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COMPOSITIONS FOR HSC, SSC, JSC & OTHER EXAMS (I-1)

Updated: Sep 21, 2023


THE INDEPENDENCE DAY

The Independence Day is a national festival. It comes off on the 26th March every year. On this day in 1971 the independence of Bangladesh was declared. So this day is called Independence Day. It is a red letter day in the history of Bangladesh. This day- is celebrated every year in a befitting way all over the country.

Upto 25th March, 1971, Bangladesh was one of the two parts of Pakistan. This part was called East Pakistan and the other part was called West Pakistan. Right from 1947 the year of the birth of Pakistan, the then West Pakistani rulers exploited

Bangladesh in all possible ways. They cheated, oppressed and harassed the Bangladeshis in the name of Islam. In this way they established their colonial rule in Bangladesh. The undisputed leader of Bangladesh, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman realised that the disparity of economy and unjustified rule and other bilateral problems were far from any solution. Comprehending the gravity of in the problems Bangabandhu put forward his historically famous six point demand which virtually implied the creation of a federation in accordance with the Lahore Resolution of 1940 as a working base. Seven and five crones of people of Bangladesh who had been undergoing the tyranny and maltreatment in all spheres of life got spirited with the rebellious call of Bangabandhu and engaged themselves in the agitation against West Pakistan. In 1970 Awarm League won landslide victory in the general election. But the conspiracy in the capital went on. Sheikh Mujibur Rahman's party with the absolute majority in the parliament was forced to start a dialogue to accommodate his views. The rulers made all military preparations in the shade of the mock dialogue. Now the treacherous Pakistani army moved out at dead of night on the 25th of March, 1971 and caught the people of Bangladesh unaware. Bangladesh was declared independent on the 26th of March 1971. We started the war of liberation. After nine month's struggle we won victory with the surrender of the Pakistani soldiers on the 16th December 1971. Bangladesh emerged as an independent state.

Every year the government as well as different organisations and institutions chalkout programmes to celebrate the day in a befitting manner. The national flag is hoisted in all important offices, buildings, institutions and shops. All important places are tastefully decorated. Meetings and seminars are held to explain the importance of the day. On this day we pay rich tributes to the memory of the martyrs who laid down their lives for the sake of our independence.



THE INTERNATIONAL DAY OF THE ELDERLY

It is said that childhood is a dream, youth a blunder and old age a regret. Many of the old, aged and senior citizens continue to be battered, strangled to death, rendered homeless and forced to live the last few years of their life in loneliness and despair. In our society, the old are neglected in this way or other. The younger generation doesn’t want to be bothered with the elderly. As a result many of them are now opting for old-age homes, where they get the much needed security, peace of mind, wholesome food and good company. The old people are also helpless because of ineffective laws and welfare state that offers no aid or security so the elderly remain vulnerable and open to attack. They continue to live lives of desperation. But we are to remember that elders are a part of society. Elderly persons are the people of greater age, experience and authority. By the way of their lives they play several important and vital parts that give too many benefits for the next generation. So the older persons should not be neglected anyway. They were the strength of our civilisation.

Considering all these things, the UNESCO has declared October 1 as the International day of the Elderly to draw the attention of the people to problems faced by the elderly people all over the world. On this day the problems of the elderly people are discussed and remedies are suggested to remove them. The day reminds us that many effective measures can be taken for them. Elderly people are often attacked by various diseases. So more hospitals could be established for these elderly people. Many old people have no house of their own and many others are detached from their families. More homes could be established for these people. A fund can be raised for the welfare of the older persons. The day has the significance to spread helping hand to elders. Whenever they are in any kind of trouble we can come forth to help them. We can let them know the current information of the world. We can include them in our working opportunity. Social awareness can be raised for the older persons. We must be kind to them. We must treat them as they treated us when we are helpless babies creeping upon the earth.



THE INTERNATIONAL MOTHER LANGUAGE DAY

The 21st February is a red letter day in the history of Bangladesh. It has been observed as the Shaheed Day in our country. When a country called Pakistan was strangely created in 1947, it had two parts the West Pakistan and the East Pakistan. The latter became Bangladesh in 1971. Mohammad Ali Jinnah, founding father of Pakistan, came over to Dhaka in 1948, and announced in public that ‘Urdu’ shall be the state language spoken here. So the movement started to establish Bengali as one of the two official languages in Pakistan.


As the Language Movement gained speed, a time came when circumstances reached an explosive point. On the day (21st February, 1952) which would later on became known as Shaheed Day, thousands of people, mostly students from Dhaka University, took out a peaceful procession to violate the Section 144 a rule which prohibits gathering of people in the streets. Police opened fire on the procession in front of Dhaka Medical College, and four students were instantly killed, while another one on the following day. The students who got killed were Barkat, Salam, Rafique and Jabbar. They died for a great cause which was to establish their mother tongue as the state language. They are, therefore, the heroes of our country.


History now shows that in the very spirit of the Language Movement lay the seed for the demand of a separate state for ourselves. If we had not asserted our right for the recognition of our mother tongue as a state language, we would never have been able to organise and conduct the glorious Liberation War. So in 1971 when we realised our dream of an independent country, we merely finished which we had started a long time ago in 1952.


After a long period of 47 years the fight of the Bengalees for the language has been ratified by the UNESCO of the U.N.O. On the 17th November 1999, the International Mother Language Day was declared and throughout the world it has been first observed on the 21st February, 2000. It is an important day for the Bengalees as it dignifies the national ego and status of both the country as well as the nation. It discloses the heroic history of our nation before the world people. It is matter of such a prestige that we cannot express our sense of immense joy in mere words.


On the International Mother Language Day we bring out a procession known as Prabhat Feri at dawn and march towards the Shaheed Minar to offer wreaths as a token of our love for the great martyrs. Young poets and writers bring out excellent kind of little magazines. Newspapers publish special issues. TV and the radio run special programmes. The national flag remains half-mast to observe the sanctity of the day.


The International Mother Language Day is a public holiday. It was once officially known as the National Mourning Day, but now it has become a day of pride for our nation. In short, on this day all of us remain in a mood to feel proud about the very fact that Bengali is our mother tongue and Bangladesh our country.



THE INTERNATIONAL MOTHER LANGUAGE DAY

The 21st February is regarded as a memorable day in the history of Bangladesh. It is the day in 1952 when the people of Bangladesh sacrificed their lives for the sake of their mother tongue. On this day, the people bow their heads as a token of deep love and respect to the language martyrs. This immortal 21st February was declared by the UNESCO as the International Mother Language Day.

Our Language Movement Day or 21st February was recognized as the International Mother Language Day by the UNESCO in November 1999. Considering the Bangalee Nationalism and the importance of the day, the UNESCO has declared it so. The recognition of this day by the UNESCO has increased the glory of our nation in the whole world.

The day has a historic background. After the birth of Pakistan, Mohammad Ali Jinnah declared — "Urdu and only Urdu shall be the state language of Pakistan". All classes of people of erstwhile East Pakistan raised a strong protest against this declaration. The people took to the streets chanting slogans and the struggle took a very serious turn. The ruling class became furious and imposed section 144 all over the country and banned all meetings and processions. But on the 21st February, 1952, the students and the public defied section 144 and brought out of a procession from Dhaka University campus. The brutal police shot at the procession indiscriminately. As a result, many brave sons of the soil like, Rafiq, Salami, Barkat, Shafiq, Jabbar died. But the Bangalees did not step back. Rather the movement became so strong then that the ruling class was forced to recognize Bangla as one of the state languages of the then Pakistan.

The importance of 21st February is great to the people of Bangladesh. During the observance of the day the national flag is kept half-mast atop all public and private buildings. People from all walks of life place floral wreaths on the Central Shaheed Minar. People throughout the country erect Shaheed Minar and on this day put garlands of flowers on its altar as a mark of profound respect. BTV and Bangladesh Betar broadcast special programmes.

People of Bangladesh can never forget this day. This immortal 21st February is now being observed throughout the world as the 'International Mother Language Day' as a token of respect to the supreme sacrifice of the language movement. Thisthe day has elevated our image in the international community.



THE INTERNATIONAL MOTHER LANGUAGE DAY

Mother tongue is a divine gift. Mother tongue is so important that a nation cannot do a single day without her own language. There is no denying the fact that mother language is the main device through which we can express our feelings and exchange our views. Bangladesh is very proud that the UNESCO has declared the 21st February as the International Mother Language Day. It is matter of such a prestige that we cannot express our sense of immense joy in mere words.

The Bengalees fought for the establishment of right of language in 1952. It was the 21st February of 1952. A number of student-leaders brought out a procession with the slogan demanding Bangla as their state language on that day. They were protesting against the decision of West Pakistan about state language. The Pakistani Police shot the students cruelly for breaking the section 144. Some embraced martyrdom and many were wounded. The motion of the movement was increasing and at long last, the government accepted their demand. Since then Bangla becomes the state language. After a long period of 47 years the fight of the Bangalees for the language has been ratified by the UNESCO of the U.N.O. On the 17th November 1999, the International Mother Language Day was declared and throughout the world it has been observed on the 21st February, 2000. It is an important day for the Bangalees as it dignifies the national ego and status of both the country as well as the nation. It discloses the heroic history of our nation before the world people. We have gone a long way in the field of diplomacy by the time of this international declaration. It is a must for all of us to observe this day in a very befitting manner because if enlivens our heart and soul. It inspires us to reach the acme of success.


THE INTERNATIONAL WOMEN’S DAY

The International Women’s Day dated March 8, an occasion is marked by women’s struggle around the world. It is an important date around the world. This date designated in many countries as a national holiday is also commemorated at the United Nation.


Women of all countries are often divided by national differences. They are also divided by ethnic, linguistic, cultural, economic and political differences. Hence they come together to celebrate the day which symbolises their struggle for equality, justice, peace and progress.


The International Women’s Day is the story of ordinary women as makers of history. The idea of an International Women’s day first arose at the turn of the century, which was accepted by more or less all the countries of the world.

According to the declaration by the Socialist Party of America, the first National Women’s Day was observed across the United States on 28 February 1909. In 1910, the Socialist International, meeting in Copenhagen, established a Women’s day. Its objective was to honour the movement for women’s rights and to assist in achieving universal suffrage for women. The proposal was greeted with unanimous approval by the conference of over 100 women from 17 countries. At that time no fixed date was selected for the observance.


The International Women’s day was marked for the first time (19 March) in Austria, Denmark, Germany and Switzerland. In addition to the right to vote and to hold public office, they demanded the right to work, to vocational training and to an end to discrimination on the job. Russian women observed their first The International Women’s Day on the last Sunday in February 1913. Elsewhere in Europe, on or around 8 March of the following year, women held rallies either to protest the war or to express solidarity with their sisters.


Since those early years, the International Women’s Day has become important all over the world for women in developed and developing countries alike. The growing International Women’s movement has asked for coordinated efforts to demand women’s rights and participation in the political and economic process. Gradually the International Women’s Day has become a time to mark the progress made. Again the day is observed to call for change and to celebrate acts of courage and determination by ordinary women who have played an extraordinary role in the history of women’s rights.



IF I WERE A MILLIONAIRE

Who does not want to be rich overnight? And the best way to achieve that is to win a lottery. With this idea in mind, I purchase lottery tickets regularly. I have always been optimistic and I am waiting for the day when fortune will actually smile on me.

I purchase lottery ticket for taka ten lac every month. Ten lac is really a fortune for a man like me. I have made a tentative plan for what I would do with the money, if I happen to be lucky to win it.

One thing that is most certain is that I would not spend my time counting the money I may happen to have. That is an occupation in which a miser finds pleasure. I, on the contrary, would spend freely because money that is stored in a chest does good to nobody.

As far as I am concerned, the thing that I will consider first is how I can satisfy and build up my own family by a portion of the money I have. I will utilize the necessary amount of wealth for the survival of the life and the improvement of the mind. And this will perhaps necessitate me to shift on to a new capacious house in a good residential area from the narrow squalid locality I live in now. That will elevate the minds of my family members to a great extent.

Then I would like to spend a good amount for a trip abroad. I have my uncle in London and it is my desire to visit him once. I would also like to visit European cities like Paris, Hamburg, Bonn, Zurich and some other places. I have read much about these places. I have a pen friend in Copenhagen, the capital of Denmark. I wish to give him a surprise visit there. I have no idea how much it would cost me; still I hope it will be around Tk. 5,00,000/- all inclusive.


I will also bear in mind some other duties of mine ---- both as a citizen of an independent country and on humanitarian grounds. I have earmarked Tk. 1,00,000/- to be handed over to charity home of Mother Teresa. Again, I think it would not be proper to donate a few thousands to the local primary school I started my schooling. The financial position of my club is always bad; therefore, helping it with a few thousands in the form of fixed deposits would be a good idea. Last but not the least, I would like to have a gala feast with my friends at my cost at a restaurant such as, Meridian or Bonanza. I shall now be left with a big amount which I propose to put in a bank to cover my educational and personal expenses.

With all these exciting ideas already chalked out, I anxiously wait for the memorable day when luck would favour me with the great fortune.



IF I WERE THE PRIME MINISTER OF BANGLADESH

If wishes were horses, beggars would ride. Every man on earth wishes to be something what he is not. This is his instinctive nature. He can be whatever he likes to be in the world of imagination. My case is no different. I am a student. But I wish I were the Prime minister of Bangladesh.

The post of the Prime minister is the highest position in the country. He holds great power. He has many duties and responsibilities to the people of the country. He has to look after the interest of the whole nation and ensure the safety of the state.

To serve the country and her people is a noble task. And to perform this task the post of the Prime minister is the best of all the posts of the country. This is why I wish to be the Prime minister of Bangladesh.

Bangladesh is a small country. But its population is very large. So the country fails to meet the basic demands of its people with its limited resources. But If I were the Prime minister of Bangladesh, I would do my best to improve this condition of the country. I would take the following measures.

I would take necessary measures to control the rapid growth of population. To remove unemployment problem of the country, I would set up more mills and factories. I would take proper steps to stop political unrest. I would try my best to improve the country’s law-situation for the security of the people. I would encourage the agricultural sector of the country for better production of food by giving more facilities. In communication, I would bring a tremendous change. I would ensure a better education for all of the country to make an educated nation. Above all, I would take all possible steps to bring down the prices of essential commodities to relieve the people of the heavy burden of expenditure.

If I were really the Prime minister of Bangladesh, I would do my duties and responsibilities earnestly to the country and its people. I would employ all my energy and faculties to ensure a happy and prosperous life of the people.


IF I WERE THE HOME MINISTER OF BANGLADESH

A Government is the combination of various departments or ministries. It is divided into many departments for its smooth and effective functioning. The activities of these departments together are known as the activities of the government. There are some ministries in a government like ministry of defence, finance, communication, social welfare, industry, commerce and so on.


The ministry of home affairs is one of the most important ministries. It gives security and protection to the citizens. So it has to enforce the laws in favour of the citizens according to the requirement of the state. It is said that only a steady and peaceful nation can go towards the path of peace and prosperity. So a great portion of the success of the government entirely depends on the success of this ministry. So if I were the Home Minister I would exert my all out efforts to give safety and security to the life and property of the people in general.


At present we can see that our country is beset with various problems which have been created due to the failure of the person or persons entrusted with the great task of developing the country. Corruption in the country is so rampant and open that we have become the top most corrupted country among all the countries of the world for four times at a stretch. It is evident that there is almost no corruption in developed countries. So to develop the country in the right direction, eradication of corruption is a pre-requisite. Hence it would be my prime task to make the country free from corruption. Again terrorism is the main problem for the mass people. They have no security both at home and outside. Collecting illegal toll is another hindrance to the way of trade and commerce. Industries cannot grow if we cannot remove this problem.


Taking bribe and helping men to do injustice and illegal work is now an open secret. I will make sure that examplary punishment is meted out to those terrorists, illegal toll collectors and dishonest officers in the offices. Thus my sincere endeavour would be to ensure these in order to make our country happy and prosperous.


If I Win a Lottery

Man is fond of day-dreaming. I am not an exception to this universal fondness of man. I often day-dream that I would have won the first prize in a lottery. I do not, however, stop short at day­dreaming. I often buy lottery tickets to translate my day dreams in reality.

Now if I win thirty lakh taka in a lottery, I will spend some amount towards my personal comforts and amenities. That is to say, I shall construct a two storied pucka building. I shall buy modern furniture. Then I will buy a latest coloured television set, a VCD, a computer, a motor cycle, a motor car and an automatic costly wrist-watch. I shall also buy for mother and sisters a number of costly saries of which they have so long dreamed of. I will also invite my friends and relatives to a grand feast.

Next, I will spend some amount of money for the alleviation of the sufferings of the masses. I will deposit some money in the bank and will help the needy and the distressed with the interest of this money from time to time. A few amount of money I will spend in establishing a night school where I will teach the illiterate villagers the three R's, the scientific methods of farming and the rules of health.

We have a charitable dispensary in our village. I have realized that the stock of medicine is very poor and inadequate. Now and then the patients die from want of medicine. I will also give one lakh taka for the improvement and betterment of the primary school of our village. Consequently, the villagers will be benefited.



The above, in short, is my programme of expenses if I am fortunate enough to win a lottery of Taka fifty lakh. This is my dormant desire.









What You Would Do

If You Got Aladdin’s Magic Lamp At Your Hand

Aladdin’s magic lamp is a key to anyone who gets it. To me it would

be a stunning incidence if I am able to have it. Since my early school life, I have read and heard about the Aladdin’s magic lamp but it remains only a dream to achieve it. I wish I got Aladdin’s magic lamp.

I have many latent desires which can be fulfilled with this magic lamp. In my society there are many problems. There is scarcity of enough dwelling places for the people. They do not have enough room to live in. They lack the facilities of food, shelter, sanitation, etc. I feel pity for them. The condition of the health of the people of our locality is not sound at all. They do not get balanced food. I wish that everyone could have enough nutritious food. If I had the lamp, I would ask the Genie of the lamp to supply enough food to the people of my locality. People in my locality do not have clean water to drink and for everyday use. I wish that everyone could have access to safe and clean water. For the purpose, I would ask the Genie to sink a hand-pump for the locality. People do not have sanitary latrines and lack the knowledge of health and sanitation. I wish that everybody could have access to sanitary latrines. I wish that everyone could use soap. I wish that everyone could have medicine when sick. Accordingly I would ask the Genie to fulfil my desire. Many people in my locality do not have healthy dwelling place and they live in a noisy crowded room. Even they have to work in an unhygienic, congested room. I wish they did not live and work in a congested room. For them I would build new houses so that they can live well. The children in my locality do not have adequate educational facilities. I wish that the boys and the girls could go to school. So I would wish for setting up a free primary high school. Besides these, I have a wish to live in a healthy environment. So I wish that the garbage was not dumped on the road and there was no water on the road and I wish the trees did not die out. If all these desires were fulfilled, people of my locality would be able to lead a happy and peaceful life. Last but not the least I have a personal desire to travel around the world. So I would ask the Genie of the lamp to place me on the magic carpet and help to fly to different countries and see many wonderful things. This is all my wish which I can hope to fulfil if I had the Aladdin’s magic lamp at

hand.


ILLITERACY

Illiteracy is a curse for a nation. It is a serious problem for the overall development of the country. Mass illiteracy is a serious problem in our country. We are backward in every sphere of life because of its widespread prevalence in our society. So the necessity of mass education programme arises in Bangladesh.

Illiteracy continues or exists on a mass scale in our country. Among ten men, eight are illiterate. As the vast majority of our people are illiterate, they do not know the improved method of cultivation. They do not know even the simple rules of health and sanitation. They become ignorant of their duties and responsibilities for themselves and for the welfare of the state. Moreover, illiterate people become superstitious. It creates social vices. They are also ignorant of the methods of population control.

Illiteracy is to be removed at any cost. So the programme of mass education is necessary. Mass education can help people understand the right and wrong ways of life. It brings about a change in the society. It paves the way of national progress and prosperity. Steps should be taken so that none can avoid implementing the programme of mass education. Education must be made free and compulsory up to the S.S.C. level. In order to make the programme of Free Primary Education successful, parents must be assured of sufficiently remunerative work. This will free them from the need of looking to their children to add to the family income before they have acquired learning. Night schools for adults must be opened in every village of the country. Every educated man and woman should attend as teachers in those schools. Expenditure in this purpose is to be borne by the proper authority. During the vacation students should actively take part in teaching the illiterates in those schools. Village boys and girls are to be encouraged by reward for the best performances. In this way mass education is to be popularised and made fruitful in educating the people of the country.

The Government has taken an intensive programme for literacy movement. It aims at driving illiteracy the country within short time. In this respect Government officials have become vigilant and more active. Government has urged the education department to supervise the progress of this plan. The Government has also published thousands of books under literacy programme. These books are distributed among people free of cost. Different N.G.O’s have also come forward voluntarily to help this programme.

Programme taken by different institutions, if comes out successful, the greater part of our illiterate masses is likely to be free from the curse of illiteracy. When illiteracy will be uprooted, nation will march ahead with all round progress and prosperity. Maintenance of law and order will be easy. Agriculture and industry will flourish. Thus, mass education can bring about such a change in the field of illiteracy in Bangladesh.

ILLITERACY


Illiteracy is a curse for a nation. It is a serious problem for the overall development of the country. Mass illiteracy is a serious problem in our country. We are backward in every sphere of life because of its widespread prevalence in our society. So the necessity of mass education programme arises in Bangladesh.

Illiteracy continues or exists on a mass scale in our country. Among ten men, eight are illiterate. As the vast majority of our people are illiterate, they do not know the improved method of cultivation. They do not know even the simple rules of health and sanitation. They become ignorant of their duties and responsibilities for themselves and for the welfare of the state. Moreover, illiterate people become superstitious. It creates social vices. They are also ignorant of the methods of population control.

Though we vaguely wish we were not so illiterate, we cannot see our way to get rid of the curse. The result is that we tinker at the problem instead of tacking with it. We make experiments, we set up basic schools here and there, we organise night schools in some places and occasionally we call upon volunteers to do the job. We cannot make up our mind as to a really constructive programme. Thus the problem remains, on the whole, where it has been all these years.

In the present system of education, most of our children who give up education after the primary stage, soon forget what they have learnt and relapse into illiteracy. Secondly, their pressure of poverty keeps them busy to earn their livelihood. Children of workers and peasants have to think of earning before they can think of learning. Thirdly, children of our country are sent to work in mills and factories even at a very early age. They do not get time even to have their elementary education. They form a distinct notion of the world. They think that they have come to eat and drink only and to do nothing else. They cannot think the importance of education. Fourthly, it is very sad that encouraging response is not coming from the illiterate adults at large. As a result, illiteracy creates so many hurdles against all round progress and prosperity of the country.

Illiteracy is to be removed at any cost. So the programme of mass education is necessary. Mass education can help people understand the right and wrong ways of life. It brings about a change in the society. It paves the way of national progress and prosperity. Steps should be taken so that none can avoid implementing the programme of mass education. Education must be made free and compulsory up to the S.S.C. level. In order to make the programme of Free Primary Education successful, parents must be assured of sufficiently remunerative work. This will free them from the need of looking to their children to add to the family income before they have acquired learning. Night schools for adults must be opened in every village of the country. Every educated man and woman should attend as teachers in those schools. Expenditure in this purpose is to be borne by the proper authority. During the vacation students should actively take part in teaching the illiterates in those schools. Village boys and girls are to be encouraged by reward for the best performances. In this way mass education is to be popularised and made fruitful in educating the people of the country.

The Government has taken an intensive programme for literacy movement. It aims at driving illiteracy the country within short time. In this respect Government officials have become vigilant and more active. Government has urged the education department to supervise the progress of this plan. An A.D.C (Literacy) is appointed in every district to look into the progress of mass education. The Government has also published thousands of books under literacy programme. These books are distributed among people free of cost. Different organizations have also come forward voluntarily to help this programme.

Programme taken by different institutions, if comes out successful, the greater part of our illiterate masses is likely to be free from the curse of illiteracy. When illiteracy will be uprooted, nation will march ahead with all round progress and prosperity. Maintenance of law and order will be easy. Agriculture and industry will flourish. Thus, mass education can bring about such a change in the field of illiteracy in Bangladesh.


Illiteracy / Mass Education /

Education for All / Adult Education

Education is the reflection of our character. It beautifies and glorifies a nation. That is to say, education is the backbone of a nation. On the contrary, illiteracy is a curse. Inability to read or write is said to be illiteracy. Indeed, illiteracy is one of the most serious problems of our country. If the maximum people are educated, the country will be developed. So education for all is the crying need in our country.

Most of the people of our country are illiterate. That is, more than 60 percent of the people of Bangladesh are illiterate. The literacy rate is 40 percent. So, the present condition of literacy in Bangladesh is deplorable.

Actually a country can make no progress until its people become literate upto a satisfactory rate. A country may have many sky scrapers and monuments but it does not mean that the country is well established. That means illiteracy is a curse. It makes all development efforts impossible. A country can not develop if illiteracy prevails in it. It prevents the cultural growth of a country.

In our country, farmers and workers engage their children in economic activities in stead of sending them to school. They are sent to work in mills and factories even at a very early age. Thus these children remain ignorant of the A.B.C. of education. The farmers of our villages are very poor. So they want that their children should help them and work in the field. As the farmers of the villages can not understand the value of education, they think that this education does not help them earn their living. That's why they send their children to work rather than to school.


It is really a difficult task to eradicate illiteracy from a country like Bangladesh which has a vast population. The problem will not be solved only by the government. It is the social responsibility of every literate person to try heart and soul in order to remove illiteracy from the society. Large number of schools should be established. Special steps should be taken for adult education. Primary education should be made free and compulsory for all.

We shall have to take honest and sincere efforts to eradicate illiteracy from the society. Otherwise, no plans and programs will bg successful. As illiteracy is the root of all evils, we must try heart and soul to remove it. Eradication of illiteracy or 'Education for all' should be our today's slogan. Otherwise, our Bangladesh will find no hope for future prosperity.


IMPORTANCE OF COMPUTER EDUCATION

Science is the driving force of modern civilisation. It is through the grace of science, human race has been raised up to the highest peak. Machine has brought for mankind such comforts as a man can never dream of even in a fairyland. It is not a miracle that machines have come forward to work as a substitute for human brain. This machine is called the computer. Computer is an ultra modern electronic device for storing and analysing information fed into it. It works on the basis of commands given by the computer.


Computer is of great use of us. It renders great service to mankind. It has lessened our workloads and made our life easy and comfortable. It is used in our daily life for various purposes. Computer is a media of education in the developed countries. The students of the developed countries use computer to prepare their study materials. They learn many things within the shortest possible time. Results of various examinations are prepared accurately with the help of computer within the shortest span of time. It is used in translation. It translates poems or any part of literature. Now-a-days in developed countries computer is used to diagnose a disease. A newer process of operation has been invented by computer as an alternative of surgery. It is used to grind stones in normal pathological tests. Today computer is used in the fields of agriculture in the developed counties. Now-a-days business, commerce and trade cannot be thought of without computer. It does wonder. It is used to prepare documents to make lists of goods, store information and to prepare budget etc. The value of currency and price of any share can be known instantly by the computer. Today printing cannot be thought of without computer. It is an indispensable part of printing. Thousands of books are composed with the help of computer within a very short time. This kind of printing is of high quality. In the developed countries computer is used to run mills, factories and industries. Trains and planes are run by the computer. The computer is used to extract minerals. Computer is used in various purposes apart from the main ones. It is used in playing chess. Besides, many other interesting games can also be enjoyed with the help of a computer. It is the computer that has made possible auto telecommunication through STD. Today we use a new device, named Internet for speedy transmission of notion in the process of computer network. It is the computer that helps man to conquer the space. Computer is a source of great income. Many developed and advanced countries export software and hardware and earn a lot.


Science is meant for the service of humanity. Computer is the greatest contribution of science so far made. It is a technical machine. So it should be operated tactfully. It is expected to render the greatest service to humanity by substituting human brain and by saving time and preventing its misuses. Hence it is important for us to have computer education on an urgent basis.


The necessity of Learning English

English is an international as well as the richest language in the world. It has a great influence all over the world. it is undoubtedly true that the modern world can not think without English. In our country, we also understand the importance of English. So, all of us should learn English with p rapt attention.

We can fulfil our domestic demands by our mother tongue. On the contrary, we can not perform our national and international affairs without English. That is to say, the importance of learning English is increasing day by day in most of the countries of the world.

Nowadays English has become a very competitive matter for getting a good job in our country. Those who have a good command in English can easily get a good job. Today various types of organizations often ask for a good working knowledge of English. These organizations give priority on those employees who can speak fluently and write a standard form of English. Moreover, we need to learn English to communicate with other countries. An English knowing person can easily exchange his ideas, thoughts and views with the foreigners. He can easily acquire the customs, culture, manners of people of other countries. For higher education English is a must because all the books are written in English. If we want to study in any foreign educational institution, we must take the help from those books. It may be noted that we do not find necessary books available for higher education in our mother tongue. English is required to communicate across national boarders for the international community and the business world. Today, more than 80% of all the informations in the world's computers is in English. So, there is a great need of learning English.


Now communicative English has been introduced at both SSC and HSC levels all over the country. So to speak, it is a new outlook into English.

Though English is a foreign language, it has become a second language in our country. If we do not learn English from the very beginning of our educational career, we shall be unable to produce good doctors, teachers, engineers, technicians etc. Therefore, it is very significant to learn English properly.


Importance of Planting More Trees in Bangladesh

God has created many things for the well – fare of human being. All of these things are interrelated with each other. The nature consists of these things. Trees are one of the vital parts of nature. They are regarded as the gift of nature. Trees are our best friends. So, tree plantation is very necessary and important for our life and economy. “Give back the forest, take your town”, says Rabindranath Tagore. Forests play a vital role in the economy of a country. Forests exert much influence upon the climatic condition of a country. So, forests and trees are deeply interlinked with overall development and progress of a people. Trees give us food and shelter. They make the land fertile. They save land from erosion. They are, as such, part and parcel of our life.


Bangladesh is a lower riparian country. Lands in the upper valley of a river are more suitable for the growth and development of forest. As a result, we have no rich forest resources. The forests of Bhawal, Madupur, Chittagong Hill Tracts and the famous Sundarbans constitute our forest resources. Sundari, garan and ghewa are the famous wood of our forests.


Trees provide us with food and vitamins. Trees give us fruits and these fruits satisfy a part of our food requirement. Fruits also provide us with vitamins. Trees of mango, jack-fruit, coconut, black-beery, guava etc. supplies us delicious fruits. Trees solve food problem to some extent. Fruit trees, if planted properly, provide people with vitamins and help people to get good health.


There is ample scope for afforestation and plantation in our country. Sea-beaches and low-lying areas can be brought under the scheme of afforestation with special types of trees suited to the soil. Shady trees and fruit trees should be planted by the side of roads and highways. Trees may be planted on all sides of ponds and ‘dighis’ in

villages.

June-July is the proper time for planting trees. Planting week needs to be expanded up to the interior of the villages. Govt. officials gifted with proper knowledge of afforestation and plantation may take initiative to popularise tree plantation. But unfortunately the people of our country cut down trees regularly. So, our country is losing her trees. If this process continues, she will be turned in to a desert. Illiterate people of the villages of our country do not know the utility and importance of trees and forests. Motivation in this line will be a fruitful attempt.


Trees maintain the balance of our environment. They purify air by taking carbon di oxide and omitting oxygen. Trees save us from the floods and cyclones. They also prevent air pollution in quite a remarkable way. Ours is a free and developing country. Gone are those days of frustration of colonial rule. All of us are greatly concerned with overall development of our country. It is our bounden duty to develop our country in forest resources. Development in afforestation and tree-plantation will strengthen the back-bone of our economy.


IMPORTANCE OF RADIO

Radio is one of the wonders of modern science. It is the system of sending message, song, talk etc through the space by means of electric waves. It broadcasts news, song, play, talk, poetry and what not. It carries our voice to the farthest corner of the world. It is popular even to ignorant people. It is a combination of the telephone and the telegraph.

The radio is useful to us in many ways. In the early morning getting up from our bed we can listen to current news. Sportsmen and lover of sports get immense pleasure from radio relay of football, cricket, hockey etc. The politicians can fathom the motive of the leaders from political lectures and addresses. People fond of music may have different music programmes from it. The sailor is eagerly waiting for weather broadcast and the common man for the latest flood report. To the ailing patients in the hospitals, the radio is a great source of enjoyment.

Although most of the urban people watch television now-a-days, our rural people cannot afford to buy television. So television cannot reach almost every house of the rural Bangladesh. The villagers get knowledge of what is happening in the towns from the radio programmes. To the village people radio is a great source of entertainment and education. The variety of amusements offered can also satisfy all tastes. Even the illiterate persons can have lessons from a radio. Adult education is possible through radio programmes.


The agriculture experts discuss various problems of agriculture and their solutions. The farmers are greatly benefited by it. Besides, programmes on public health, family planning, and sanitation are broadcast for the betterment of the nation. Thus the radio plays the role of a friend and advisor. It enables all people to enjoy the fruits of culture and tradition.

The radio also broadcasts students’ forums, children’s programmes and programmes for the women, labourers and soldiers. These programmes of different aspects are from every angle of the subjects which concern them. The physical instructor can give lessons on physical exercise and the music master, lessons on music through radio. Thus radio plays a significant role in our life.

We can listen to the radio programmes of the whole world from a radio set. It is, as if the world’s microphone. Our leaders may easily address the nation safely from the small room of the radio station. They need not address the people face to face under the scorching heat of the sun or rains and storms. It is most useful means of communication of the ideas and thoughts of the Government to the people. Even the unlettered mass can have knowledge of the latest development of science, technology, philosophy and morality. In a word, the importance of radio in our national life is undeniable.

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