Updated: Sep 21
HEALTH IS WEALTH Introduction: There is a Latin saying, “Mens sana incorpore samo,” which means a sound mind in a sound body. A man who enjoys health can work to earn, to support himself and his family decently and independently and face the challenge of life. So health is wealth. Of all things on earth health is the most valuable. It is the source of all happiness. What is health : Health is the sound state of the body as well as of the mind. A healthy man must have soundness of mind as well as soundness of body. A person is not healthy if he has a big and strong body but a small and weak mind. People need to grow up physically, mentally, emotionally, socially and morally. To be healthy one must grow up in a balanced way . How to maintain good health: To keep good health one has to eat a balanced diet, drink clean water, take fresh air, rest properly and take physical exercise regularly. For the blessing of health one has to observe the rules of health and sanitation. For the retention of mental health one has to control one’s emotions and one has to have patience and respect for other people’s feelings. One has to be prepared to face reality dispassionately and behave socially. Mental peace enables one to build a sound health, on the other hand sound health also gives mental ease. So mind and body is interrelated to each other. To build a sound health care should be taken from the very childhood. One has to practise early rising, punctuality and perseverance to build a sound health from childhood to reap a good harvest in future. Benefit of sound health : Sound health enables one to work hard to earn money. A healthy farmer can produce more crops, a healthy worker can boost up production, a healthy teacher can create a healthy atmosphere for the students and a healthy administrator can run the administration smoothly. Loss for ill health: A man of ill health is not only a burden to the society or family but also to the whole nation. He cannot face the challenge of life with vigour and valour but hesitates because of his ill -health. Causes of ill health : Malnutrition is the main cause of ill health. Dirty food, unclean water and polluted air cause most of the diseases. Most people of our country do not get enough nutrition from what they eat. Many children become blind because of malnutrition. They can see neither the light of the sun nor the light of education. They live a life of misery and affliction and depend on the mercy of others. Flies carry germs of diseases like small pox, measles, diphtheria, etc. Mosquitoes transmit germs of malaria and elephantiasis. Diseases like cholera, diarrhoea, dysentery and typhoid spread through water. Tuberculosis and influenza spread through air. Prevention of the causes of ill health: It is well -known that prevention is better than cure. If health is once lost, it is extremely difficult to regain it. So we should be careful enough to observe and practise certain rules of health and sanitation for the preservation of health. We should know and follow the rules of health and make other people learn and follow them. We must not work at the cost of our health and must not sacrifice rest for the sake of work. We must be particular in respect of diet, rest and exercise. Smoking and drug addiction which are fatal to health must be given up . What to do in illness: If one is healthy, one enjoys a good and long life. If one is sick, one should consult a good physician and act upon his advice. It is always risky to take any medicine without the advice of a physician. If the disease is a serious one, the patient should be taken to the hospital without delay. Conclusion: Life without good health is boring and unbearable. It is often heard that a diseased person prefers death to life. He prays for early death to get relieved of the sufferings of ill health. So everyone should take care of his health. He should remember that for the preservation of health, balanced diet, fresh air and pure water, good shelter and cleanliness are essential. It is the duty of the state to ensure the basic needs of good health and sanitation. HIGHER SECONDARY EDUCATION FOR GIRLS It is said that "Education is the backbone of a nation"— so to build up the nation as a developed one, every person should be educated. Without education national progress and future development are far beyond imagination. Here one point should be noted that not only the boys but also the girls should be equally educated to achieve national prosperity. Bangladesh is a densely populated country with a.ratio of 104 : 100 between boys and girls. So, girls comprise a very large amount of the total population. Therefore, without educating the girls the standard of education and the literacy rate cannot be improved. But I think that the government should take initiatives to make it compulsory for the girls to take education up to the higher secondary level. In favour of my opinion I have the following arguments. (a) Female education is a vital. point in respect of our country because the initial. education of every child of our country begins at home. So, if the mother of the family is educated , the children will grow up in the right way. (b) Educated mother knows how to take care of the family in a proper way. So from female education the society will be benefited as a whole. (c) Educated girls can be a source of manpower and can contribute well to the economic development of the country. (d) Female education can also help reduce maternal mortality rate, child mortality rate, dowry death, etc. (d) Female education can also help solve the population problem of the country. Now let us see what the government can do in this respect : (a) Our country still has a literacy rate of 60%, which is very poor compared to that of the other countries of the world. Because most of the rural people still don't give much value to the education of their children specially to the education of the girls. So, a strong rule of the government can improve the situation. (b) Government can make girls' education compulsory up to the higher secondary level as well as can introduce the system of giving scholarship to the girls who are in study. It will encourage the parents to send their female children to schools and colleges. HOUSING IN BANGLADESH Housing is one of the basic needs of men. A house is a place where a man lives. A house can be used for other purposes but usually housing means to provide dwelling place to men. A man needs a house to keep his body and soul together. We live in house in order to protect ourselves from heat and cold. Houses also protect us from rain and storm. Some people need houses to protect themselves from floods and wild animals we well. Houses keep us comfortable and happy. But the irony is that a large number of people of Bangladesh have no house of their own. In Bangladesh all houses are not alike. There are houses of different sizes and shapes here. Some are big, some are small. Some are long and narrow while others are square or round. Some houses have only one storey, some have many. The roofs of some houses are flat while those of other houses are sloping. People make the roofs sloping in order to let rain water run away quickly. In Bangladesh houses are made from different things. Here people build their houses with whatever things they can get easily. In villages most people build their houses with bamboo rope, straw and mud. The richer sections of people build houses of corrugated iron sheet. In order to build such a house one needs the sheets of corrugated iron, wood, nails and screws. In towns and cities people build houses of corrugated iron sheet or of bricks. In order to build a brick-house one needs bricks, cement, sand, concrete and iron rods. In hilly areas people build houses of bamboo, wood and stone. In low-lying areas some people build their houses on high platforms to protect themselves from floods. Some people also live in tents and in boats too. Tents and boats serve here as their houses. The first thing that is needed to build a house is money. But the greater parts of our people are poor and many of them have not the money to build houses to live in. Moreover, many poor people are landless. They have no land where to build houses. So a certain percentage of our population is not only ill-fed and ill-clad but also homeless. To provide dwelling houses to so vast a population has become a Herculean task. Of late our government has taken a number of measures to ease the acute housing problem of the country. The establishment of a good number of cluster villages in various thanas has provided dwelling houses to a considerable number of landless and homeless families. In urban areas an ambitious project to build multi-storeyed houses to give accommodation to families of small means is being carried out. Housing problem is the burning problem for Bangladesh and calls for immediate solution. If all the citizens of the country are not provided with necessary shelter, our efforts for national development will prove futile. Proper planning for housing both in the towns and villages may mitigate this problem. HOUSING PROBLEMS IN BANGLADESH A house is a place where a man lives. A house can be used for other purposes, but usually housing means to provide dwelling place to men. Housing is one of the basic needs of men. A man needs a house to keep his body and soul together. We live in houses in order to protect ourselves from heat and cold. Houses also protect us from rain and storm. Some people need houses to protect themselves from floods and wild animals as well. Houses keep us comfortable and happy. But the irony is that a large number of people of Bangladesh have no house of their own. In Bangladesh all houses are not alike. There are houses of different sizes and shapes here. Some are big, some are small. Some are long and narrow while others are square of round. Some houses have only one room, some have many. The roofs of some houses are flat while those of other houses are sloppy. People make the roofs sloping in order to let rain water run away quickly. In Bangladesh, houses are made from different things. Here people build their houses with whatever things they can get easily. In villages, most people build their houses with bamboo. rope, straw and mud. The richer section of people build houses of corrugated iron, wood, nails and screws. In towns and cities people build houses of corrugated iron sheet or bricks. In order to build a brick house one needs bricks, cement, sand, concrete and iron rods. In Chittagong Hill Tracts people houses of bamboo, wood and stone. In low-lying areas some people build their houses on high platforms to protect themselves from floods. Some people live in tents and in boats too. Tents and boats serve here as their houses. The first thing that is needed to build a house is money. But the greater part of our people are poor and many of them have not the money to build houses to live in. Moreover, many poor people are landless. They have no land where to build houses. So, a certain percentage of our population are not only ill-fed and ill-clad but also homeless. To provide dwelling houses to vast a population has become a Herculean task which defines all attempts at solution. Secondly, flood visits our country almost every year. Flood water washes away or damages a lot of houses every year. The flood of 1988 alone fully devastated 13 lakh houses and partly damaged 25 lakh housed. Thirdly, many people living by the side of the mighty Padma, the Meghna and the Jamuna lose their houses to the strong current and waves of these rivers. In top of this, a good lot of people turn homeless owing to cyclone, storm and tidal bore. Fourthly, as a result of enormous consumption of firewood for cooking, our forests are losing so many of their trees that there is an acute shortage of wood and timber for house building purpose. Fifthly, the problem has become more acute in urban areas. Service-holders spend a major portion of their earnings for accommodation purpose. A good number of homeless people live in make-shift slums, in the streets, railway stations and in railway wagons. Last of all, the number of houses in Bangladesh falls for short of what we actually need. On an average, six people live in a house and most of the houses have only one room. It is extremely harmful for people’s health to live in a crowded room. Of late our Government have taken a number of measures to ease the acute housing problem of the country. The establishments of a good number of cluster villages in various thanas have provided dwelling houses to a considerable number of landless and homeless families. Urban areas an ambitious project to build multi-storied houses to give accommodation to families of small means is being carried out. Housing problem is the burning problem for Bangladesh and calls for immediate solution. If all the citizens of the country are not provided with necessary shelter, our efforts for national development will prove futile. Proper planning for housing both in the towns and villages may mitigate this problem. The growing population in big cities like Dhaka, Chittagong, Khulna has become a vulnerable issue for housing. So the problems needs to be the addressed. On cooperative housing concept began high rise Apartment/Flat may be built with the provision of amusement park, playground, garden, community center, library, auditorium hall, cultural hall etc. In our country there are developers and many housing companies who are involved with this cooperative housing. Flat owners housing cooperative, different developer companies all together there are as many as to 45 cooperatives which are under command and control of Bangladesh cooperative housing federation presently which is named as REHAB. This cooperative ensures building houses, apartment, low cost houses with the involvement of minimum expenditure. Its area of responsibility is nation wide. This federation and institutions like REHAB needs to empowered with Govt. cooperation. If there is an in built relationship in between ministry and federation it will be helpful for our country. Again if thinks are regulated by strong rules/policy undoubtedly transparency and accountability will prevail and corruption will be uprooted from this sector. To improve the living standard, the cooperative housing concept may introduce a new era to the people of Bangladesh. The real estate companies should strictly maintain quality. The govt. should also supervise and regulate the activities of the housing cooperatives. Thus we can make more housing cooperatives- friendly Bangladesh and housing problem will be solved both in urban and rural areas. HOW I CELEBRATED A RELIGIOUS FESTIVAL This is the end of the vacation of Eid. Eid-ul-Fitr is the greatest religious festival of the Muslims all over the world. It is celebrated with great joy throughout the Muslim world. All Muslims, especially the young ones, remain eager for Eid as it draws near. The very thought of it fills a Muslim’s heart with exceeding joy. The word ‘Eid’ means coming back. The Muslims believe that on the occasion of Eid, the blessings of Allah come back to mankind. They fast, pray and make sacrifice. So Allah is pleased with them and sends His blessing on them. The month of Ramadan is the month of fasting and prayer. It is a month of self-analysis and self-restraint. A Muslim passes through all the trials and rigours of the month. He is thus purified in heart and disciplined in character. When this month is over and the month of Shawal begins, his joy knows no bounds. This time I along with our family have visited our village home and celebrated the festival there. We had reached the village two days before. My two cousins with their families also visited the village. On the eve of the Eid we passed the night in excitement, and made various preparations. Some of us used fireworks and decorated and illuminated our houses. As soon as the day dawned all rose from our beds. We had our bath. Then we dressed ourselves in the best clothes. This being over, we all proceeded towards the ‘maidan’ to offer prayers in congregation. It is really an imposing sight when thousands of devout heads bow down to the Almighty and rise again in unison. At the end, we embraced one another. Then we came back to our houses and we wished our grandmother, mothers and sisters. Meanwhile mother and aunts prepared ‘shemai’ and other kinds of sweets. Then all of us took sweets with great joy and merriment. Sweets were also distributed among the poor, friends and relatives. Poor people gathered at the lawn of the houses and my grandfather gave them money and clothes. In the evening we visited the houses of our relatives and passed our time in merry-making. Everywhere we were received with utmost cordiality and hospitality. Then we came back our home. Sumptuous dinner was held in our home. At night we all got together and had a gossip for a long time. There we sang songs, cut jokes etc. Thus the day passed through great excitement and bustle. We went to bed late at night. This is how we passed our Eid with joy. The Happiest Day In My Life Or The Most Exciting Day In My Life Life is indeed a drudgery of routine. Normally we are unable to distinguish one day from the other. There are however some days that have a special significance for us, for example our birthdays or that of our near and dear ones. We do not easily forget them but look forward to them. Besides this, there is day, which is the happiest day of our life. It marks a turning point in our life, which we can never forget. Ii was just last year when I had appeared for my ICSE examination and after a brief vacation had competed for the National Science Talent Search Examination. I had not done the science paper of the ICSE exams up to my expectations and was feeling quite dejected on this account. As the day for the announcement of results drew nearer my nervousness increased giving me sleepless nights. At time I had terrible nightmares that made my hairs stand on end. I knew my parents had great expectations from me and the thought of letting them down made me paranoid. It was the tenth of May at about 10 a.m. my friend Mohan, rang up to inform that I had topped in the school. He had just seen the results from the internet site and had rung up to congratulate me. i was speechless, for so numb was I with apprehension, that his words did not immediately register. I was barely able to say ‘Thank you’ and gentle put the phone down. By this time my parents and sister were crowding round me to know what the matter was. I jubilantly told them about my result. What followed was just indescribable. While my parents kissed and hugged me my friend came around to congratulate me. I was indeed enjoying being the cynosure of all eyes and kept pincing myself to ascertain that I was not hallucination. Just then my eyes fell on the daily newspaper which had been lying on the table, completely ignored in the commotion. No sooner had I turned the cover page when my heart skipped a beat, for Lo and Behold! staring me staring in the face was the result of the National Science Talent Search Test. With shaking fingers, I scanned the roll numbers and to my surprise I found my number. I called out to my mother and within no time the news spread throughout the neighborhood. I had indeed become a star overnight. This was something I had just not anticipated, but it meant to me more than anything else. It was indeed a milestone towards my ambition to become a scientist. Looking back, I feel elated for what happened that fateful day which was the happiest day of my life. This day, which shall always be fresh in my memory for it was the turning point in my life.
Bangladesh is a densely populated country. With this large population this country is rich in human resource. Among the other resources Bangladesh has natural resources like gas, oil, coal, hard rock etc. This country also has fertile cultivable land, lots of rivers and other resources. But among all these resources I think human resource is the most important one. I have the following points of arguments in favour of my comment.
All the natural resources are limited and they are now used to meet the domestic demand of the country. So, these natural resources cannot play any vital role in the developing process of the country. Moreover, these resources now cannot meet the demand of the general people. For that reason we cannot use these natural resources in the industrial sector in a huge amount. On the other hand, our manpower is ample and cheap. So, we can use this manpower in the industrial sector very easily.
Manpower plays a vital role in the garment sector of the country and due to this available manpower our number one export material is garment products. In this way, now manpower is the most important resource of the country.
Our country also exports this manpower to the foreign countries and earns a lot of foreign currency in the form of remittance. This remittance increases our reserve of foreign currency and makes our economy stronger. For this reason manpower is the most important resource of Bangladesh. Government should take adequate steps to give this huge young population of the country a chance to increase their skill by establishing more skill development centre so that we can export more and more manpower to help the economic sector of the country.
In fine, we can say that natural resources that we have can be properly used and utilized by skilled manpower and thus an all round development may be ensured.
THE HOUSE I LIVE IN
A house is a bare necessity to live a decent and enjoyable life. Without a house to live in, no man, in whatever station he might be placed, can be happy. Rabindranath, the great poet, felt the need of a house as is expressed in his poem ‘Asha’. He wanted his house to be situated by the side of an ever-flowing river producing sweet and melodious murmur. He wanted to have neither wealth nor honour but a romantic house.
I am a social being and I live in a healthy society with good neighbours. I live in a house which is congenial to the development of my body and mind. My house is a modernly fashioned E-shaped onestoreyed bungalow pattern house, situated in an open place with good space on all sides. It has as many as eight rooms three bed
rooms for the members of the house and one for guests, one reading room, one store room, one drawing room and one dining room. The reading room is furnished with glass-fitted almirahs containing books on different subjects and arranged in rows on all sides with a good space in the middle. In the centre of the reading room a table is placed with chairs on all sides. The drawing room of my house is furnished with comfortable modern furniture. Some nice pictures, photographs and handiworks are hung from the walls. The rooms are simple and arranged in different ways. A bathroom, a sanitary latrine and a kitchen are at a considerable distance from the bedrooms because smoke and damp are not congenial to health. A tube-well is sunk between the kitchen and the bathroom.
The chief attraction of my house is a flower garden with plants of various seasonal flowers and with a wide and circular green lawn in the middle. After the day’s hard work I go to my garden in the afternoon, sit in the lawn, chat with friends or other members of my houses and enjoy myself. It also has a good kitchen garden where I grow vegetable of all kinds.
We keep my house neat and clean. It is washed regularly to keep it tidy and comfortable.
This is the house I live in. In such a house I can lead a happy, healthy and enjoyable life. And I can have a sound mind in a sound body, fit for work, mental and physical.