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                                                                            English 1st Paper
                                                                  Model Questions for SSC-2022 Solution
1. Model Question
1.    a (ii) May 01; b. (ii) an eight-hour; c. (ii) Industrial; d. (i) May 1, 1886; e. (iv) workers; f. (ii) 6000; g. (iii) labour leaders; h. (i) bosses; i. (iv) 200policemen; j. (iv) none of them; k. (i) motivate; l. (iv) surrender; m. (iii) adverb; n. (iv) club and revolver.
2.    a. We get lesson from the events of 1 st May 1886 that workers all over the world should be united for their better working conditions, better pay and better lives.
3.    Today May Day is observed to commemorate the historical struggle and sacrifices of the working people to establish an eight hour workday.
4.    Many workers were victimized for taking part in the strike. One striker was killed, five or six were wounded and many of the workers were badly injured.
5.    Eight hour workday was the demand of the workers.
6.    The working people had to work fourteen or even more hours a day since industrial revolution.
7.    The Trade Unions inspired the workers.
8.    The labour leaders addressed the rally.
9.    The leader urged the workers to stand together, to go on with their struggle and not to give in to their bosses.
10.    About 6000 workers joined the rally.
11.    The policemen attacked the strikers with clubs and revolvers.
12.    The workers had to work fourteen or even more hours a day before the May 1 strike.
13.    One striker was killed, five or six others were wounded and many of the workers were badly injured for taking part in the strike.
14.    The workers in Chicago went on a strike demanding an eight-hour workday.
15.    The events of May 1, 1886 is a reminder that workers all over the world should be united in their fight for just cause.

2.Model Question
1.    a. (ii) Dhaka University; b. (iii) March 21, 1948; c. (iv) then Governor General of Pakistan; d. (i) Bangla; e. (ii) University; f. (i) 1952; g. (i) Dhaka Medical; h. (i) eastern; i. (i) students; j. (ii) Government; k. (iii) respect; l. (iv) all of them; m. (i) ban; n. (i) arouse or inspire an emotion.
2.    a. The language movement enkindled the sparks of independent movement of Bangladesh.
3.    When Urdu was declared by Zinnah as the state language of Pakistan our heroic sons came forward, protested and sacrificed their valuable lives.
4.    Mohammad Ali Zinnah was the then Governor General of Pakistan. He tried to impose Urdu as a state language of East Pakistan, at present, Bangladesh.
5.    The students sacrificed their lives to establish Bangla as a state language in undivided Pakistan in 1952.
6.    Salam, Rafiq, Barkat, Jabbar and many others were killed in the movement.
7.    The students of Dhaka University brought out a peaceful protest procession.
8.    The declaration about the only state language of Pakistan came on March 21, 1948.
9.    The protest reached its climax in 1952.
10.    The police opened fire on the students of Dhaka University.
11.    The procession reached near Dhaka Medical College.
3.Model Question
1.    a. (iv) 21 February; b. (iii) UNESCO; c. (i) mourning; d. (iv) black badges; e. (ii) November 17, 1999; f. (i) Shaheed; g. (i) grieve; h. (iv) at an early hour of the day; i. (i) announce officially or publicly; j. (i) language. (k) + (iii); (l) + (i); (m) + (i); (n) + (iv); (o) + (ii); (p) + (iii); (q) + (ii);
2.    a. 21 st February is observed to recall the supreme sacrifices of our language martyrs.
3.    On the day, pwople wear black badges, go to the Shaheed Minar singing mourning songs and place floral wreaths there.
4.    The UNESCO proclaimed February 21 as The International Mother Language Day on 17 November 1999.
5.    Today the day is celebrated worldwide to promote awareness of linguistic and cultural diversity and multilingualism.
6.    The occasion begins at the early hours of the day.
7.    UNESCO stads for United Nations Educational, Scientific ad Cultural Oranization.
8.    The mourning song recalls the supreme sacrifices of our language martyrs.
9.    The people go to the Shaheed Minar barefooted in procession, singing mourning songs.
10.    black badge signifies grief.
11.    The occasion begins with mourning songs.

4.Model Question
1.    a. (ii) biggest state; b. (iii) National Parliament; c. (iv) The Presidet and the PM; d. (iv) Buriganga; e. (iv) in the evening; f. (iii) at Savar; g. (iv) Independence Day; h. (ii) gunshots; i. (i) at The National Parade Ground; j. (iv) rallies and processions; (k) + (iv); (l) + (ii); (m) + (iii); (n) + (ii); (o) + (iv); (p) + (iv); (q) + (i);
2.    a. Independence Day is the biggest state festival of Bangladesh.
3.    The day begins with 31 gunshots.
4.    The heads of the state place floral wreaths at Savar early in the morning.
5.    Bangla Academy holds cultural functions.
6.    The public buildings are illuminated with colorful lights in the evening.
7.    Independence Day is the biggest state festival of Bangladesh.
8.    The major public buildings are illuminated in the evening.
9.    The National Parade Ground is situated near the National Parliament.
10.    The exciting boat race is held in the river Buriganga.
11.    The National Mausolium is at Savar.
12.    The day begins with 31 gunshots.
13.    Independence Day is the biggest festival of the state.
14.    The public buildings are illuminated with colourful lights in the evening.
n    Bangla Academy holds cultural functions.
5. Model Question
1.    a. (i) Dhaka; b. (iii) Rabindranath Tagore; c. (iii) Bangla; d. (iv) Fine Arts; e. (i) Chhyanata; f. (ii) people; g. (iv) traditionally; h. (iv) early in the morning; i. (iii) just with sunrise; j. (iv) all over the country.
2.    a. Pahela Boishakh is the first day of Bangla New Year.
3.    The women put on white saris with red borders and adorn themselves with colourful churis ad flowers.
4.    The day inspires people to start life with renewed hopes and aspirations.
5.    The men put on pajamas and Punjabis.
6.    The day is observed in colourful manner in Dhaka.
7.    The day is celebrated traditionally every year.
8.    People get up early in the morning, take a bath and wear their traditional clothes.
9.    On this day, people love to eat traditional foods.
10.    The cultural programme starts just with sunrise.
11.    The procession displays the traditional practices of Bangalee culture.
6.Model Question
1.    a. (i) the boat had already too many people; b. (ii) traveling along a route; c. (ii) nobody was wounded; d. (i) on the boat; e. (ii) the capacity of the boat was over; f. (iii) the weather was stormy; g. (i) was reading in class six; h. (iv) 10 minutes; i. (ii) starting; j. (iii) the boatman; (k) + (iii); (l) + (ii); (n) + (i); (n) + (i); (o) + (ii); (p) + (ii); (q) + (iv);
2.    a. Jamil did not get into the boat as it was overcrowded.
3.    The boatman requested the passengers to wait, because the boat had already too many passengers.
4.    The boat takes 8-10 minutes to cross the river.
5.    The weather was not fair. The wind started blowing from the north-west.
6.    The passengers lost their things but swam to the other side.
7.    The river was small, there was a ferry boat plying on the river.
8.    The passengers lost many things such as oil, salt and milk in the accident.
9.    The people were going home from the weekly bazaar.
10.    The boat sank in the middle of the river.
11.    The people were coming back with their shopping bags and baskets in hands, on shoulders and heads.
12.    The boatman requested the people to wait as the boat had already too many people.
13.    The boat takes 8-10 minutes to cross the river.
14.    Jamil waited for the next turn seeing the boat overcrowded.
15.    The passengers swam to the other side.
o    The weather was getting worse. The wind started blowing from the north-west. Black clouds were fast moving in the sky.
7.Model Question
1.    a. (iv) shake themselves; b. (i) tall tamarind; c. (ii) her age-mates; d. (ii) the most dear; e. (i) village; f. (ii) less than what is needed; g. (iii) they may not find land to make houses; h. (iv) grow crops or make houses; i. (ii) Houses and factories are being built on it; j. (iv) for making too many houses, people are using the crop land; (k) + (ii); (l) + (iv); (m) + (ii); (n) + (iii); (o) + (i); (p) + (iv); (q) + (iv).
2.    a. When people find no land to build a house on many people will live on trees and on the floating boats in the rivers.
3.    The reason is that our land is fixed while our population is increasing rapidly.
4.    If our population grows at the present rate, a day will come when many people will find no land to build a house on.
5.    Houses and factories are being built and it makes our land shrink day by day.
6.    The beauty of the crop fields is spoiled by the unplanned houses built here and there.
7.    The other group leader comes up with the housing problems in the country.
8.    Water bodies are being filled up to meet the needs of too many people.
9.    A tall tamarind tree was in the middle of the wood.
10.    The boys would climb the tamarind tree and pick some tamarinds.
11.    The arable fields are being divided.
8.Model Question
1.    a. (i) three; b. (iv) prosecute; c. (ii) farmer; d. (iv) whose wife has died and not married again; e. (i) day labourer; f. (iv) Ms Choudhury; g. (ii) unwilling; h. (ii) he is rich; i. (i) outside of her house; j. (ii) father.
2.    a. Tara Mia was the only son of a farmer. He was a widower and illiterate but well off.
3.    Lipi’s father is a day labourer.
4.    Lipi’s Headteacher played role to stop her marriage.
5.    Lipi was not ready to marry as she wanted to pursue her studies.
6.    Lipi has two brothers and two sisters.
7.    Lipi’s mother is a homemaker and part-time worker.
8.    Tara Mia’s father was an influential farmer in the village.
9.    Lipi was 14 years old the year before last.
10.    She would read in a rural school in Rangpur.
11.    Father of Lipi arranged her marriage with Tara Mia.
9.Model Question
1.    a. (ii) communicate; b. (iii) from money sources; c. (i) find a good job; d. (iv) unemployed; e. (i) students; f. (ii) English; g. (i) common language; h. (iv) brother’s; i. (iii) 12-14; j. (iv) skilled workforce; (k) + (iii); (l) + (ii); (m) + (iii); (n) + (i); (o) + (iii); (p) + (iii); (q) + (i).
2.    a. We should learn a common language as it is impossible for us to speak all the languages of the world.
3.    We can learn communicative English both in and outside the classroom.
4.    The text-book, the radio, television, newspapers, computers, magazines and other supplementary materials can greatly help us learn English.
5.    We are learning English at the moment mainly for our exams.
6.    Vast distances are shortened by speedy transport.
7.    It is possible to talk to a person thousands of kilometers away on the phoe or the Internet.
8.    We spend for 12 or 14 years to learn English.
9.    We will see how we can learn English during our classroom activities.
10.    English has made the communication easier.
11.    By learning English we can get the opportunity to find a good job both inside and outside the country.

10.Model Question
1.    a. (i) destroyed; b. (ii) rivers; c. (iii) homeless; d. (ii) belonging; e. (i) one lakh; f. (ii) deprivation; g. (i) living; h. (ii) a day; i. (ii) polythene; j. (iii) Jamuna; (k) + (iii); (l) + (iii); (m) + (iii); (n) + (i); (o) + (iii); (p) + (iv); (q) + (iv).
2.    a. Meherjan lives in a slum on the Sirajganj Town Protection Embankment.
3.    River erosion means the destruction of the river banks due to the velocity of the waves of the river water or water current.
4.    Meherjan had a family, cultivable land and cattle not long ago.
5.    The erosion of the Jamuna makes her homeless.
6.    At least one lakh people become homeless every year in Bangladesh due to river erosion.
7.    Meherjan looks old more than her age.
8.    Her polythene roofed shelter looks like a cage of a bird.
9.    She was trying to make a fire to cook her day’s only meal in front of her shelter.
10.    The dancing of the flames remind Meherjan of the turmoil in her life.
11.    We should take prompt actions to adapt to climate change to save our Meherjans.
12.    In front of her shelter, she is trying to make a fire to cook the day’s only meal.
13.    One day Meherjan had a family, cultivable land and cattle.
14.    At least 1,00,000 people become homeless every year.
15.    The greedy Jamuna had shattered Meherjan’s dreams and happiness.
11. Model Question
1.    a. (iv) environmental; b. (iv) pesticide; c. (iii) three; d. (ii) twenty; e. (iv) soil; f. (iii) CNG or LPG; g. (ii) human; h. (ii) Water; . (i) soil; j. (i) to a great extent; k. (iv); l. (iv); m. (iv); n. (ii); o. (ii); p. (i) q. (ii).
2.    a. The causes of water pollution are erosion, increased sediment from soil, improper waste disposal and littering, leakage of soil pollution into water supplies, organic materials that decay in water supplies.
3.    We can inspire people to use Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) or liquid petroleum gas.
4.    The major sources of air pollution are industrial plants, brick kilns, old or poorly serviced vehicles, dust from roads and construction sites.
5.    The most significant cause of soil pollution is the enormous volume of industrial waste which is being produced everyday but not disposed properly.
6.    Planting trees and re-forestation help prevent soil erosion and pollution.
7.    The dwellers of the urban areas are the worst sufferers of all sorts of pollution.
8.    Water pollution can occur in oceans, rivers, lakes, ponds and underground reservoirs.
9.    We should be careful about disposing household wastes. We should never dispose industrial waste in rivers or lakes.
10.    Deforestation causes erosion, pollution and the loss of fertility in the top soil.
11.    The polythene shopping bags cause serious threat to the soil and the drainage system.

12.Model Question
1.    a. (i) the atmosphere; b. (iii) yearly; c. (ii) 850 lakh; d. (i) human beings; e. (i) air; f. (i) many factories; g. (ii) the air; h. (ii) deforestation; i. (ii) people; j. (iv) coal.
2.    a. The main cause of the increase in carbon dioxide level in the atmosphere is the burning of fossil fuels.
3.    Man can control the increase in the amount of greenhouse gases and its effect on the atmosphere.
4.    The greenhouse effect is strengthened by deforestation.
5.    About 85 million barrels of crude oil are used daily nowadays.
6.    The factories produce energy through the combustion of coal.
7.    Coal and other sources of energy are burned to heat houses, move cars and airplanes or to produce electricity.
8.    More and more greenhouse gases are generated worldwide by humans.
9.    Deforestation means cutting down trees.
10.    People destroy forests to get wood and to clear regions for mining and to create pasture.
11.    The carbon dioxide storehouse is destroyed with the forests as they absorb a lot of carbon dioxide from the air and deliver oxygen instead.
13.Model Question
1.    a. (iii) depending; b. (i) fish population; c. (ii) vital; d. (ii) Global warming; e. (iii) Fishes; f. (iii) Fish population; g. (iii) water; h. (i) The young of an animal; i. (i) protein; j. (i) no longer in existence; (k) + (i); (l) + (ii); (m) + (i); (n) + (iv); (o) + (iii); (p) + (i); (q) + (ii);
2.    a. Fish population is in great danger as climate change is increasing the water temperature.
3.    Those who depend o fish will suffer from hunger and poverty.
4.    Some fishes will become extinct if temperatures rise even by one or two degrees.
5.    Fishes are one of the world’s most valuable biological assets.
6.    Forty per cent of people in the globe take fish as their main source of protein.
7.    Climate change is increasing the water temperature in rivers, lakes and seas.
8.    Climate change increases the pressure on fish population.
9.    If we fail to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, we will increase the pressures on fish.
10.    Fish population is in serious danger.
11.    People in the world eat fish as their main source of protein.
14.Model Question
1.    a. (iv) distinction; b. (iv) drawing and painting; c. (i) Brahamaputra; d. (iii) Kishoreganj; e. (ii) founding father; f. (ii) 1951-1952; g. (ii) first principal; h. (i) 1969; i. (i) Bangladesh; j. (iii) 1976; (k) + (ii); (l) + (i); (m) + (ii); (n) + (i); (o) + (ii); (p) + (iii); (q) + iv).
2.    a. Shilpacharya means ‘great teacher of arts’.
3.    Nabanna (harvest) exhibition in 1969 organized by Zainul intensified the non-cooperation movement against Pakistan regime.
4.    The river Brahmaputra plays a resplendent role in his career.
5.    Zainul Abedin developed a knack for drawing and painting when he was a high school student.
6.    He founded the Folk Art Museum at Sonargaon.
7.    Zainul Abedin is regarded as the founding father of Bangladeshi art. He was an artist of outstanding talent and earned international reputation.
8.    Zainul is widely acclaimed for his Bengal “Famine Sketches”.
9.    He got admission to the Government School of Art Calcutta after completing high school.
10.    He is referred to as Shilpacharya for his artistic and visionary qualities.
11.    Yes, he got the Governor’s Gold Medal in 1938.
12.    Zainul Abedin was born 29 December in 1914.
13.    The river Brahmaputra plays a predominant role in his career.
14.    He founded the folk Art museum at Sonargaon.
15.    Shilpacharja means “great teacher of art.”
16.    Zainul Abedin developed a knack for drawing and painting when he was a high school student.
15.Model Question
1.    a. (i) world’s; b. (i) mime; c. (i) 1979; d. (i) French; e. (ii) three years; f. (iii) mime; g. (ii) sign; h. (iii) face; i. (i) appealed; j. (ii) scholarship; k. (ii); l. (iii); m. ; n. (i); o. (i); p. (iii); q. (i).
2.    a. Mime touched Majumder’s heart when he was a little boy and was watching a performance in his village.
3.    The turning point of life of Majumder came in 1979.
4.    The French Govt offered Partha a scholarship in 1981.
5.    In ancient time communications took place between humans through signs and gestures. These silent gestures, at one point, evolved as a form of art and came to be known as mime.
6.    The name of the school where Partha is placed is “Ecole Internationale de Mimodrame de Paris Marcel Merceau.”
7.    Majumder depicted the day-to-day life of the people in his mime.
8.    The French Govt offered him scholarship so that Partha could get professional training in mime.
9.    Marcel Marceau was another celebrated mime artist.
10.    Loic Moreau was the then French ambassador.
11.    Partha performed a number of television shows in Bangladesh and thus he gained popularity.
12.    The Faench Government offered Partha a scholarship in 1981.
13.    The turning point of life of Majumder came in 1979.
14.    Mime touched Majumder’s heart when he was a little boy and was watching a performance in his village.
16.Model Question
1.    a. (iii) Chandernagar; b. (i) father; (ii) Pabna; d. (i) father; e. (i) thirty kms; f. (i) 1954; g. (ii) art lover; h. (ii) Kalachandpara; i. (ii) 1966; j. (i) mime.
2.    a. Majumder went to Chandernagar to live with his aunt.
3.    Partha’s father inspired him to appreciate different forms of art.
4.    He took lessons on mime from Dutta in Jogesh Dutta’s mime academy in Kolkata.
5.    Majumder’s father was a photographer and arts lover.
6.    The way Jogesh Dutta narrated stories without uttering a single word made Majumder spellbound.
7.    Partha Pratim Majumder was born in 1954.
8.    He spent most of his early years in his ancestral home.
9.    Kalachandpara was well-known for its cultural activities.
10.    Chandernagar was 30 kilometres away from Kolkata.
11.    Yes, Partha took lessons on mime from Dutta in Jogesh Dutta’s mime academy in Koltaka
17.Model Question
1.    a. (ii) missionary; b. (i) Kolkata; c. (i) Autumn; d. (i) nun; e. (iv) parental home; f. (iii) youngest of the three; g. (i) 12; h. (ii) Christ; i. (ii) India; j. (iii) geography. k. (iv); l.  (ii); m.  (iv); n.  (ii); o.  (i); p. (iv); q. (iv).
2.    a. Mother Teresa wanted to be a missionary because she heard a voice within herself that urged her to spread the love of Christ.
3.    She left her parental home at the age of 18.
4.    Mother Teresa was born on August 26, 1910.
5.    She taught geography and catechism at St Mary’s High School.
6.    The prevailing poverty in Kolkata made a deep impression on her mind.
7.    The voice urged her to spread the love of Christ.
8.    She decided to be a missionary.
9.    She joined an Irish community of nuns called the sisters of Loreto.
10.    She took her initial vows as a nun on May 24, 1932.
11.    She taught at St Mary’s High School in Kolkata.
12.    Mother Teresa wanted to be a missionary because she heard a voice within herself that urged her        to spread the love of Christ.
18.Model Question
1.    a. (iv) dying destitute; b. (iii) needy; c. (i) 1979; d. (i) fellow nuns; e. (ii) September 5, 1997; f. (iv) love and compassion; g. (i) white and blue-bordered; h. (iii) 20th; i. (iii) 1980; j. (i) home; k. (i); (l)  (iii); (m)  (iv); (n)  (iv); (o)  (iv); (p)  (iv); (q)  (iv).
2.    a. The world salutes Mother teresa for her motherly love and compassion for humanity.
3.    She has taught us how to extend our helping hands towards the dying destitute.
4.    The unloved and uncared people got an opportunity to die in environment of kindness and love.
5.    She received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1979.
6.    She passed away on September 5, 1997.
7.    Drapped in a white and blue-bordered sari, wrinkled face, ever soft eyes and a saintly smile is the picture of Mother Teresa in our mind.
8.    She got the honour of Bharat Ratna in 1980.
9.    The presence of the sick and dying on the streets of Kolkata moved Mother Teresa.
10.    She founded Nirmal Hridoy for the dying destitute.
11.    She and her fellow nuns gathered the dying people off the streets of Kolkata and brought them to Nirmal Hridoy.
12.    The world salutes mother Teresa for her motherly love and compassion for humanity.
13.    She has taught us how to extend our helping hands towards the dying destitute.
14.    Mother Teresa died on September 5, 1997.
15.    The unloved and uncared people got an opportunity to die in an environment of kindness and love. They would feel the that they are also the childnen of Mighty Lord.
19.Model Question
1.    a. (i) Apple; b. (iv) computer; c. (iv) NeXT; d. (iv) easy; e. (i) 2011; f. (iii) visionary; g. (i) very popular; h. (iv) changed people’s notion regarding computer; i. (iii) 05 October 2011; j. (iii) i & ii.
2.    a. Steve Jobs left Apple after losing a power battle with the board of directors.
3.    Yes, some products of Apple Company are iMac, iTunes, iPod, iPhone and iPad.
4.    Steve Jobs co-founded Pixar Animation Studios.
5.    Steve was specialized in the electronic field of computers and consumers.
6.    Apple escaped bankruptcy as a result of the intensive supervision and hard work of Steve Jobs.

20.Model Question
1.    a. i) car mechanic; b. ii) dominance; c. i) proposed; d. ii) was adopted by; e. i) four; f. ii) loved; g. i) colleague; h. iii) read and write; i) two days; j) iii) Ms Imogene Hill; k. (iii); l. (i); m. (ii); n. (ii); o. (iii); p. (i); q. (iii).
2.    a. Steve Jobs was famous for his career in the electronic field of computers and consumers.
3.    The teacher watching him very closely found out soon how to handle him and get things done by him.
4.    A turning point came when he was in grade four.
5.    The school proposed that Jobs should skip two grades and go into seventh grade.
6.    Steve got bored as he found out that he knew everything that the teachers were teaching. So he got no interest in the class.
7.    Paul Jobs was a car mechanic. He and his wife adopted Steve Jobs.
8.    Jobs’ mother taught him how to read and write.
9.    His teacher’s name was Ms Imogene Hill.
10.    The teacher used to give him money and food in order to get things done by him.
11.    Steven Paul Jobs was the pioneer of the personal computer education. He was also famous for his career in the electronic field of computers and consumers.

21.Model Question
1.    a. iii) lack of electricity; b. iv) in the summer; c. ii) insufficient; d. i) intolerable; e. iii) common; f, iii) in the summer; g. iv) 10%; h. ii) fans; i.i) low production; j.iii) outside the urban areas; k. (i); l. (ii); m. (i); n. (i); o. (iv);
2.    a. Sohan could not sleep last night as there was no electricity.
3.    Sohan lives in a village in the north-west part of Bangladesh.
4.    When electricity goes, fans are still, lamps are out and it is dark everywhere. All these
things are simply unbearable.
1.    People come out of houses almost bare-bodied and sit in the open places. Some splash cold water on their faces.
2.    It is impossible to sit in the study without electricity in the night with a candle light or
table lamp or hurricane lamp or a rural kerosene lamp,
1.    Last night Sohan could not sleep due to power shortage.
2.    The summer night was sticky hot.
3.    During load shedding most of their area remained dark for hours.
4.    The shortage in electricity production causes load-shedding.
5.    The current demand for electricity is more than 6,000 MW.                         !
22.Model Question
1.    a, i) Future energy problem; b. ii) fire wood; c. i) its store is limited; d. i) green energy; e, iii) issue of energy; f. iii) 3 per cent; g. i) 335; h. iii) is not according to our need; i. ii) the sun; j. i) green energy.
2.    a. Science Congress is an organization where the scientists express their research activities.
3.    Mr APJ Abdul Kalam is the former president of India.
4.    Mr APJ pointed out the necessity of green energy.
5.    The scientists were afraid of the shortage of energy in the coming decades.
6.    Massive burning of world’s coal reserves may cause ecological disaster.
7.    Mankind can look to the massive use of solar energy because it has some advantages over other forms of renewable energy.
8.    Global economic growth is expected to continue at 3 per cent per year.
9.    The energy consumption by 2030 will rise to 335 million barrels.
10.    The present reserve of hydro-carbon energy resources is limited.
11.    Yes, solar energy may be called green energy. It is not like natural gas.
23. Model Question
1.    a. ii) two; b. finish c. i) natural source of heat and light; d. iii) the environment; e.ii) Hydrogen; f. i) electricity; g. i) Heat from deep within the earth; h. ii) hydroelectricity.
2.    a) Renewable energy sources are the energy sources which are constantly and naturally replenished and will never run out. Sun, wind, flowing water, biomass, geothermal energy are sources of renewable energy.
3.    b) Non-renewable energy sources are costly. Fossil, oil, coal, gas etc. are non-renewable energy sources.
4.    c) Our Earth’s interior contains molten lava with tremendous heat.
5.    d) Hydrogen and Oxygen remain in water.
6.    e) Hydrogen is separated from another element. It is the most abundant element in nature. But it does not exist separately as a gas. It can be burned as a fuel to produce electricity.
7.    f) Hydroelectric energy can be captured with wind turbines to produce electricity. The wind and the sun’s heat cause water to evaporate. This water vapour turns into rain or snow and flows downhill into rivers or streams.
8.    g) The most renewable energy comes directly or indirectly from the sun. Sunlight or solar energy can be used for heating and lighting homes, for generating electricity.
9.    h) Plants need to grow rain and, sunlight etc.
10.    i) We get biomass from plants. Because plants produce biomass which again can be turned into fuels such as fire wood, alcohol etc.
11.    j) Re-newable energy sources never run out because renewable types of energy can be used again and again. They are constantly and naturally replenished.

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