND to; PRETEXT for: I do not pretend to high birth. What is your pretext for opposing me?
PREVAIL on, with, over or against: I prevailed on (persuaded) him to go home. My argument did not prevail (prove effective) with him. I prevailed over (or, against) (overcame) all difficulties.
PREVENT (one) from (going): I prevented him from going.
PREVIOUS to: Previous to (before) this job, he was a clerk in a buying house.
PREY to (greed): noun. He is a prey to greed.
PREY upon: verb. Anxiety preyed upon (exert wasteful influence upon) my mind.
PRIDE (n.) in; PRIDE (v.) (oneself) on; PROUD of: He takes pride in or prides himself on, his rank. He is proud of his rank.
PRIOR to: Prior to (before) that, he was a clerk.
PROCEED with (a thug already begun), to (a new thing): from (the source); against: He did not look at me, but proceeded with his work. He bade me good-bye, and proceeded to work. Light and heat proceed from the sun. I shall proceed against you in a court.
PROFICIENT in, at: He is proficient (strong) in or at music.
PROFIT by: We profit by experience.
PROFITABLE to: This transaction is profitable to me.
PROHIBIT from: I prohibited him from going.
PROMPT in (answer), at (figures): He is prompt in his answers. He is prompt at figures.
PRONE to: He is prone to (inclined to something bad) idleness.
PROPORTIONATE to: Punishment should be proportionate to the offence. PROTECT from or against; PROTECTION against: I shall protect you from (or against) dangers. Take proper protection against cold.
PROVIDE against (the evil day), for (children), (one) with (a thing): You must provide against evil days or for your children. I provide (supply) him with food (or, I provide food to him.)
PRY into (inspecting closely): I do not like prying into your secrets.
QUALIFIED for: He is qualified for the post.
QUICK at, of: He is quick at figures (or of) understanding (prompt).
QUARREL with (a person), about, for, over (a thing): They quarrelled with one another about (or for, or over) the house.
READY at (figures), for (departure): The clerk .is ready (quick) at figures. We are ready for departure.
REASON for (n.), with, about (v.): What is your reason for doing it? Don't reason (argue) with me about that matter.
REBEL against: The soldiers rebelled against the king.
RECONCILE with, to (enemy), to (an unpleasant situation): He is reconciled (reunited) with or to his friend. He has become reconciled to his lot.
RECOVER from: He has recovered from his illness.
REDUCED to (poverty): He has been reduced to poverty.
REFER to, for: Refer the matter to him for inquiry.
REFRAIN from: I refrain. from (do not make) any remark now.
REGARD (noun) for: I have no regard (respect)for him.
(In or with) REGARD to: In (or with) regard to that matter, I have nothing to say.
REGARDFUL or REGARDLESS of: He is regardful (or regardless) of the feelings of others.
REJOICE in, at: No one rejoiced at (or in) their success more than she.
RELATION of (one) to (another); between (the two): What is the relation of the moon to the tides? What relation is he to you? What is the relation between the moon and the tides?
RELATED to (a family); RELATIONS with: I am related to him. This letter relates to that. My relations with him are good.
RELEVANT to: Your remark is not relevant (pertinent) to the point.
RELIEVE of, from: This will relieve you of or from pain.
RELY on: You may rely on my word.
REMARKABLE for: He is remarkable (noted) for his strength.
REMEDY for (COD) (cure): There is no remedy for this disease.
REMIND (one) of (a thing): I reminded him of his promise.
RENDER into: Render the passage into English.
REPENT of; REPENTANCE for: I repent of my rudeness. I feel repentance for my rudeness.
REPLACE (one thing) by, it with (another): Replace this old chair by a new one.
REPLY to: I have sent a reply to his enquiry.
REPOSE (confidence) in (a person), in, on (a bed) on (a pillow): Repose (place) confidence in God. He reposed (lay) in or on bed for some time. He reposed his head on a pillow.
REQUIRE (a thing) of (a person): I required a loan of him.
RESIGN (oneself) to-I resigned myself to fate.
RESOLVE into (factors), upon (determined): Resolve (analyse) the expression into factors. He is resolved upon going away.
RESORT to: We must resort to (use) force to put them down.
RESPECT for: I have great respect for him.
(In) RESPECT of: He is senior to me in respect of service.
(With) RESPECT to: We had a talk with respect to (about) that matter.
RESPECTFUL to: He is respectful to his elders.
RESPOND to: Respond to the roll-call.
RESPONSIBLE to (an authority) for (one's' action): I am responsible to the board for my action.
REST with, upon: It rests (depends) with you to grant my prayer. Try to rest upon (rely on) your promise.
RESTORE to: Restore (give back) his property to him.
RESTRICT to: Admission was restricted only to the students having an A.
RESULT -(noun) of (a test); (verb)from (a cause) in (a consequence): The result
of the examination is out. Misery results from vice. Vice results in misery.
RETIRE from (business), into (loneliness), to (bed), on (pension)- He retired from service on a pension. He retired into loneliness in his old age. Let us retire to bed.
REVENGE on, for: He took revenge (or He revenged himself) on me for opposing him.
REWARD (a man) with (something) for (service): He rewarded me with the post for my help to his boy.
RICH in: India is rich in minerals.
RID of: Get rid of your bad habit.
ROB (a man) of (his money): The man robbed me of my all.
SACRED to (a god): This temple is sacred to Lord Vishnu.
SAD at: He was sad at leaving school.
SAVE (adj.), SAVE (v.) from: He is safe from danger. I saved him from the danger.
SANGUINE of (success): I am sanguine (hopeful) of success.
SATISFIED with, of (the truth): I am satisfied with him (or his conduct). I am satisfied of the truth of what you say.
SATISFACTION in, at, with: I find satisfaction in helping the poor. Great was his satisfaction at or with my result.
SEARCH for; (In) SEARCH of: We searched for it there. They are for search of him.
SECURE against (attack), from (harm): The town is secured against attacks. His money is secured from robbers in a bank.
SEEK for, after (a thing), of or from (a person): We sought for it there (also, without for). We all seek after happiness. We sought help of (or from) him. SENSIBLE of-, SENSITIVE to: I am sensible of (aware) the risk I run. This instrument is very sensitive to cold.
SENTENCE to, for: He was sentenced to death for murder.
SHAME at, for: I feel shame at or for your conduct.
SHORT of (fund): I am short of funds.
SICK (ill, tired) of, for (a thing): I am sick of a fever". I am sick of this idle life. I am sick for My home.
SIDE with: He stood with the Republicans just before the election.
SILENT about, on (a thing): He is silent about or on that point.
SIMILAR to: This thing is similar to that.
SIMILAR in, of (one thing) with (another), between (two things): Point out the similarity of this thing with that (or, between the two things).
SIN against: You have sinned against God, and must suffer.
SINK in (mud), into (the sea), upon (the ground), under (a burden): He sank in mud up to the knees. The ship sank into the sea. He sank upon the ground quite exhausted. The horse sank under the heavy load put upon it.
(The) SLAVE of: He is the slave of his passions.
(A) SLAVE to: He is a slave to his passions.
SLOW of (speech), at (figures), in (doing a thing): He is slow of speech, or at figures, or in making up his mind.
SLUR on, over: This will put a slur (a blame) on his name. He slurred over his son's faults (passed lightly over).
SMELL of (wine) (verb): This glass smells of wine.
SMILE at: He smiled at (greeted with a smile) me. He smiled (laughed) at your threat.
SMILE upon: Fortune smiled upon (favoured) him at last.
SNEER at: Don't sneer (smile to show disrespect) at the poor.
SNATCH at: A drowning man snatches at a straw.
SORRY for: I am sorry for my mistake.
SPEAK with, to, about, for, of, on: I do not speak with him. I spoke to him about the matter. His conduct speaks well for him. He speaks highly of you. He spoke on the subject.
SPITE (hatred and anger) against: He has a spite against me.
STAIN upon, with, in: Your action is a stain (blot, spot) upon your character. The cloth was stained with ink. Stain the glass in blue.
STARE at (a person): He stared at me.
START for, from (a place), at: He started from home for Calcutta. He started at (was started by) my sudden entrance.
STARTLE at (surprised): He was startled at seeing the huge amount of bill.
STICK at (nothing), to (a thing): He sticks at nothing (will use every means) to gain his point. Stick to your point.
STRANGE to: This name is strange to me.
STOOP to: I cannot stoop to (lower myself) such meanness.
SUBJECT (noun) of, for; (verb and adj.) to: What is the subject of or for enquiry? We were subjected to great hardships. We are subject to death.
SUBMIT to: The rebels submitted to the king (gave in).
SUBORDINATE to: He is subordinate (lower in position) to me in service.
SUBSCRIBE to: (a fund): I shall subscribe to the fund. He subscribes to that project.
SUBSEQUENT to: This happened subsequent to (after) my departure. SUBSIST on (a food): We subsist on rice (live by eating).
SUBSTITUTE (one thing) for (another): Substitute single words for the following phrases.
SUCCEED to (a property), in (an object): He succeeded to his father's estates. Ricky Pouting succeeded to (came after) Steve Wough as the captain of Australian Cricket team. He succeeded in his object.
SUFFICIENT for: This amount is sufficient for our purpose.
SUFFER from (fever), for (one's misdeeds): I am suffering from malaria. You must suffer for your misdeeds.
SUITABLE to (one), to (an occasion): This house is not suitable for or to me. The speech was not suitable to the occasion.
SUIT to, for: Your remark is not suited to the occasion. He was not suited for the post.
SUPPLEMENT to: This volume is a supplement to that.
SUPPLY (a person) with (a thing), (a thing) to (a person): He supplied us with food. He supplied food to us.
SURE of: I am sure of success.
SURPRISED at, by: I am surprised at or by your conduct.
SUSPECT of: I suspect him of treachery.
SUSPICIOUS of: He is suspicious of my motive.
SYMPATHY for, with: I have no sympathy. for or with him. .
SYMPATHISE with, in: I sympathise with you in your misery.
TALK with, to, of, about, over: I was talking to or with Jones about, for or over it.
TASTE of (1): experience (noun and verb): I. had some taste of misery. Thou shall soon taste of death. (1) To have the flavour of: This dish tastes of garlic.
TASTE for (liking for): He has no taste for music.
TESTIFY to: He testified to my honesty (bore witness).
THANKFUL to, for: I am thankful to you for your help.
THINK of, about: What do you think of or about him? He thinks of going away.
THINK over: Think carefully over his advice.
THIRST for, after: We all thirst for or after happiness.
TIDE over: He has tided over (overcome) the difficulty.
TIRED of (waiting), by (a walk), or with (exertions): I am tired of waiting, or by the long walk, or with exertions.
TOLERANT of: We must be tolerant of opposition.
TOUCH at (a place), upon (a subject), with (pity): This train does not touch at that station. He touched upon (referred to) the subject in his speech. He was touched (moved) with pity at my misery.
TREAT with (a person), of(a subject), (one) to (a dinner): He treated well with me. This book treats of (discusses) music. He treated us to (gave us) a dinner.
TREMBLED with (fear): The child trembled with fear.
TRIUMPHED over: He triumphed over his troubles (won).
TRUE to: Be true to your word.
TRUST (a thing) to (a person); (a person) with (a thing); TRUST to (one's judgment), in (God): You may trust (entrust) the work to me, or trust me with the work. I cannot trust to (rely on) his judgment. Trust in God.
TYRANNISE over: He tyrannised over (oppressed) the people.
UNEQUAL to: He is unequal to the task.
UNEASY about: I am uneasy about the effect of his action.
UNION, (in) : They act in union with one another.
UNITE with-I am now united with him.
UNITED (married) to: She is united in marriage to a celebrate.
URGE upon: We urged the point upon his consideration.
USE of; (any or no) USE for; (to be of) USE to (one) for: What is the use of this (or, of my going there)? Have you any use for it?
USEFUL to (a person) for (a purpose): This book is useful to or for students.
VAIN of (dress): She is vain of her dress.
VARY from, (at) VARIANCE with: Your story varies (differs) from his. Your
story is at variance with his.
VERSED in: He is well versed (learned) in politics.
VEST (a power) in (a person), (a person) with (a power): That power was vested in me. I was vested with that power.
VEXED with (a person), for, at (a thing): He is vexed with me for opposing him. He is vexed at my opposition.
VICTIM of: He was a victim of the earthquake disaster.
VICTIM to (folly): He died a victim to his own folly.
VIE with, in: They vied (competed) with one another in their eagerness to honour me.
(In) VIEW of (with a) VIEW to: In view of (considering) what you say, I pardon you this time. He came here with a view to getting (in order to secure) my approval.
VOID of(sense)-Your remark is void of (without) any meaning.
WAIT for (a person), at (a place), upon (attend on): We waited for you at the corner. I waited upon (attended) the guest.
WANT of (noun) ; WANT in: I have no want of money now. He is wanting in common sense.
WARN (a person) of (danger), against (a person or a thing or a doing): We warned him of his danger. I warned him against his neighbour (or gambling).
WEAK of (understanding), in (mind): He is weak in mind and of intelligence. WINK at: Do not wink at (ignore) your son's faults.
WISH for: I do not wish for riches.
WITNESS against, for, to, of: The doctor will act as a witness against (for) the defence. His clothes are a witness to his poverty. This man is a living witness of my loyalty.
WONDER at: We wondered at his ignorance.
WORTHY of (favour): He is worthy of praise.
YIELD to: The rebels yielded to the king (surrendered).
ZEALOUS for, in: He is zealous (eager) for freedom. Be zealous in a good cause.
ZEST for: I have no zest (interest) for the work now.
Preposition Worksheet 1.1
1. Industrial production has expanded __ the last three decades.
2. Someone came to meet you __ you were out.
3. We watched TV __ two hours.
4. __ his visit, the Pope will also bless the new hospital.
5. I lived in London __ two years.
6. I went to Scotland twice __ my stay in London.
7. I’ll be at home __ the weekend. We can meet then.
8. I visited my home town after many years. __ those years, a lot had changed.
9. I watched five movies __ I was ill.
10. The castle was built __ tenth century.
11. There were many interruptions __ the chief guest’s speech.
12. Can you prepare the dishes __ I fetch milk from the nearby store?
13. I was ill __ few days last week.
14. I hurt my leg __ climbing stairs.
15. I didn’t miss a single class __ my first year.
16. Most students looked bored __ the lecture.
17. Because I had to reach home before dinner, I could stay with my friends __ just two hours.
18. I visited most places of touristic interest __ my stay in Paris.
19. You shouldn’t look directly at the Sun __ an eclipse.
20. __ a pause in the conversation, I excused myself and left for home.
21. There were fifty rooms __ the hotel.
22. I play cricket __ the Lion’s Cricket Club every weekend.
23. The flight was fine, but the food __ the plane wasn’t good.
24. I first saw the newly-launched phone in the shop __ MG Road.
25. The meeting between the two head of the states will take place __ Race Course Road.
26. Hurry up, we’ve to leave __ five minutes.
27. I don’t like traveling __ night.
28. I liked the book so much that I finished it __ a day.
29. I’m going for lunch and will be back __ 30 minutes.
30. Smith is busy __ the moment.
31. Michael Phelps won eight gold medals __ Beijing in 2008.
32. I went to see him off __ the station.
33. After the train left, it started to rain. So I took shelter __ the station.
34. I’ve got __ to the train and will reach Bangalore by 6 PM.
35. There was a security alert __ the airport.
36. Take a left turn __ the roundabout.
37. I see a spider __ the door.
38. Show me what’s there __ your bag.
39. There are plenty of fish __ this pond.
40. What time do you usually arrive __ work?
41. Let’s meet ___ the morning tomorrow.
42. Let’s meet ___ Friday morning.
43. I’m flying out to Madrid ___ Tuesday.
44. The train left ___ 9 AM.
45. I’m shifting to a new locality ___ summer.
46. Someone is there ___ the window.
47. Munich lies ___ the South of Germany.
48. A fly is sitting ___ his shoulder.
49. Which is the most populous city ___ the world?
50. The shelf is cluttered with too many books ___ it.
51. They’ve been married ___ six years.
52. X: How long did you stay at the party yesterday night? Y: ___ 1 AM.
53. The temperature is five degrees ___ zero. (Over, above, beneath, from)
54. I’m used to working ___ nine ___ nine. (Since, from, for, at)
55. How often do you go ___ the gym?
56. I went ___ my friend’s house, but she wasn’t ___ home.
57. X: What course did you take ___ university? Y: I didn’t go ___ university.
58. He won’t come to the office for another four days, as he is ___ holiday.
59. I attended the conference on digital marketing yesterday. There I met Jennifer ___ the lunch break.
60. Output at the plant went down by almost 40 percent ___ the strike.
61. The phone bill has to be paid __ Friday.
62. Don’t pay the bill today. Wait __ tomorrow.
63. The book fare is open __ 05 April.
64. If you want to get books at a discount, get them __ 05 April, the last date of the book fare.
65. You have to bring my car back __ the end of the month.
66. You can borrow my car __ the end of the month.
67. I waited for him __ 8:30 AM, and then I left for the office alone.
68. I’ve to leave for office __ 8:30 AM.
69. I’ve given myself __ June to find a job.
70. I’ve to find a job __ June.
71. I waited for my friend __ 5 PM, but he didn’t turn up.
72. My friend didn’t turn up even __ 5 PM.
73. You’ve to submit your assignment __ Thursday noon.
74. You’ve __ Thursday noon to submit your assignment.
75. Please return my book __ Sunday evening.
76. You’ve __ Sunday evening to return my book.
77. Most people left the party __ 2 AM.
78. The party went on __ 4 AM.
79. I’ve taken a resolution to not drink __ the end of year.
80. I’ll return your money __ the end of the year.
81. He was shot __ a pistol.
82. He wiped his face __ a tissue.
83. I prefer watching sporting events __ television than see them live in the stadium.
84. Japanese trains are almost always __ time.
85. My immunity to common cold is low, especially __ winter.
86. Would you like anything to drink __ your meal?
87. There is someone __ the door. Go and check who he is.
88. The fog was so thick that it was like walking __ the clouds.
89. The kid was so short that he couldn’t see __ the steering wheel.
90. The thieves climbed up the drain pipe and entered the house __ the window.
91. I somehow made it __ the road unscathed despite so much traffic.
92. We made our way to the first camp of our trek __ a narrow trail.
93. She drew a line __ the map.
94. I saw the dog scrambling __ the road.
95. There were hardly any American brands __ the cars in the parking.
96. The presenter drew a line __ the whiteboard to separate the two sets of data.
97. We had lunch at a restaurant on our way __ the airport.
98. The meeting was supposed to start at 9 AM, but it didn’t start __.
99. I got home just __ to escape the heavy rain.
100. Mr. Smith is busy __ present.
101. X: When are you coming back? Y: ___ Friday.
102. He’s ___ a vacation. He’ll be back ___ a week.
103. X: When did you come? Y: I’ve been here ___ 6 PM.
104. He came to see you ___ you had gone to college.
105. I bought the pen ___ one dollar.
106. I want to hand ___ the assignment? (About, around, in, of)
107. Many English words come ___ Latin.
108. Kindly take your feet ___ the table.
109. Can you put this picture ___ the wall?
110. Jane is going ___ UK next week.
111. In tennis, you have to hit the ball ___ the net.
112. How far is it ___ here ___ the airport?
113. Can you put this film ___ my camera?
114. The antelope swam ___ the river to escape the predators.
115. We’re going ___ the cinema tomorrow.
116. When did you arrive ___ London?
117. What time does the train get ___ London?
118. What time does the train reach ___ London?
119. I watched the news ___ television.
120. X: The shop is ___ fire. Call fire services.
Preposition Worksheet 1.1 Answer
7. during/ over
10. during/ in
15. during/ in
24. in/ on
31. at/ in
56. to, at
57. at, to
85. in/ during
93. on/ across
98. on time
99. in time
102. on, in
118. no preposition required
Preposition Worksheet 1.2
The student must abide ------- the rules ------- discipline.
God abides ------- everybody.
Happy abides ------- Dhaka ------- her husband.
Fish abounds ------- the pond.
Everyone should have an abhorrence ------- bribery.
I was absent ------- the meeting.
He is absorbed ------- thought.
Everyone should abstain ------- smoking.
The criminal was accused ------- robbery.
I am not acquainted ------- the man
You have no access ------- the headmaster room
The statement is not acceptable ------- me
He did it according ------- your order
He is not accountable ------- anyone
I am not accustomed ------- this fashion.
This bike has been adapted ------- the children.
Everybody must adapt himself ------- his environment.
Many students are now addicted ------- drug
The loan given ------- the bank is not adequate ------- the project.
His salary is not adequate ------- the volume ------- work he has ------- do
The post office is adjacent ------- the hospital.
The boy was admitted ------- class 8
He is adept ------- dancing
An honest man is not afraid ------- anybody
She has a great affection ------- me.
She is affectionate ------- me.
My father agreed ------- me ------- this point, but he didn’t agree ------- my proposal.
The hunter aimed ------- the tiger.
I was not alarmed ------- the news.
A seat ------- the hostel was allotted ------- Suhel
Hasan remains aloof ------- me.
Everybody was amazed ------- the conduct ------- the student.
The prince has no ambition ------- the throne.
The leader was not ambitious ------- power.
The teacher was very angry ------- the students.
Everybody will have ------- answer ------- his misdeeds
I am angry ------- his conduct.
I am annoyed ------- him.
They were annoyed ------- his rough behaviour.
The student apologized ------- the principal ------- adopting unfair meads the examination.
The people appealed ------- the president ------- help.
The patient has no appetite ------- food.
She has no aptitude ------- public service.
I should appear ------- /------- the examination.
They live apart ------- each other.
The train arrived ------- Dhaka station ------- time.
They always argue ------- me .
Mukta was ashamed ------- her wrong-doing.
This man was associated ------- the robbers.
Man aspire after richness.
I can assure you ------- the principal’s honesty
We were astonished ------- his unexpected success.
The president has assented ------- the bill
Do not ask him ------- any help
All certificates were attached ------- the application.
He will not attain ------- his objective so soon.
Please attend ------- my advice
We should attend ------- /upon the ailing patient
He has no attention ------- his duties.
He is attentive ------- his studies.
He has been attacked ------- a bandit
I shall avail myself ------- the first trip ------- Dhaka tomorrow.
I am not aware ------- hos whereabouts.
I agree ------- you
Poverty is no bar ------- honesty
The trees ------- this forest are bare ------- leaves.
The dog is barking ------- the old woman
His information is not based ------- correct data
The boys were basking ------- the sun
The students behaved objectionably ------- the principal
The Muslims believe ------- only one god.
This book does not belong ------- me
Morning breeze is beneficial ------- health
He is bent ------- obtaining a foreign degree.
We should be grateful ------- god ------- the blessings bestowed ------- /upon us.
When ------- a crowd one should beware ------- pickpockets.
Do not beat about the bush.
He is blind ------- his son’s fault.
The beggar is blind ------- one eyes.
A good student does not boast ------- his brilliant success.
He was born ------- a rich family
The train is bound ------- Khulna.
The old woman is blessed ------- a son.
He burst into tears.
She is now busy ------- home task.
He is careful ------- his children.
He is capable ------- doing it .
I do not care ------- you
You should take care ------- your health
I called ------- him ------- /------- his office
They called ------- a doctor.
I will call ------- his explanation
He is very careful ------- his fault
Do not be careless ------- your health
A drowning man catches ------- a straw
Take the cautions ------- danger.
The critics commented favorably ------- his poems.
Hasan complained ------- the headmaster ------- Karim
The clerks must comply ------- the orders ------- the officers.
This medicine is composed do vitamins and minerals.
Degrees are conferred ------- the students ------- the convocation ceremony.
I am confident ------- his success.
She was confined ------- bed ------- fever ------- a week.
His friends congratulated his ------- his brilliant success.
I am conscious ------- my deficiencies.
My father did not consent ------- the proposal
The committee consists ------- ten members.
True happiness consists ------- contentment .
Students should not act contrary ------- the rules ------- discipline .
The accused person was convicted ------- murder.
This drug is a cure ------- typhoid.
Kamal is certain ------- his success.
He is charged ------- misconduct.
The star is compared ------- the lamp
Commit this poem ------- memory.
I will compensate him ------- the loss.
He does not like ------- compete ------- you.
Have you any compassion ------- my weak nerves.
He is not competent ------- the post.
She was concerned ------- such thigs.
Try ------- concentrate your energy ------- your word.
Has no control ------- his students.
His advice counts ------- nothing.
He always counts upon your help.
The prime minister consented ------- the proposal
They cannot cope ------- the situation.
I have confidence ------- him.
He is confined ------- his house.
The atmosphere is congenial ------- studi9es.
I am contented ------- this.
The work is convenient ------- you.
Kelvin is converted ------- Islam
I am convinced ------- his efficiency
He is covetous ------- money.
Everyone craves ------- wealth.
The flood caused much damage ------- crops.
The boy is deaf ------- his father’s advice
This man is deaf ------- one ear.
The man deals ------- old clothes.
He does not know how ------- deal wir4h a ge4ntle man
We have not yet decided upon our next course ------- action.
She was delighted ------- /------- her husband’s promotion
Nowadays the students depend ------- /upon guide books.
The people ------- village are deprived ------- modern facilities.
Students should devote sufficient time ------- their studies.
He is debarred ------- getting a job.
His life is dedicated ------- the welfare ------- the country.
Smoking is detrimental ------- health.
He is devoted ------- music
Abid is dependent ------- his father.
He is devoid ------- common sense
Do not despair ------- further improvement.
This book differs ------- that .
I disagree ------- his ------- this point.
The teacher was disgusted ------- rogue
I have a dislike ------- sweetmeats.
His children are distinct ------- one another.
I differ ------- his ------- the matter
My father disposed ------- his land property.
He is disappointed ------- all hopes
Many people died ------- cholera.
He died ------- a read accident
Our leader died ------- his country.
Jahir died ------- overwork.
Divide the people into three groups
His absence is due ------- illness.
You are dull ------- mathematics
He dwells ------- a pucca house
He is eager ------- knowledge.
The students ------- the headmaster is eager about the success ------- his students .
None but the graduates are eligible ------- this post.
The principal engaged ------- conversation ------- a guardian.
Shahida was engaged ------- an executive officer.
He has endeared himself ------- all.
He is entrusted ------- the responsibility.
I was enlisted ------- the committee.
The government refused ------- enter into discussions ------- the opposition.
He is envious ------- my reputation.
A deputy commissioner is equal ------- rank ------- a deputy secretary.
Three times three is equal ------- nine.
Balanced food is essential ------- good health.
I want ------- exchange my book ------- your notes.
Mr. Rahman always exchanges ideas ------- his colleagues .
Mr. Bose is equal ------- rank ------- mr. Chowdhury.
He was excused ------- coming late.
He was exempted ------- the fine.
The dog is very faithful ------- its master.
The physician is very familiar ------- the people ------- this locality.
Mr. Haque is famous ------- his wisdom.
He has no faith ------- Allah.
The cow feeds ------- grass.
Sharifa is not yet fit ------- marriage.
Children are fond ------- sweets.
These articles are not free ------- customs duty.
Medicines were distributed free ------- cost .
Our rivers are full ------- fishes.
Get ------- ------- your studies.
He tried heart and soul ------- get ------- the difficulties.
Sumita was gifted ------- a talent ------- music .
This man is good ------- nothing.
Sabiha is good ------- mathematics.
We should be grateful ------- our teachers.
He has an uncommon greed ------- wealth.
It is difficult ------- guess ------- the age ------- a woman.
The convict was guilty ------- murder.
He grasped ------- the point.
He hankers after money.
I have no hatred ------- anyone.
Ratan is hard ------- hearing.
He is the heir ------- a vast property.
Let us hope ------- the best.
None is hostile ------- you.
The principal has a great hunger ------- knowledge.
This event is identical ------- that one.
I was ignorant ------- his miseries.
We are indebted ------- the great leaders ------- the country ------- their students.
The old man has no influence ------- his sons.
The advice ------- the teacher bore influence -------/ upon the students.
I was not informed ------- your misfortune.
The maid - servant was proved innocent ------- alleged theft.
Soma inquired ------- me about my father`s health.
The police will inquired into the cause ------- fire.
Rehana inquired after her friends.
Only the elite will be invited ------- the meeting.
He is ill ------- fever.
Do not impose your views ------- / upon anyone.
I was impressed ------- this stern sense ------- duty.
Everybody is indifferent ------- our problem.
You should not indulge ------- idleness.
He insisted ------- my going ------- cinema.
He is involved ------- the plot.
He is inferior ------- his neighbour.
All were invited irrespective ------- colour , class and creed.
Women are generally jealous ------- one another.
Mr. Karim is junior ------- me ------- service.
We should do justice ------- everybody.
This is the key ------- the almirah.
I have found out the key ------- the solution ------- this problem.
Do not knock ------- the door.
He has no lack ------- friends.
He is lacking ------- courage.
Jamal is lame ------- one leg.
She lamented ------- her child.
You should not laugh ------- the poor.
Lay ------- something ------- the rainy days.
Learn the poem ------- heart.
Please listen ------- what i say.
Most ------- the animals live ------- grass.
He lives ------- Dhaka.
I lived ------- Noapara ------- Khulna.
He lives beyond his means.
I have no liking ------- sour things.
There is no limit ------- the demands ------- the laborers.
Every citizen must be loyal ------- the state.
He looks after me.
I was looking ------- the lost pen.
I am looking into the matter.
He was looking ------- the answer scripts.
He longed ------- name and fame.
Nishat is lost ------- meditation.
Jhuma was married ------- a civil servant.
This necklace is made ------- gold.
He is no match ------- me.
Yesterday i met ------- an accident.
Don`t mourn ------- the lost chance.
It is useless ------- mourn ------- /------- the dead.
This hostel is named after his father.
Balanced food is necessary ------- good health.
It is not necessary ------- him ------- enter into service.
There is need ------- good teachers.
I do not feel any need ------- wealth.
The typist was asked ------- explain the cause ------- his neglect ------- duty.
She is noted ------- good acting.
Many students objected ------- the remarks ------- the principal.
I am obliged ------- him ------- his co-operation.
He is occupied ------- heavy works.
His activities are open ------- the public view.
I have no opportunity ------- becoming rich.
I was looking ------- an opportunity ------- writing ------- you.
My parents are opposed ------- my starting a business.
Our college is opposite ------- the hospital.
The technique originated ------- me.
I was overcome ------- my opposition.
We were overwhelmed ------- joy.
I owe my all ------- him..
The metalled road runs parallel ------- the railway.
I cannot part ------- this grammar book.
I parted ------- my school friends long ago.
The examiner should not be partial ------- any candidate.
The teacher has lost all his patience ------- his students.
They have ------- pay ------- the misdeeds.
This style ------- hand -writing is peculiar ------- Hasan.
I feel pity ------- this helpless woman.
I do not play ------- cards.
They are playing ------- the piano.
Plead ------- justice.
Mr., Rahman is pleased ------- all his employers.
Preposition for JSC Exam
1. Fill the gaps of the following text with prepositions given in the box below:-
Nobody can prosper (a) ---- life without industry. You have to work hard either (b) ---- earn money or to acquire knowledge. Those who are idle always lag (c) -----.Those, who have achieved higher position (d) ------ the society are all industrious. Remember that industry is the key (e) ----prosperity. (f) ----- industry none can prosper in life.
2. ***Fill the gaps of the following text with prepositions given in the box below:-
One should not run (a) ------ the money because those who are hanker (b) ----- money cannot enjoy mental peace. Sometimes, it may lead one (c) ----- some unexpected troubles. It also happens that greed (d) ------ money brings (e) ------ many problems. So we should be contented (f) ------ what we have.
3. Fill the gaps of the following text with prepositions given in the box below:-
The Eiffel Tower was named (a) ---- Gustave Eifel, A Frenchman. He was born (b) ---- a prosperous family in 1832. He graduated (c) ---- the Central School (d) ---- Engineering (e) ----- Paris and went to work (f) ---- a railway construction.
4. Fill the gaps of the following text with prepositions given in the box below:-
Patriotism refers to love for one’s own country. It removes all sorts of meanness (a) ---- human mind and makes it broad. Patriotism inspires a man to shed the last drop of blood to defend the freedom of his country. A man (b) ----- this quality is no better than a beast. A true patriot is honored (c) ------ all. His only aim is to promote the welfare (d) ----- his country and countrymen. He always remembers a wise saying” Mother and motherland are superior (e) ----- heaven. “There are some traitors who always try to destroy the glory of the country (f) ------ self interest.
5. Fill the gaps of the following text with prepositions given in the box below:-
In a society all men are not equally well-off. Some are rich and some are very poor. This is because (a)—in equal distribution of national wealth. Many are deprived (b)—the basic needs of life. They must be provided(c)—their dues. The rich always draw a line of contrast (d)—themselves and the poor. They look down (e)—the poor. They think if the poor have riches they will lose their control over them. What strange ideal!
6. Fill the gaps of the following text with prepositions given in the box below:-
A pious man is absorbed (a) ------ meditation. He has firm faith in Allah. He abides (b) ----- the rules of religion. He clings(c) ------ his faith. He knows that man is accountable to Allah (d) ----- his action. So he leads his life according (e) -------- religion. He is not angry (f) ----- anybody.
7. ***Fill the gaps of the following text with prepositions given in the box below:-
Everyone desires (a) ------ wealth. But a few attain it. Some people hanker (b) ----- riches. Some are content(c) ---- what they have. True happiness lies (d) ----- contentment. It is high time we gave (e) ----- the habit (f) ------- covetousness.
8. Fill the gaps of the following text with prepositions given in the box below:-
Man cannot prosper (a) ------- life (b) ------ industry. You have to work hard ------ gain knowledge. Those who have reached high position (c) ----- the society are all active. You should remember that industry is the key (d) ------- success. Without it we cannot reach the goal (e) -------- life.