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IELTS Essay-wise Ideas on GENDER ISSUES

1. "World history suggests that violence and conflict were more evident under male leadership that under female leadership. So. for peace to prevail, female leadership can be considered as a better option that male leadership." Do you agree or disagree?


Key advanced ideas supporting the idea that female leadership is better for peace:

  • Conflict resolution: Women leaders tend to prioritize dialogue and negotiation over aggressive measures.

  • Collaborative approach: Female leaders often promote inclusive decision-making, involving diverse perspectives for peaceful outcomes.

  • Empathy and compassion: Women's leadership is associated with empathy, which can lead to more understanding and peaceful resolutions.

  • Non-confrontational style: Female leaders may employ a less confrontational approach, reducing the likelihood of escalation.

  • Long-term vision: Women leaders may focus on sustainable peace-building strategies rather than short-term gains.

  • Role models for nonviolence: Female leaders can inspire others to adopt nonviolent approaches to conflict resolution.


Key advanced ideas challenging the idea that female leadership is inherently better for peace:

  • Historical context: World history is complex, and attributing violence solely to male leadership oversimplifies the issue.

  • Individual differences: Leadership style and approaches vary among both men and women, making generalizations problematic.

  • Societal factors: Peace and conflict depend on various societal and cultural aspects, not solely on the leader's gender.

  • Limited data: The number of female leaders historically is smaller, making statistical comparisons challenging.

  • Power dynamics: Women in leadership roles may face similar pressures to display strength, potentially influencing decisions.

  • Conflict-driven contexts: In certain situations, assertive leadership, regardless of gender, might be necessary to address aggression.


Your opinion should be based on a thoughtful evaluation of the presented ideas, and you may choose to lean towards one side or find a balanced perspective. For instance:

  • Opinion: While female leadership might exhibit some qualities conducive to peace, attributing peace solely to gender oversimplifies complex historical and societal factors. Effective leadership for peace can emerge from both men and women, depending on the context and individual qualities of the leaders. It is essential to focus on nurturing qualities like empathy, inclusivity, and collaborative decision-making in all leaders, irrespective of their gender, to achieve lasting peace.

2. Universities should enrol equal numbers of male and female students in all subjects. Do you agree or disagree?


Key advanced ideas supporting the idea of enrolling equal numbers of male and female students in all subjects:

  • Gender equality: Equal enrollment promotes gender balance, breaking stereotypes and fostering inclusivity.

  • Diverse perspectives: Both genders bring unique viewpoints, enriching the learning experience and promoting critical thinking.

  • Addressing societal biases: Equal enrollment challenges traditional gender norms and biases, promoting a fairer society.

  • Enhanced learning outcomes: Gender-balanced classrooms can improve communication and collaboration among students.

  • Equal opportunities: All students should have access to the same educational opportunities, regardless of their gender.

  • Empowerment: Equal enrollment empowers both men and women to pursue their interests and passions freely.


Key advanced ideas challenging the idea of enrolling equal numbers of male and female students in all subjects:

  • Individual choices: Enrollment should be based on students' interests and aptitudes rather than rigid gender quotas.

  • Natural preferences: Men and women may have different inclinations towards certain subjects, and that should be respected.

  • Merit-based selection: Equal opportunities should be provided, but enrollment should ultimately be based on academic merit.

  • Career aspirations: Differences in subject choices may align with career goals, and students should be free to pursue them.

  • Specialization needs: Some fields may require greater representation of one gender due to specific societal needs or historical imbalances.

  • Diversity of thought: Encouraging diversity in enrollment goes beyond gender, considering other factors such as ethnicity, background, and perspectives.


Your opinion should consider the various aspects presented in the advanced ideas, and you can choose to take a stance or propose a balanced perspective. For instance:

  • Opinion: While gender equality is crucial, enforcing equal enrollment in all subjects might not be the most effective approach. It is essential to promote equal opportunities, encourage students to pursue their interests regardless of traditional gender norms, and address any existing biases. Instead of strict quotas, universities should focus on creating an inclusive and supportive environment, ensuring that all students have access to a wide range of subjects and can make informed choices based on their passions and abilities. This approach allows for diversity in thought and academic pursuits while still striving for gender equality in education.

3. In some schools and universities, girls choose arts subjects (literature), and boys tend to choose science subjects (physics). Why do you think this is so?

The disparity in subject choices between girls and boys in schools and universities can be attributed to a combination of social, cultural, and psychological factors. Several reasons contribute to this trend:

Social norms and expectations:

· Traditional gender roles: Societal expectations and stereotypes often dictate that girls are more suited for artistic and language-based subjects, while boys are encouraged to pursue science and mathematics.

· Peer influence: Students may be influenced by their peers, and gender norms might pressure them to conform to certain subject choices.

Educational environment:

· Teacher bias: Unconscious biases among teachers can inadvertently influence students' subject choices, leading them towards certain subjects based on gender.

· Representation in media: Media portrayals of gender-specific interests can reinforce stereotypes and influence students' perceptions of their own capabilities and interests.

Parental influence:

· Parental expectations: Parents' beliefs and expectations about gender-specific interests can influence their children's subject choices.

· Role models: The presence of successful role models in certain fields can inspire students to pursue related subjects.

Personal preferences and aptitudes:

· Individual interests: Students may naturally gravitate towards subjects they find personally enjoyable or interesting.

· Perceived strengths: Personal aptitudes and perceived strengths can also guide students' subject choices.

Educational and career aspirations:

· Career stereotypes: Certain subjects are often associated with specific career paths, leading students to choose subjects they believe align with their future goals.

· Perceived job opportunities: Students may choose subjects based on their perception of available job opportunities in related fields.

Efforts to address this disparity:

· Encouraging diversity: Schools can promote inclusivity and diversity, breaking down gender stereotypes and fostering an environment where all subjects are equally encouraged for both genders.

· Providing exposure: Exposing students to a wide range of subjects and careers can help them make informed choices based on interests and skills rather than stereotypes.

· Teacher training: Raising awareness of unconscious biases among educators can lead to fairer guidance and support for students' subject choices.

It is crucial to challenge gender stereotypes and offer equal opportunities for students to explore and excel in subjects based on their individual interests and abilities, regardless of traditional gender norms. Encouraging an open and supportive educational environment can help break the barriers that contribute to gender-based subject preferences.

1. Many people believe that women make better parents than men and that is why they have the greater role in raising children in most societies. Others claim that men are just as good as women at parenting.

Women as Better Parents:

· Nurturing Instinct: Women often possess a natural instinct for caregiving and emotional support.

· Biological Bond: Maternal connection through pregnancy and childbirth fosters a unique emotional bond.

· Empathy and Sensitivity: Women tend to exhibit higher levels of empathy, which aids in understanding children's needs.

· Multitasking Abilities: Balancing household tasks and childcare comes more naturally to some women.

· Historical Norms: Traditional gender roles have historically assigned women the primary caregiving role.

· Communication Skills: Women may excel in fostering open communication and emotional expression.

Men as Equally Capable Parents:

· Parenting Skills Development: Men can develop excellent parenting skills through active involvement and experience.

· Role Model Impact: Positive male role models can have a profound influence on children's development.

· Shared Parenting: Both parents contributing to childcare results in a more balanced upbringing.

· Diverse Parenting Styles: Effective parenting transcends gender and depends on individual strengths.

· Child's Perspective: Some children may bond better or feel more comfortable with a male caregiver.

· Breaking Stereotypes: Challenging gender norms can lead to a more egalitarian society.


· Balanced Parenting: Both genders can excel in parenting, and a balance of perspectives is beneficial.

· Individual Competence: Parenting skills should be assessed on an individual basis rather than gender stereotypes.

· Supportive Environment: Society should encourage active parenting involvement from both men and women.

· Gender-Neutral Parenting: Focus on fostering parental skills without associating them with a specific gender.

· Flexible Roles: Families should have the freedom to decide parenting roles based on individual strengths and preferences.

· Cooperation and Communication: Effective parenting requires cooperation and open communication between parents, regardless of gender.

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