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PARAGRAPHS FOR JSC, SSC, HSC & OTHER EXAMINATIONS (F)

Updated: Nov 7, 2023



Female Education: A great stride towards development

Female education is very essential for the overall development of a nation. More or less half of the population of a country is female. Leaving the female uneducated and unemployed, no nation can prosper. That’s why female education has been a crying need of the day. Once women were confined within the four walls of the house and were used to doing only household chores. At that time, they were deprived of the light of education because of the prejudice, unconsciousness, superstition, social backwardness, prejudiced outlook, social barrier, obstacle by the fundamentalists and so on. But now it has changed a lot and women are getting educated gradually. In our country about 7 crore people are women out of 14 crore in total. But most of the women are lagging far behind in education. The rate of female literacy is about 20%. This rate of female literacy is alarming because without their education, our satisfactory development is impossible. Napoleon Bonaparte said, “Give me an educated mother and I will give you an educated nation”. From this line we can easily realise the importance of female education. Women need to be educated for different reasons. To be a conscious citizen of the country, to be an active member of the family and society, to be a good mother or wife and to lead a self-reliant better life, a woman should be educated properly. Besides, educated women have higher income potential than those who have had no schooling. Many people consider women inferior to men. But it is their wrong concept. Except the biological difference, a girl has every capacity to work and to achieve high position in life as a man can. An educated woman is conscious of her duties, rights and responsibilities. So, we should take every necessary step to ensure an environment to educate our female force. Parents ought to be encouraged to send their daughters to school. The govt. and NGO’s should patronise the education for girls in order that they can be educated and can play a vital role in the development of our country.

Use and Abuse of Facebook

Facebook is a popular free social networking website that allows registered users to create profiles, upload photos and video, send messages and keep in touch with friends, family and colleagues. It was created by Mark Zuckerberg in February of 2004. This exclusive site, which is available in 37 different languages, includes public features. Facebook makes it possible to connect people sharing interests and activities across the borders and thus have made a lot for the users to feel that they really live in a global village. It is expanding so fast as one can make use of them paying very little. One can make personal profile public before the entire online community. It is like presenting oneself before the entire world. One can also look into other people’s profile simply and easily if one is interested. It allows users to upload pictures, multimedia contents and to update their profiles. User profiles have a section dedicated to comments from friends and other users. Finally, there are privacy protection measures too. A user himself or herself decides over the number of viewers, and what information should be shared with others. He can block specific connections or keep all his communications private. But this great blessing of modern science has some demerits too. Many young boys and girls become addicted to it and give more time on it than studies. Few senseless people post nude pictures which influence the tender mind of youngsters. A long term bad effects can be seen in those adolescents. Besides, many girls and ladies committed suicide because their enemy posted their privet photos or videos. Despite these few bad sites of Facebook book, it has great importance for the communication of modern people.


The Impact of Facebook on the Young Generation

Facebook is a popular social networking service that enables people to connect with one another. It stands out among various social websites, particularly in our country. While Facebook offers advantages, it also comes with disadvantages. In recent times, it has become a significant platform for exchanging thoughts and opinions on current topics. Furthermore, it has played a positive role in facilitating blood donations, which is a commendable aspect. Notably, Facebook has evolved into an educational platform, gaining recognition in news reports. Students can access valuable learning materials, often provided by teachers, and join groups dedicated to practice and knowledge sharing.

In Bangladesh, Facebook serves as an essential source for staying updated on important events. However, it also possesses certain negative aspects. Some individuals from the younger generation spend excessive time on the platform, leading to neglect of their studies. Their preoccupation with Facebook often hampers their academic focus.

Regrettably, some unscrupulous users employ Facebook for malicious purposes, causing harm and leading to cybercrimes. It is disheartening to observe that many of these crimes victimize young people. Additionally, Facebook can contribute to the separation of individuals. Therefore, it is imperative that the young generation exercises caution and discretion when using social network services. While Facebook offers numerous advantages for connecting and sharing, its potential downsides, such as time wastage and vulnerability to cybercrimes, emphasize the need for responsible and mindful usage.

Food Adulteration

Food adulteration is the act of deliberately adding something to the food, intentionally debasing the quality of the food offered for sale either by the admixture or substitution of inferior substances or by the removal of some valuable ingredient. Unsafe levels of pesticides are present in around half of the vegetables and more than a quarter of fruits sold in the markets. Food posioning, in the form of metals, toxins, or bacteria, stomach disorders, liver problems, vision problems, skin diseases are the diseases caused by adulteration of food. Carbide, formalin, heavy metal, chemical, textile colours, artificial sweeteners, DDT, urea etc. are used rampantly for this purpose. Milk is mixed with water. Vanaspati is used as an adulterant for ghee. Ergot is used as an adulterant for cereals. Chalk-powder is used as an adulterant for flour. Chicory is used as an adulterant for coffee. Papaya seeds is used as an adulterant for pepper. Brick-powder is used as an adulterant for chilly-powder. Tamarind seed powder is used as adulterant for coffee. Wood powder is adulterated for turmeric and dhaniya powder. Adulterated food is impure, unsafe, or unwholesome food. Instead of focusing only on the end products, the issue should be addressed at the root level. Better monitoring and supervision were mandatory for stopping food adulteration. The Ministry of Food had enacted a Food Safety Act, but was yet to prepare the necessary rules. As the issue of food safety was also linked to 14 other ministries, a coordinated agency should take responsibility of ensuring safety in food products.

Folk Music

Folk music consists of ancient songs and music from the heart of a community based on their natural style of expression uninfluenced by the rules of classical music and modern popular songs. Folk music has great variety, with songs being composed on the culture, festivals, views of life, natural beauty, rivers and rural and riverine life. These songs are also about social inequality and poverty, about the material world and the supernatural. Mystical songs have been composed using the metaphors of rivers and boats. Since the country is basically riverine, the Bhatiyali forms an important genre of folk music. Some notable folk singers like Shiraj Saiah, Lalon shah, Shah Abdul Karim, Hasan Raja, Abbas Uddin‚ Abdul Alim and Radha Roman have made the folk musk popular among the people of Bangladesh. Bangladeshi folk music varies from region to region. Thus there are the northern Bhawaiya, the eastern Bhatiyali and the southwestern Baul songs. Folk songs sung individually include Baul, Bhatiyali, Murshidi and Marfati, while songs sung in chorus include Kabigan, Leto, Alkap and Gambhira. Tribes like the Santal, Garo, Hajong, Chakma, Manipuri, Tripuri, Marma etc. have interacted with ethnic Bengali culture and lifestyle over the years. Some songs are regional in character, but others are common to both Bangladesh and West Bengal. Similarly, some songs belong distinctively to one religious community, Hindu or Muslim; others cross religious boundaries. Some songs belong exclusively to men, others to women, while some are sung by both men and women. Thus only women compose and sing Bratagan and Meyeli Git, but both men and women participate in the ‘’roof-beating’’ songs that are sung while beating down and firming rooftops.

Fax

Facsimile, popularly known as fax, is a device that can send or receive a document, pictures and text over a telephone line. It is really a very wonderful machine which can transmit any document to another day machine located with in home or abroad in a very short time. It looks like a calculator-cum telephone set. Almost all modems manufactured today are capable of sending and receiving fax data. Fax/modem software generates fax signals directly from disk files or the screen. Even if a document is text only, it is treated by the computer as a scanned image and is transmitted to the receiver as a bitmap. Faxing a message online works well if the recipient wants only to read the message. However, if the document requires editing, it must be converted into text by an OCR program, or it must be retyped manually into the computer. A more efficient method of sending documents that require modification is through the e-mail system. E-mail files are already ASCII text so they can be edited immediately in any text editor or word processing program. The Internet now provides a new and cheaper way to send faxes in some cases. A number of free and commercial companies provide arrangements for using the Internet rather than the public telephone system for most or part of the path to the fax point. Some services also provide the ability to broadcast a fax to multiple addresses. Nowadays being practically a time saving device, it has taken the place of teleprinter and is playing a vital role in international communication system.

A FAREWELL FUNCTION

The day when I was free from my school for appearing in the Secondary School Certificate Examination will be remembered throughout my life. As ours was the outgoing class, so it was bidden farewell by Class X (New). The Principal fixed the responsibility for making arrangements. Then farewell function was given on Thursday. When I arrived at school at 3 p.m. I saw that all arrangements were made by the host party. The school hall was beautifully decorated with charts, buntings, flowers and placards. The main table, on which the Headmaster and the Inspector of Schools were to sit, was beautifully decorated with flowerpots. There were many chairs for the outgoing students, staff and students of Class X. The function started with a moving and heart-rending farewell speech of Md. Saifuddin, a student of Class X. He mentioned our long and deep association with the school. His speech which was full of praise and appreciation for our outgoing class was delivered in a befitting manner. After his speech, I, on behalf of my class, thanked the host. In my speech I lauded the good arrangements made by the host and accepted their good wishes and feelings for all of us. When I was delivering the speech, I was deriving a mingled pleasure. I was feeling sad because of the separation from my old and august institution in whose lap I got education and training of my mind and body. Then some of our senior teachers delivered their valuable lectures in which they gave their valuable advice. In the end, the reverend Headmaster, whose association with the school is as old as the history of this school, made an impassioned speech. In his farewell message, he gave us some pieces of advice, to be followed in our future course of life. He made a fervent appeal to build our mind and character on sound lines. He stressed upon us to intricate a spirit of service and sacrifice as well as of patriotism and nationalism. Then after, started the cultural function arranged by some of our younger brothers of Class X. We all made the pin-drop silence and enjoyed the programme. In the mean time some of the students of Class ten distributed packets of snacks to us. Some of us took their food while some of us gossiped and laughed. After this, the function came to an end. We parted after taking the blessings of our teachers and good wishes of our friends. While going, we cast our longing and lingering looks at this great and noble institution in whose lap we spent the most formative period of our life and living. The deep impression the function left on me will continue living in my memory for many days.

A FAREWELL FUNCTION


The day when I was free from my school for appearing at the Secondary School Certificate Examination will be remembered throughout my life. As ours was the outgoing class, so it was bidden farewell by Class X (New). The Principal fixed the responsibility for making arrangements. Then farewell function was given on Thursday. When I arrived at school, it was 3 p.m. I saw that all arrangements were made by the host party. The function started with a moving and heart-rending farewell speech of Md. Saifuddin, a student of Class X. He mentioned our long and deep association with the school. After his speech, I, on behalf of my class, thanked the host. In my speech I accepted their good wishes and feelings for all of us. Then some of our senior teachers delivered their valuable lectures in which they gave their valuable advice. In the end, the reverend Headmaster, whose association with the school is as old as the history of this school, made an impassioned speech. In his farewell message, he gave us some pieces of advice, to be followed in our future course of life. Then after, started the cultural function arranged by some of our younger brothers of Class X. We all made the pin-drop silence and enjoyed the programme. In the mean time some of the students of Class ten distributed packets of snacks to us. Some of us took their food while some of us gossiped and laughed. After this, the function came to an end. We parted after taking the blessings of our teachers and good wishes of our friends. While going, we cast our longing and lingering looks at this great and noble institution in whose lap we spent the most formative period of our life and living.

A Farmer

A farmer is he who lives by cultivation. Almost 75% of people of our land are farmers. Our farmers live in villages. His house is made of corrugated iron sheets or straws. He is very honest, laborious and simple. He gets up from bed at dawn\_~) and goes to his field after taking some stale rice with green chilli .He works from dawn to dusk. He works both in rough and fair weather. He tills his land with his hand-made wooden tools. Most of the farmers of our country are illiterate and landless. So they do not know the value of scientific method of cultivation. They live from hand to mouth. Most of them live below extreme poverty line. A poor farmer can not buy good seeds, fertilizers and insecticides and has no ability to, use the power tiller. Asa result, he can not grow better crops. He cannot educate his children properly. He depends on rain. He does not get good harvest when there is no rain or less rain. Sometimes, he gets loan- from the money-lender or a bank. If he fails to repay his loan in time, he has to sell what he has. He becomes happy when he gets good harvest and getspains when he gets no good harvest. Though a farmer is poor, he leads an hon est, life. A farmer is our real friend but has a little dignity and love in our society. Our government should sanction him a necessary loan to change his poor condition for our greater interest.

A FARMER

Bangladesh is an agricultural country. So, the prosperity of Bangladesh entirely depends on the well-being of a farmer. The life of a farmer in Bangladesh is a continuous struggle against poverty. He is very hard-working. He gets up at dawn and goes to the field to work. He is busy in tilling the fields, sowing seeds and reaping the crops. He works there all day long. He grows abundant paddy and vegetables. In the past a farmer of Bangladesh led a happy and contented life. He had no want of anything. But now-a-days his life is fully miserable. He has no land of his own to cultivate. He cultivates the land of well-to-do people. He produces food grains by the sweat of his brow. But he cannot enjoy the fruits of his labour. He gets a share of the crops he produces. He is always hard up and lives from hand to mouth throughout the year. He lives a very simple life. His clothes are simple. He lives in a mud-house. His property consists of a few bulls, a plough-share etc. But a farmer is the very soul of this country. To make the country self-sufficient in food and to make the green revolution a success, steps should be taken for improving the life-style of a farmer.

A Fish Market

There is a special charm (attraction) of a fish market to the people of Bangladesh. A fish- market is a part and parcel of the market in our country. It is a place where fishes are bought and sold. The fish-sellers take seats in rows. Generally there is a platform on which the fish-sellers sit with their big baskets full of fishes. They take their fishes in small quantities out of their baskets and arrange them for sale. Sometimes they sprinkle water from an earthen pot. It looks fishes fresh and lively. The best fishes generally attract large crowds of customers. Small fishes are kept separately for the poor people. The fish-sellers are very clever. They never tell their buyers the exact price of their fishes. They usually demand much higher prices. Consequently, higgling continues between the buyers and the fish-sellers. This makes the fish market the noisy place in the whole market. On the whole, a fish market plays an important role in our daily life.

A flood that I have experienced

A flood is a devastating natural calamity. Floods occur in Bangladesh almost every year. I give here below my experience of a destructive flood that visited our locality last year. It affected almost all the districts of this country. Before flood there was heavy rainfall for days together. The water began to rise in an abnormal way. Soon it rose above the danger level. Gradually all the lands and roads went under water. The communication was cut off. The crops were destroyed. The houses and cattle were swept away by the current. There was water and water everywhere. No trace of land was found to stand on. Then the boat was the only means of communication for going from one place to another. In some villages whole families perished. In our village a few, somehow, managed to save themselves by climbing on the trees-tops, the roofs of semi brick-built houses. The government and the N.G.O’s took direct steps to fight with this natural calamity. It took a long time to make up the harrowing toll of distress caused by the flood last year which I experienced from a close quarter.

LIFE OF A FARMER

Bangladesh is an agro-based country. So, the prosperity of Bangladesh entirely depends on the well-being of a farmer. The life of a farmer in Bangladesh is a continuous struggle against poverty. He is very hard-working. He gets up at dawn and goes to the field to work. He is busy in tilling the fields, sowing seeds and reaping the crops. He works there all day long. He grows abundant paddy and vegetables. In the past a farmer of Bangladesh led a happy and contented life. He had no want of anything. But now-a-days his life is fully miserable. He has no land of his own to cultivate. He cultivates the land of well-to-do people. He produces food grains by the sweat of his brow. But he cannot enjoy the fruits of his labour. He gets a share of the crops he produces. He is always hard up and lives from hand to mouth throughout the year. He lives a very simple life. His clothes are simple. He lives in a mud-house. His property consists of a few bulls, a plough-share etc. But a farmer is the very soul of this country. To make the country self-sufficient in food and to make the green revolution a success, steps should be taken for improving the life-style of a farmer.

Life of a Farmer

Bangladesh is mainly an agricultural country. So 85% of her population are farmers. But most of the farmers of our country have no landed property. They till the land of other landlords. A farmer gets up early in the morning. He takes a simple breakfast with panthabhat and goes to the field with wooden plough and a pair of bullocks. He ploughs the land, sows the seeds and weeds out. He comes back home at noon, takes bath and meal. Then he takes rest for a while and again goes to the field and works till it is dusk. During the rainy season, he spends the whole day in the field. He works from dawn to dusk. His income is very scanty. The big share ()f his labour goes to the landlords. He has both pleasure and pain in his life. He gets pleasure when he can provide his children with food and cloths. He feels pain when he fails to do so. That is to say, ho lives from hand to mouth. Though our farmers are doing their boss to feed the nation, yet they remain in debts. Therefore, we should try heart and soul to improve their lot / condition.

A flood I have witnessed

Bangladesh is a riverine country. Flood is one of the destructive natural calamities. Ours is a low country on the mouth of Bay of Bengal. Flood occurs almost every year in our country. Heavy rainfall is the main cause of floods. I have an experience about the severity of flood. Two years ago, during a rainy season, all of our family members went to our village to spend the vacation. There was excessive rainfall in the village. But the sudden increase of water in the rivers overflowed their banks and submerged the land. The flood water washed away houses, ruined crops, uprooted the trees and destroyed men and cattle. Many people were rendered homeless and many lives were lost. That flood broke all the records of the past. The whole country was inundated. All communication was cut off. So, the sufferings of the people knew no bounds. The after effects were even more dangerous. Epidemic and famine broke out in the village. People suffered from lack of drinking water. There were scarcity of foods, clothes, medicines and so on. The dead body of man and animal were here and there. In one word, the situation of the whole country was horrifying. It was really a sad episode of my life. I will never forget it for its devastation.

A FOGGY DAY

A foggy day is cold and dismal and is covered with mist. Everything seems hazy. The grasses below are wet with dew and sparkle like pearls in the sunbeams. One can hardly see and identify things at a distance. People in warm clothes to keep themselves warm look strange. The old people shiver in cold. People gather straw and make fires at different places to bask in the heat of the sun. Birds’ chirping is not heard. The cow and other animals cannot come out. Then the sun peeps over the eastern horizon and starts rising. Nature takes on a charming aspect. The touch of the sunrays makes the birds and beasts quite happy. Farmers go to the fields and begin their day’s work. With the advancing sun, people shirk off the feeling of cold and set about their usual course of work. Then the scene of mist and fog disappears and the sunny morning paves the way for man’s daily activities. In a foggy day one can enjoy delicious and sweet cakes, ‘piash’ of date juice and many other things. A foggy day is enjoyable in many respects.

Female education

Education is the birth right of everybody. It makes a harmonious development of one’s mental faculties. So, facilities for education should be held open to everybody. In this respect, no discrimination should be made between man and woman. In fact, education must be universal.Some people are opposed to female education. They opine that women are intellectually inferior to men. So they are mainly meant for hearth and home. They should deal with the kitchen. They should perform the household duties, bring up the children and yield comforts to their male partner. On the whole, their duties are totally confined to the inner apartment. The arguments stated above do not hold water. It is true that they have some special tasks to perform inside the household. But these special tasks also cannot be properly done by an uneducated woman. An educated husband cannot put up with an uneducated partner. An uneducated mistress is not in a position to do her household duties in sound lines. It is impossible for an uneducated mother to bring up their children in an appropriate manner. We can expect the women to acquit themselves well even in their special tasks only when they are given proper education. Women are found equal to men in all respects except in physical strength. The question of their intellectual inferiority lays bare a negative answer. So there should not be any distinction between men and women in respect of education. Many women are now successfully competing with men in many active branches of life. Thus there cannot be any ground to deprive women of the benefits of education. Women also have their social responsibilities. Half of the people of our co untry are women. No development can be brought about in our society without participation of half of its members. And development work cannot be carried out successfully with uneducated women. Thus our women should be educated at the earliest. It may be advisable to modify the old system of education for our girls. Subject like Home Economics, Domestic Science, Cooking, Sewing and Nursing should be included in their course of study. It is a good sign that there is a general awakening among the women. The United National Charter provides for removal of discrimination between men and women. The women of our countries are also coming out of their domestic walls and working side by side with men in every walk of life. Our government is making all-out efforts to pave the way for female education in our country. We should remember that education is one of the fundamental rights of everybody male or female.

The Importance of Female Education

Female education is the precondition of the development of a nation. Both men and women are the members of a society. So it is true that both men and women should receive proper education in order to build up a happy and progressive society. Education is the back bone of a nation. It is compared to light and focus of a society. No development and progress is possible without proper and true education. Without proper education a society or a nation is deaf. dump and blind. About half of the population of our country is female. Only education can make women conscious of their rights and duties. So female education is a must. A mother is the best teacher of their.children. In all advanced countries majority of school and college teachers are women. Generally they are more friendly, careful and laborious than men. In the meantime the government of Bangladesh has introduced stipend for female students which encourage female students to get proper education. By getting proper education women can learn well about child care, sanitation. the value of family planning and the rules of health. An educated woman can also play an important role in improving national economy like a man. All necessary and proper steps should be taken to encourage female education for the betterment of our country. Finally. Napoleon says, "Give me an educated mother; I shall give you an educated nation.

A Foggy Morning

Fog is generally seen in winter morning. A cloudy and gloomy night creates fog. The period of night becomes longer but the fog remains throughout till sun rise. In the winter morning, it is seen on the blades of the grass and the leaves of the trees. All nature seems to wear a fresh dress of peace and purity. It looks very beautiful. Neither the earth nor the horizon is visible. The sun is not visible for a long period. The fog is not transparent. As a result, nothing can be seen clearly through it. People feel uneasy. Even the animals do not like it. They are not willing to graze in the field. In such a morning, everything seems dull. Children also feel uneasy. All activities of the people about to standstill. At times, the drivers of the vehicles can not ply their vehicles in the roads and streets properly. That is to say, everything looks hazy. The sun light is wel­come to the people at that time. When the sun rises, fog disapp­ears. However, a foggy morning is unpleasant and uncomfortable.

FESTIVALS OF BANGLADESH

Bangladesh is a developing country. The people of this country may not be wealthy but they are rich in their heart. Inhabitants of this country have long been reputed for their hospitability. They pass their life with many festivities. People of different cast and creed live together in peace and harmony in this country. That’s why we see a great variety of festivals being celebrated by them. Bangladesh is a Muslim majority country. ‘Eid-Ul-Fitr’ and ‘Eid-Ul-Azha’ are the major religious festivals of the Muslims. The Hindus celebrate ‘Durga Puja’ as their main religious festival. ‘Buddha Purnima’ is the chief religious program of the Buddhists. The Christians celebrate ‘Christmas Day’ as their principal festival. The country commemorates some other festivals which people of all walks of life observe together regardless of all their difference. 25th March is celebrated as ‘Independent Day’. The declaration of the independence of Bangladesh was proclaimed on this day of 1971. 16th December is our ‘Victory Day’. We gained freedom from the occupying Pakistani force on this day of 1971. Both of these events are observes with profound respect by the people of Bangladesh. ‘Pahela Baishakh’ is a program which is very significant in out national life. It is the first day of a new Bangla year. This day is celebrated with many cultural programs and in some places by arranging ‘Mela’. This program represents the pen-picture of the nation’s national culture. Hence, it is our national festival. All this festivals indeed, makes us a very colourful nation.

FIRST DAY AT SCHOOL

School is an institution where students learn a lot of things. It is an indispensable part of student life. Besides giving academic learning, it also enables the students to be perfect men in life. So school plays a very important role in student life. Actually student life cannot be imagined without school. Accordingly, first day at school is a momentous event of student life. It is the beginning of student life. First day at school is a new experience for every student. On that particular day students express their mixed feelings. That day they not only feel thrilled but also get nervous because of not having any previous experience. At the same time they think that a new experience is a new examination for them. However, first day at school is a memorable day for every student no doubt. It was the same for me. On my first day I went to my new school with my father. We met the Headmaster of the school, Mr. Rahman. The Headmaster asked me some questions. I answered them well. But I felt worried and nervous because I did not know anybody at my new school. Then the Headmaster took me to my classroom. There I saw a lot of students like myself. One of them was Navid. He asked me my name. I liked him. Afterwards we became good friends. I enjoyed my first day at my new school. I found that the teachers and students in my new school were very amicable. I liked them and I always want to remember them. And my worry came to an end.

A Fisherman

A fisherman is a very useful person in our society. He is a very common figure to the people of Bangladesh because Bangladesh is a dream land of rivers, seas, canals, haors, beels. lakes, tanks and ponds. A fishes man is he who lives by ". ct -~Pw) catching and selling fishes. He is very laborious and courageous in nature.: fisherman lives in a village near a canal or a river or a sea. He uses a boat for catching fish. He catches fish by his hand-made net. On the rainy day, he and the members of his family make new nets and repair the old ones. Most of the fishermen are illiterate and very poor. They have no net or boat of their own. So they work in groups. Fishing in the big river or the sea is very risky and challenging but interesting too. He often catches fish in the deep sea or at stormy nights. His pleasure knows no bounds when he catches a big fish or a lot of fish. In spite of strugglingling. Hard a fisherman leads a very sorrowful and miserable life. He can not educate his children because of his extreme poverty .He hardly enjoys happiness and pleasure of life. In a word, he lives in wants and dies in wants. Yet-, he feels proud because he leads an honest life. He does a great- good to us by supplying fishes. He supports his family by his honest service. Really he is our great friend. Our govt. should provide him with a necessary loan to change the wheels of his lot for our greater interest.

A FOUNTAIN PEN

A fountain pen is a writing pen with an inside-tube, which supplies ink. It has mainly two parts----the body and the cap. The body has four parts----an ink-holder, a mouth, a nib-fitter and a nib. The cap consists of a crew and clip. The nib and the nib-fitter are closely connected with the mouth of the body. When the pen is on work, the cap is placed on the top of the body. At other times it is used as a covering of the nib. The nib is so constructed that the ink can smoothly flow through it. A fountain pen has an automatic flow of ink. There are many kinds of fountain pen. They differ in sizes and shapes. It is essential for every student, educated man and woman. A fountain pen is very beautiful to look at. Now-a-days, it is not commonly used. It sometimes serves the purpose of an ornament. A fountain pen is a part of modern civilization.

A Fountain Pen

A fountain pen is a part and parcel of an educated person. It is nothing but a good looking writing instrument in which ink fountains. It is of various shapes, sizes and colours. Generally it consists of three main parts - the cap, the body and the nib. The cap is made of copper or nickel or some other metal. The cap protects the nib. It has a clip with which the pen is fixed to the pocket or the bag. The body of the pen contains ink. It is generally made of plastic, metal etc. Nowadays, most of the pens have modern tubes, within their bodies and these tubes contain ink. The nib with a feeder is the lower part of a fountain pen. The nib is so made that ink can easily flow through it. The nib is made of copper or nickel. Sometimes it is made of gold. The price of the fountain pen depends on the metal with which the cap and the nib are made. A good fountain pen is, as It were, an ornament to a man or woman. We can not think even for a single moment without a fountain pen. In fact, we can say that it is a good and faithful friend of the student as well as the teacher.

FOGGY DAY


A foggy day is cold and dismal and is covered with mist. Everything seems hazy. The grasses below are wet with dew and sparkle like pearls in the sunbeams. One can hardly see and identify things at a distance. People in warm clothes to keep themselves warm look strange. The old people shiver in cold. People gather straw and make fires at different places to bask in the heat of the sun. Birds’ chirping is not heard. The cow and other animals cannot come out. Then the sun peeps over the eastern horizon and starts rising. Nature takes on a charming aspect. The touch of the sunrays makes the birds and beasts quite happy. Farmers go to the fields and begin their day’s work. With the advancing sun, people shirk off the feeling of cold and set about their usual course of work. Then the scene of mist and fog disappears and the sunny morning paves the way for man’s daily activities. In a foggy day one can enjoy delicious and sweet cakes, ‘piash’ of date juice and many other things. A foggy day is enjoyable in many respects.

FRIENDSHIP

Friendship is a human instinct between two persons not bound by any relationship. It is a divine tie between one individual and the other. It is one of the greatest blessings of the Almighty to man. It is a relationship which is based on the union of same minded persons. Absolute trust for one another builds up unshakable friendship. The two friends must always belong to the same and uneven level of feelings for each other. True friend is never fortune-hunter. He always remains beside his friend. In the days of our prosperity, there is no want of friend. But when we fall in crisis, true friends are tested. A real friend will never desert us if we are in problem. A true friend is himself a guide for us. He always tries to keep us in right path. He never keeps himself busy for his own self. If we violate his advice and fall in danger, he comes forward and spreads his helping hand to save us from all sorts of danger. It is the friendship that sometimes springs from the mental esteem and from our long attachment. But we must be careful when we select friend. It is said that a man is known by the company he keeps. So, we must select a person as a friend who is honest, noble and sincere. And only by this way, a true friendship is possible.

FOOD PROBLEM IN BANGLADESH

Food is an essential thing for any living creature. We eat food so that we may live. Bangladesh which is mainly an agricultural country is not self-sufficient in food. She cannot feed all her people with the food she produces. There is a big shortage of food every year. So there is the problem of food and question of growing more food has arisen.

Our country is suffering from food problem for different reasons. First, our population is increasing year after year, but production of our food is not increasing. Secondly, our land has lost its capacity to grow more food for want of proper care. Then unscientific cultivation and lack of proper distribution of land are also responsible for shortage of food. Besides, floods, cyclones, pests and insects are causing harm to our crops. Moreover, it is our negligence to take an effective policy to grow more food our people. In order to solve the problem we have to increase the production of food grains. To do this we have to take up scientific method of cultivation. We should use manure and expand irrigation facilities. The scientific tools of agriculture should be made available in cheap rate. Co-operative farming should be introduced. All kinds of land should be brought under cultivation. We should follow the natural method of ‘rotation of crops’ to keep the fertility of the land intact. We should also take measure to protect food crops from drought, floods, pests and other harms of nature. Loans on easy terms should be sanctioned to the cultivators for farming. Electrification is a must for the development of the rural areas. It is also necessary to give land to the actual tillers of the soil. The livestock should be raised properly so that they can serve us more effectively. Our livestock are also helpful for growing more food. Besides, we should take steps to increase our fish production. On the whole, our over population should be checked for the greater welfare of the country.

THE DAILY ACTIVITIES OF A GARMENT WORKER

Garments industry is one of the most important sectors for the economy of our country. The contribution of garment workers has made it possible. An ordinary garment worker in our country leads a very laborious life. Early rising in the morning is usual for her. She has to reach the factory a few minutes before her shift starts. Generally she walks to her factory along with other girls working there. Sometimes she has to get on a crowded public bus to reach her factory. On the way to her destination she is infected with slang words from various corners. In the factory she is not in a congenial atmosphere. She works in congested rooms, which is detrimental to their health. Sometimes she works whole day resting on her feet. At noon she gets a lunch break for half an hour. Almost everyday she eats the poor lunch taken from her house with her colleagues in the factory. She works in the factory for long hours till late at night. She has to be at the factory up to 9 or 10 p.m. In spite of her long hours’ of work she is not remunerated properly. Since labour is cheap, hard work at the factory earns a garment worker very little money. Though she works hard for long hours of the day, she is frequently haunted by the thought of uncertain future. Thus a garment worker passes her daily activities with ups and downs.

FUTURE PLAN OF MY LIFE

One must settle some plans or aim in life because without them life becomes a drifting boat in a stormy sea, always looking fora land to anchor. It may be disputed that humans cannot follow all their plans owing to the adversity of time. However, I have fixed up a plan for myself. I have a desire to serve the country. With this in mind, I want to be a teacher, the noblest person in the society, who is morally obliged to build and mould up a sound society. Teaching has always been regarded as a noble profession. It is the teachers who impart knowledge, provide consciousness, humanity to the inhabitants of the society and serve until the last day of their life. This is why I have chosen to be a teaches. Right from this moment, I am preparing for my future. I will enter university and work sincerely to complete my graduation and post-graduation and, then try to receive training ing for effective teaching. It is really encouraging for me that my parents have their support and cooperation for my aim. They all believe that my sincerity, determination, vivacity in my work will obviously contribute to the development of the society.

FLOOD

Bangladesh is a land of rivers. Her lands are also low lying. So floods visit this country almost every year. Flood is a natural calamity. The excessive overflow of water that carries away houses, uproots trees and plants and damages crops is called flood. There are many causes of flood. They are heavy rainfall, tidal waves, terrible storm, earthquakes, snow melt etc. Flood causes heavy damage to life and property of the people. It washes away villages and towns. The streets, roads and houses go under water during flood. People suffer much and their normal life is disturbed. The after effects of flood are very dangerous. People do not get pure drinking water. So, various kinds of diseases break out in the flood affected areas. Famine also breaks out in those areas. Flood does some good to us by bringing much silt and making land fertile. In our country flood means a terrible misfortune. The people of Bangladesh cannot forget the terrible floods that occurred in 1954, 1955, 1960, 1962, 1969, 1970, 1974, 1980, 1984, 1987, and 1988. The recent flood of 1998 affected almost all the districts of Bangladesh. We must find out a solution of this problem.


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