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PARAGRAPHS FOR JSC, SSC, HSC & OTHER EXAMINATIONS (R)

Updated: Sep 9, 2023


A Railway Station: A terminal for passengers

A railway platform/station is the place where trains stop at and depart from. The passengers get on and get off a train from a railway station/platform. It usually occupies a large area. A railway station has a platform. However a big railway station has a number of platforms. Platforms are often covered with huge tin-shed. If there are more than one platform, an over-bridge connects them. In a railway station/platform there are some rooms too, namely station master’s room, waiting room, restaurant, go-down, booking office, ticket counter. There are some benches in the railway station/platform for the convenience of the travelling passengers. One can also see some stalls in a row selling cheaper kinds of books, newspapers, magazines etc. snacks and tea and even stationary goods. Besides, a large number of hawkers can be seen busily moving from passengers to passengers with cigarettes, betel leaf, bread, chanachur etc. We find some beggars, thieves, swindlers and pickpockets in that place too. A railway platform/ station becomes very busy when a train arrives. Whistles of the train, rustling sound of the engine, movements of the passengers in a hurry, shouts of the hawkers and porters make the railway station/platform full of din and bustle. When the train whistles away, the station becomes calm and quiet. All these pictures taken together remind us of the famous line of the poet, “Man may come and man may go, I go on forever”. This coming and going sustain the flow of life. Of course, a railway station/platform is a very busy and important place.

A RAINY DAY In the rainy season sometimes, it so happens that it rains all day long. On such a day the sky remains overcast with clouds. The weather becomes foul. The sun is not seen. Sometimes it drizzles, sometimes it pitters-patters and some times it pours down heavily. The unmetalled roads become muddy and slippery. Water stands on them here and there. None can go out without an umbrella. People walk along the roads with shoes in hand and clothes folded up. The cattle are kept in their sheds. Birds remain sitting on trees. People in general have nothing to do. Poor day labourers suffer much. They cannot go out to work. The people working in offices take the trouble of going to offices in the rain. But such a day is most welcome to the school goers. They do not care to go to school taking some troubles. It is a day full of thoughts and memories to a poet. He or she loves to hear songs and gets lost in his or her thoughts. Though a rainy day is a dull day, it is a blessing after the scorching heat of summer. So the day is welcomed by all.



Road Accidents in Bangladesh

​Currently, road accidents are pervasive occurrences in Bangladesh, exhibiting an escalating trend. Each year, thousands of lives are lost due to these unfortunate incidents. Predominantly concentrated in urban areas and along highways, road accidents involve a variety of vehicles, including buses, trucks, rickshaws, and baby-taxis. The causal factors contributing to these incidents encompass reckless driving, vehicular brake failures, risky overtaking maneuvers, and the operation of vehicles by inexperienced drivers. Overloading of vehicles further exacerbates the risk of accidents, as does the frequent violation of traffic regulations, which often goes unchecked by law enforcement. In Bangladesh, smaller vehicles predominantly feature in accidents, with pedestrians occasionally falling victim to collisions with larger vehicles. High-speed vehicles occasionally veer off the road, plunging into ditches or rivers, resulting in immediate fatalities. These tragic events not only prematurely end lives but also leave families bereaved, stripping them of their primary breadwinners and often resulting in individuals becoming disabled. Consequently, road accidents cast a pall of adversity over society, rendering numerous children orphaned and spouses widowed. Addressing this issue necessitates comprehensive efforts from both authorities and the general public. Raising awareness among the populace is a pivotal initial step. Equipping drivers with proper skills and discouraging reckless overtaking practices are vital preventive measures. Authorities must also intensify efforts to enforce traffic regulations rigorously. Additionally, promoting strict adherence to traffic rules and fostering a sense of responsibility among pedestrians and drivers alike is essential. Media platforms, such as radio and television, can play a significant role in disseminating information and encouraging safe road behavior. In sum, resolving this pressing issue mandates a multifaceted approach, characterized by stringent law enforcement and widespread awareness campaigns, to ensure the safety of road users.


Causes and Effects of Road Accident

Road transport in Bangladesh is very popular for various reasons, but the condition of Bangladesh roads is very poor and deplorable. The rate at road-accidents and fatality in the country is very high. Pressure on roads has been on increase and the number of vehicles is increasing by leaps and bounds. Overloading is one of the major factors of road- accidents and deaths. Driving licenses are given on illegal gratifications to the authorities and traffic rules and regulations are thrown to the winds. Lack of road-sense has further complicated the matters. The condition of the vehicles is hardly found road-worthy. The unmanned railway level- crossings further add to the chaos and confusion. The multiplicity of authorities and utter lack of coordination among them is another great source of worry. Drug-abuse and addiction by drivers is another major cause of accidents. The ever increasing use of mobile phones has posed a new challenge to road-safety. lmmediate and effective steps should be taken to check the ever increasing number of road-accidents and death. The effects can be anything from a dent to death, of the drivers, passengers, and occupants of other cars or pedestrians, damage to vehicles. It can be financial loss, psychological, punishment by law or death also. To prevent these accidents, it is imperative that effective long and short term measures are immediately taken. Roads should be properly maintained and looked after. There should be multi-lane roads wherever necessary. There should be separate tracks for slow moving vehicles from those of fast and very fast moving vehicles. There should be an effective check on speed of the vehicles. Violation of traffic rules should be strictly dealt with. Grant of driving licenses and permits to vehicles should be properly streamlined. Those driving under the influence of drugs and alcohol should be given exemplary punishment and their licenses cancelled.

A RAILWAY PORTER

One can be certain to find a porter visiting a railway station. One can easily spot him in a crowd as he wears his uniform and is seen carrying luggage from one platform to another. A railway porter is a familiar figure in a railway station. He is in his uniform. He always bears his registration number. He generally moves around and looks for passengers who might need his help. When the train arrives he becomes very busy, moves from this compartment to that one in search of luggage of the passengers. Generally a porter is a healthy person and expert in carrying goods and luggage. He has always a piece of cloth with him for putting the goods on his head. A railway porter knows very well about the railway timing and helps the passengers. He most of the time wants to get more from the passengers beyond the fixed rate. A porter generally obeys the command of the leader, ‘the sardar’. A railway porter works very hard to make a living. He is not rich and, at times, he and his family have to face many hardships. Sometimes, in spite of working for many days, they still find it difficult to make ends meet. We should realise how hard his job really is. So, everyone of us should be kind and thoughtful towards him.

A RAILWAY PORTER

One can be certain to find a porter visiting a railway station. One can easily spot him in a crowd as he wears his uniform and is seen carrying luggage from one platform to another. A railway porter is a familiar figure in a railway station. He is in his uniform. He always bears his registration number. He generally moves around and looks for passengers who might need his help. When the train arrives he becomes very busy, moves from this compartment to that one in search of luggage of the passengers. Generally a porter is a healthy person and expert in carrying goods and luggage. He has always a piece of cloth with him for putting the goods on his head. A railway porter knows very well about the railway timing and helps the passengers. He most of the time wants to get more from the passengers beyond the fixed rate. A porter generally obeys the command of the leader, ‘the sardar’. A railway porter works very hard to make a living. He is not rich and, at times, he and his family have to face many hardships. Sometimes, in spite of working for many days, they still find it difficult to make ends meet. We should realise how hard his job really is. So, everyone of us should be kind and thoughtful towards him.

A RAILWAY STATION

A railway station is a halting place for trains. There are normally a station building, a big shed and a platform in a railway station. The station-building is used for booking office, ticket counter, station master’s office, waiting rooms etc. There are tea-stalls, book-stalls and moving shops in a railway station. A few wooden or concrete benches are a common sight in a railway station. Coloured posters, advertisement etc are displayed on the walls of a railway station. The rail-lines run by the one side of a railway station and on the other, there is a bus or rickshaw stop for the passenger of different places to start from. A railway station is a place for people to start or end journey. It looks busy when the trains arrive. Passengers remain busy to catch trains or get down from trains. Railway porters become busy to find a job. The rail police, ticket checkers, station master --- all become busy with their specific responsibilities. It becomes a place of great din and bustle with the rush of passengers, the whistle of the trains, the roar of engine, the conversations of people and what not.

THE LIFE OF A RICKSHAW PULLER


A person who pulls rickshaw for earning his livelihood is called a rickshaw puller. A rickshaw puller is a common sight on the streets of our towns and cities. They are mostly found crowding at corners of roads, near stations, cinema halls etc. They draw the attention of passengers by ringing bells or shouting. Most of the rickshaw pullers are so poor that they have no rickshaw of their own. They hire rickshaws from the rickshaw owners. What they earn a day is given to the owners at a fixed rate. A rickshaw puller is hard working and always punctual. He pulls the rickshaw from dawn to late hours at night. He is careless of the sun, rain or heat and cold. He maintains his family with the small income he earns daily. Sometimes he is to starve when he fails to get a rickshaw on hire. He puts on poor and shabby dress. Since he earns a small income, he has to eat less and so he is of ill health. He can hardly meet his both ends. He leads a very miserable life. A rickshaw puller is indeed, an important person in times of our need. Concerted efforts should be launched to improve the lifestyle of the rickshaw pullers.

A Railway Station

A railway station is a halting and starting place for the trains. In the railway station, there are booking room, station master's room, ticket counters and waiting rooms both for men and women. Some permanent shops and restaurants are also found in a railway station. It has a platform for passengers to get down and to get into the trains. When a train is scheduled to come in a railway station, it becomes a busy and noisy place. A few minutes before the arrival of the train, the station bell rings. Passengers stand in a line to collect tickets. The booking clerk becomes busy in selling tickets. The hawkers try to entertain the passengers by selling bread, banana, betel-leaf, cigarettes, magazines and papers. The porters are busy taking out luggage. In almost every station there is a book stall where one can buy a magazine or a newspaper or any other book. When the train comes into the station, it becomes noisier. Train doors become crowded. Passengers jostle and wrestle with one another to get into the train and to get off it. The station bell rings once more, the green flag of the guard is hoisted and waved, the train leaves the station. After departure of the train, the station becomes calm, quiet and lifeless again.

A Rainy Day

A rainy day is a day when it rains all day long continuously Bangladesh is a dream land having six seasons. The rainy season is one of them. So a rainy day is very common to the people of Bangladesh. The sky remains cloudy. The sun is not seen on the day. The day is dull and gloomy. The weather is foul on a rainy day. Sometimes it rains heavily. Roads become muddy and slippery .So people can't move freely and easily from one place to another. They need an umbrella. An umbrella is the only companion of the people in a rainy day. Birds stay in their nests and cattle keep standing in their sheds. A rainy day is a great curse to the day labourers, the slum dwellers, the rootless and the poor. They can not go out the doors in search of works. As a result, they pass a rainy day with starvation. The student welcomes a rainy day because classes are not held on the day. The boys catch fish in a rainy day. The rich enjoy the day by playing indoor games and eating khichuri and rich dishes. Sometimes, a rainy day causes flood and damages crops. Since a rainy day is jobless, most people pass the day by gossiping ,playing indoor games, singing songs and telling interesting stories, jokes and riddles. After all , a rainy day gives us both joy and sorrow. After a rainy day, the nature becomes fresh and nice.


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